Open access mandate from the European Union.
This is big and long-awaited. The European Commission has finally released the rules for the Horizon2020 funding program. (Thanks to Juan Carlos De Martin for the tip.)http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/funding/reference_docs.html
For the OA policy, see Article 29 (pp. 60ff) of the Multi-beneficiary General Model Grant Agreement, Version 1.0, December 11, 2013.http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/mga/gga/h2020-mga-gga-multi_en.pdf
Article 29.1 lays out the general obligation to make the results of EU-funded research OA, with exceptions for confidentiality (Article 36), security (Article 37), personal data (Article 39), and the researcher's own "legitimate interests" (Article 29).
Article 29.2 lays out a green OA mandate for peer-reviewed publications arising from EU funding. "Each beneficiary must ensure open access (free of charge, online access for any user) to all peer-reviewed scientific publications relating to its results. [Each beneficiary must] (a) as soon as possible and at the latest on publication, deposit a machine-readable electronic copy of the published version or final peer-reviewed manuscript accepted for publication in a repository for scientific publications. Moreover, the beneficiary must aim to deposit at the same time the research data needed to validate the results presented in the deposited scientific publications. [Each beneficiary must] (b) ensure open access to the deposited publication — via the repository — at the latest: (i) on publication, if an electronic version is available for free via the publisher, or (ii) within six months of publication (twelve months for publications in the social sciences and humanities) in any other case."
Article 29.3 lays out a green OA mandate for data. Unlike the mandate for publications in 29.2, which applies to all EU-funded researchers, the data mandate in 29.3 only applies to research projects participating in the Research Data Pilot. "Regarding the digital research data generated in the action (‘data’), the beneficiaries must: (a) deposit in a research data repository and take measures to make it possible for third parties to access, mine, exploit, reproduce and disseminate — free of charge for any user — the following: (i) the data, including associated metadata, needed to validate the results presented in scientific publications as soon as possible; (ii) other data, including associated metadata, as specified and within the deadlines laid down in the ‘data management plan’ (see Annex 1); (b) provide information — via the repository — about tools and instruments at the disposal of the beneficiaries and necessary for validating the results (and — where possible — provide the tools and instruments themselves)."#oa #openaccess #eu #horizon2020