I realize people say I think there's no racism because they see me saying that the class system matters more than they realize. Which isn't the same thing, but I do understand why it can seem that way. So, my apologies, but here I go again. :)
What cements the poverty today are things like accent and grammar and the condition of your teeth, the markers that tell how you were raised. Here's a bit from an essay I'm working on:
"Most of the US’s racial divides are now class divides. In "When Class Became More Important to a Child's Education Than Race", Sarah Garland wrote, "According to a 2011 research study by Stanford sociologist Sean Reardon, the test-score gap between the children of the poor (in the 10th percentile of income) and the children of the wealthy (in the 90th percentile) has expanded by as much as 40 percent and is now more than 50 percent larger than the black-white achievement gap--a reversal of the trend 50 years ago.” A recent study by the Urban Institute found that “higher-income blacks, Hispanics, and Native Americans have better health than members of their groups with less income, and this income gradient appears to be more strongly tied to health than their race or ethnicity.” Where an American lives has more to do with class mobility than race: In "Where is the land of opportunity? Intergenerational mobility in the US", Raj Chetty, Nathaniel Hendrien, Patrick Kline, and Emmanuel Saez note, "White individuals in areas with large African-American populations also have lower rates of upward mobility, implying that racial shares matter at the community (rather than individual) level.""