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Incredible story of how one teacher created a school computer lab for $0 using Ubuntu -
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Sean M
Really cool and inspiring. Goes to show how far open source has penetrated the market. These kids who learn using open source will hopefully remain or return to it, and maybe bring their friends, too.
Government should be running Linux for all desktops. 

Its by the people for the people! 
Linux is great for school. The kids don't care whether it's Windows or Linux they use in classroom. 

Only problem is that Linux requires more time for maintainance. Windows has Active Directory to control software and updates. For Linux you have to do everything manually for each workstation.
Living in Europe, hearing about the overspending in Public Sector (and School/Education) - who do we not see these “wonderful stories”. I have seen my own son (here in sweden) being “forced” to utilise a Windows Based Computer - for accessing his homework.. And now (next school year) the education system in our Region has discontinued the Program, due to lack of quality. When do Public Servants understand that “Content Is King” - not the wrapping around it. 
This is awesome, and I'd love to do it in my school.  However, the school admin, and the tech (and I use this descriptor loosely) department would resist to the point it would probably be impossible. 
I'm curious as to how he got all the disparate bits of hardware from different manufacturers and eras to work on one Linux distribution. 
True, Mikko.  But when you're working on a limited budget ($0), you have all the time in the world for maintenance.  Your finite resource is money.
+Mikko Laine That is inaccurate. Using Ubuntu, for instance, I can build a network that will have all updates mirrored to one local server. That server will then release updates to the computers on a schedule I control, and those computers will update automatically overnight. I can then ensure a consistent install of software so that all of the packages I see as necessary are installed on each computer. If I really want to, I can also lock down the home directories in such a way that the students can't change a thing.

That's all with homegrown solutions, and can be done in a few days. Novell provides at least one option for doing similar, and I think I've heard the same from Canonical.

in other words, Active Directory works for Windows, and Linux has options of its own too.
I could not get Ubuntu to recognize the Wifi card on my MacBook... but I admit that was a few years ago, in the Ubuntu 7.04 days.
I love Ubuntu. I was in Central America stuck with Windows in Spanish. I wiped it out and installed ubuntu. Works a well as my mac now
+Tim Lawless Ubuntu is definitely the way to go for this type of "patchwork" system (I didn't know the full reason why before, so thanks for the bit of knowledge). I have installed Ubuntu on machines from the late 1990's as a way for my nieces and nephews to have a computer to use. I think more schools should be looking in this direction, even if they have the funding. That left over funding can be used in a way that helps other struggling programs (such as the arts). 
Teaching the young also will help remove the taboo that linux is hard to use!
I love Ubuntu and can only recommend it.
+Michael Pedersen True. I have my own "homegrown" solutions. Mainly scripts that distribute dpkg selections and install those by aptitude. Still, that's not fool proof and I've noticed the maintainance takes too many hours. AD is a lot easier.

But anyways Linux is better in so many ways. I just wish there were something like AD for Linux.
Hopefully eventually the kids will learn to do more than be secretaries.  Hopefully do some meaningful work on these powerful machines.  Too often "computer science" in schools is actually just secretary work.
Bad idea to integrate into a larger enterprise environment in a network domain setting. All public school systems must adhere to strict network, internet policies and implement the proper filters and GPO's for student protection, monitoring and uniformity. But I commend the effort.
+Matt Barr If teacher does everything on his free time, then it's of course cheaper. I'm in such a good position that I get paid a little extra for doing IT-support and maintenance on the side of teaching. The time I need to maintain 22 workstations of Ubuntu is in no way proportional to the pay.
hey guys.i have ubuntu 11.4
these days its speed became very slow.
whats the problem??
"When he’d install Linux, many of the supposedly broken computers would work just fine."

Installing linux is definitely an effective way to fix a computer broken by Microsoft Windows infection.
I think the effort is well worth the risk of not adhering to strict policies! We need more people willing to think outside the realm of 'strict policy' .
yes, i resurrected one of my old e-machines that was just overrun with driver errors, registration errors, malware.. put Ubuntu on it, and it has been running a stable server for the last 2 weeks, no down time. 
That's all it takes on my dual boot since I started with 10. Sure, there are proprietary drivers to maintain and such, but really nothing major like (oh, idk) plunking down $150 per machine for an update. Only to find out there are about 300+ known bugs at release...
I have to used both linux and windows for many years. In my continuing experience windows by far requires more maintenance. Windows is constantly self corrupting and prone to viruses. The only way I have been able to keep it running is to do periodic system restore. the best thing microsoft ever did whats to create a way to have a restore point and system image. That feature alone has saved me countless hours of having to reload windows and resolving system crashes and the ongoing problems with windows that I have had to deal with in past years.

I never have had to do anything of the sort with linux. It just works and keeps working.
+Mikko Laine there are a variety of ways to manage mass updating in linux actually, but you have to look at it from the *nix perspective and way of doing things. We don't have monolithic software with command-and-control style architecture. One simple approach if you want to centralize the process is to just set up a server to locally host the package repo and build some shell scripts to ssh into each box and run the update command for your package management system. Another way you could approach it is to just reimage the machines, or run virtual machines en masse from a central server. A more experienced linux sysadmin could probably throw out some other ideas.
+Mikko Laine There's no way of knowing whether or not he was paid for his work, but I'm assuming he didn't.  All that is for certain is that the children are getting an education on computers thanks to this teacher, the donated computers, and Ubuntu.  

If he was paid though, it wouldn't take long for the school to recoup the cost of maintaining the software.  You are right.
This pi*sses me off  +Ubuntu I suggested this to my school and they humiliated me and spent 1,000 Yes 1,000 Pounds doing a CLOUD reinstall of Windows??!! No such thing. Apparently Ubuntu is too complicated and Windows is superior. Well I hate it. :@
I was teaching middle school at a magnet school in Jacksonville and created the following lab:  KSMSOpenSourceLab | 112555159652302882534  Unfortunately, due to budget cuts I moved from teaching a technology elective to basic math.  I'm afraid I was not well suited for that position, so I moved on and now am a software engineer for a large company.  My principal paid for the diskless workstations, which were set up to net boot using K12LTSP.  Although I had found workstations for close to $200, the IT group at the district level forced us to pay $700 for an "approved brand."
Ubuntu + Chrome + Google Web Apps = Profit
+Mikko Laine I recommend you take a look at puppet, cobbler, chef and mcollective. Also have a look at kerberos and ldap. You might find these tools useful.

We maintain 100+ machines without any effort and that includes updates and configurations. Also ubuntu has unatended updates.
Ubuntu + Firefox + Mozilla Web Apps = Free & Open Source
Just found, a free classroom control system which appears to work with windows and linux (and even mixed environments). Has anyone experiences with this one (or another free system)?
Especially for undergraduates it's good to have some way to monitor the students...
+Jakob Vendegna So you go through 50 computers by logging in, clicking "Apply", waiting for it to finish and logging out? Ok, it works. How often do you do this?

What about installing a new piece of software? Do you again go manually through each of the 50 computers?

+Justen Robertson That's exactly how I'm doing it now. The shellscripts I mean. It works mainly, but there are problems. For some reason some of the packages won't install on some of the computers even though  they are on dpkg --get-selections. Then I have to do those computers manually. Also my scripts aren't threaded so it does the upgrading one computer at the time. S-l-o-w...

Thanks everyone for the suggested tools. I'll look into them.
You could adapt your shell scripts to spawn a new shell for each instance. That's probably a clumsy way of doing it, but it would get you something akin to threading.
If you're using Linux in a school or a school district and wouldn't mind being quoted about the installation, please get in touch. I'm hoping to write much more about open source in U.S. schools for
+Ellis Booker We use all sorts of Linux in my two year Jr/Sr. level high school IT course. I actually mandate that the students use at least two different operating systems over the course of the year.
+Kit Malone  Yes, Kit - nothing worse that O/S idolotry, bigotry, and ignorance.  One attaboy for you.
+Kit Malone That mandate (at least two different OSs) is interesting! Just to be clear, the focus of isn't on IT training but, rather, the general use of IT in schools. 
Few often i install linux but can't use to use wireless in linux, any clues?
Most teachers don't know enough about computer and operating systems to perform any type of setup.  It's good to see someone take charge and go the extra step.
+Tim Lawless I think it will also force Microsoft and Apple to step up their respective games and realize that in our new tech friendly world, the standard cookie cutter response to innovation is not going to fly. My sincere hope is that Linux finds its way into apple and Microsoft's market share.
It really all depends on the quality of the donated computers.  I do support for a local school in exactly the same situation, but some of the donated computers can barely run windows 2000, much less a modern version of Ubuntu.  Low as the requirements are, sometimes the cheapest thing is to actually buy computers than pay the electricity premium for older Pentiums.
also mint is interested
but i have a problem in installation vmware 8 in ubuntu 12.1
Such a great story!!  It's inspired me to seek Linux for my own computer issues
I'm a fairly diehard #linux  user, but sensational headlines like this don't tell the full story and conveys the wrong financial costs of running an open source environment.  There are costs associated with running a computer lab, open and/or free software eliminates one of them (while possibly incurring another or additional expense elsewhere).
There is even a comment from the king of free software (and beards), Richard Stallman.  This is one of many such stories I have heard about, but I have heard far more stories of businesses collecting computers (such as my last employer) for the simple reason that it was cost prohibitive to recycle them.
I have made that to a scool. 45 computers with a mix of Fedora and Windows XP, are now running Ubuntu 12.04 with Windows AD logon (Centrify express) to a Server 2008 R2.
I love the simplicity of this. What a great influence on his students. Try, try, try again, persevere and you Will succeed. Well done that man, I say.
Tell me again why Microsoft cannot provide free software to schools?
Ubuntu is the open source pc operating system that many people prefer to windows. It is compatible with almost any hardware and can be run as a second system alongside your current one, from USB or on it's own. Free to everyone. Don't dismiss it, Apple has made ALL it's success on open source work from people around the planet, licenced it and then locked them all out.
<obvious troll> Does it run dotNet Studio? </obvious troll>
but it is limited
because of you may be have very special work but Appropriate programs not br developed for linux
I wouldn't restrict this to just software or Microsoft...all of these companies could be doing more (HP, DELL, Apple, etc)
Unless you develop them yourself.
If you want to teach kids how to use a word processor, fill out a spreadsheet, or do slides it's fine. Teach them how to program in's fine too. But the question needs to be asked...why are even trying to cut these corners in our education system? We go the money to spend $10 billion a week on Wars in Iraq/Afghanistan, meanwhile you got this grade school teacher scrounging for parts and free software to build a computer lab for our future scientists and engineers.
better teach kids linux+Python than windows+C# or other M$ crap.
sorry my friend but i think that linux is developed for freeware goals very corporate  dont attachment for this goal
Linux may be this, and Linux may be that, but one thing Linux isn't is very deeply penetrated into the market place. So I question the value of Linux training in a Windows desktop dominated world. I'm not saying anything against Linux, but I am acknowledging that Windows has a bit of a leg up on Linux when it comes to market share.

Whether this ever changes in the future I am not going to speculate now, but Linux has not made any serious inroads in 25 years. So I'm not going to hold my breath either.
+Pawan Lamichhane Linux suffers from a lack of driver support for certain popular wireless chipsets (which are often the same across a broad number of brand names and models). The reasons are complicated, but there are solutions for all but a few. Some of the more popular distros like Ubuntu and Fedora have the fixes built-in or easily accessible now, so it works out of the box.

Failing that, best thing you can do is google your wireless card model plus your distro. You'll find guides for the specifics of how to get it working if it's not already working out of the box. Generally you'll need a wired connection in order to download whatever software you need (or a second computer). Kind of a pain, I know. Reminds me of the old days with Windows 98 & XP : ) Unfortunately most manufacturers can't be bothered to provide support for their linux-using customers outside the enterprise sphere.

+Matthew Speltz for educational purposes a crate of raspberry pis will probably get the job done and outperform machines from the 98/NT/2k era easily :)
the best thing for elearning is microsoft lync server
Only complaint I have is, iTunes is crap, Apple needs to make a version for Ubuntu.
+Shane Corning <shameless type='plug'>MonoDevelop is really nice, easy to use, and allows you to write stuff that just works on linux, macos and windows.</shameless>
I would have suggested SUSE, I like it better then Ubuntu. Ubuntu would not recognize or work with an old nVidia video card in one of my systems, but SUSE worked flawlessly.
ubuntu have very problem yet such as some services is not work when you restart your system or install other apps in ubuntu such as vmware workstaton 8 or vmserver 8
heaven forbid that students actually learn something by fiddling with Linux distro. MS and Apple want you to pay for services (like a TV subscription). Apple will be an 'appliance-only' company soon.
good job man....there are nly few teachers left in this world of this kind  and full dedicated 2 work heads off 2 you man...
This rocks when people have a choice of spending they always choose to spend its madness why pay for windows or to a greater expense apple when there is free stuff out there as the saying goes when life gives you lemons ..take them free shit is cool!!
What i keep hearing is that "gnu/linux is not dominant, probably ever will be". But I say thats far from the truth:-) . If you want a linux success storry, have a look at Android.

You can program android apps using python, a scripting language common by default on most distros. So the skills you learn on Ubuntu or any other distro can translate to mobile or even windows apps (python is cross platform).

Linux powers more devices then any other operating system. From wireless routers to supercomputers, and believe me, there is a huge need for people with linux skills.

So what these kids are learning will serve them well, now and in the future.
Wow... That's amazing... And it doesn't effect the school funding so the children can benefit in other areas in the curriculum with that extra money... :)
I use Ubuntu 12.04 I never use the terminal i use YouTube Facebook movies online it updates itself I can make videos I have a solar system program on there all around Ubuntu 12.04 is great 
Kids'll do well in life with a good understanding of Linux and Unix operating systems. Why they don't teach python in Maths classes I don't know!
+Tray See Useless knowledge? :D ... ... hahahahahaha, that's a good one man. :) Let us know when you "play the improv."
the unattended upgrades package works well for me in Ubuntu. I trust it much more than Microsoft's updates.
Here in Costa Rica, I've been taking old slow laptops and installing Puppy Linux on them for the schools to check out to the kids. So far it's been a big hit.
+Tray See Well, it will at least be useful for their personal computers. And if more students know how to use Linux, employers will be more likely to use it.
+Tray See User interfaces change all the time therefore computer science classes' priority should not be about how to use specific software like Windows in the first place. Windows XP (which would likely run on such old machines) is e.g. very different from the Metro Interface in Windows 8, who knows how the Windows interface will look like when the students start a job.

Furthermore, if you want to teach children specific software, why teach software they can only use under strict licenses and usually involves buying that software? Why make children dependent e.g. on Office and in effect forcing them to buy it plus a Windows licence or a Mac when you can as well teach them LibreOffice, which everybody can use independent of whether they can afford it or what operating they use at home.
Any Linux distro is more trustworthy then M$. Hahaha
+Tray See yeah, no company uses Linux, I mean Google and Amazon are not companies, at all.
Good stuff, I would help any local school do this if they needed the help
Awsome story. That motivated me to open up a computer cafe for my community.
+Mikko Laine LTSP allows you to centralize your management and run applications on the server (thin client) or on the remote PC (fat client) all while using a common image with personalized home directories (preferences, bookmarks, documents, etc)
Bonus, its free, and using the fat client model, allows you to use donated PC's, without the need for an expensive server.
+Jackson Mileur, the beauty of Linux is it has the most "out of the box" support of any OS out there, it's only weakness, sometimes if an accessory is too new, the open source community has had a chance to reverse engineer a driver.
A lot of wireless adapters with their required "binary blobs " are some of the worst offenders :-/
+Tray See all of those dead jobs in dying industries that are getting downsized and outsourced, you mean? :)
+Tray See Learning how to use Word does not qualify as IT Admin, though. Nor does Active Directory. Even if we kept teaching Windows, the actual effective administration of a Windows network is commonly not done. It's scary! But you didn't hear it from me.
I see your occupation. Do you have IT experience?
This is why I love linux. I pulled a windows 95 machine out of a pile headed for the landfill, installed puppy linux, and it guns great. I use it in the garage to look up parts and manuals. I was even able to install a wireless card.
+Aaron Ramirez I didn't realize GPO's were required by law?
Hell of a monopolistic win for Microsoft wouldn't you say?
My 6 year old daughter has a 6 year old PC running Linux Mint. Its such a nice system for kids to use, my 4 year old also knows his way around it.
+Tray See to be fair, you could easily run a company without using any native desktop apps by simply using the Google Apps suite. So, it would indeed be possible to simply use Ubuntu, Fedora, ChromeOS, Windows, OS X. There's no need to buy expensive proprietary software to start a small business these days.

Children are extremely fast users, and once they have experience using computers, moving between operating systems and applications isn't as daunting as people might believe. Not only that, but an open OS like Ubuntu (or any other Linux distro) can be used to expose children to more exciting aspects of computing, such as programming, hopefully getting them excited about a possible career in IT.
+Tray See So you think that the kids won't be able to learn Windows if they use Ubuntu at school? It does not matter whether children learn that you need to click on start in Windows XP, or a "Metro Icon" or a launcher in Ubuntu to start a program, they will figure out such things themselves. 
@ Alexander Neumann...  TRUE THAT !
Tray if you are trolling your are doing it badly.
If you are serious, then, what IT work have you did - we'll go with - ever?
+Tray See Plenty, noob. We're not renting property in this thread. We're discussing things you know nothing of.
+Tray See I think a company would be delighted to see that you are flexible enough to use various operating systems and not just Windows, which everybody knows how to use anyways because it runs on virtually every desktop, not because it is taught explicitly in schools.
Simple yet inspiring. Linux is perfect for this situation, there are many distro's (versions) of linux to choose from. There is far too much land-fill of old IT equipment..... a great idea, by a great person.
+Ellis Booker +Harry Imster We actually build our classroom network from the ground up twice a year. The students install network services (file servers, proxy servers, web servers - local only). We use Fog and Clonezilla to re-image workstations. Obviously, OpenOffice and GIMP. Dia for diagramming - which we do a lot of. And all coursework is hosted on a Moodle system. We can't break away from using some Windows for part of the year, because our class is an A+ training course. But I've always firmly believe that part of being tech literate is being able to do useful work regardless of the system you are sitting in front of. At any given time we will be actively using Debian, some flavor of Ubuntu or Mint, a mix of Windows, and we have one nice Mac. This year we'll also be adding units on Android and iOS - although finding good ideas for lesson plans has been a bit of a challenge.
Yeah, OK. It's just some troll. I'm going to mute this thread.
Does anybody really believe that if a kid learns Linux they'll suddenly just be hopelessly lost on a Windows desktop? That's 1990s era thinking. It's 2012.
+Tray See - that's quite a sweeping statement, don't you think? While somebody mentioned two giant companies that use Linux in-house (alongside Windows and OS X, I believe), there are many smaller start-ups that are using Linux distros in-house. Having experience with a flavour of Linux provides you with skills transferable to other distros and operating systems.

My own career was kick started because of my experience and continued interest in the OS.
Complete awesomeness, I bet he had a blast building that
+Tray See Rather we'll teach them to be generally literate and unafraid of technology so that when they are faced with something new they have enough meta-cognition to figure it out for themselves. This idea that you have to teach everybody where this icon is and that icon is to get computer literacy is antiquated.
+Tray See why don't you go and look them up yourself, Trolly McTroll?
a more pervasive form of neglect on the part of Microsoft and affiliated PC manufacters is the lack of tutorials, informations, and programming environments provided with clean Windows installations. With Linux, one typically has access to Python, BASH, C++ out-of-the-box. I wonder how Microsoft justifies including all the useless software, like Minesweeper and Solitare, but never anything useful or educational. Would it be so hard to ship with a small Python tutorial and a shortcut to the interpreter? People need to stop treating programming languages like something extremely esoteric and instead start integrating it into the standard curiculum; otherwise, our technocratic culture is no better than midieval religous authorities that promulgate scripture and doctrine without teaching the masses how to read or write.
I like ubuntu but windows serves all my gaming needs. If i wasn.t poor and could afford a good games console I would switch to ubuntu indefinitely
Using old computers with open source operating system is a must not only for poor countries, but also to reduce consuming earth materials.
Open source OS and applications are free and we should not block our vision using only iOS or windows 
+Tray See You strike me as the kind of dude that still has "Microsoft Word" on his resume.
+Alexander Neumann +Tray See I'm sure it won't be a big deal for kids knowing Linux to learn Windows as well. After all it's not that different, all you need to know when you switch to Windows - a few additional swear words to express your frustration when it crashes again in the middle of some important task. ;-)
Back on topic - that lab is great and those kids are lucky have such a resourceful teacher. But Linux or not, it's sad that teachers have to piece together tech like this. We always seem to find the money for jet fighters, guns, and bombs - but pervasive access to good schooling (including but not limited to technology) is still such a struggle.
+Tray See I can see I'm fighting a losing battle with you, you're own profile page states: "don't really care about your opinions.", so even if I did provide you with evidence that you can't be bothered to look for yourself (as with most ultra-conservatives), then it wouldn't make a difference because you're never going to change your opinion.

You make grand sweeping statements with little evidence yourself and sound like a horrible manager: "Your employment is based upon what you can bring to the compnay, NOT what I can teach you on the clock.". Most companies offer training, whether in-house or sending employees on courses. I'm just annoyed I've been suckered into this little "debate" - let's just say I hope we never meet in person! :)
I understand that for most activities the best option is an Open Source OS. Not only for the cost ($0) but for being complete for general activities. Internet search, emails, common texts are usual operations for most users. So, in countries as my own (Brazil) companies do not need to waist so much money with licenses, schools do not need to be tied to license slavery, and professionals can improve tech skills without being out of law.
Ubuntu (IMHO) works greatly for these aims.
Linux is for people who are happy to fiddle with computers and search around on forums for (often unhelpful) answers.

Windows just works if you have the correct hardware.

Sorry, I'd love to love Ubuntu all the time but I use my computers for work and it needs to be reliable.

The Ubuntu box we do have has been switched off for the past few days because we can't uninstall Amahi :(
Of course only the software was free.

What the article should have made clear is that because the teacher did have no budget, he reverted to free software but spent his own time/resource to make it work, and is spending his own time and resource to keep it working, all the while hoping that the donated boxes don't start to fail at a faster pace than the donations... Oh, and when he gets sick or leaves for a better job, who's going to have/pay for the skills to keep it running, so that the students can finish their curriculum?

It's a nice story, but this is exactly why this type of initiative often bleeds to death. Free doesn't exist, and that's the same for public as well as private institutions.

That doesn't mean that the teacher did anything wrong, you have to keep on trying, and at least for a while his initiative will be of great value to the students.

One more perspective though: No money for a computer lab, WTF!?! No freebies will ever fix an underfunded school system...
+andy kay It's true that linux can take some tech savvy for complicated tasks, but I've always thought that it' easier for small things. Changing options in windows can take a few minutes searching around in the completely unorderly gui, whereas with linux it just takes a few one liners in terminal.
+Tray See I was being slightly facetious, but it seems to me that most of the growth and success stories in the US right now are in the tech sector, and that's where open source gets the most play (possibly because we actually value productivity over steak dinners with sleazy marketers from microsoft). I don't think that any assumptions based on business-as-usual are valid today.

I suspect office productivity needs are going to move more and more into the mobile sphere, where microsoft isn't just dead, it never existed; IT infrastructure outside traditional corporate enterprise is already running *nixes; and the creative industry favors Mac (which is also a *nix). I agree that Win 8 & metro are likely to bomb, but that only means that Windows is still going to be stuck in the 90s/2000s computing paradigm, which is slowly dying. I think it would be awfully shortsighted to be teaching kids to run an OS that likely won't be relevant by the time they graduate in 10 years (or 6, as the case may be). A really forward thinking educator would be teaching them android & ios hacking, but that's costly. :)
i think the key phrase there is "if you have the correct hardware", +andy kay. not always the case - certainly not in my case, in any event.
+andy kay That's not true for beginner friendly distributions like Ubuntu. One of the reasons I switched from Windows to Ubuntu was because it was easier to use and works out of the box for me. Windows 8 is just now catching up with things comparable to installing software from the software center and a central update system for virtually all your software which Ubuntu had for a long time. I'm not claiming that Ubuntu is easier for everyone because it also depends on personal taste and what hardware you have, but saying that Linux is only for people who like to fiddle with computers is wrong, as can be seen with Android and people I know who are not very knowledgeable about computers yet use Ubuntu.
+Tray See You have an incredibly narrow world view. So, because the place you work requires internet explorer, that must mean nobody uses linux? What a crock. Every single company I have ever worked for bases most if not all of their infrastructure on linux, many of them specifically ubuntu. Knowing linux has been an asset for every job I've ever even looked at. Just because you are in the data-entry field doesn't mean everyone else is stuck using the same shitty software at work that you are.
+Tray See OK, I guess you're being serious. Try IBM? ... or Any printshop. Right there is 1,000s of companies.
You only want to argue, +Tray See .
I have blocked your profile from me. Have a nice life. If you need help there are other ways to contact me.
+Paul Frederick ... would have to disagree about Linux inroads ........Over 50% of the worlds smartphones are running linux.   Microsoft is betting all on Win8, 'cause they know that have to hit it out of the park or they are done for.   Ubuntu, Android, and ChromeOS are proving that Linux can be everyman's OS.... and.. oh yeah....and those little linux cores are powering facebook, and google, and, well... everything else.   I'd call that inroads.
Maxx D
If you are actually teaching computer literacy skills, OS doesn't matter. Also, this is a great way of making old Macs useful again as well.
When I taught a technology elective in a magnet middle school in Florida, I found the easiest solution was diskless workstations with K12LTSP, which is a Linux variant.  I had two servers, which occasionally had to be updated.  All of the terminals just grabbed a copy of the operating system and applications when they booted up.

With gigabit Ethernet, the whole lab would be up in less than 2 minutes.  Generally speaking, I never brought the lab down, because the diskless clients were very energy efficient.  One server was more than big enough for my lab; I used a second server for redundancy only.  Students' work was stored on the server.

Other benefits:  I could easily pull up any student's screen and display it on the overhead projector.  I could also pause everyone's screen to get their attention.

There were no issues at all with hardware compatibility.  Everything "just worked."  The major engineering effort was to set up student accounts and passwords.  Because I'm a techie, I scripted the process, but you could just do it manually as well.

I was teaching a technology elective and we did, among other things, programming with Logo, photo editing with GIMP, and 3D modeling with Blender.  All of the applications were plenty fast, because each workstation had its own CPU and memory.  (We also used OpenOffice, primarily so the kids could learn how to use spreadsheets.  For what they were doing, the experience was essentially identical to Excel.)

One caveat:  This was a few years ago.  I do not know the current state of K12LTSP or diskless Linux installations.  Perhaps someone else can chime in?  I wonder whether Ubuntu supports diskless workstations?
+Tray See well in the sense that a joke is an intentional untruth and a lie is also an intentional untruth, sure ;) In my industry (web software) linux competency is extremely important, since most of our infrastructure runs on linux (over 60% of web servers and the majority of cloud services, for instance). I would never hire or work for a person who didn't know the basics - it's a sign of fundamental incompetency. And anybody who says they write their web code for linux servers in windows-based software automatically gets a downgrade on the list when I'm evaluating potential contractors or employees.
+Tray See You are literally ignoring blatant evidence that contradicts your claims.
I see there is a lot of flaming over Windows versus Linux.  All I know is I work for Amazon and we have many, many openings for programmers who know LInux:  If you know anyone, please have them send me a resume and I will see that it gets in front of the right person.
One approach to getting more users is the start them early, like Apple's early support for schools.  Why else would Microsoft be so willing to cut deals when schools decide to use Linux.

Windows has a large market share because 'everyone knows it' (at least until Microsoft decides to improve it), not because it is a better product with superior security. 
+Steve Crampton I'm a disabled US vet and I've worked on *nix for 20 years, I've set up servers on AWS and know the system, does Amazon hire people in remote locations?
I think whoever posted this, it really is true inspiration. 
Well, it's not just about snobbery. Windows doesn't respect or understand things like case-sensitive filenames, unix-style file permissions, or unix-style text formatting, so people who use windows-based IDEs tend to really jack things up when they sync their files. It's been a continual problem when dealing with windows-based contractors to the point where the loss of productivity really isn't worth any gain from the dime-a-dozen pricetag (vs. linux competency which is somewhat rarer and higher demand, another plus for teaching linux in classrooms at least in the medium term until the market for those skills is saturated).

As far as using a browser, it's a pretty portable skill. There aren't a huge number of differences in browser chrome between Firefox and IE. If you're having trouble migrating non-windows users to internet explorer, the problem is deeper than which web browser they're used to (although one could forgive them for complaining about how slow, buggy and lacking in features the older IEs are ^.^).
+Warren Newman You might want to start revising your opinion of gaming on Linux.

The Future is Open Source - Linux Gaming Faster Than Windows & Incredible OUYA News

Also, there are plenty of older Windows games that run better on Linux using Wine than on the newer versions of Windows.  A friend of mine decided to dual-boot Linux on her gaming laptop after she couldn't install KotOR3 in Windows 7 and I pointed out to her that it and quite a few other games she played regularly had a platinum rating on the Wine AppDB.
+Tray See The Contract Management Company, NFi Studios, qPublic, Amazon, Google, Amerada Hess Corporation, BART (Bay Area Rapid Transit), Boscov's Department Stores, Burlington Coat Factory, Conoco, Cisco, Digital Domain, Ernie Ball Inc., Garden Grove California, Just Sports USA, Kaiser Aluminum, Largo Florida, Lawson Inc., Mexico City (yeah, the city), Mobil Travel Guide, Omaha Steaks, Panasonic, Raymour & Flanigan, Royal Dutch/Shell, Tommy Hilfiger, Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Travelocity, U.S. Army, U.S. Federal Courts, U.S. Postal Service, WesternGeco

And that is just a very small portion. You are literally retarded. Ok, here's one for you, why don't you give me a list of companies that rely on computers and don't use linux in any way. Good luck with that one.  
+David Stilson To switch to Ubuntu would first require schools to ramp up their budget by millions before they can cut it by millions. Don't forget that all those people that are now only just a bit familiar with Windows will have to be trained to get just a bit familiar with Ubuntu now too, and all those school IT admins that only know how to administer Windows right now need even more training - or you have to replace them.

Yes, cost of ownership is lower when using free software. But there is still an operating cost - one that isn't necessarily lower. And now we need additional funding on top for training - training everyone. And all the time you take to do that, you still need to run (and fund) your legacy environment.

If I were a school director, I'd be hesitant to make a move. (Which doesn't mean that there aren't any that don't/won't make the move).
I am intrested in learning Linux but I would like some good resources to help me learn. Does anyone know any?
+Tray See firefox is useless to you, because your corporate infrastructure is garbage. But the use of browsers is not useless information, and they all basically work the same; so one can learn to use a browser on Mac, Linux, or even a mobile device and not be incredibly shocked when confronted with the same kind of software on Windows. The really great thing is that IE9 has half-competently copied the popular features and correctly implemented standards that the rest of web users are already familiar with, so future IE users will not be left completely in the dark ages. Which is really good, since IE's market share is steadily dwindling into irrelevancy and it would be pretty awful for Windows people to be completely left behind technologically.

The same thing re: portability applies for most FOSS software really - although when you get into the nitty gritty nerdy stuff like IDEs, spreadsheet scripting, database use, system administration, etc. the differences become significant enough that the skills aren't portable. Which is, fortunately, not what basic computer education is designed to teach.
+Tray See  Holy crap dood :).
I'm thinking you know someone that "wasted" their youth on linux and now can't find a job. To help you out:

Stop asking for people to give you examples of companies that hire you for linux skills. You can just as easily find some yourself. There are plenty. We use Linux exclusively. Never used windows or mac, never will. Its not that we refuse to, we just do not have a use for it. We teach people on the job if they have limited skills. I don't know what your work experience is, and if Linux didn't work out for you, my thoughts go out to you. But just because YOU can't imagine it being of any use doesn't mean its not :).

Some of the most successful companies you can find online run Linux. Most of the internet is powered by linux, and as you may already know, the internet is a big place. The fact that I can write you this message from 10000 km away, is due to the fact that thousands of linux systems administrators do their jobs day and night to make sure servers, routers (many run linux) and switches are up and running. Its because thousands more spent time writing the code that delivers the content from my laptop to your screen.

Once you open your eyes, and make away with the corporate brainwashing, you might discover a whole new awesome and liberating world out there. Who knows, 3 months and one RHCE certification later, YOU might be one of those awesome sysadmins that keep the internet running.

Sorry for the long post, but I truly wish you the best, and hope that your kids will have the opportunity to learn whatever they wish, and find that useful one day :).

Best wishes to you!
If you have a modern clotheswasher with advanced electronic controls it's probably powered by embedded linux :) But most windows users don't make enough money to afford ridiculously expensive toys like that, demographically speaking...
You just have to love stories like these....
Leo T
Ubuntu worked great on an old machine I had that was running XP.  It gave it a second lease on life :) 
+Alexander Neumann Mostly I want to learn how to set a computer up and use it and then possible resources for delving deeper as neccesary. So I guess mostly large detail.
Great job teacher! GNU/Linux is a good place to start learning about computers but is never the end is it....?

I've had my share of experience. In the 80's I was a big fan of Dos and then Windows in the 90's. For a short while OS2 also (which was fantastic). And then some Unix servers which totally free of problems and rock solid.

The biggest highlight of Microsoft for me was Windows XP/2003. I learned to deal with the unstableness with rebooting servers every day. But I could never trust it completely. Have used Windows 7 for one year but got back to Ubuntu. Windows 7/2008 was slower and using it was still like playing dice. You could never trust it and one day you had to waste several hours reinstalling everything again. So I ended up running Windows in virtual machines which is easy to roll back if something bad happens.

Then I learned GNU/Linux some time after 2000, and working with computers was suddenly fun again. It was stable and secure like Unix. I had 100% control and I needed no special tools handling the base system. It had everything. It had also very few limitations and that increased my creativity. It also helped me understand more about the Windows OS and FreeBSD. I became a better and more complete system administrator.

Today I'm no longer a fan of an os. I like Windows, GNU/Linux, Mac and FreeBSD. All systems are good tools. And I recommend young people to learn them all if they want to work with computers. The os have their strength and weaknesses. Young people should never place all eggs in one basket. Stop comparing the os'es. They are apples, windows, penguins and demons. Totally different. :)

For those working with computers unwilling to learn something new as it comes along, I never understand. You have turn your self around and see the computerworld from somewhere else. It's the only way to understand and a good learning principle. The same principle can be appled to every life situation. If I should refuse to bend I would break and never grow old. Good luck having fixed opinions. :)
Personally, I think it is high time that stories like this are merely common place news and not just a rare "nice story". Linux has advanced to the point that is more than adequate for any school, and you can't beat the budget savings!
Not for free.. where came hardware ?
@Matthew Klihne: If you don't know anything about Linux and first just want to look how a desktop Linux OS looks like I would simply just try out a distribution such as Ubuntu and learn by doing and trying out stuff.

You can get it here: and there also installation instructions. You can first just make a USB stick and run Ubuntu from there and try it out without installing.

Psychocats also has good tutorials on a variety of Ubuntu topics including installation:

A general nice introduction to what Linux is about is this video: How Linux is Built

If you need help with Ubuntu or are great places to look for help.
If only all teachers were as dedicated, perhaps the US wouldn't be trailing the rest of the world in education!
I tried suggesting such a thing in my district and was scoffed at on many levels. I even pitched to them how it could save money and how the documentation and tools for sys admins was readily available and no one took it serious. My district won't even let you update FF. The one on my work computer is still on 3.6. It's always frustrating. I'm glad this guy was able to make some headway.
The name "Ubuntu" is just too annoying for me to use it as an Os..Great story though. 
I'm touched by a story like this. We need more teachers like this gentleman
I've always wanted to try out Ubuntu but never really had any use for it.
Using Linux is a great idea, although I am less than enthusiastic about Ubuntu.
Ubuntu is the best, now days it's a full functional OS. I can say with certainty better than windows
+Mikko Laine It's called Landscape, though it's not free. But neither is AD. Nor Windows for that matter.
ok, I know this is off topic a little but here is a question. As linux based free O.S. gets bigger and more used, those unscrupulous people will start writing virus's and malware for it. What then?
I have been working with my knowledge of Linux being the common theme in all the jobs I've had in a great IT career for over 12 years. I make a good living from it, and a big reason for that is because Windows admins are a dime a dozen, while good people with knowledge and experience with Linux are exceedingly difficult to find, in the face of multitudes of excellent Linux jobs.

That said, this is about desktop use, which really doesn't depend on the OS. Desktop interfaces are designed to be usable without instruction or documentation. In the case of the teacher in TFA, a responsible choice has been made, in terms of the dangers of building an outdated dependence on proprietary software, when abundant royalty-free choices are available.
Ubuntu is best oprative system for servers and desktop:-) based on debian.
Very inspiring story of "Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle".
Teaching personal computer principles with a zero cost OS is good, but this doesn't hold up for future business office-bound high schoolers when most systems they will use are Mac or Windows. Schools dropped teaching Latin, even though it sets the stage for better use and understanding of English, because teaching institutions only have the students for a limited time. If we're not preparing them for what they're likely to encounter in "the real world," isn't training on Linux like holding on to the belief that the superior Betamax will superceed VHS any day now?

Linux on the server-side can't be beat today, but user desktops, still not there, even when its free.
if u want a friend in India-- dont cost it for dollers.
That's great. I like that it is free. But how did he get the hardware for free?
+Curtis Coburn , as the Story explained he called a bunch of business and explained the situation. They gave him their old computers for free.
+Tod Anderson Linux based OSs are already wide in use, e.g. dominating the server market and on smartphones quite successful with Android so there is already quite a big incentive to create malware. That said, if Linux will also widely be used on the desktop, while not "starting" there would be probably more efforts to create malware. "What then?" Linux is not immune against malware, no OS is, but it has several advantages which will help in the fight even if there would be more efforts to circumvent its security: 1. Linux' architecture has in the past proven to be quite secure, 2. on Linux you tend to download apps from trusted sources like the software-center and 3. since Linux is developed by many companies and independent developers and the source code is open, potentially the whole world can detect security issues and fix them, so you are not dependent on a single company like Microsoft or Apple to find and fix security issues. So in the end, malware problems might get worse in the future but Linux operating systems would still be probably the most secure operating system among the three big ones. 
+Tod Anderson The idea that the only reason Linux doesn't have the same problems with viruses as Windows is because it's a smaller target is commonly cited but completely false.  Malware developers want to do as much damage as possible, right?  So why don't they write malware to affect the DNS servers, Web servers, and email servers that are predominately powered by Linux?  While Linux may only be used on a small fraction of personal computers, it's the OS of choice for servers.  And a single compromised server equates to many thousands of client computers.

Unix-based operating systems like Linux very simply use a better security model than Windows, which includes everything from better file permissions and access control, more widespread use of open-source software allowing the community to identify and fix security vulnerabilities before they can be exploited, and a software ecosystem that allows nearly all software to be easily installed from trusted sources.  That's why Linux doesn't have the security problems of Windows, and not because it's a smaller target.  It isn't a smaller target, but a more difficult one.
+Alexander Neumann +Tod Anderson another reason that linux tends to stand up against malware better than windows or macos is lack of homogeneity. Typically an exploit used to inject malicious code into a machine (which in turn kickstarts the whole process of infection) is very narrow and limited to a specific version of a specific component of a specific piece of software. Because of the massive fragmentation of the linux ecosystem (which is often criticized), it is very unlikely that a significant portion of the user base is vunlerable to a given exploit.

In contrast, there is very little variation in most proprietary environments. If you write a virus for Windows, especially one exploiting a zero-day vulnerability, you can be absolutely sure that the vast majority of users of that version of windows, and often previous versions, are potential victims.

This is much like in real life epidemeology, where the more genetically homogenous a population is, the more likely it can be devastated by a disease, and the more diverse it is, the less likely a disease will harm a significant portion of the population.

Unfortunately the popularity of Ubuntu and certain software stacks like LAMP is somewhat undermining this. That's where the other factors come in to mitigate problems (good basic architecture, good security culture, peer review).

It seems very unlikely that linuxes will ever have to deal with the kinds of wildfire mass-infections, botnets, and the like common to the windows world.
Mark Ng
This guy is my hero. Brining tremendous new value to this world with such few resources.
Thats pretty cool but the computers look very old!
to bad there wasnt more teachers like this man who cared enough for his students to take the time and make a difference!!
 +Kristina Metzner  They are very old, but you actually don't need much to do simple things like doing research on the web or participatory education like khan academy. Relatively few people have actually needed a new computer to do the stuff they actually do on computers for around 10 years. I find I constantly need bigger, beefier computers and more monitors to increase my productivity as a programmer, and gamers similarly need cutting edge stuff, but your average consumer who checks email and facebook, reads a few blogs and plays a few social flash games, could do with a machine that was cutting edge in 2003.
+Cary Pankovich Desktop use is not a career. Pointing, clicking, word processing, spreadsheet use, and browsing the web are not OS-specific skills. Gnome, KDE, Aero, Aqua, CDE, TWM, Afterstep, Metro, and the start menu are all intended for use by people who don't know what they're doing. The word to describe them is, "intuitive." They're meant to just be picked up. If you are a graduating high school senior who's somehow never used the desktop environments of Windows, Mac, or Linux, you're in no trouble, as any these environments can be learned well enough to be dangerous in an afternoon at the library.

The comparison to the beta/VHS struggle is not applicable, as desktop superiority is not the least bit important to the growth of Linux. It's neat that there are UIs available, but like any other OS's UI, it's just an end-user medium, which is rolled away and reinvented every couple of years, as people come out with UIs that require even less brain power all the time. That's what a desktop UI is for: learning without knowing.
+Jeromy Mogharbel I totally, agree! Mr.Litt turned almost nothing into something which his students can learn with. I can only hope this will teach others to try what he did. 
This guy give me a little bit more faith in humanity.
whenever there is Patience and determination .... there,s no impossible .....
Gteat story...working for school thats uses Google Apps I think the discussion on OS is really mute. You can run almost every type of application online, so just get a browser and go. Also, thinking that creating a lab of Ubuntu machines will 'hurt' these kids' future is them a machine to work is a step in the right direction and I can promise the district has other labs running MS and probably some Apple products. Finally, realize no kid ever needed training on their Xbox, ipod and laptop...adopting new technology is much different. As for the turd looking for companies...Google, Yahoo, any web based company is using some form of Linux. Knowing Ubuntu could set these kids apart....
Very nice. Once kids start using linux at schools all other OS's will soon be wiped from homes. 
+Tim Lawless
I had looked into trying to install Xubuntu, but I could give Lubuntu a shot.  I just rememeber the installer failing, and then realizing the RAM was pathetically low when I realized why the installer was failing.

+Justen Robertson
It's just sad really.  I got really lucky and picked up about 10 computers that were otherwise going to be thrown away from a local university, and after installing Ubuntu they're the heavyweights of the classroom, I forget what the processor was but I was really drooling over the 2 GB of RAM.

+Alexander Neumann
I think you meant to direct that at +Matthew Kiihne.  :)
Here's a good IEEE Software (2004) article on using FOSS in IS infrastructure for a hospital. Some other good reads are articles by Norris from JPL on the use of FOSS in mission critical NASA applications "Lesson's learned from..."

Note: this is supposed to be behind an IEEE paywall ($10 or subscription), but it looks like Google's PDF quick view can let you view it anyways (so that's the link I provided); enjoy!
+Kacey Roberts i dis aggre people should be
Able to use what ever they want for operating systems
The government spends more on prisons than schools.
+Matthew Speltz 2gb machines are a nice score for sure. The classroom / comp lab area at our hackerspace is also built on refurbished PCs that were tossed aside by an office or university (can't remember which). I have a tendency to accumulate old pc hardware over time and put them to all kinds of uses as well. It used to be harder to find uses for old boxen before the software started plateauing, when the old machines were really comparatively useless, but it's making less and less sense to follow the old upgrade-upgrade-replace cycle for general purpose computing every year. Now it's more about the newer machines being smaller and more energy efficient than it is about raw performance. My friends and I used to brag about megahertz; now we brag about kw/h. :)
Wow... that's awesome, If I had known how todo this ten years ago I wouldn't definitely trown away my two old computers. :C
+Tray See knowing how to use Windows or Ubuntu is not the same as understanding them. Drones can use them but it takes some thought to understand. The difference is that Linux forces one in the direction of understanding. Apple and MS want "so easy a caveman could use it". Which is fine when you are selling a service but we want kids to seek understanding and not to turn out as worker drones who are lost when the OS changes color or the big blue 'e' has vanished.
+Tray See seriously. What's your problem with this? It's a guy that was able to help kids become computer literate at practically no cost. Would it be better if they learned nothing at all?

Plus, like everyone here has said before, learning Linux doesn't stop you from picking up windows. If anything, it should seem like a piece of cake. And that point of view even neglects the huge strides Linux is making, and you can still find a positive in it.

Your mentality has no place in this kind of story. This wasn't about Linux vs windows. It's about kids learning a skill that they otherwise wouldn't have. I can't imagine what put you in your mind set.
Sha Man
An amazing thinker and doer, wish him the best.
In his model, the lead person takes the lead through a change of consciousness, awareness and belief, not an acquisition of expertise.
Thank you for thinking outside of the box and sharing technology with the next generation in challenging times.
Robert Litt is an inspiration to us all. How a little collaborative effort from contributors can solve problems.
That is great! I am using Ubuntu too.
This is a great story...Linus should be used in the educational system more...much more economical to use. 
+Isaias Chavez Ubuntu, or the Unity desktop it uses?

I love Ubuntu, but I absolutely hate Unity.  Fortunately, one of the great things about Linux is that you're not locked in to things like that.  The first thing I do after installing Ubuntu is install another desktop environment like Gnome 3.
Like how Internet is becoming a basic privilege in some developed countries; computers should be a basic privilege worldwide!
I have really began to start to love linux. I resurrected a few older machines and made them into screamers again.
Congratulations, great work. We should all do more on our own instead of complaining.
Awesome! people like them give us hope~ there are still good beings on earth~
+Tray See I was not trying to bash on you. I do however feel sorry for whatever event in your life pushed you towards this mindset. Maturity comes in may forms, and one of them is recognising our own limitations, and the fact that they may not apply to everyone else. Just because you fail to see the usefulness of Linux in the workplace, does not mean that it is useles. Just because your company relies on IE, does not mean every other company does. It does however mean that your company relies on some badly coded software, but that's another issue.

The kids learning these skills will benefit from what they learn both in companies that use primarily Windows and in those that use Linux. It teaches more then just pointing and clicking. It teaches self reliance and instils in them the notion that the IT worlds is as diverse as the needs of the world we live in. Bottom line is that there's a place for everyone, you just have to open your mind and look.

I really hope that if you do have a kid, you at least let him/her make his/her own decision and not force your opinion on him/her.

Of course, if trolling is your only goal, then at least my comments may benefit someone else.
I see all these people talking about python and how great it is. The language sucks. Teach a decent programming language python was written to be a joke in honor of Monty python. We are talking Linux so let's talk about teaching C
+DANOmyte Abarbanel A lot of Ubuntu specific apps are written in python (Unity for example). OpenStack (a IaaS) is written in python, and it is a massively complex piece of software. It's far from being a joke :). Its fast, easy to write in and allows fast release cycles.

It was named after Monty because is hilariously easy to write code in it :).
In my opinion, Linux is the best option everywhere. School, work, government and home. Imagine the savings in tax dollars if we simply used Ubuntu on all the EPA computers alone!
The amazing thing is this guy wasn't even a Linux fan, he just wanted the best.
That screen looks more like windows 2000 to me!
He saved a ton of money on cost-per-copy of software he didn't have to buy and, even more on security suites that are unnecessary with Linux.
There are huge number of GNU/Linux users here on G+. If any educators want help doing this, I am willing to help and my guess is that there are many others willing too.
Android is the most used platform in the world and you're asking whether or not open source would penetrate the market? ....kind of a no brainer.
That's a great article!  I just got started using Ubuntu about 3 or 4 months ago and I love it.  I'm still a n00b with it but I have enjoyed learning.  When I wiped Vista off my laptop and put on Ubuntu 12.04 it was like getting a brand new laptop it was so fast.  Congratulations to this teacher for what he is teaching those children.
stylist graphical user interfaces are what cause an operating systems instability.... also linux's vulnerability to virus' will stay the same despite its popularity ... a virus requires root access in order to do anything - which linux doesn't give (unless you're logged in as administrator which is dumb)
I've often had a dream of implementing Linux into schools as business. Get them early, and the computing world will be a better place. of course the OS of choice was Ubuntu.
+Jarod Mellor dude, if you can handle your way around a Linux-based system, you can learn any system. I've seen Windows cripples the mind into thinking double-clicking something is the answer to everything. 
+Jarod Mellor its an industry standard in the commercial world - 

the only problem implementing linux is that you need better tech support...  windows tech support can be done by monkeys - linux not so much.
Canonical have a product called landscape for ubuntu, it's for managing computers in a large network. Ubuntu Software Centre has option to synch software on computers in a Software Centre account I'm sure distros have similar concepts.

I think Linux wold be great in schools ESP primary schools!
I'd love to help folks looking to do this sort of thing!
I've used fog in a windows environment with about 200 systems to image and maintain. Lots of school systems are going to force "branded equipment" and Microsoft into a learning environment. But we can use any tools we want to manage them - I found fog to be fun, effective and economical. I installed it on an old laptop that would have otherwise been discarded. I was impressed with the quality of this very nice open source project!
hi firends.i just install ubuntu 12.04 and i need to have a localhost on my ubuntu.but i cant find my all package for installing needed package,i thing ubuntu 12.04 do not have this item.plz if u know,tell me
This is how we do it. All respect to Mr. Litt for making a difference.
However is always better to use the latest Ubuntu relase than a 10 years old windows.
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