What Is The Miura Fold?
The Miura fold is a method of folding a flat surface such as a sheet of paper into a smaller area. The fold is named for its inventor, Japanese astrophysicist Koryo Miura
In fact, in 1995, Koryo Miura designed a folding mechanism intended to deploying solar panels in space. The method, called the Miura fold or miura-ori
, allows you to open and close a folded piece of paper—like a map—with one swift motion.
The crease patterns of the Miura fold form a tessellation
of the surface by parallelograms
. In one direction, the creases lie along straight lines, with each parallelogram forming the mirror reflection of its neighbor across each crease. In the other direction, the creases zigzag, and each parallelogram is the translation of its neighbor across the crease. Each of the zigzag paths of creases consists solely of mountain folds
or of valley folds
, with mountains alternating with valleys from one zigzag path to the next. Each of the straight paths of creases alternates between mountain and valley folds
The gif below displays the folding and unfolding of a Miura-creased material.Further reading
► Miura fold>>https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miura_fold
► The Miura-Ori map>>http://www.britishorigami.info/academic/miura.php
► Origami Science>>http://www.origami-resource-center.com/origami-science.html
► Miura folding: Applying origami to space exploration>>http://www.ijpam.eu/contents/2012-79-2/8/8.pdf
► Gif source>>https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miura_fold#/media/File:Miura-ori.gif#Miurafold