Report: The Human Cost of Weather Related Disasters 1995-2015
The recently launched report, “The Human Cost of Weather Related Disasters 1995-2015” by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) and the Belgian Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), identifies that during the last twenty years 90 per cent of major disasters have been caused by weather-related events such as floods, storms, heat waves, and droughts. Since 1995, the report indicates that there have been more than 600,000 deaths as a cause of weather-related disasters while 4.1 billion people have been injured, left homeless or in need of humanitarian aid.
The relationship of El Niño and drought
The article "Vegetation Greening and Climate Change Promote Multidecadal Rises of Global Land Evapotranspiration" by Professor John Kimball of the University of Montana addresses widespread increases in plant growth and evaporation due to recent global climate trends. Kimball’s research team conducted a long-term global satellite record of land evapotranspiration, using remote sensing satellite data for the period of 1982 and 2013. Their findings showed that an increase of evapotranspiration from soil and plants is increasing the risk of droughts. This development can be further exaggerated during periodic drought cycles in times of El Niño events.
The International Charter Space and Major Disasters has been further activated to provide satellite-based emergency maps to Brazilian local authorities in charge of response operations after a dam collapse in Bento Rodrigues on 5 November 2015. The dam failure triggered the spilling of liquid waste into the city of Bento Rodrigues in Minas Gerais State. The request for activation was elevated to the Charter by the Brazilian Disaster and Risk Management Agency.
UN Platform for space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response
UN-SPIDER aims at providing universal access to all types of space-based information and services relevant to disaster management by being a gateway to space information for disaster management support; serving as a bridge to connect the disaster management and space communities; and being a facilitator of capacity-building and institutional strengthening.
Posts on G+ by Anne Knauer
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