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Voyage Fairtrade
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Trading Fairly With Artisans Around The World
Trading Fairly With Artisans Around The World

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Do you love Tigers? We do!  Today it is #InternationalTigerDay  read our blog of 10 facts and other interesting info about tigers goo.gl/umUaXG
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INDONESIA AND DANCE
 
Traditional Legong Dance
 
The tourist capital of Indonesia is, of course, Bali and many tourists have been fascinated by Balinese dance, the ancient dance tradition that is a part of the religious and artistic expression among the Balinese people.  Balinese dance is amazing!  It’s dynamic and extremely expressive. Here are some fascinating facts about Balinese dance:

■It’s very dramatic and dancers use angular body gestures together with fingers, hands, head and eyes movement.
■Some of the dances are ritualistic dance dramas which involve Rangda, the witch and the beast Barong.

■Most of dances in Bali are connected to Hindu rituals, such as the Sanghyang Dedari sacred dance than invoked Hyang spirits that is believed to turn the dancers into a trance during the performance.

■Training as a Balinese dance starts as young as 7 – and often even younger in a more relaxed way as children can learn the craft from their mothers as soon as they are born!

■In the womb future dancers are played Balinese music and are taught to dance with their hands before they can walk!
 
Balinese dance has 3 genders: Male, female, and in-between. These are devised by “Agem” (Basic posture).

■Male dance Agem : Put right and left feet about 2 feet apart. Your body has to be straight and erect. Keep your shoulders and arms up as high as your ears.

■Female dance Agem: Put right and left feet about 1 fist apart. Your back has to make an arch. This arch is called “chunked”. Keep your arms up as high as your shoulders.
 
Female Dance Agem
 ■In-between dance Agem: Put right and left feet about 1 and half feet long apart. Your body has to be straight and up. Keep your arms up higher than your shoulders.
 
■Most dances are accompanied by a Balinese orchestra called “gamelan” – the most common one consists of 25– 35 people. There are xylophone-like instruments, gongs, and percussion instruments resembling cymbals, flutes and drums. 

Balinese dance and music are very closely connected – the dance movements are closely related to drum sounds.

Each dance piece has different costumes and make-up. These depend on the gender and the character of the piece.

 ■Most female and in-between dancers put on various colours of make-up. They wear a crown or put both real and golden flowers in their hair. They wear sarongs and wrap a long sash from their hips to their breasts as well as several gold decorations.
 
■Male dancers also put on make-up. They use more red colour for their eyes and cheeks and their eyebrows are coloured-in to enhance their masculinity. They wear a crown and put on a cloak. They carry a sword on their shoulders.
 
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The Ten Fair Trade Principles
 
The World Fair Trade Organisation sets out 10 Principles that Fair Trade Organisations must follow in their work and carries out monitoring to ensure these principles are upheld:
 
Principle One: Creating Opportunities for Economically Disadvantaged Producers
 
Poverty reduction through trade forms a key part of the organisation’s aims. An organisation supports marginalised small producers, whether these are independent family businesses, or grouped in associations or co-operatives. It seeks to bring income security and eliminate poverty status to economic self-sufficiency and ownership.

Principle Two: Transparency and Accountability
 
An organisation is transparent in its management and commercial relations. It is accountable to all its stakeholders and respects the sensitivity and confidentiality of any commercial information given.
 
Principle Three: Fair Trading Practices
 
An organisation trades with concern for the social, economic and environmental well-being of marginalised small producers and does not maximise profit at their expense. It is responsible and professional in meeting its commitments in an appropriate manner.
 
The organisation maintains long term relationships based on solidarity, trust and mutual respect that contribute to the promotion and growth of Fair Trade. An organisation works cooperatively with the other Fair Trade Organisations and avoids unfair competition.
 
Fair Trade recognises, promotes and protects the cultural identity and traditional skills of small producers as mirrored in their craft designs, food products and other related services.
 
Principle Four: Payment of a Fair Price
 
A fair price is one that has been mutually agreed by all through dialogue and participation, which provides fair pay to the producers and can also be sustained by the market. Where Fair trade pricing structures exist, these are used as a minimum. Fair pay means a socially acceptable amount of money paid for workers considered to be fair by producers themselves and which takes into account the principle of equal pay for equal work by women and men.
 
Principle Five: Ensuring No Child Labour and/or Forced Labour is used
 
The organisation adheres to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, and national and local law on the employment of children. Also organisations ensure that there is no forced labour in its workforce and/or members or home workers.
 
Any involvement of children in the production of Fair Trade products (including learning a traditional art or craft) is always disclosed and monitored and does not adversely affect the children’s well-being, security, educational requirements and need for play.
 
Principle Six: Commitment to Non Discrimination, Gender Equity and Freedom of Association
 
Organisations do not discriminate in hiring, remuneration, access to training, promotion, termination or retirement based on race, caste, national origin, religion, disability, gender, sexual orientation, union membership, political affiliation, HIV/Aids status or age.
 
Principle Seven: Ensuring Good Working Conditions
 
An organisation provides a safe and healthy working environment for employees and/or members. It complies, at a minimum, with national and local laws on health and safety. Fair Trade Organisations have to be aware of the health and safety conditions in the producer groups they buy from.
 
Principle Eight: Providing Capacity Building
 
Organisations develop the skills and capabilities of its’ own employees or members. Organisations working directly with small producers develop specific activities to help these producers improve skills they need, increasing positive developmental impacts.
 
Principle Nine: Promoting Fair Trade
 
Organisations raise awareness of Fair Trade and of the need for greater justice in world trade through Fair Trade. It advocates for the objectives and activities of Fair Trade according to the scope of the organization. The organization provides its customers with information about itself, the products it markets, and the producer organizations or members that make or harvest the products. Honest advertising and marketing techniques are always used.
 
Principle Ten: Respect for the Environment
 
Organisations which produce Fair Trade products maximize the use of raw materials from sustainably managed sources in their ranges, buying locally when possible.
 
Buyers and importers of Fair Trade products give priority to buying products made from raw materials that originate from sustainably managed sources, and have the least overall impact on the environment.

Voyage Fairtrade takes these ten principles very seriously and adopts these into its business

To see more detail about Fairtrade or to see what type of goods they produce visit our website at: www.voyagefairtrade.com
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