We are discovering biological organisms are machines, robots, except living creatures use biological parts, which are thoroughly mechanical parts despite being different to what we traditionally deem to be mechanical parts. The division between so-called "machines" and "biology" will transpire to be a false divide, which will fully crystallise via advances in synthetic biology, or slightly later via the #Singularity where everything converges in an explosion of brainpower.

So it seems biological organisms are machines, with mechanical parts, therefore we can see how traditional "machines" can easily become biological. Via sufficient "machine" evolution and via better comprehension of biology, the biology-machine divide will prove, I am sure, to be an illusory divide, which is important for understanding how #minduploading is nonsensical, an invalid concept. Why would you upload to a "machine" if you are already a machine? We see how computers can be made from DNA (http://goo.gl/d6Fzja http://goo.gl/OVd4cN) or bacteria (http://goo.gl/9DXJ7M) thus it is simply a matter of updating the human-machine bio-hardware, which will easily be done via reprogramming your cells without any notable surgical disruption: http://www.nature.com/news/stem-cells-created-in-living-mice-1.13725 (http://goo.gl/NZNLM4).
 
Daily Mail wrote: "Scientists have discovered that nature created mechanical gears long before man made cars and bikes - in the legs of a tiny jumping insect."

Cambridge University wrote: "The gears in the Issus hind-leg bear remarkable engineering resemblance to those found on every bicycle and inside every car gear-box." http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/functioning-mechanical-gears-seen-in-nature-for-the-first-time (archived http://archive.is/H7OXQ).

Note also nature's rotary motor in bacteria, the flagellum, flagella: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18812014 and http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12500982 and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flagellum#Bacterial and http://www.physics.ox.ac.uk/berry/research/BFM/ and Bacterial Flagellum and http://www.tedxzurich.com/talk/bradley-nelson-shows-bacteria-sized-medical-robots/, Building Medical Robots, Bacteria sized: Bradley Nelson at TEDxZurich.

Here is a video regarding nature's bio-gears: Mechanical gears in jumping insects.

#machines #biology #nature #flagellum #flagella  
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