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Trauma Dissociation
PTSD & Complex PTSD, Dissociative Identity Disorder, Trauma and Dissociation information.
PTSD & Complex PTSD, Dissociative Identity Disorder, Trauma and Dissociation information.
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2017-01-11
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Like http://www.facebook.com/TraumaAndDissociation for more * * * * * * * * Invalidation explained - Invalidation is when you tell someone that his or her feelings are not valid—or that they are wrong. For example, "That's nothing to get upset about!" "Don't be mad; he didn't mean it." Invalidating Remarks • may be well-intentioned • but are also "a hallmark of emotional, psychological and sexual abuse" • make people feel that their emotions are "wrong" or "bad" • worsens psychological disorders and emotional problems Feelings & Painful Emotions • feelings are not right or wrong • they are natural sources of information about the environment • if avoided or suppressed, painful emotions become more intense, or manifest in another form • pain—when minimized or denied can never heal Adapted from How To Talk To Your Kids About Divorce by Samantha Rodham Being invalidated has been linked to using self-harm and self-injury to deal with painful feelings and the extra distress caused by the invalidation. #invalidation #psychologicalabuse #emotionalabuse #selfharm #selfinjury #psychology #infographic #mentalhealth #mentalillness #abuseawareness #abuse

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Journal of Traumatic Stress Self-Regulation Shift Theory: A Dynamic Systems Approach to Traumatic Stress: Self-regulation shift theory (SRST) is a threshold theory explaining self-regulation following trauma that utilizes nonlinear dynamics to capture systemic shifts in trauma adaptation. Cusp catastrophe modeling tests nonlinear changes in an outcome (e.g., posttraumatic distress) based on an identified bifurcation factor under specific conditions (i.e., asymmetry variables). We evaluated two cusp models in a motor vehicle accident (MVA) database and then confirmed findings within a similar dataset. Based on SRST, we tested coping self-efficacy (CSE) as the bifurcation factor and a set of asymmetry controlling variables. Results demonstrated significant cusp models with CSE as a consistent bifurcation factor in all models. When participants reported lower peritraumatic dissociation, early lower CSE was a significant bifurcation factor for 3-month trauma symptoms in Sample 1, R2 = .18. The cusp model for changes in symptoms from 30 days to 3 months showed CSE as a significant bifurcation variable with higher levels of avoidant coping (R2 = .27). In a separate sample, early lower CSE was again a significant bifurcation variable with lower injury severity (R2 = .52). Results support the importance of self-regulatory appraisals in nonlinear shifts in posttraumatic stress symptoms 3 months post-MVA. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. http://dlvr.it/PYRyT6

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The splendid thing about falling apart silently... is that you can start over as many times as you like. ― Sanober Khan, A Thousand Flamingos #fallingapart #startover #startingover #startingoveragain #recovery #healing #mentalillness #mentalhealth #breakdown #sanoberkhan #sanoberkhanquotes #athousandflamingos #silent

Journal of Traumatic Stress Increased Mindfulness Skills as Predictors of Reduced Trauma-Related Guilt in Treatment-Seeking Veterans: The present study examined the predictive role of increased self-reported mindfulness skills on reduced trauma-related guilt in a sample of veterans over the course of residential treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; N = 128). The residential treatment consisted of seven weeks of intensive cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for PTSD, as well as additional psychoeducational groups, including seven sessions on mindfulness skills. Increased mindfulness skills describing, acting with awareness, and accepting without judgment were significantly associated with reductions in trauma-related guilt over the course of treatment. Increases in the ability to act with awareness and accept without judgment were significantly associated with reductions in global guilt, R2 = .26, guilt distress, R2= .23, guilt cognitions, R2= .23, and lack of justification, R2= .11. An increase in the ability to accept without judgment was the only self-reported mindfulness skill that was associated with reductions in hindsight bias, β = −.34 and wrongdoing, β = −.44. Increases in self-reported mindfulness skills explained 15.1 to 24.1% of the variance in reductions in trauma-related guilt, suggesting that mindfulness skills may play a key role in reducing the experience of trauma-related guilt during psychotherapy. Our results provide preliminary support for the use of mindfulness groups as an adjunct to traditional evidence-based treatments aimed at reducing trauma-related guilt, though this claim needs to be tested further using experimental designs. http://dlvr.it/PYNF0d

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Journal of Traumatic Stress Gender Differences in Machine Learning Models of Trauma and Suicidal Ideation in Veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars: Suicide rates among recent veterans have led to interest in risk identification. Evidence of gender-and trauma-specific predictors of suicidal ideation necessitates the use of advanced computational methods capable of elucidating these important and complex associations. In this study, we used machine learning to examine gender-specific associations between predeployment and military factors, traumatic deployment experiences, and psychopathology and suicidal ideation (SI) in a national sample of veterans deployed during the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts (n = 2,244). Classification, regression tree analyses, and random forests were used to identify associations with SI and determine their classification accuracy. Findings converged on several associations for men that included depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and somatic complaints. Sexual harassment during deployment emerged as a key factor that interacted with PTSD and depression and demonstrated a stronger association with SI among women. Classification accuracy for SI presence or absence was good based on the receiver operating characteristic area under the curve, men = .91, women = .92. The risk for SI was classifiable with good accuracy, with associations that varied by gender. The use of machine learning analyses allowed for the discovery of rich, nuanced results that should be replicated in other samples and may eventually be a basis for the development of gender-specific actuarial tools to assess SI risk among veterans. http://dlvr.it/PYM8qv

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Crazy. The same word anyone said when they didn't understand something. "Crazy" was a way to shut people up, disregard them entirely. ― Daniel José Older #crazy #mentalhealth #mentalhealthquotes #mentalillness #mentalhealthawareness #invalidation #mentalhealthstigma #notcool #notcrazy #labelling #danieljoséolder #danieljoseolder

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Deciding to actively heal is terrifying because it means opening up to hope. For many survivors, hope has brought only disappointment. Although it is terrifying to say yes to yourself, it is also a tremendous relief when you finally stop and face your own demons. There is something about looking terror in the face, and seeing your own reflection, that is strangely relieving. There is comfort in knowing that you don't have to pretend anymore, that you are going to do everything within your power to heal. - The Courage to Heal #healingjourney #couragetoheal #thecouragetoheal #healingfromabuse #healing #recoveryfromabuse #decidingtoheal #ellenbass #lauradavis #survivors #facingyourdemons #facingthepast #nolongerpretending #notpretending #hope #terrified #opentohope #courage #couragous

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Often feelings of shame, powerlessness, and self-hate are bottled up with the memories, and as the memories come through, these feelings do, too. Yet healing isn't just about pain. It's about learning to love yourself. - The Courage to Heal #thecouragetoheal #couragetoheal #survivors #ellenbass #lauradavis #healing #cptsdrecovery #complexptsd #cptsd #ptsdrecovery #ptsd #childsexualabuse #childsexualabuserecovery #abusesurvivor #rapesurvivor #raperecovery #healingfromabuse #loveyourself #healingtrauma #healingquotes #healingyourself #shame #selfhate #powerless #powerlessness #healingincest #emotionalpain #badmemories

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The trouble is if you don't risk anything, you risk even more. – Erica Jong #ericajong #risk #calculatedrisk #avoidingrisksisveryrisky #avoidingrisk #avoidance #changequotes #change
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