Why does light travel?
Everything, by nature of simply existing, is "moving" at the speed of light (which really has nothing to do with light: more on that later). Yes, that does include you.
Our understanding of the universe is that the way that we perceive space and time as separate things is, to be frank, wrong. They aren't separate: the universe is made of "spacetime," all one word. A year and a lightyear describe different things in our day to day lives, but from a physicist's point of view, they're actually the exact same thing (depending on what kind of physics you're doing).
In our day to day lives, we define motion as a distance traveled over some amount of time. However, if distances and intervals of time are the exact same thing, that suddenly becomes completely meaningless. "I traveled one foot for every foot that I traveled" is an absolutely absurd statement!
The way it works is that everything in the universe travels through spacetime at some speed which I'll call "c" for the sake of brevity. Remember, motion in spacetime is meaningless, so it makes sense that nothing could be "faster" or "slower" through spacetime than anything else. Everybody and everything travels at one foot per foot, that's just... how it works.
Obviously, though, things do seem to have different speeds. The reason that happens is that time and space are orthogonal, which is sort of a fancy term for "at right angles to each other." North and east, for example, are orthogonal: you can travel as far as you want directly to the north, but it's not going to affect where you are in terms of east/west at all.
Just like how you can travel north without traveling east, you can travel through time without it affecting where you are in space. Conversely, you can travel through space without it affecting where you are in time.
You're (presumably) sitting in your chair right now, which means you're not traveling through space at all. Since you have to travel through spacetime at c (speed of light), though, that means all of your motion is through time.
By the way, this is why time dilation happens: something that's moving very fast relative to you is moving through space, but since they can only travel through spacetime at c, they have to be moving more slowly through time to compensate (from your point of view).
Light, on the other hand, doesn't travel through time at all. The reason it doesn't is somewhat complicated, but it has to do with the fact that it has no mass.
Something that isn't moving that has mass can have energy: that's what E = mc2 means. Light has no mass, but it does have energy. If we plug the mass of light into E=mc2, we get 0, which makes no sense because light has energy. Hence, light can never be stationary.
Not only that, but light can never be stationary from anybody's perspective. Since, like everything else, it travels at c through spacetime, that means all of its "spacetime speed" must be through space, and none of it is through time.
So, light travels at c. Not at all by coincidence, you'll often hear c referred to as the "speed of light in a vacuum." Really, though, it's the speed that everything travels at, and it happens to be the speed that light travels through space at because it has no mass.
edit: By the way, this also covers the common ELI5 question of why nothing can ever travel faster than light, and why things with mass cannot travel at the speed of light. Since everything moves through spacetime at c, nothing can ever exceed it (and no, traveling backwards in time would not fix that). Also, things with mass can always be "stationary" from someone's perspective (like their own), so they always have to move through time at least a little bit, meaning they can never travel through space as fast as light does. They'd have to travel through spacetime faster than c to do that, which, again, is not possible.
Parenting and Pregnancy Advice for Moms and Dads - HuffPost Parents
Get information about raising a child from pregnancy to high school graduation. Read personal stories, get expert parenting tips or share yo
UPDATE 1-Michigan wants 50,000 visas to bring immigrants to Detroit
(Adds comment from AFL-CIO spokesman)By Joseph LichtermanDETROIT, Jan 23 (Reuters) - Michigan Governor Rick Snyder onThursday called for the
Gates Spends Entire First Day Back in Office Trying to Install Windows 8.1
A Microsoft spokesman said that Mr. Gates’s first day in his new job had been “a learning experience.”
Suspicious Virus Makes Rare Cross-Kingdom Leap From Plants to Honeybees ...
When HIV jumped from chimpanzees to humans sometime in the early 1900's, it crossed a gulf spanning several million years of evolution. But
Conservative groups spend up to $1bn a year to fight action on climate c...
• Author: 'I call it the climate-change counter movement' • Study focuses on groups opposing US political action
Study gives new meaning to ‘let your fingers do the walking’
Study gives new meaning to ‘let your fingers do the walking’. A new study has found that skilled typists can’t identify the positions of man
Jim DeMint: Immigration Reform Will Cost U.S. Trillions - ABC News
Former South Carolina Republican senator and current Heritage Foundation president Jim DeMint argued that implementing immigration reform as
Udacity - Free Classes. Awesome Instructors. Inspiring Community.
Google Says Some Apple Inventions Are So Great They Ought to Be Shared
Apple argues that there's a difference between standards-essential patents and those that make a product widely popular.
Netflix - Watch TV Shows Online, Watch Movies Online
Watch Movies & TV Shows Online or Streaming right to your TV via Xbox, Wii, PS3 & many other devices. Only $7.99/mo. Start Your Free Trial T
Supreme Court Prepares To Determine Fate Of U.S. Health Care System
In one week, the Supreme Court will hear a legacy-defining case for President Obama as it determines whether his signature achievement is co