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Sydney Chandler
68 followers -
When going through Hell...keep going! - Winston Churchill
When going through Hell...keep going! - Winston Churchill

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#TIMEMagazine's new cover. Pretty much sums it all up! #WelcomeToAmerica
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“We have therefore requested the federal government to immediately refrain from using American for the purpose of transporting children who have been separated from their families due to the current immigration policy," the statement read. "We have no desire to be associated with separating families, or worse, to profit from it". Way to go #AmericanAirlines. #KeepFamiliesTogetherhttp://thehill.com/policy/transportation/aviation/393245-american-airlines-asks-government-not-to-use-its-planes-to
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I keep hearing that the US is "better than this" regarding how these children are being ripped from their parent's arms & caged. NO WE ARE NOT. The US has a long and horrific history of terrorizing minorities and different ethnic groups. During slavery, babies were constantly being torn away from their mothers and sold to another plantation owner. Japanese internment camps, Chinese people were forced out of this country and massacred because of the Chinese Exclusion Act, Native Americans slaughtered and forced onto reservations in the country where they roamed freely for centuries, Jim Crow, segregation, mass incarceration, institutional and external racism, Muslim bans, torching mosques, lynchings, racial profiling and this list could go on for years.

What's happening to these children is just another addition to the brutal history that some Americans love to curate. Selective amnesia is a malady that seems to afflict many Americans like a malignancy. But it is up to all of us to put an end to business as usual when it comes to the abhorrent treatment of minorities. No child should be traumatized like this and used as a political pawn by an amoral administration. #KeepFamilesTogether #BabyJails #BoycottFox #WorldRefugeeDay #Trump #LatinX
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Today is Juneteenth which is a holiday that commemorates the end of legal slavery in the United States. We've come a long way, but still have further to go. Freedom will not be fully realized until every Black man, woman and child can envision their full potential; when the roadblocks to education and success are permanently pushed aside for a wide open super-highway that takes Black people anywhere they want to go, when Black people are not stereotyped and vilified because of the color of their skin, when Black people can leave their homes without worrying about whether they'll make it back safely, when Black people can enjoy the same privileges afforded to every American citizen as laid out in the Constitution and when racism is finally confronted, acknowledged and discussed openly and honestly, WE'll BE FREE. Until then, we'll keep fighting for the justice, fairness and equality STILL denied us as citizens of the United States of America. This is the reality of being Black in America. Peace and Blessings on this #Juneteenth! #BlackPeople #Freedom #Justice #Fairness #Equality
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To all of the wonderful guys who know exactly what being a great father means (and my dad was the absolute BEST), have a Happy Father's Day Weekend! It's your day and your time to shine the brightest, so now go out there and enjoy it! #FathersDay #FridayFeeling
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Are you convinced yet that Trump wants to be a dictator? Well if you're not, then you haven't been paying attention. #TrumpMustGo #Democracy #Resist #VotemThemAllOut #Vote #Organize
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#WednesdayWisdom #Democrats and progressives, please understand that our country is in crisis. It is not the time to go tribal, be in your feelings, hurl insults & refuse to vote. Our common goal should be to regain control of the Senate & House. Then 2020. Don't get distracted #Resist #Vote #Protest #Organize
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ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY - June 6, 1967 - Loving v. Virginia was a Supreme Court case that struck down state laws banning interracial marriage in the United States. The plaintiffs in the case were Richard and Mildred Loving, a white man and black woman whose marriage was deemed illegal according to Virginia state law. With the help of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), the Lovings appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled unanimously that so-called “anti-miscegenation” statutes were unconstitutional under the 14th Amendment. The decision is often cited as a watershed moment in the dismantling of “Jim Crow” race laws.

The Loving case was a challenge to centuries of American laws banning miscegenation, i.e., any marriage or interbreeding among different races. Restrictions on miscegenation existed as early as the colonial era, and of the 50 U.S. states, all but nine had a law against the practice at some point in their history.

Early attempts to dispute race-based marriage bans in court met with little success. One of the first and most noteworthy cases was 1883’s Pace v. Alabama, in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that an Alabama anti-miscegenation law was constitutional because it punished blacks and whites equally. In 1888, meanwhile, the high court ruled that states had the authority to regulate marriage.

By the 1950s, more than half the states in the Union—including every state in the South—still had laws restricting marriage by racial classifications. In Virginia, interracial marriage was illegal under 1924’s Act to Preserve Racial Integrity. Those who violated the law risked anywhere from one to five years in a state penitentiary.

RICHARD AND MILDRED LOVING

The central figures in Loving v. Virginia were Richard Loving and Mildred Jeter, a couple from the town of Central Point in Caroline County, Virginia.

Richard, a white construction worker, and Mildred, a woman of mixed African American and Native American ancestry, were longtime friends who had fallen in love. In June 1958, they exchanged wedding vows in Washington, D.C., where interracial marriage was legal, and then returned home to Virginia.

On July 11, 1958, just five weeks after their wedding, the Lovings were woken in their bed at about 2:00 a.m. and arrested by the local sheriff. Richard and Mildred were indicted on charges of violating Virginia’s anti-miscegenation law, which deemed interracial marriages a felony.

When the couple pleaded guilty the following year, Judge Leon M. Bazile sentenced them to one year in prison, but suspended the sentence on the condition that they would leave Virginia and not return together for a period of 25 years.

RICHARD AND MILDRED LOVING’S CHILDREN

Following their court case, the Lovings were forced to leave Virginia and relocate to Washington, D.C. The couple lived in exile in the nation’s capital for several years and raised three children—sons Sidney and Donald and a daughter, Peggy—but they longed to return to their hometown.

In 1963, a desperate Mildred Loving wrote a letter to U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy asking for assistance. Kennedy referred the Lovings to the American Civil Liberties Union, which agreed to take their case.

THE LOVING V. VIRGINIA SUPREME COURT CASE

The Lovings began their legal battle in November 1963. With the aid of Bernard Cohen and Philip Hirschkop, two young ACLU lawyers, the couple filed a motion asking for Judge Bazile to vacate their conviction and set aside their sentences.

When Bazile refused, Cohen and Hirschkop took the case to the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals, which also upheld the original ruling. Following another appeal, the case made its way to the United States Supreme Court in April 1967.

During oral arguments before the Supreme Court, Virginia’s Assistant Attorney General Robert D. McIlwaine III defended the constitutionality of his state’s anti-miscegenation law and compared it to similar regulations against incest and polygamy. Cohen and Hirschkop, meanwhile, argued the Virginia statute was illegal under the 14th Amendment to the Constitution, which guarantees all citizens due process and equal protection under the law.

During one exchange, Hirschkop stated that Virginia’s interracial marriage law and others like it were rooted in racism and white supremacy. “These are not health and welfare laws,” he argued. “These are slavery laws, pure and simple.”

The Supreme Court announced its ruling in Loving v. Virginia on June 12, 1967. In a unanimous decision, the justices found that Virginia’s interracial marriage law violated the 14th Amendment to the Constitution.

“Under our Constitution, the freedom to marry, or not marry, a person of another race resides with the individual, and cannot be infringed by the state,” Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote.

The landmark ruling not only overturned the Lovings’ 1958 criminal conviction, it also struck down laws against interracial marriage in 16 U.S. states including Virginia.

WHAT HAPPENED TO THE LOVINGS?

The Lovings had lived secretly on a Virginia farm for much of their legal battle, but after the Supreme Court decision, they returned to the town of Central Point to raise their three children.

Richard Loving was killed in 1975 when a drunk driver in Caroline County struck the couple’s car. Mildred survived the crash and went on to spend the rest of her life in Central Point. She died in 2008, having never remarried.

LEGACY OF LOVING V. VIRGINIA

Loving v. Virginia is considered one of the most significant legal decisions of the civil rights era. By declaring Virginia’s anti-miscegenation law unconstitutional, the Supreme Court ended prohibitions on interracial marriage and dealt a major blow to segregation.

Despite the court’s decision, however, some states were slow to alter their laws. The last state to officially accept the ruling was Alabama, which only removed an anti-miscegenation statute from its state constitution in 2000.

In addition to its implications for interracial marriage, Loving v. Virginia was also invoked in subsequent court cases concerning same-sex marriage.

In 2015, for example, Justice Anthony Kennedy cited the Loving case in his opinion on the Supreme Court case Obergefell v. Hodges, which legalized gay marriage across the United States.

June 12—the anniversary of the Loving v. Virginia decision—is now commemorated each year as “Loving Day,” a holiday celebrating multiracial families. #TheLovings #InterracialMarriage #TheSupremeCourt
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6/12/18
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