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Sophie Wrobel
Works at iQser GmbH
Lives in Remchingen
22,915 followers|1,178,033 views


Sophie Wrobel

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Intellectual property vs. the information ecosystem

Oh, no - this is particularly troubling. I can understand that content owners and creators want to profit from their work. But the proposed solution of telling search engines to pay out profits to content creators, is a doubly bad idea. An initiative that needs to be stopped, and replaced with a more intelligent and more modern one. The internet information ecosystem isn't perfect, and does need change, but destroying it completely won't make things better.

First, it will either destroy the search engine business, or cause search engines to stop listing major publishers (causing them to cry out or at least allow relisting of their works without cost). Search engine optimization is a key marketing tool, and should be incorporated into business plans that way.

Second, it does not address the complexities that digital content creation involves: how do you deal with remixes, derivative works, and so on?

I think that what we need is an overhaul of the information ecosystem to reflect content ownership, change history, and fairly distribute profits as part of the business strategy of all parties involved, throwing current copyright ownership into the inspection mechanism and replacing it with a more up-to-date version reflecting critical issues sich as: Who is the content owner? For what purpose has the content owner shared their content? How are derivative works, and derivative contributors, fairly compensated and attributed? What exactly is being sold, and how does the service offered and user demand relate to what the contributor has contributed? 

/via +Eileen O'Duffy 
The European Commission is preparing a frontal attack on the hyperlink, the basic building block of the Internet as we know it. This is based on an absurd idea that just won't die: Making search engines and news portals pay media companies for promoting their freely accessible articles.
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+Chris Harpner in my experience, there are good law professors over 50 who 'see the vision' and would make very valuable contributors. I'd welcome their input anytime, because with their experience, they can highlight, and help solve, challenges that techies may miss. But they aren't too many, and they don't get paid as well as the contributors backed by 'dinosaur corporations'.
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Unintended consequences of cost-savings: cables that damages electronics

It's no secret that manufacturers want to cut costs. But cost cutting sometimes has more consequences than those manufacturers may test for - and this results in electronic devices reaching end-of-life earlier than expected.

The problem is very hard to verify. In this particular case, cables are marketed as being compatible with a particular specification, but upon inspecting the hardware, the Google engineering department has discovered that by using a cheaper, smaller capacitor, the specifications are not being met. That, in turn, means that the cable does work - but damages your equipment at the same time.

While this is a shining example of how cost-cutting around technical specifications and lying about them afterwards is particularly damaging to any electronic system relying on standards, especially because the explanations are public, precise, and difficult to bullshit against, it's certainly not an isolated case.

I know everyone hates bureaucracy... but if companies can't self-police to get fundamental things like international electronics standards right, with grave consequences for consumers, then perhaps it is time to introduce some bureaucracy back into the process to ensure a basic quality standard for standard interfaces.

#Economics   #Standards   #Fail

/via +Urs Hölzle 
One of Google's engineers has taken to Amazon to debunk bad cables and offer advice on which options consumers ought to pay for.
Víktor Bautista i Roca's profile photorichie mais's profile photoRobert Tyer's profile photoLuke Shearing's profile photo
Reminds me of the capacitor plague.  
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Using "zombie cells" to battle cancer without side effects

Current cancer treatments target all cells with high growth rates - meaning that cancer cells, which multiply quickly, die, but other cells that multiply quickly end up slaughtered in the crossfire, such as hair follicles, intestinal cells, and so on... resulting in the standard battery of nasty side effects accompanying chemotherapy. But what happens if we could target just the cancer cells, and not the other cells?

That's what this latest bit of research suggests: Leukemia is a type of cancer affecting the bone marrow, leading to a large amount of undeveloped blood cells swimming around in the blood stream and thus limiting the effectiveness of blood in doing what it should be doing (transporting nutrients, wastes, repair tools, and fighting evil invader pathogens). The research team used an antibody to search for developing leukemic cells, and turned them into leukemic killer cells (that selectively kill leukemic cells) instead of 'normal' leukemic cells.

Put into an analogy, that's very similar to how fictional zombies work - only this time, the zombies are the good guys. If humans are cancer cells and zombies are the killer cells, then by introducing this antibody, we create the first zombie (leukemic killer cell). That zombie goes and kills all the leukemia cells around it, turning them into new zombies (more killers!) until there aren't any cancerous cells left. And just like humans tend to have poor chances holding out against a zombie apocalypse, those cancer cells have a tough fight against the zombie hordes of transformed killer leukocytes.

There are two very beautiful aspects to this solution of turning the cancer against itself:

1) Only cells that have started to develop leukemia are targeted, meaning that normal bone marrow cells continue to produce blood cells normally while the cancer cells die, and only to-be-cancer cells get transformed into cancer-killers. That means that once the cancer is eliminated, your body can stabilize to a normal condition quite quickly and safely.

2) Thanks to the receptor pleiotropism phenomenon, the cancer-killers target only leukemic cells, not any random cell in the body. That, in turn, means no side effects!

And, of course, let's not forget the poetic justice in it all: those who do evil get the evil that they deserve turned back on them. Evil cancerous cells deserve to die, and are thus brought to justice with a method as menacing as the one that they inflict to the rest of the body.

This sounds very promising. It will be interesting to see when, and how effective, the first human trials are!

/via +Eli Viertel 

#Cancer  #Treatment #Science #Medicine #Geist
By subjecting cancerous cells to a certain kind of antibody, researchers were able to transform them into natural killer cells — cells that can take out cancer.
Kaoru Shimitsu (The Heretic of Ethics)'s profile photoRobert Wallström's profile photoRaul Chavez's profile photoXxy Yyx's profile photo
Update: first human case treated with this therapy is successful so far: a little girl in the UK.
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Controlling the media: new government tactics

A troubling story about - a Russian news sites so successfully managed by Timchenko, that it the reached critical mass required to pick up government attention. That attention led to... to put it nicely, a sharp change of direction on that site.

But censoring media isn't the most troubling part of the Kremlin's reaction. That sort of mediation is kind of expected. What I find striking is one particular line in the story:

"When Russia has faced problems with its neighbors in the past, different tactics were used: DDOS (distributed denial of service) attacks against Estonia, Georgia, Lithuania, and so on," he [Andrei Soldatov] said. "Everyone expected something similar in Ukraine, but it never happened. Instead we got these attacks of trolls."

That's really a new tactic - and one that, perhaps, may be more powerful than pure technical attacks: pitting waves of trolls against rowdy internet sites. After all, what could possibly be more annoying than crowds of trolls disrupting communities and conversations? We'll have to see how netizens respond to the new attack wave next...

#FreeSpeech #Censorship #Control #Internet #Russia #Trolls
Galina Timchenko recalls how proud she felt when the Russian news website she edited reached 3 million users per day. When she reported the figures to the website's owner, he was horrified.
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 Le 1 Octobre 2015 le Présidant de la république D'haiti Mr Michel Joseph a réorganisé la force arme Haïtienne d’après la constitution... 
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Food addictions: fact or fiction?

There's been increasing talk about food addictions lately, and not just cheese: sugar addiction, fat addiction, anything else that may be a favorite food addiction. But what is a food addiction, really?

The topic is not as easy as we might think. Food affects the body in a number of ways.

1. Taste bud growth. Did you know that you are constantly growing new taste buds to replace old ones, and that these new taste buds reflect the tastes that you eat most often? Put in other words: if you change your diet, you will find after a while that your tastes have changed, and the old favorites no longer taste good anymore. Conversely, the things you eat a lot of will be reinforced and taste even better!

2. The not-hungry response. Once food hits your gut, your gut stops producing a hormone, grehlin. Grehlin basically tells your brain that you're hungry and your gut is empty. This is also why you get full faster with salads,making overeating easier with high fat diets: salads take less time to go through your stomach and hit your guts than fat does.

3. Food cravings. Your body is programmed to ensure that it gets a balance of all nutrients. While we haven't identified all the mechanisms yet, this is very likely regulated by hormones (like almost everything in the body). Pregnant women have higher nutrient needs and are thus more sensitive to these signals, but everyone has them - perhaps you recall being 'sick of zucchini' after the 20th day straight with zucchini (or any other food).

4. Food as a reward. 'If you are good, I'll give you a gummy bear,' a mother might say. But adults, not just kids, react to motivation rewards. The brain uses hormones to signal pleasure, and learns to associate just the thought of something pleasurable with producing those pleasure hormones in anticipation of the promised treat. And it turns out that there are whole classes of foods, not just cheese, that turn you on. For example, ever heard of a fruit addiction? Fruits can work in the same way too - just that won't make good news headlines.

The addiction is,as you may have started to notice, not a single factor but lots of factors working together and a bit of marketing on 'it is easier to blame someone else (the food) than to take control yourself'. While there is more at play than just drug-like effects, the analogy to addictive substances certainly helps to understand why we like some foods more than others and why they taste even better when we eat them more.

#Geist #Nutrition #Food #Addiction

/via +Hans Youngmann​
If you're the type of person who can't stop eating cheese once you start, it may not be your fault. You may be addicted.
Chris L. Little's profile photoLynn Keller's profile photoJuliana Bernalostos-Boy's profile photoAnita Tina Endeman's profile photo
Taste bud growth. Now that, I did not know. That could be useful information. 
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Neutrinos have mass!

Neutrinos are little ghost particles: they weigh almost nothing, have no charge, and are very, very fast. Because they have no charge, and interact very seldomly, they are very hard to pin down. They are little ghosts. Until the turn of the century, they were thought to be the only particles of matter that don't have mass. But these two nobel prize winners discovered that they do have mass - confirming that all matter has mass.

Yet these little ghosts are also very important. When a star goes supernova, it emits a lot of energy. That's why it is so bright. But light is not the major form of energy leaving the supernova: neutrinos are. That's right, our little ghost particles make up the bulk of energy that a supernova produces, and travel across the cosmos at close to the speed of light - and maybe, just maybe, even faster than light.

You can read more about neutrino astronomy here:

/via +Jenny Winder 
Two physicists have won the Nobel Prize for Physics for their work to discover that neutrinos have a mass — one of the few things that we know about the elusive particles. Japanese Takaaki Kajita and Canadian Arthur B. McDonald were given the award today “for the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass”.
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congrats to the winners
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My latest goal: Curing arthritis, and preventing it from coming back

For those of you who aren't too familiar with arthritis, it is considered to be an incurable, rather painful condition in which particular joints are swollen, and moving them hurts. Typically, it affects elderly patients, although the number of younger patients affected has been increasing in the last decade.

And guess what: I'm one of those young patients. I haven't even reached thirty. But my feet are affected - and walking is tedious, to say the least. Visiting the doctor didn't give me a cure I was hoping for, but instead a chilling response: There isn't a cure for arthritis. The least she could do was give me painkillers to alleviate the acute pain, and prescribe a pair of shoe inserts to support my foot arch and enable a less painful walk.

That said, I don't take no for an answer just because some doctor said so - and because I'd really like to be able to walk painlessly. And I'm not completely sold on the shoe inserts - even after a month, they are extremely uncomfortable (it feels like I am walking over a stone on every step) and while the inflammation has subsided somewhat, it has not gone away, but spread from just one foot to the healthy foot as well. So I started looking around to see if there's any alternative medicine treatment for arthritis, and I've found a rather convincing explanation around it. There are two factors to the explanation, and the treatment:

1. Diet
It seems that animal protein, and in particular casein, a protein found in milk, is particularly bad for us as it has been demonstrated to influence a number of "civilization-born diseases" such as arthritis and cancer when it comprises more than 5% of the total protein intake. (For comparison: current dietary recommendations are around 30% animal protein intake, and most people consume more animal protein than that in my part of the world). At the same time, in order to rebuild damaged tendons and cartilage, the body needs the right nutrients to do so - which is the reason why some folk claim antioxidants, vitamins, collagen supplements, or other nutritional supplement intake cures arthritis. But these claims only have limited success, it seems they do not consistently cure arthritis. What could be missing?

2. Movement
No, I don't mean just getting sports and exercise on the program. I mean moving properly throughout all daily activities. See, your joints receive nutrients only when you move, causing the fluid exchanged with the surrounding cells, that in turn exchange nutrients and wastes into the blood capillaries. So that to get the nutrients from my new diet to the places where they are needed most, I need to move the affected joints, and do so in a manner that encourages constant fluid exchange to the affected joints with as little additional repetitive physical strain as possible. For me, that means re-learning how to walk - or rather, applying a particular technique that I have so far only used in dance into everyday life.

Putting it together
So, I'm starting a little trial: This month, I am going to do three things:
(1) follow a balanced, strictly vegan diet,
(2) take on a set of daily exercises targeted at mobilizing and strengthening the intra-foot muscles, and
(3) adopt a 'fox gait'.

I think the rational and clinical evidence available so far suggest that this has a good chance of working. But there haven't been any studies available to date testing a combination of both factors - they either isolate just one factor, or the other factor, so I can't claim that this is a proven technique to curing arthritis. And in case you're wondering about the 'one month' timeframe: this is not random; it is, according to various studies, the time frame for overcoming the 'this is hard' hurdle and expected first improvements as a result of to dietary and exercise changes.

I'll be reporting in again at the end of the month.

#Health   #Arthritis   #Nutrition   #Exercise   #Geist  
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... and the promised one-month update:
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Sophie Wrobel

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From DRM to Smart Contracts to CopyFair

As nice as a digital commons might be, I think that digital commons platforms today lack in one particular aspect embodied quite closely by 'CopyFair'.

In the race for data ownership and data monetization, large corporations have built significant businesses around collecting data and works from users, and capitalizing on their productions - but not sharing the associated profits. The result is a transfer of capital from consumers to intermediaries (online platforms), leaving the creators and data owners out of the loop.

CopyFair is one attempt at reworking the profit sharing agreement, paying out royalties to data owners / creators for commercial use of their works and information. While it is not perfect, it represents a major step forward to building a viable, long-term digital economic system that ensures continued capital flow as opposed to capital concentration.

#Economics   #Policy   #OpenSource   #DigitalCommons   #CopyFair   #Copyright  

/via +Hoda Maalouf 
By David Bollier, author, blogger and consultant. From open access platforms to managed digital commons: that is one of the chief challenges that network-based peer production must meet if we are going to unleash the enormous value that distributed, autonomous production can create.
Glen Ganaway's profile photoBrahm Imanuel's profile photoChiang Lin Ng's profile photoXxy Yyx's profile photo
There are several countries developing a blockchain voting system right now.  There are also some apps coming out, like

Most of those concerns you have are only a problem because of the monopolistic corporations that have central control over everything, +Sophie Wrobel.  Their model, based on industrial age mentality, will not last in the new era anyway, they are just bridges. (not that they think that)
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1 Month Update: Healing arthritis

It's been slightly over a month now since I've started a change in my nutrition and exercise schedule in hopes of getting rid of arthritis, and as promised, I'd like to check in and share my first results.

The program
To summarize, my changes involved following a balanced vegan diet, introducing a number of targeted, foot strengthening exercises, and continuing my regular exercise practices.

It's a good week now since I'm able to walk without pain. :) Yay!

Side notes
Almost nothing comes without side effects. And therefore, I'd like to share with you some of the side effects that I've noticed.

Sustainability: Perhaps the most important note. I consider this regime to be not sustainable, at least not with my lifestyle. The main problem is that around two hours after eating, I get hungry again - and not just a 'I'm hungry' annoying stomach rumbling, but a hard energy fail (which is terrible in the middle of training!). The explanation is also relatively logical: sugars, and simple carbohydrates, are effective for about that long after a meal. Beyond that, the body shifts over to using fats and proteins as energy sources.

Intestinal Flora: Solid excretion now takes place on a daily basis and has a healthy consistency, as opposed to every few days. Also, farting has significantly reduced. (which makes sense - more fiber and less meat means things go through the system faster). Without doing any biopsies or inspections, I have no way of verifying, but this improvement is indicative of a healthier intestinal flora.

Immune vitality: I've avoided the fall flu season so far (whether or not this may be related is uncertain - there are suggestions that increased vital nutrients result in a better immune response - or maybe I'm just lucky!).

Food taste: Some foods that used to taste good (like normal pasta) now taste bad - whole grains taste better. I suppose I'll have to live with this socially challenging annoyance.

Change to barefoot shoes: Sometime around the end of October, I received a suggestion from a fellow dancer who is struggling with a painful hallux valgus: she indicated that barefoot shoes were absolutely amazing, because the hallux didn't hurt with them. I got myself a pair, and am impressed. Not, however, because they have minimal padding or any other "barefoot" qualities (I cannot attest to any barefoot feeling), but for the sole reason that they don't squash my toes, not even lightly (most shoes, even extra wide shoes, squash either the big toe, the little toe, or both). Maybe someday the rest of the shoe industry will figure that one out! It's possible that shoes are a compounding factor, but considering that I acquired them towards the end of the month, I doubt they have a relevant impact in this reporting time period.

What next?
Well, I'm going to have to experiment a bit to see if I can find the right balance. That means adding more fats ('good' fats) and proteins than the recommended mix, in particular before training times, in order to prevent the 'hard energy failure'. I also intend to start re-introducing various other foods in small quantities, to see what happens and if indeed there is a relationship between certain foods, or food groups, and inflammation.

#Geist   #Arthritis   #Health   #Nutrition  
Karin Curran's profile photoNils Hitze's profile photodirk astrath's profile photoRobert Tyer's profile photo
+Sophie Wrobel Cool! It's 8.30pm now so I'll probably look tomorrow. ☺
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The road is clear for large scale DNA reengineering

This is no mystery machine. It is a damn accurate DNA folding machine, one that means we now have the power to predict how large-scale changes to DNA are going to fold and whether that is compatible with the rest of the chromosome. That in turn means that we can expect a flurry of new research into genetic reengineering to cure certain diseases, as well as to make new monsters.

And I'm sure someone will try to make monsters. Not a Frankenstein or a Hulk, but self-terminating, pesticide-producing foods: companies do already make them and they now have an even more efficient way to do so. I'd just hope that the regulatory committees overseeing and approving these new developments consider the ecological implications of the new introductions.

Welcome to a brave new world.

/via +Hans Youngmann​​
Geneticists can’t see this machine, but they can see its works—and they say it might be the key to reshaping the genome.
Kaoru Shimitsu (The Heretic of Ethics)'s profile photoNuno Luciano's profile photoXxy Yyx's profile photo
how likely is in vivo engineering to say... change a person's characteristics? Hair color, eye color, etc.
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Sophie Wrobel

▶ Breads, rolls, scones, and doughs  - 
The vegan version of char siew bao (steamed pork dumpling)
Preparation time: 5 hours, most of which is waiting

You know those white, fluffy, somewhat sweet buns filled with barbecued meat? No? I loved them when I was a kid! Well, here's a vegan variation on them - or at least, as close as I can get to the original taste with 'normal' ingredients!

 - 1 packet (around 8g) dry yeast
 - 1 tsp + 2 tbsp sugar
 - 4 tbsp + 200 g white flour
 - 4 tbsp + 110 ml water
 - 1/4 tsp salt
 - 1 tbsp oil
 - 1/2 tsp baking powder

 - 200 g chick peas, boiled and coarsely blended
 - 2 leeks, finely chopped
 - 1/2 onion, finely chopped
 - 1 clove garlic, pressed
 - 6 tbsp soya sauce
 - 2 tbsp honey
 - 2 tbsp oil

1. Mix the yeast, 1 tsp sugar, 4 tbsp flour, and 4 tbsp water together. Let it sit for 30 minutes.
2. Add in 110 mL water, 200g flour, 1/4 tsp salt, 2tbsp sugar, and 1tsp oil. Knead for 2-3 minutes.
3. Let the dough sit for 3 hours, until the dough has increased in volume to three times its size.
4. Sprinkle in the baking powder and knead the dough for 5 minutes.
5. Leave the dough aside for 30 minutes.
6. While you're waiting, mix all of the filling ingredients together. It would also be a good idea to cut squares of wax paper and start boiling water for the steamer.
7. Cover the workspace with flour (and your hands, too!)
8. Divide the dough into twelve equally sized balls.
9. Flatten each ball into a round disk with the diameter of your hand's length.
10. Fill the disk with a pile of filling in the middle and fold the sides up, pinching and twisting at the top to close the bun and leave a little 'hat' on the top.
11. Place the bun on a square of wax paper. The bun should be about half as wide as the wax paper. The wax paper prevents the bun from sticking to your steamer, so that you can take it out later without tearing it's thin skin.
12. Steam the buns for 15 minutes.
13. Take the buns out, and enjoy!

#Geist   #Recipe  
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+Hana Salleh oh, because you're a cooking genius! (not like me, always too busy... thought maybe you might have an alternate recipe somewhere?) The skin is a recipe from my family - or at least close to it, because we don't really measure properly - the filling is an own invention because of this:
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The more you think, the more you evolve

Back in school, we learned that evolution is a slow process taking millions of years where mutations randomly took place as a result of transcription errors and environmental factors encouraging mutation to take place. Using a muscle, however, was not deemed to be a selector for causing mutation. But what if it was?

This latest research suggests that using neurons to think causes the most commonly used genes to mutate more. So you are actually mutating as you think - and the more you think, the more you mutate. The exact opposite of what we learned in school. And a most intriguing prospect: we are born to change,learn, and evolve.

#Evolution #Health #Brain #Mutation #Geist

/via +Hans Youngmann​
Walt Whitman's famous line, "I am large, I contain multitudes," has gained a new level of biological relevance.
Gregory Harris's profile photoRenzo Pellandini's profile photoNuno Luciano's profile photoXxy Yyx's profile photo
+Sophie Wrobel , I honestly thought it might be a lot of woo, but there does seem to be correlational evidence at least. Maybe this kind of research will find the links and causes. Thanks for sharing these updates!
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  • iQser GmbH
    Strategy and Business Development, 2014 - present
  • Independent consultant
    Information Consultant, 2014 - present
  • CAS Software AG
    Software Architect, 2011 - 2014
  • IBM
    Application Development Expert, 2006 - 2011
Basic Information
Other names
Everything is possible in the virtual world, it's only a question of innovation.

Advocate for technological innovation, digital literacy, and online privacy.

Things that I am passionate about:
  • Technology - Trends, Innovation, Mobile development, Performance, Usability 
  • Online Ethics - Censorship, End-user rights, Data ownership and protection. 
  • Human Awareness - Power of the mind, Relationship to the world and other beings, Quest for Harmony
  • Food - I like to eat food, but don't expect me to post about it often!
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