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Reid School
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ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

Salt Lake City Private School:  Reid School
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Reid School Science Program
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Reid School Blog - July 10, 2014
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Blog Posted on Jun 23, 2014 4:04pm MDT


REID PRIVATE SCHOOL UTILIZES FINDINGS OF THREE MAJOR RESEARCH PROJECTS DIRECTED BY DR. ETHNA R. REID FOR THE
EXEMPLARY CENTER FOR READING INSTRUCTION (ECRI) IN ITS
PRESCHOOL AND PARENT-INFANT PROGRAMS.
CALL 801-335-4299 TO REGISTER IN THESE PROGRAMS
/admission.aspx

Introduction
Dr. Reid in 2010 presented at Oxford a brief general history of educators’ efforts and struggles to influence the intellectual and social growth of young children, so the listeners/readers could understand why the Exemplary Center for Reading Instruction (ECRI), a research and consulting group concerned with instructional practices, south for and obtained funds from the U.S. Department of Education to conduct three major studies pertaining to early childhood education over a period of 25 years.
The first study was to determine the best age to introduce literacy (three, four, five, or six) and to see if early gains in achievement, resulting from those experiences, would be maintained once the children reached the ages of seven or eight. Relationships between teaching reading and other subjects were studied, and an assessment of personality development was made to determine if academic instruction at an early age is beneficial. In 1968-69 two classes of three-year-olds and three classes of four-year-olds were added. Classes of control four-year-olds were also identified. In 1970-71 all previously started classes were continued and experimental six-year-olds were added to the program and controls of five and six-year olds. The gains of the students in all experimental classes were statistically significant compared to the control groups. (Interestingly, three-year-olds’ gains were greater than four-year-olds!) The Utah State Governor funded a fourth year of the program at the request of parents, following which all students returned to classrooms at a level appropriate to their progress.
A second study from 1983 through 1991 known as “Early Start” was conducted with preschool and kindergarten age students as an integral part of a total school curriculum program. (Significant gains were made in this setting as well.) The “Early Start” program continues today at Reid School and is cooperatively sponsored by Reid Foundation and the University of Utah Youth Division in Continuing Education.
A third study, “Enriching a Child’s Literacy Environment” (ECLE), was developed and evaluated from 1988 through 1993 and then funded by the Program Effectiveness Panel, U.S. Department of Education in 1994 so ECLE could be disseminated nationally. Its purpose is to teach parents and care providers of infants six months of age to three years of age to enrich their home/center environment and, thereby, improve their children’s mental and psychomotor skills. ECLE classes are held at Reid School and is being used in various early childhood education programs such as Head Start, community and private programs, and daycare centers in 21 states, Korea, Canada, and Jamaica.
Dr. Reid’s descriptions of the studies, their findings and effects, along with the Philosophies and Practices in the History of Early Childhood Education can be found in the Forum on Public Policy (http://forumonpublic
policy.com/vol2010no5/archivevol2010no5/reid.pdf).
Findings
As parents and teachers are mentored and coached, based on observations, constructive feedback and support, children’s skill gains are considerable, on the order of a standard deviation. Findings from all three studies indicate, conclusively, (1) the value of well-planned, structured, meaningful learning experiences for preschoolers whose teachers utilize ECRI’s teaching strategies, and (2) the importance of teaching parents to enrich the environment in which they are rearing their children (Reid, 2008).

Reid, E.R. (2008). Enriching a Child’s Literacy Environment (ECLE) PEP’s USDE Validation Report.
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