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Robert Hanz
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This is basically my view of what Aspects, and Create Advantage, are:

I am getting so tired of the "aspects do nothing unless they're invoked" misconception.

Fate Core Thought of the Day: What are Aspects?

So, this is something I've been noodling over for a while. Mostly because I see lots of people misunderstand (IMHO) what aspects are, and try to use them in inappropriate places, or for inappropriate things.

Mostly, people seem to view aspects as kind of combined Advantages/Disadvantages/Feats/Edges/etc. And... they're mostly not that.

"So, what are they then, Mr. Smarty Pants?" you might ask. And while my pants are indeed smarter than me, that's likely more about me than the pants.

Aspects are, simply put, established narrative facts. And this is a definition that will either have you nodding along or be totally useless to you. So, lemme drill a bit further into this.

Most game systems try to model reality - turns represent people doing things over discrete time slices, we try to figure out what would happen during this time bit, etc.

Not Fate. Fate models how fiction works. And not in the base sense of "cinematic reality" either - you can certainly have realistic fiction! What Fate models is how scenes and camera shots work together to make things work and make sense. This is one of the cool things about Fate! We've learned over centuries how to tell stories, so applying that knowledge to RPGs is a serious win!

(Of course, it also means that if you want a world-simulator, Fate's not really your bag. Sorry about that.)

So, let's look at something I consider to be a perfect example of this. In the beginning of Guardians of the Galaxy, we see Star-Lord flying over the surface of a planet, and see geysers going off. Cool stuff. Later on, as he's trying to get away, one of those geysers goes off underneath the Milano, causing him problems.

Here's the thing - narratively, we can't just have the geyser go off under the Milano with no warning, or it feels abrupt and like "cheating" we have to establish that "hey, geysers going off all over the place on this planet is totally a thing, so you know, if it happens, don't be surprised."

That's a great example of a situation aspect. As the GM describes the scene, and mentions the geysers, he writes down "Crazy Geysers" as a scene aspect, and then he's free to Compel it later.

Basically, an aspect is something that we've introduced, that we've established as something important or notable, that we can then later "cash in" on. That's the difference between a dark room, and one that is specifically pointed out (via camera shot or dialog) as being Dark. In the one case, it's scenery. In the other case, we know something is going to jump out of the darkness.

So that describes situation aspects pretty well, but what about character aspects, and Create Advantage?

Well, basically the same thing.

Han Solo's meeting with Greedo? It exists for the sole reason that we need to establish with the audience that Han Solo is actually wanted by Jabba. That way when Jabba starts interfering later, we're not surprised. It feels like a logical extension of what's going on.

Okay, so that's a character aspect, but how about Create Advantage?

Well, let's look at having a weak point in the armor of something. That's common enough, right? What happens in a TV show? Well, one of two things happens, 99% of the time - either we see a camera shot (and when I say "camera shot" you should think "action", unless we're talking about setting a scene or introducing a character) of the armored thing moving in a way that exposes the weak point, or we have someone shout out "hey, when he does <thing> his armor's exposed". This seems extraneous, and it is from a "realism" standpoint. But what it does is inform the viewer of the weak point, so that when the hero takes advantage of it, it feels logical and connected rather than random.

And that's how Fate works with aspects. Either we establish them as part of setting the scene, or we establish them as some kind of camera shot/action that informs the viewer/players of what's going on and sets up our later use of them. And those times when something gets revealed without setup? That's what Fate Points are for!

This is also a big part of why I'm not a fan of hidden aspects. If aspects are narratively established facts, and they're hidden, then they're not established! At the minimum, the aspect should reflect the information that is available to the audience - that is, the players.

Weird observation.

In most games, converting a book or movie to the system is often difficult, while converting other game systems is usually fairly easy.

In Fate, converting a given book or movie is usually fairly easy, while converting other game systems is very hard.

Fate Core Thought of the Day - Fate and Amber Diceless

It's fairly well-known that Fred is a big Amber fan. And I think it's safe to say that Amber Diceless is a huge influence on Fate.

Every Fate GM should pick up a copy and at least read through it. No, really, go buy the pdf here and read it: I'll wait.

So, great. Amber's a nifty system, and is really interesting for Fate GMs since it's not really fiction-first. It's more accurately fiction-only. There are rules, sure, but the rules basically boil down to this:

"In any given conflict, all other things being equal, the character with the higher relevant stat will eventually win."

Yup, that's it. No, really, that's pretty much the game. And in that simple elegance lies a world of complexity. While not immediately apparent, that complexity lies in the phrases "the higher relevant stat" and "_all other things being equal_"

So, gameplay in Amber revolves, really, around a few things.

1) Setting up the scenario to benefit you, win or lose.

2) Setting up the situation so that the stat that's being used is the one you're superior in

3) Making all other things decidedly UNequal

Here's what Erick Wujick says you should do if playing a grandmaster at chess, with the world on the line:

What do you think, should you play fair?

We'll call your opponent Kumenkov, one of the Russian's top chess guns. Flat out, the best there is.

Here's what you might do.

First, you make a few arrangements. Like learning the game, but also getting a team of the finest chess coaches money can buy, and a little microphone so you can hear their advice.

Then, you set up the room where the game is going to take place. Figure out everything Kurmenkov hates, heat, loud colors, rock music, whatever. Give him the works, but only at critical moments, on and off.
And if that isn't enough?

Then you go for some real equalizers. Have his wife call, mid-game, threatening divorce, madness, and/or suicide. Then a high-ranking Russian officer, informing Kurmenkov that if he has been accused of anti-state activities, and his victory in the game will be sufficient proof to warrant his arrest and/or execution.

Still not enough?

When his back is turned, steal pieces from the board. Drug him, and move twice for every move he makes. At least once, during some critical move, just as Kurmenkov reached for a piece, have someone put a gun to his head and offer to blow his brains out if he makes that particular move.

Now could you win?

Sound familiar? Does each one of those things sound like something in a Fate game? Like... Create Advantage?

Of course it does! And that's one of the basics of Fate conflicts - if your opponent outmatches you, even the odds. Don't play fair!

Here's another example. In this case, the PC played by Peggy has a terrible Warfare rating, but is quite Strong.

GM: There's a big thump, and it sounds like it came from behind you.

PEGGY I whirl around, what do I see?

GM: There's something moving right at you, something hard to see.

PEGGY I back away quickly!

GM Yes, it seems to be some kind of ape, it's fur is a mottled brown and green, making it hard to see against the backdrop of jungle. It's on it's hind legs and attacking with swinging arms.

PEGGY: I'll go on the defensive.

GM: With swinging arms it's better than you.

PEGGY: I'll go for Strength. I want to grab it.

GM: You move in, getting scratched by it's claws, but you grab it. You seem stronger. What are you doing?

PEGGY: I want to break its neck!

GM Okay, it dies.

(Note that this is for a low-detail version of combat, more like an Overcome than a Conflict)

So, what's going on here? Peggy knows that her character will flat-out lose in a fighting contest, because her fighting rank is terrible. So she narrates her character doing things that turn it into a strength contest instead, where she wins. And then in what is basically a by-the-book Fate move, she dictates what Taken Out means in this case.

The entire book is filled with examples like this. While some of the things (descriptions of particular Amberite powers and magic) may not be useful, every single bit of GM advice is Fate GOLD.

I really don't think that it's inaccurate to say that Fate is, in many ways, Amber but only with some randomization added to the result, and a bit more codified way of handling the various advantages and maneuvers that characters might try to pull off.

If you're having trouble grokking Fate, read Amber Diceless. It can only make you a better Fate GM.

Hey, folks!

If I were to spend some time writing a GM's Guide to Fate, what topics would you like to see covered in it? What do you see as the common stumbling blocks, or the things you wish someone would have told you, or the things that you still have questions about?


Quick question - in Core, you can use as many free invokes on an aspect as you want, plus one paid invoke.

The rules for FAE seem to imply you can only do one invoke on an aspect per roll, paid or not. Is that correct?

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John Cleese nails it.

Pet peeve:  People that +1/like every response to something they write on G+/Facebook.

Fate Core Thought of the Day:  Fate is Boring

There.  I said it.  You know you've been thinking it.

And you're not the only ones.  How many people have said "eh, I read Fate, and there's nothing special in there."  And you know what?  They're right.

Seriously.  As a system, Fate's pretty boring.  Unremarkable.  Dull, even.  I mean, look at other systems!  They try and show you how amazing they are.  That one there, showing its pages of critical hit and miss charts?  I mean, you can trip on an imaginary turtle!  That's pretty awesome.

And that system over there, tantalizingly showing us a bit of its books and books worth of classes?  Bet we could put those together in some pretty interesting ways, huh?

Or how about that system over there, showing off its powerful material strength charts?  It even has rules to show how having armor on vehicles at different angles impacts protection.  I could swoon.

Yep, all of these systems are pretty good at showing us how awesome they are.  They all want to convince us that we want to show up at the gaming table with them on our arm, to show off that we're good enough to be seen with them.

The problem is that these systems are also pretty high maintenance.  They want things to go a certain way, and heaven help you if you disagree.  And you find that they want to be the center of attention.  They want alllllll of the focus on them.  Want to heroically run down the streets?  You just tripped on an invisible turtle, pal.  Hope you weren't planning on having a cool chase, because now we're dealing with someone's invisible turtle issues.  Want to have a cool fight?  Well, better study up first, because you'd better know how somebody did some contortions with their characters and what they're capable of.  Or want to have a cool firefight?  Break out your calculators, because we've got some figurin' to do.  That system is going to tell you everything it knows about armor and angles and it's gonna make damn well sure you know how smart it is.

Fate... doesn't do that.

Fate knows that its job is to make you look good.  All of you.  Fate wants to just kind of slip into the background, and quietly support you.  Fate anticipates your needs, even ones you didn't know you had.  Fate gently prompts you for coolness, subtly nudges you to be awesome.  Fate does everything it can do to help you and everyone at your table shine, and then just kind of slink off into the background again.

Fate's kind of like a really good butler, or a roadie.  Nobody talks about how awesome the butler or roadie is.  If they're doing their job right, you don't notice them.  They spend their time figuring out how to do their job to make someone else shine, and to not draw attention to themselves.

Fate doesn't want attention.  Fate shies away from attention.  Fate wants you to pay attention to your character, your story, your friends.  Fate knows that those are the important things, that those are the things that people remember and talk about.

So, you're sitting there and run into a problem.  Fate's there for you.  Fate's got your solution.  And Fate does its job simply and quietly and effectively.  And then gets out of the way and lets you carry on, without any fuss or calling any attention to itself.

Fate's boring.  And that's just the way Fate likes it.
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