It could gave been used as a pestle to grind grains and herbs, but the finger indentions suggest a hand as big as mine. Maybe a shaman, but likely a hunterWarrior.
The stone fits my hand perfectly using either end, but feels best with the thumb behind the outcrop at the end.
I believe that this means the people have a fundamental right to direct democracy at the State level. Yet only half of states currently have laws on the books to that effect.
The phrase "or to the people" was proposed by Representative Daniel Carroll in 1789, during the congressional debates pursuing the inclusion of a bill of rights in the Federal Constitution. 
According to Steven D. Schwinn, an associate professor of law at the John Marshall Law School in Chicago, Carroll's phase "or to the people" underscored the 'popular sovereignty' idea that all power resides first in the people, and that government enjoys power only by the grace of the people's delegation — just like the preamble fo the Constitution bootstraps its power with "We the People…".
In The Original Meaning of an Omission: The Tenth Amendment, Popular Sovereignty, and "Expressly" Delegated Power, Lash writes:
"The relationship between the popular sovereignty addition to the Tenth Amendment and the issue of expressly delegated power has been completely missed by contemporary Tenth Amendment scholarship. Those scholars who note the addition of the popular sovereignty language to the Tenth Amendment generally view it as a vague reference to individual rights, thus ignoring the fact that it was introduced at the same time and by the same man who sought to limit the new government to expressly delegated powers.
We read terms like 'the people' through the lens of nationalism -- a nationalism hard-won through the struggle of a bloody civil war. Today, 'the people' is generally understood to refer to the unified people of the United States of America. When the Tenth Amendment was drafted and adopted, however, the only conventions of 'the people' that had ever been held were those involving the people of individual states. It was 'the people' of Massachusetts (or Virginia or New York) who held the sovereign power to ratify or reject the proposed Constitution. Thus, the reference to 'the people' in the Tenth Amendment was generally understood at the time (and later) as a reference to the people of the several states. All powers not delegated to the federal government, or denied to the states, were reserved to the people of each state -- who in turn could delegate that power to their respective state governments if they wished to do so."
However, no case law so far seems to actually interpret these four words in a substantive way, despite that the entire rest of the Constitution has been picked over word for word extensively. Every case I have seen, and the vast majority of academic writing, gives only a bare nod to "or to the people" before then pretending that it doesn't exist and that the 10th Amendment is only about States' rights.
There are some related discussions with the 9th Amendment, and there are a number of cases which certainly talk about how all political power, including all power of a State, arises only "from the people".
Yet to date, this has been pretty much just talk. I want to make it into action.
My proposal is simple: in every state which does not have an adequate voter initiative law, we have 10 state citizens present their Secretary of State with a uniform state constitutional amendment of our own writing which specifies how voter initiatives are to be run, demanding that it be put to popular vote on the next full election ballot.
When the SoSs refuse to accept it, we sue in Federal court, with the 10th Amendment — and the extensive history of lip service to popular sovereignty — as our only basis of argument.
If you're interested, I need three things:
1. People to help draft such a uniform law. If you want to help, contact me. (Once we have something that's pretty reasonable IMO, I'll also ask the Uniform Laws Commission to see if they'll bite, but that's not a blocking query.)
Please note that I do think there should be reasonable limits on how such laws are passed; for instance, I think that California's means of passing constitutional amendments, especially for things that aren't really constitutional-y (like protected rights or metalaw), is actually too easy. I'm seeking to draft a model law, one that would take such considerations into account.
2. If you live in a state that does not permit both voter initiated statutes and constitutional amendments — Alabama, Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississipi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, & Wyoming — and you would be willing to be one of the plaintiffs in these cases, contact me.
3. Legal academics to write papers supporting the inalienable, 9th, and 10th amendment rights of the people to direct democracy; if you have any suggestions for academics sympathetic to the issue and willing to publish about it, contact me.
 (contact me privately if you can't access them):
David N. Mayer, The Natural Rights Basis of the Ninth Amendment: A Reply to Professor McAffee, 16 S. ILL. U. L.J. 313, 317 n.13 (1992)
Norman Redlich, Are There “Certain Rights . . . Retained by the People”?, 37 N.Y.U. L. REV. 787, 806–07 (1962).
Lash, the Lost Original Meaning of the 9th Amendment, at 360 n.422 (suggesting that the Ninth Amendment is best read as an independent check on the expansion of federal power through judicial “constructive enlargement”)
Thomas B. McAffee, The Federal System as a Bill of Rights: Original Understandings, Modern Misreadings, 43 VILL. L. REV. 17, 19–27 (1998) (taking the view that “the purpose of the Ninth Amendment is to preserve the federal structure against a unique threat posed by enumeration of significant limits on federal power”.)
 Printz v. United States, 521 U.S. 898, 919 (1997)
New York v. United States, 505 U.S. 144, 155 (1992)
Nat’l League of Cities v. Usery, 426 U.S. 833, 842 (1976)
A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, 295 U.S. 495, 529 (1935)
Hammer v. Dagenhart, 247 U.S. 251, 295 (1918)
McCulloch v. Maryland, 17 U.S. (4 Wheat.) 316, 406 (1819)
“We will tell them where we need them, and under which conditions. They must respect our laws. They must respect the national sovereignty of our country and must respect all our customs,” Mr. Karzai said.
- Cape Fear Technical InstituteMarine Technology, 1979 - 1981
- WestArk Community College
- Arkansas Technical UniversityComputors & Information Systems
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