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Philbert De Zwart
Attended Utrecht University
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Philbert De Zwart

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Everyone should read this if you have time. I'll try to summarize the essentials:

1. Scientific research proves over and over again that simply giving people money, unconditionally, (a) is highly effective at ending poverty and (b) is significantly cheaper than any other form of welfare.

2. A universal basic income would make for significantly "smaller government" in terms of budget, paperwork, regulation, and government-paid employees.

3. If there has been any failure on the part of supporters of these ideas, it has been a lack of confidence; it is frequently the case that these programs are far more successful than even their supporters had expected. This has led to successful programs being killed on at least two occasions, rather than being expanded as they should have been.

4. Example experiments:
- a. London, UK, 2009: 13 long-term homeless men are each given 3000 pounds cash, unconditionally.
- b. Uganda, 2008: the government gave about $400 to almost 12,000 youths between the ages of 16 and 35.
- c. northern Uganda: the government gives $150 to 1,800 poor women.
- d: Dauphin, Canada, 1973 - the "Mincome" project: families below the poverty line -- about 1000 families, or 30% of the population -- received a monthly paycheck equivalent to about $18k/year (adjusted for inflation). After 4 years, a newly-elected conservative government nixed the project (citing cost, of course) and wouldn't even pay to have the data analyzed. Supporters of the project were afraid that the data might confirm conservative claims of its failure, so they didn't press for analysis either. In 2009, a researcher was finally (after 5 years of requests) to gain access to the data -- and found that it had been a huge success.
- e. US: PA/IN/NC/Seattle/Denver, 1964 In a major social experiment (with controls), 10,000 families receive basic income (amount unspecified), unconditionally. By 1970, there was widespread support (popular and political) for using the program as a nationwide model and mostly eliminating other existing social support programs, but then it emerged that divorce rates in Seattle had gone up among the income recipients, and the Senate axed the idea. This later turned out to be a calculation error: divorce rates had not changed.

5. Outcomes from these experiments:

* Recipients spent the money wisely, effectively, and frugally.
* Recipients did not use the money for drink, drugs, gambling, or other vices.
* Direct income was more cost-effective than other aid programs, often by a large factor.  It was also more effective than aid-worker salaries.
* Homelessness was reduced.
* Other income increased.
* Employment either increased (Uganda) or only decreased slightly (9% - US).
* Birth rate declined.
* Birth weights improved.
* Hospital visits declined 8.5%
* School performance and attendance improved for children; some adults returned to school to acquire further skills.

6. Conservative claims contradicted by the results of these experiments:

* Investment in poverty does not work.
* "Utopian" social experiments don't work.
* People won't work if you give them money unconditionally.
* People will waste their money if it isn't "earned".
* Providing a universal basic income is unaffordable.
* A universal income will have the opposite of its intended effect.

There's more, but I'm out of time for now...

via +iPan Baal https://plus.google.com/u/0/+iPanBaal/posts/YXuXoVPwsTH
#jobsolescence #universalIncome   #scarcityIsALie
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Answer on @Quora by Ruchi Shardul to What is the best/worst pun you've ever heard/read? http://qr.ae/7XpZrI
i am hungary. maybe you should czech the fridge. i m russian to the kitchen. is there any turkey!?!? we have some, but it's covered with a layer of gree...
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I used to be a secret fan of #Stannis Baratheon.
Not anymore. I'm now a giddy fanboy of Stannis.
#fewer 
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Vincent van Gogh’s painting ‘Field with Irises near Arles’ is back in our gallery after months of restoration. 
See the differences, before (left) and after restoration!

View the image of the restored painting up close: http://www.vangoghmuseum.nl/en/collection/s0037V1962

Many thanks to  +AkzoNobel's color experts!
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Totally. For stegosaurus? Right away.
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Wonderful story of a professor teaching Evolution at the University of Kentucky.
This essay is adapted from a piece originally printed in the March/April 2015 issue of Orion. Request a free trial issue of Orion here. To teach evolution at the University of Kentucky is to teach at an institution steeped in the history of defending evolution education. The first effort to pass an anti-evolution law...
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Eh... Do that again plz?
 
Must.Try.This.Right.Now.
Join the Simple Science and Interesting Things Community and share interesting stuff! https://plus.google.com/communities/117518490246975838002

The modern necktie spread by Europe traces back to the time of the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) when Croatian mercenaries from the Croatian Military Frontier in French service, wearing their traditional small, knotted neckerchiefs, aroused the interest of the Parisians. Due to the slight difference between the Croatian word for Croats, Hrvati, and the French word, Croates, the garment gained the name "cravat" ("cravate" in French). The boy-king Louis XIV began wearing a lace cravat about 1646, when he was seven, and set the fashion for French nobility. This new article of clothing started a fashion craze in Europe; both men and women wore pieces of fabric around their necks. From its introduction by the French king, men wore lace cravats, or jabots, that took a large amount of time and effort to arrange. These cravats were often tied in place by cravat strings, arranged neatly and tied in a bow
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Necktie

http://img0.joyreactor.com/pics/post/gif-tie-how-to-quick-2342161.gif
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Instructions should be accurate!
Andre Speek originally shared to BadTimeStories:
 
A #BadTimeStory... Good night y'all... ;-)
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Work
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Senior Solution Architect
Basic Information
Gender
Male
Story
Tagline
Father, geek light, software professional
Introduction
Dutch world citizen. Interested in everything rational.
Education
  • Utrecht University
    Chemistry, 1991 - 1998
Philbert De Zwart's +1's are the things they like, agree with, or want to recommend.
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