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The Diamond Club
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When we think of protecting our house, our car, our household items, we breathe easy….insurance is essential and it’s (usually) in place.



BUT what about our extra special possessions? That precious engagement ring, your first wedding anniversary gift, the special watches you treated yourselves to? Family memories that we cherish – do we stop to think of insurance for them?



Well, at The Diamond Club we do think of that! We can confidently recommend the very best in jewellery insurance – Q Report – to ensure you are protected should you experience loss, theft or damage to your jewellery pieces. We can take care of this for you. As we like to say “Don’t risk, Q Report it”!



The Q Report Jewellery Insurance Policy is an excellent alternative to general insurance, given the many benefits offered that are specific to jewellery. Importantly, it is underwritten by Chubb Insurance of Australia Ltd, a company that enjoys the very best reputation.



As your personal jeweller (and a Q Certified jeweller) we recommend you review their offering by either:

visiting www.qreport.com.au ,

calling their information line on 1300 882 018

or speaking with on 93015880

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THE EUREKA

Weight: 10.73ct polished, one of two diamonds cut from 21.25ct of rough
Shape: Oval Brilliant
Colour: Yellow
Clarity: Unknown
Origin: Northern Cape, South Africa
The Eureka was discovered per chance by a 15-year-old boy, Erasmus Jacobs, on the south bank of the Orange River near Hopetown, Kimberley in 1867 and later handed it to his neighbour, farmer Schalk van Niekerk, who was a collector of unusual stones. Van Niekerk entrusted the stone to John O’Reilly, a travelling peddler, who sent it in an unsealed envelope to Dr. W.G. Atherstone of Grahamstown, one of the few people who knew anything about minerals and gems. Dr. Atherstone identified the stone as a 21.25ct brownish-yellow diamond and was sold to Sir Phillip Wodehouse for GBP 1,500.
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ROUND BRILLIANT CUT
The round brilliant cut is conventionally the most popular shape of all diamond cuts and has set the standard. Polished with 57 facets its ideal proportions return a great amount of fire, brilliance and scintillation. This cut has also been the benchmark for theories of light behavior and precise mathematical calculations, all in the pursuit of perfection.
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DIAMOND SHAPES AND CUTS
Diamonds have been around for billions of years, but only a few hundred years ago did man discover that an uncut diamond can be transformed into a faceted gem, and by doing so more light and beauty could be unleashed. This discovery lead to more diamond cuts and shapes.
The most famous diamond cut and shape is the Round Brilliant. It contains 57 facets. Other popular diamond shapes are the Princess Cut diamonds which are square shaped diamonds mainly cut and polished from a crystal shape rough diamond. Another popular diamond shape is the Cushion Cut diamond. In the past it was polished with less facets due to limited technology and a limited understanding of optics. Today, the Cushion Cut shape diamond is more brilliant and with more facets making the diamond a popular choice.
For those who like more of a clean look and feel diamond there is the Emerald Cut diamond and the Assher Cut also known as the Square Emerald Cut. The shape of a diamond refers to the outer lines where the cut of the diamond refers to the facets arrangement for the specific cut. With the high cost of uncut diamonds, diamond cutters and polishers are always on the lookout to have better recovery from the uncut diamond while maximizing the light performance of the diamond cut. This gave birth to new diamond cuts and shapes like Pear Shape diamonds, Marquise Shape diamonds, Heart Shape diamonds and other that become popular diamond shapes over the years.
Recently with advancements in technology, a few new diamonds made their way to the market offering unique diamonds shapes and cuts. The My Girl Diamond, the first South African diamond patented cut and shape. The My Girl Diamond is the only diamond in the world to achieve the perfect balance of fire and brilliance.
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DIAMOND CUTTING AND POLISHING....

BRILLIANTEERING
THE FINAL STAGE

Here the remaining facets are polished and shaped to refract and reflect the optimal amount of white light. It is this stage that determines how much fire, brilliance and scintillation the diamond will have and as such it requires intense skill and experience. Here the ultimate goal is to obtain ideal proportions and perfect symmetry.
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DIAMOND CUTTING AND POLISHING....

BRUITING AND GIRDLING
THE SECOND STAGE

he diamond is bruted a second time to ensure that the stone is perfectly round.
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DIAMOND CUTTING AND POLISHING.......

BLOCKING
THE SECOND ARCHITECT

The diamond is set into the ‘tang’ and lowered onto the ‘scaife’. The scaife consists of a wheel impregnated with oil and diamond powder, and resolves at an incredible 3,000 revolutions per minute. Here the diamond cutter polishes the four main crown and four main pavilion facets.
These facets are then divided into another four facets on the top and bottom which are polished to achieve an eight square.
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DIAMOND CUTTING AND POLISHING..... Continued

BRUTING AND GIRDLING
THE FIRST STAGE

Here the rough diamond is set onto a ‘dopstick’ using a special type of cement to secure it in place. During this stage, two rough diamonds rub together and the friction wears the corners of the diamond down until it is round in shape.
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DIAMOND CUTTING AND POLISHING, continued........

SAWING

The marked rough diamond is then placed on a jewellers sawing spindle, where the blade is made from copper layered with a mixture of oil and diamond powder. The rough diamond is then lowered to the blade and cut where the marker has marked the stone.
Interesting note: it is the diamond powder that physically cuts the diamond, not the copper blade. The reason for this is diamonds are the hardest known mineral to man, and only a diamond will cut another diamond.
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DIAMOND CUTTING AND POLISHING

HARNESSING A DIAMOND’S TRUE POTENTIAL
Diamond cutting is not only an art, but is also a very precise and exact science. The skills needed to be a proficient diamond cutter and polisher takes years of training to acquire.

DIAMOND MARKING
THE FIRST ARCHITECT

DIAMOND MARKING
THE FIRST ARCHITECT

Marking is the first planning stage of the diamond cutting and polishing process.
This entails carefully examining and measuring a rough diamond, where inclusions are noted and the yield of the rough is determined. A diamond marker may decide to mark two or three diamonds from one piece of rough depending on the characteristics and inclusions present in the diamond. It may make more sense to polish two diamonds from a large rough around an inclusion to yield two smaller stones with a higher clarity, as opposed to one larger stone with a low clarity grade. Using the latest 3D laser scanning technology, the rough diamond is marked to guide the diamond cutter.

To be Continued ......
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