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Surya Ray
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Cat in washing machine



Cat communication is the transfer of information by one or more cats that has an effect on the current or future behaviour of another animal, including humans. Cats use a range of communication modalities including visual, auditory, tactile, chemical and gustatory.

The communication modalities used by domestic cats have been affected by domestication.


Vocalizations

Cat vocalisations have been categorised according to a range of characteristics.

Schötz categorised vocalizations according to 3 mouth actions: (1) sounds produced with the mouth closed (murmurs), including the purr, the trill and the chirrup, (2) sounds produced with the mouth open and gradually closing, comprising a large variety of miaows with similar vowel patterns, and (3) sounds produced with the mouth held tensely open in the same position, often uttered in aggressive situations (growls, yowls, snarls, hisses, spits and shrieks).

Brown et al. categorised vocal responses of cats according to the behavioural context: (1) during separation of kittens from mother cats, (2) during food deprivation, (3) during pain, (4) prior to or during threat or attack behavior, as in disputes over territory or food, (5) during a painful or acutely stressful experience, as in routine prophylactic injections and (6) during kitten deprivation. Less commonly recorded calls from mature cats included purring, conspecific greeting calls or murmurs, extended vocal dialogues between cats in separate cages, “frustration” calls during training or extinction of conditioned responses.

Miller classified vocalisations into 5 categories according to the sound produced: the purr, chirr, call, meow and growl/snarl/hiss.


Purr

The purr is a continuous, soft, vibrating sound made in the throat by most species of felines. Domestic cat kittens can purr as early as two days of age. This tonal rumbling can characterize different personalities in domestic cats. Purring is often believed to indicate a positive emotional state, but cats sometimes purr when they are ill, tense, or experiencing traumatic or painful moments.

The mechanism of how cats purr is elusive. This is partly because cats do not have a unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the vocalization. One hypothesis, supported by electromyographic studies, is that cats produce the purring noise by using the vocal folds and/or the muscles of the larynx to alternately dilate and constrict the glottis rapidly, causing air vibrations during inhalation and exhalation. Combined with the steady inhalation and exhalation as the cat breathes, a purring noise is produced with strong harmonics. Purring is sometimes accompanied by other sounds, though this varies between individuals. Some may only purr, while other cats include low level outbursts sometimes described as "lurps" or "yowps".

Domestic cats purr at varying frequencies. One study reported that domestic cats purr at average frequencies of 21.98 Hz in the egressive phase and 23.24 Hz in the ingressive phase with an overall mean of 22.6 Hz. Further research on purring in four domestic cats found that the fundamental frequency varied between 20.94 and 27.21 Hz for the egressive phase and between 23.0 and 26.09 Hz for the ingressive phase. There was considerable variation between the four cats in the relative amplitude, duration and frequency between egressive and ingressive phases, although this variation generally occurred within the normal range.

One study on a single cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) showed it purred with an average frequency of 20.87 Hz (egressive phases) and 18.32 Hz (ingressive phases). A further study on four adult cheetahs found that mean frequencies were between 19.3 Hz and 20.5 Hz in ingressive phases, and between 21.9 Hz and 23.4 Hz in egressive phases. The egressive phases were longer than ingressive phases and moreover, the amplitude was greater in the egressive phases.

It was once believed that only the cats of the genus Felis could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tigers, lions, jaguars and leopards) also produce sounds similar to purring, but only when exhaling. The subdivision of the Felidae into ‘purring cats’ on the one hand and ‘roaring cats ’ (i.e. non-purring) on the other, originally goes back to Owen (1834/1835) and was definitely introduced by Pocock (1916), based on a difference in hyoid anatomy. The ‘roaring cats’ (lion, Panthera leo; tiger, P. tigris; jaguar, P. onca; leopard, P. pardus) have an incompletely ossified hyoid, which according to this theory, enables them to roar but not to purr. On the other hand, the snow leopard (Uncia uncia), as the fifth felid species with an incompletely ossified hyoid, purrs (Hemmer, 1972). All remaining species of the family Felidae (‘purring cats’) have a completely ossified hyoid which enables them to purr but not to roar. However, Weissengruber et al. (2002) argued that the ability of a cat species to purr is not affected by the anatomy of its hyoid, i.e. whether it is fully ossified or has a ligamentous epihyoid, and that, based on a technical acoustic definition of roaring, the presence of this vocalization type depends on specific characteristics of the vocal folds and an elongated vocal tract, the latter rendered possible by an incompletely ossified hyoid.





Meow

The meow is one of the most widely known vocalizations of domestic kittens. It is a call apparently used to solicit attention from the mother.

Adult cats commonly vocalise with a "meow" (or "miaow") sound, which is onomatopoeic. The meow can be assertive, plaintive, friendly, bold, welcoming, attention soliciting, demanding, or complaining. It can even be silent, where the cat opens its mouth but does not vocalize. Adult cats do not usually meow to each other and so meowing to human beings is likely to be an extension of the use by kittens.








Language differences

Different languages have correspondingly different words for the "meow" sound, including miau (Belarusian, Croatian, Hungarian, Dutch, Finnish, Lithuanian, Malay, German, Polish, Russian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish and Ukrainian), mnau (Czech), meong (Indonesian), niau (Ukrainian), niaou (?????, Greek), miaou (French), nya (??, Japanese), miao (?, Mandarin Chinese, Italian), miav/miao or mjav/mjau (Danish, Swedish and Norwegian), mjá (Icelandic), ya-ong (??, Korean), ????? / Miya?un_ (Urdu) and meo-meo (Vietnamese). In some languages (such as Chinese ?, mao), the vocalization became the name of the animal itself.

Read more : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat_communication

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Warum teilst du deine Beiträge mit mir? Du bist nicht in meine Kreise.
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Not Only My Brother, But My Best Friend

💕 💙 💜 💖 💛 💗 💚 ❤ 😍 Good Morning, Good Afternoon & Good Evening to all my friends out there Globally! 😍 ❤ 💚 💗 💛 💖 💜 💙 💕

You say, you're not loved and don't deserve to receive letters. I don't want you to feel that way I want you to feel better. I'll try if you want to write you a million letters, if that's what it takes to make you feel better.

Because, not only are you my Brother, your my Best Friend. So Brother when you're feeling like nobody cares just read this poem, and know that I'll always be there.

You're special, you're strong, loving and kind, know matter who's there you'll speak your mind.

You may be miles and miles away, but this is what you need to know, this is what I need to say. So brother when you're feeling lonely, and blue, just lying in the dark, thinking that nobody cares for you.

Pull this paper out, and read this poem over, and over again, because you're not only my brother, you're my Best Friend.

💕 💙 💜 💖 💛 💗 💚 ❤ 😍 Thank You 😍 ❤ 💚 💗 💛 💖 💜 💙 💕

I still remember the first day we met
We were too shy to say much at all
It's funny to think back to that time
Because now we're having a ball!

They say that true friendship is rare
An adage that I believe to be true
Genuine friendship is something that I cherish
I am so lucky to have met you.

Our bond is extremely special
It is unique in its own way
We have something irreplaceable
I love you more and more each day.

We've been through so much together
In so little time we've shared
I will never forget all the moments
that you've shown me how much you cared.

Friends are forever
Especially the bond that you and I possess
I love your fun-filled personality
Somehow you never fail to impress.

The world could use more people like you
it would certainly be a better place
I love everything about you
You are someone I could never replace.

You are always there for me
When my spirits need a little lift
I cannot thank you enough for that
You are truly an extraordinary gift.

You are everything to me and more
I could never express that enough
Life is such a treacherous journey, and
Without you it would be even more tough.

Our story will continue to grow
With each passing day
Because I trust that with you by my side
Everything will always be Okay.

You are so dear to me
You know I will love you until the end
I will always be there for you, and
You will always (and forever) be my best friend.

💕 💙 💜 💖 💛 💗 💚 ❤ 😍 Thank You 😍 ❤ 💚 💗 💛 💖 💜 💙 💕

We are friends
I got your back
You got mine,
I'll help you out
Anytime!
To see you hurt
To see you cry
Makes me weep
And wanna die
And if you agree
To never fight
It wouldn't matter
Who's wrong or right
If a broken heart
Needs a mend
I'll be right there
Till the end
If your cheeks are wet
From drops of tears
Don't worry
Let go of your fears
Hand in hand
Love is sent,
We'll be friends
Till the end!!!!

💕 💙 💜 💖 💛 💗 💚 ❤ 😍 Thank You 😍 ❤ 💚 💗 💛 💖 💜 💙 💕

I could skip a heartbeat, and I would survive,
I could be in a car crash, and still be alive.
The clouds could fall out of the sky,
The oceans could disappear, and all turn dry.

These things in life are all bad I know,
but there's far worse things,
just thought you should know.

Life would not be the same without someone like you,
You're there when I need you to help me through.
Through the good times and through the bad,
Be them happy, or be them sad.

I don't have to be with you, to know you're there,
We don't have to see each other, to know that we care.
We could be apart for years upon end,
and still remain the best of friends.

Life goes on, and people change,
And through it all, our friendship shall remain the same.
That's such as a life, and how things come to be.
Just thought you should know,
HOW MUCH YOU MEAN TO ME.

💕 💙 💜 💖 💛 💗 💚 ❤ 😍 Thank You 😍 ❤ 💚 💗 💛 💖 💜 💙 💕



💕 💙 💜 💖 💛 💗 💚 ❤ 😍 Thank You 😍 ❤ 💚 💗 💛 💖 💜 💙 💕



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Why do cats act so crazy when they smell catnip?

"Catnip (Nepeta cataria), is a member of the Mint family of aromatic herbs. It is a common aromatic herb of the high deserts of North America, and was naturalized in Canada from it's indigenous roots in Northern Africa and the Mediterranean."

"A chemical compound called nepetalactone, the primary constituent in the essential oil of catnip, induces a harmless physiological reaction in some cats."

How do cats react!
Cats will start to chew and lick the catnip. They will rub their heads in the leaves and then start to roll in it. They may start to play with their toys or objects around your house. They can get very silly!

This will last for a short time and then the effect will wear off. Usually the cats will get sleepy and take a nap.

Some cats will not react to catnip, usually if they are very young or very old. The fresh catnip usually brings the best results
"(The) physiological reactions in some cats...has been studied extensively, and has been found to induce a psychosexual response in both male and female cats. One might say that catnip has an aphrodisiac effect." Wondering what kind of cat behavior you will see? Your cat may have any or all of the following catnip effects:
-- meow and roll in the catnip
-- rub their cheeks against the spot where catnip has been sprinkled
-- get into silly positions such as on their back with paws extended, gazing up at the ceiling
-- run around the room like a kitten playing with its invisible friend
-- settle into a dreamy, sleepy silly pose and not move for awhile.

Cats can be very possessive of their catnip or their catnip toys, and some cats have been aggressive after use. If your cat does become aggressive with catnip use, stop using catnip and consider trying an alternative such as honeysuckle or valerian toys.

Their wacky, daydreamy state is actually a response to the herb's powerful natural chemical, trans-nepetalactone. It's almost identical to the essence excreted by female cats, which is why tom cats seem to love catnip the most. However, this doesn't explain why females love it as well. Catnip was once thought to be an aphrodisiac, but scientist tests have squelched that theory. Cats aren't attached to it until they are at least two months old. If introduced to catnip prior to this age, most cats will not respond to it at all when they are older. The herb valerian will give cats the same sense of ecstasy as catnip. Valerian is a mild stimulant and, though it doesn't do any harm, it shouldn't be offered to cats with kidney ailments. By the way, both catnip and valerian produce ecstasy through the odor, not the taste.


When a cat encounters catnip, it usually sniffs it, rubs against it, licks it & finally eats it. It's actually the sniffing that gets produces the high, it's believed that cats eat catnip to bruise the catnip & therefore release more of the nepetalactone. The high produced will usually last between five & ten minutes.

One interesting fact is that when sniffed, catnip will stimulate kitty, however when eaten it will act as a sedative.

Catnip is not harmful to your cat. They won't overdose on it. Most cats know when they've had enough & will refuse any further offers. The herb can have varied effects on different cats. Since hyperactivity is one of those effects it is best not to give catnip to an aging cat or one that has health problems such as a heart condition.

Catnip may cause some cats to act aggressively toward other pets. If you notice your cat showing any type of aggression after giving him catnip, you may want to refrain from using the herb in the future.

In most cats, catnip produces a euphoric feeling that brings out kitten-like playfulness in adult cats. The effect usually lasts from five to fifteen minutes. Sprinkle a little catnip on the floor or give your cat a catnip mouse and watch the fun begin.




#CuteCat #Cats #Animals #HappyCaturday #Kitten #LOLCats #Anime #CaturdayEveryday #Cat #Caturday2014 #Cute #Funny #Gif #CatLovers #LOL #FunnyCats #FunnyPics #Kitten #Caturday2014 #CatsAllOverTheWorld #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway #Kitty #Caturday #CutenessOverload #Meme #CaturdayEveryday #CatLovers #CatsRule #lolz #laugh #Cat #Caturday #Kitty #lolcats #catgif #CutenessOverload #CaturdayEveryday #CatLovers #CatsRule #lolz #laugh #CuteCat #Cats #catsofgoogle #catsofinstagram #catsofgoogleplus #catsoftheday #catsongoogleplus #catsonyoutube #catsongoogle #caturdayeveryday #caturday #caturday2014 #catitude #catlove #catloversworld #catslogic #catloversnetwork #Animals #HappyCaturday #Kitten #LOLCats #Meme #Anime #Caturday2014 #Cute #Funny #Gif #CatLovers #LOL #FunnyCats #FunnyPics #Caturday2014 #CatsAllOverTheWorld #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway #animallovers #cute #cuteanimals #cuteness #cutenessoverload #animaloftheday #gifoftheday #gifofthedayindeed #gifoftheweek 
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Please DO NOT Sent Your Posts to My ~Notifications~. I Shall View Them in The ~Main Stream~... Or NOT at All. Thank You for Understanding! ;-)
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Hi, +Surya Ray how are you?
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"With ideas it is like with dizzy heights you climb: At first they cause you discomfort and you are anxious to get down, distrustful of your own powers; but soon the remoteness of the turmoil of life and the inspiring influence of the altitude calm your blood; your step gets firm and sure and you begin to look - for dizzier heights."

-- Nikola Tesla


I wish all of you a fantastic Thursday! Take minute or two to go wild! The weekend is just around the corner :)


Please spay and neuter your cats, and then adopt, don't "buy" your pets!! There are so many just waiting for a forever home! (We are looking for a few forever homes - get in touch if you would love a sweet indoor cat!)


An incredible page on the importance of spaying and neutering: http://www.aspca.org/pet-care/cat-care/spay-neuter - Here is information from that page:


"In addition to the many health benefits, spaying or neutering your cat ensures that he or she won’t contribute to the feline overpopulation problem. Even a cat who lives indoors may escape and produce kittens if not sterilized. Each year, millions of homeless cats are euthanized or end up in shelters due to a lack of good homes.


"Spaying and neutering are surgical procedures performed by veterinarians that render cats incapable of breeding by removing their reproductive organs. When a female cat is spayed (also called an ovariohysterectomy), the ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus are removed. Neutering results in the castration of males and the complete removal of their testicles.


"Spayed cats are less likely to develop breast cancer and will not be at risk for ovarian or uterine cancer, while neutered males will not get testicular cancer. By neutering male cats, you also reduce the risk of injury and transmission of disease, since intact males have a natural instinct to roam and get into fights with other cats, who may have contagious diseases or parasites.


"After sterilization, your cat may be calmer and less likely to exhibit certain behaviors, but his or her personality will not change. Contrary to myth, a neutered cat does not become lazy and overweight. Fixed males do require fewer calories to maintain their body weight, so please talk to your vet about adjusting your cat’s dietary needs."


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Our beautiful, sweet #kitty Sissi needs a home! Please help!!

We posted about get months ago, and we have tried every rescue in the area, but we have had no luck. Please help us! We are in PA, but are willing to travel with her (within reason :).

Here is Sissi's story:

She was a feral little kitty outside our home in rural Oklahoma, near a lake. One day, when we were sorting through our recycling pile, we suddenly saw her dash away from us across the lawn, with our sweet golden retriever, Maria, in hot pursuit!

Moments later, in the piles of recycling-filled bags, I saw a large patch of fur. It was three tiny kittens. Immediately we brought them into our porch and started caring for them. Sissi came around all day and night, crying for her three boys, and they would cry for their mother. They were all old enough for wet food, so they weren't nursing, but it broke our hearts, so we trapped her, had her spayed, and brought her home to live with her kittens.

The three boys were easily adopted weeks later, but Sissi has been with us ever since. She is sweet, loving, and adorable. But she is extremely shy with new people, and she will not let herself be picked up.

If you know anyone with a heart for cats who might be able to give her a forever home, please tell us! It needs to be someone who is really an expert with cats - someone very special, because of how special our feral-no-more Oklahoma sweetheart Sissi is. Please be in touch with us anytime!

#adopt #cat #kitten #cute #adoption #caturday #causes #love #sweet #foster #cats #wearealive #Kitty #lolcats #catgif #CutenessOverload #CaturdayEveryday #CatLovers #CatsRule #lolz #laugh #CuteCat #catsofgoogle #catsofinstagram #catsofgoogleplus #catsoftheday #catsongoogleplus #catsonyoutube #catsongoogle #caturdayeveryday #caturday #caturday2014 #catitude #catlove #catloversworld #catslogic #catloversnetwork #Animals #HappyCaturday #Kitten #LOLCats #Meme #Anime #Caturday2014 #Cute #Funny #Gif #CatLovers #LOL #FunnyCats #FunnyPics #Caturday2014 #CatsAllOverTheWorld #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway #animallovers #cute #cuteanimals #cuteness #cutenessoverload #animaloftheday #gifoftheday #gifofthedayindeed #gifoftheweek

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........
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Cat in washing machine



Cat communication is the transfer of information by one or more cats that has an effect on the current or future behaviour of another animal, including humans. Cats use a range of communication modalities including visual, auditory, tactile, chemical and gustatory.

The communication modalities used by domestic cats have been affected by domestication.


Vocalizations

Cat vocalisations have been categorised according to a range of characteristics.

Schötz categorised vocalizations according to 3 mouth actions: (1) sounds produced with the mouth closed (murmurs), including the purr, the trill and the chirrup, (2) sounds produced with the mouth open and gradually closing, comprising a large variety of miaows with similar vowel patterns, and (3) sounds produced with the mouth held tensely open in the same position, often uttered in aggressive situations (growls, yowls, snarls, hisses, spits and shrieks).

Brown et al. categorised vocal responses of cats according to the behavioural context: (1) during separation of kittens from mother cats, (2) during food deprivation, (3) during pain, (4) prior to or during threat or attack behavior, as in disputes over territory or food, (5) during a painful or acutely stressful experience, as in routine prophylactic injections and (6) during kitten deprivation. Less commonly recorded calls from mature cats included purring, conspecific greeting calls or murmurs, extended vocal dialogues between cats in separate cages, “frustration” calls during training or extinction of conditioned responses.

Miller classified vocalisations into 5 categories according to the sound produced: the purr, chirr, call, meow and growl/snarl/hiss.


Purr

The purr is a continuous, soft, vibrating sound made in the throat by most species of felines. Domestic cat kittens can purr as early as two days of age. This tonal rumbling can characterize different personalities in domestic cats. Purring is often believed to indicate a positive emotional state, but cats sometimes purr when they are ill, tense, or experiencing traumatic or painful moments.

The mechanism of how cats purr is elusive. This is partly because cats do not have a unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the vocalization. One hypothesis, supported by electromyographic studies, is that cats produce the purring noise by using the vocal folds and/or the muscles of the larynx to alternately dilate and constrict the glottis rapidly, causing air vibrations during inhalation and exhalation. Combined with the steady inhalation and exhalation as the cat breathes, a purring noise is produced with strong harmonics. Purring is sometimes accompanied by other sounds, though this varies between individuals. Some may only purr, while other cats include low level outbursts sometimes described as "lurps" or "yowps".

Domestic cats purr at varying frequencies. One study reported that domestic cats purr at average frequencies of 21.98 Hz in the egressive phase and 23.24 Hz in the ingressive phase with an overall mean of 22.6 Hz. Further research on purring in four domestic cats found that the fundamental frequency varied between 20.94 and 27.21 Hz for the egressive phase and between 23.0 and 26.09 Hz for the ingressive phase. There was considerable variation between the four cats in the relative amplitude, duration and frequency between egressive and ingressive phases, although this variation generally occurred within the normal range.

One study on a single cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) showed it purred with an average frequency of 20.87 Hz (egressive phases) and 18.32 Hz (ingressive phases). A further study on four adult cheetahs found that mean frequencies were between 19.3 Hz and 20.5 Hz in ingressive phases, and between 21.9 Hz and 23.4 Hz in egressive phases. The egressive phases were longer than ingressive phases and moreover, the amplitude was greater in the egressive phases.

It was once believed that only the cats of the genus Felis could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tigers, lions, jaguars and leopards) also produce sounds similar to purring, but only when exhaling. The subdivision of the Felidae into ‘purring cats’ on the one hand and ‘roaring cats ’ (i.e. non-purring) on the other, originally goes back to Owen (1834/1835) and was definitely introduced by Pocock (1916), based on a difference in hyoid anatomy. The ‘roaring cats’ (lion, Panthera leo; tiger, P. tigris; jaguar, P. onca; leopard, P. pardus) have an incompletely ossified hyoid, which according to this theory, enables them to roar but not to purr. On the other hand, the snow leopard (Uncia uncia), as the fifth felid species with an incompletely ossified hyoid, purrs (Hemmer, 1972). All remaining species of the family Felidae (‘purring cats’) have a completely ossified hyoid which enables them to purr but not to roar. However, Weissengruber et al. (2002) argued that the ability of a cat species to purr is not affected by the anatomy of its hyoid, i.e. whether it is fully ossified or has a ligamentous epihyoid, and that, based on a technical acoustic definition of roaring, the presence of this vocalization type depends on specific characteristics of the vocal folds and an elongated vocal tract, the latter rendered possible by an incompletely ossified hyoid.





Meow

The meow is one of the most widely known vocalizations of domestic kittens. It is a call apparently used to solicit attention from the mother.

Adult cats commonly vocalise with a "meow" (or "miaow") sound, which is onomatopoeic. The meow can be assertive, plaintive, friendly, bold, welcoming, attention soliciting, demanding, or complaining. It can even be silent, where the cat opens its mouth but does not vocalize. Adult cats do not usually meow to each other and so meowing to human beings is likely to be an extension of the use by kittens.








Language differences

Different languages have correspondingly different words for the "meow" sound, including miau (Belarusian, Croatian, Hungarian, Dutch, Finnish, Lithuanian, Malay, German, Polish, Russian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish and Ukrainian), mnau (Czech), meong (Indonesian), niau (Ukrainian), niaou (?????, Greek), miaou (French), nya (??, Japanese), miao (?, Mandarin Chinese, Italian), miav/miao or mjav/mjau (Danish, Swedish and Norwegian), mjá (Icelandic), ya-ong (??, Korean), ????? / Miya?un_ (Urdu) and meo-meo (Vietnamese). In some languages (such as Chinese ?, mao), the vocalization became the name of the animal itself.

Read more : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat_communication

#gif #cats #animals #caturday #caturdayeveryday #caturday2014 #catsrule #catsallovertheworld #catholic #catlovers #animallovers #animalphotography #catphotography #catphotos #catpictures #catpics #lol #funny #funnypics #funnypictures #funnyphotos #funnystuff #ANNIMATEDGIFS   #trendingnow   #lolcats
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We Are Alive

"Blink our eyes open." Kent Gustavson has dedicated his career to bold and meaningful creative projects as a writer, speaker, publisher, and thought leader. In an inspiring and motivational talk, he recounts the impact of a near-fatal tragedy — one that reframed the importance of risk-taking in the context of creativity. (Filmed at TEDxSBU.)

Dr. Kent Gustavson is an acclaimed author, speaker, educator, and musician. He is highly regarded for writing the definitive biography of music icon Doc Watson, 'Blind But Now I See'. The book won the Next Generation Indie Book Award in 2011, and currently has 50,000 copies in circulation. As an in-demand public speaker, Kent speaks nationally on a myriad of music related topics, as well as independent publishing, executive coaching, motivational speaking, and social media education. Parallel to his work as an author and public speaker, Kent is an esteemed educator who holds a PhD in classical composition from Stony Brook University, and for over ten years has taught courses ranging from music to language, mythology, writing, and leadership at the college level. When not writing, speaking, or teaching, he's an active musician, producer, and composer. He has released 14 critically acclaimed albums. His music has been featured on National Public Radio's All Songs Considered, and his sweetly uplifting liturgical music and hymns are played in hundreds of Lutheran churches around the country.

In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)


#WeAreAlive #KentGustavson #TEDtalks
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We are alive! #KentGustavson on #creativity and #risk at #TEDTalks #wearealive

"Blink our eyes open." Kent Gustavson has dedicated his career to bold and meaningful creative projects as a writer, speaker, publisher, and thought leader. In an inspiring and motivational talk, he recounts the impact of a near-fatal tragedy — one that reframed the importance of risk-taking in the context of creativity. (Filmed at TEDxSBU.)

Dr. Kent Gustavson is an acclaimed author, speaker, educator, and musician. He is highly regarded for writing the definitive biography of music icon Doc Watson, 'Blind But Now I See'. The book won the Next Generation Indie Book Award in 2011, and currently has 50,000 copies in circulation. As an in-demand public speaker, Kent speaks nationally on a myriad of music related topics, as well as independent publishing, executive coaching, motivational speaking, and social media education. Parallel to his work as an author and public speaker, Kent is an esteemed educator who holds a PhD in classical composition from Stony Brook University, and for over ten years has taught courses ranging from music to language, mythology, writing, and leadership at the college level. When not writing, speaking, or teaching, he's an active musician, producer, and composer. He has released 14 critically acclaimed albums. His music has been featured on National Public Radio's All Songs Considered, and his sweetly uplifting liturgical music and hymns are played in hundreds of Lutheran churches around the country.

#TEDTalks #wearealive #kentgustavson #TED #TEDTalk #TEDx #TEDxSBU #inspiration #motivation #life #death #creativity #heart #choice #openyoureyes #openmyeyes #risk #heartbeat #arewealive #lifeisbeautiful #courage #father #mother #guitar #music #love #healing #ideas

In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)
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"If you obey all the rules you miss all the #fun."
-- Katharine Hepburn

I hope your day will be filled with fun, my friends. I know that life at home and the office can seem boring, mundane and everyday. But this is the one life we have. #Smile. #Play. #Laugh. It's worth it.

#Pandas are incredible #animals - #cute, #cuddly, #sweet, and always playing around. Unfortunately, they are among the most #endangered in the world. The +WWF does incredible work to help the #panda. Here are some excerpts from their descriptions of this beautiful, #threatened animal.

About what they try to do for the panda: "WWF has been active in #giantpanda #conservation since 1980, and was the first international conservation organization to work in China at the Chinese government's invitation.
Early panda conservation work included the first-ever intensive field studies of wild panda ecology and behaviour. Current work focuses on, the Minshan Mountains in Sichuan and Gansu provinces and the Qinling Mountains in Shaanxi province."

Things WWF is trying to do in those critical areas: "Solutions in theses areas include: increasing #nature reserves, creating green corridors to link isolated pandas, patrolling against poaching and illegal logging, building local capacities for nature reserve management, and continued research and monitoring. The conservation solutions to save the species are working - and, after years of decline, panda numbers are thought to be increasing. WWF has been working closely with the Chinese government in the Qinling and Minshan Mountains, key landscapes for the panda, and the projects implemented in these areas to #save the panda are working."

The good news, according to WWF: "Panda habitat is increasing with the development of new reserves and green corridors. Some threats to panda survival such as poaching and illegal logging have been significantly reduced. Community development projects to help people sustainably coexist with pandas have been very positive. There is hope... The work of the Sichuan, Gansu and Shaanxi provincial governments to ensure the survival of the giant panda gives rise to hope that the panda will not be lost and will continue to exist in the wild for generations to come."

"I long, as does every human being, to be at home wherever I find myself."
-- Maya Angelou

It's good to be home! After visiting family and friends in Tulsa, I sat on several airplanes yesterday, and made it back home last evening. There's nothing like sleeping in your own bed. And today, the play begins! I've posted these pandas before, but they are irresistable. Have some fun this week!

Check out the Giant Panda Conservation Fund. Here is some information from their site:

"The Giant Panda Conservation Fund has played a key role in financing the design of the 2000 exhibit renovation, travel by American and Chinese staff in preparation for the arrival of Mei Xiang and Tian Tian in Washington, camera and sound systems, graphics, and educational materials related to the giant panda.

"However, one of the most important uses of the Fund is financing giant panda research in China and the United States. Since 2000 these research projects have included a wide range of activities, including training and monitoring systems with two basic thrusts: increasing the capacity of Chinese partners to protect habitat, the giant panda, and other species; and
maintaining a healthy, viable population of giant pandas in zoos to support those in the wild.

"Diverse research includes studies of panda endocrinology, reproductive biology, nutrition, exposure to infectious diseases, and environmental education in communities within panda reserves. The fund also enables important training courses on such topics as remote sensing and geographic information systems of China’s giant panda habitat, clinical diagnostics of panda diseases, and behavioral enrichment."

Find out more at: http://nationalzoo.si.edu/support/gpconservationfund/

#lol #panda #gif #pandabear #pandas #fun #funny #home #inspiration #happy #inspiration #wearealive #animals #nature #photography #animallovers #animalphotography #animalphotos #naturephotography #naturephotos #naturepics #naturepictures #naturepicsoftheday #natureimages #animallovers #cute #cuteanimals #cuteness #cutenessoverload #animaloftheday #gifoftheday #gifofthedayindeed #gifoftheweek
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wonderful ))))))))))))))))
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Squirrel History

Squirrels are members of the family Sciuridae, consisting of small or medium-size rodents. The family includes tree squirrels, ground squirrels, chipmunks, marmots (including woodchucks), flying squirrels, and prairie dogs. Squirrels are indigenous to the Americas, Eurasia, and Africa, and have been introduced to Australia. The earliest known squirrels date from the Eocene and are most closely related to the mountain beaver and to the dormouse among living rodent families.

Etymology
The word "squirrel", first specified in 1327, comes from Anglo-Norman esquirel from the Old French escurel, the reflex of a Latin word sciurus. This Latin word was borrowed from the Ancient Greek word s???????, skiouros, which means shadow-tailed, referring to the bushy appendage possessed by many of its members.

The native Old English word for the squirrel, acweorna, survived only into Middle English (as aquerne) before being replaced. The Old English word is of Common Germanic origin, and cognates used by other countries to name the squirrel include the German Eichhhörnchen (diminutive of Eichhorn, which is not used), the Norwegian ikorn/ekorn, the Dutch eekhoorn, the Swedish ekorre and the Danish egern

Characteristics

Squirrels are generally small animals, ranging in size from the African pygmy squirrel at 7–10 cm (2.8–3.9 in) in length and just 10 g (0.35 oz) in weight, to the Alpine marmot, which is 53–73 cm (21–29 in) long and weighs from 5 to 8 kg (11 to 18 lb). Squirrels typically have slender bodies with bushy tails and large eyes. In general, their fur is soft and silky, although much thicker in some species than others. The color of squirrels is highly variable between—and often even within—species.

In general, the hind limbs are longer than the fore limbs, and they have four or five toes on each paw. Their paws include an often poorly developed thumb, and have soft pads on the undersides. The eastern gray squirrel is one of very few mammalian species that can descend a tree head-first. It does this by turning its feet so the claws of its hind paws are backward-pointing and can grip the tree bark.

Squirrels live in almost every habitat from tropical rainforest to semiarid desert, avoiding only the high polar regions and the driest of deserts. They are predominantly herbivorous, subsisting on seeds and nuts, but many will eat insects and even small vertebrates.

As their large eyes indicate, in general squirrels have an excellent sense of vision, which is especially important for tree-dwelling species. They also have very versatile and sturdy claws for grasping and climbing. Many also have a good sense of touch, with vibrissae on their heads and limbs

The teeth of sciurids follow the typical rodent pattern, with large gnawing incisors that grow throughout life, and grinding cheek teeth set back behind a wide gap, or diastema. The typical dental formula for sciurids is 1.0.1.31.0.1.3

The lifespan of the gray squirrel is approximately six years. Most urban squirrels do not reach their first birthday. This is due not to predators but rather to automobiles. Compare this to its rural counterpart, which often perishes from lack of food.

Behavior

Squirrels breed once or twice a year and give birth to a varying number of young after three to six weeks, depending on species. The young are born naked, toothless, and blind. In most species of squirrel, only the female looks after the young, which are weaned at around six to ten weeks of age and become sexually mature at the end of their first year. In general, ground-dwelling species are social animals, often living in well-developed colonies, but the tree-dwelling species are more solitary.

Ground and tree squirrels are typically diurnal or crepuscular, while flying squirrels tend to be nocturnal—except for lactating flying squirrels and their offspring, which have a period of diurnality during the summer.

Feeding

Squirrels cannot digest cellulose, so they must rely on foods rich in protein, carbohydrates, and fats. In temperate regions, early spring is the hardest time of year for squirrels, because buried nuts begin to sprout and are no longer available for the squirrel to eat, and new food sources have not become available yet. During these times, squirrels rely heavily on the buds of trees. Squirrels' diets consist primarily of a wide variety of plants, including nuts, seeds, conifer cones, fruits, fungi, and green vegetation. However, some squirrels also consume meat, especially when faced with hunger. Squirrels have been known to eat insects, eggs, small birds, young snakes, and smaller rodents. Indeed, some tropical species have shifted almost entirely to a diet of insects.

Predatory behavior has been noted by various species of ground squirrels, in particular the thirteen-lined ground squirrel. For example, Bailey, a scientist in the 1920s, observed a thirteen-lined ground squirrel preying upon a young chicken. Wistrand reported seeing this same species eating a freshly killed snake. Whitaker examined the stomachs of 139 thirteen-lined ground squirrels and found bird flesh in four of the specimens and the remains of a short-tailed shrew in one; Bradley, examining white-tailed antelope squirrels' stomachs, found at least 10% of his 609 specimens' stomachs contained some type of vertebrate, mostly lizards and rodents. Morgart observed a white-tailed antelope squirrel capturing and eating a silky pocket mouse.

Taxonomy

The living squirrels are divided into five subfamilies, with about 58 genera and some 285 species. The oldest squirrel fossil, Hesperopetes, dates back to the Chadronian (late Eocene, about 40–35 million years ago) and is similar to modern flying squirrels.

A variety of fossil squirrels, from the latest Eocene to the Miocene, could not be assigned with certainty to any living lineage. At least some of these probably were variants of the oldest basal "protosquirrels" (in the sense that they lacked the full range of living squirrels' autapomorphies). The distribution and diversity of such ancient and ancestral forms suggest the squirrels as a group may have originated in North America.

Apart from these sometimes little-known fossil forms, the phylogeny of the living squirrels is fairly straightforward. The three main lineages are the Ratufinae (Oriental giant squirrels), Sciurillinae and all other subfamilies. The Ratufinae contain a mere handful of living species in tropical Asia. The neotropical pygmy squirrel of tropical South America is the sole living member of the Sciurillinae. The third lineage, by far the largest, has a near-cosmopolitan distribution. This further supports the hypothesis that the common ancestor of all squirrels, living and fossil, lived in North America, as these three most ancient lineages seem to have radiated from there; if squirrels had originated in Eurasia, for example, one would expect quite ancient lineages in Africa, but African squirrels seem to be of more recent origin.

The main group of squirrels also can be split into three subgroups, which yield the remaining subfamilies. The Sciurinae contains the flying squirrels (Pteromyini) and the Sciurini, which among others contains the American tree squirrels; the former have often been considered a separate subfamily, but are now seen as a tribe of the Sciurinae. The pine squirrels (Tamiasciurus), on the other hand, are usually included with the main tree squirrel lineage, but appear to be about as distinct as the flying squirrels; hence, they are sometimes considered a distinct tribe, Tamiasciurini.
Eastern gray squirrel in a tree
File:Squirrel eating grains.ogvPlay media
Squirrel eating grains

Two of the three subfamilies are of about equal size, containing between nearly 70 and 80 species each; the third is about twice as large. The Sciurinae contains arboreal (tree-living) squirrels, mainly of the Americas and to a lesser extent Eurasia. The Callosciurinae is most diverse in tropical Asia and contains squirrels that are also arboreal, but have a markedly different habitus and appear more "elegant", an effect enhanced by their often very colorful fur. The Xerinae—the largest subfamily—are made up from the mainly terrestrial (ground-living) forms and include the large marmots and the popular prairie dogs, among others, as well as the tree squirrels of Africa; they tend to be more gregarious than other squirrels, which do not usually live together in close-knit groups

Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squirrel

#squirrel #squirrelgif #gif #gifoftheday #gifoftheweek #amazinggif #awesomegif #lol #lolz  
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 very good .my wark is third eye opning
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"Let your best be for your friend. If he must know the ebb of your tide, let him know its flood also. For what is your friend that you should seek him with hours to kill? Seek him always with hours to live. For it is his to fill your need, but not your emptiness. And in the sweetness of friendship let there be laughter, and sharing of pleasures. For in the dew of little things the heart finds its morning and is refreshed."
~ Kahlil Gibran

Everything is better with a friend, isn't it? Something we don't learn when we are kids is how different people need different kinds of friends. Are you the kind of person to need someone there all the time? Or do you just want to see people for an hour a day? Do you call people you know from social media your friends?

Please take care of animals and people around you. Shouldn't friendship extend past our own circles? If you think so, as I do, help make sure cats are spayed and neutered, and then adopted and cared for. Don't "buy" an animal! There are too many looking for homes that will be put to death if they don't find them!

Have a beautiful day! There are so many people around the world right now grieving or living in fear. I'm so grateful to see the open sky with sunshine or rain, and to have food on my table. And to have family and friends all around / even here on Google Plus :)

#Cat #Kitty #CutenessOverload #Meme #CaturdayEveryday #CatLovers #CatsRule #lolz #laugh #CuteCat #Cats #Animals #HappyCaturday #Kitten #LOLCats #Anime #CaturdayEveryday #Caturday2014 #Cute #Funny #Gif #CatLovers #LOL #FunnyCats #FunnyPics #Kitten #Caturday2014 #CatsAllOverTheWorld #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway  #animallovers #cute #cuteanimals #cuteness #cutenessoverload #animaloftheday #gifoftheday #gifofthedayindeed #gifoftheweek

#Cat 
#Caturday 
#Kitty 
#lolcats 
#catgif 
#CutenessOverload 
#CaturdayEveryday 
#CatLovers 
#CatsRule 
#lolz 
#laugh 
#CuteCat 
#Cats 
#catsofgoogle 
#catsofinstagram 
#catsofgoogleplus 
#catsoftheday 
#catsongoogleplus 
#catsonyoutube 
#catsongoogle 
#caturday2014 
#catitude 
#catlove 
#catloversworld 
#catslogic 
#catloversnetwork 
#Animals 
#HappyCaturday 
#Kitten 
#LOLCats 
#Meme 
#Anime 
#Cute 
#Funny 
#Gif 
#LOL 
#FunnyCats 
#FunnyPics 
#CatsAllOverTheWorld 
#OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway 
#animallovers 
#cuteanimals 
#cuteness 
#cutenessoverload 
#animaloftheday 
#gifoftheday 
#gifofthedayindeed 
#gifoftheweek

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