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Open access mandate from the European Union.

This is big and long-awaited. The European Commission has finally released the rules for the Horizon2020 funding program. (Thanks to Juan Carlos De Martin for the tip.)

For the OA policy, see Article 29 (pp. 60ff) of the Multi-beneficiary General Model Grant Agreement, Version 1.0, December 11, 2013.

Article 29.1 lays out the general obligation to make the results of EU-funded research OA, with exceptions for confidentiality (Article 36), security (Article 37), personal data (Article 39), and the researcher's own "legitimate interests" (Article 29).

Article 29.2 lays out a green OA mandate for peer-reviewed publications arising from EU funding. "Each beneficiary must ensure open access (free of charge, online access for any user) to all peer-reviewed scientific publications relating to its results. [Each beneficiary must] (a) as soon as possible and at the latest on publication, deposit a machine-readable electronic copy of the published version or final peer-reviewed manuscript accepted for publication in a repository for scientific publications. Moreover, the beneficiary must aim to deposit at the same time the research data needed to validate the results presented in the deposited scientific publications. [Each beneficiary must] (b) ensure open access to the deposited publication — via the repository — at the latest: (i) on publication, if an electronic version is available for free via the publisher, or (ii) within six months of publication (twelve months for publications in the social sciences and humanities) in any other case."

Article 29.3 lays out a green OA mandate for data. Unlike the mandate for publications in 29.2, which applies to all EU-funded researchers, the data mandate in 29.3 only applies to research projects participating in the Research Data Pilot. "Regarding the digital research data generated in the action (‘data’), the beneficiaries must: (a) deposit in a research data repository and take measures to make it possible for third parties to access, mine, exploit, reproduce and disseminate — free of charge for any user — the following: (i) the data, including associated metadata, needed to validate the results presented in scientific publications as soon as possible; (ii) other data, including associated metadata, as specified and within the deadlines laid down in the ‘data management plan’ (see Annex 1); (b) provide information — via the repository — about tools and instruments at the disposal of the beneficiaries and necessary for validating the results (and — where possible — provide the tools and instruments themselves)."

#oa #openaccess #eu #horizon2020
Heather Morrison's profile photoMark C. Wilson's profile photoFrançois Parmentier's profile photoStevan Harnad's profile photo
SO does this mean that one cannot publish in an Oxford University Press journal, for example? I think they want authors to agree to a 2 year embargo and no rights to distribute postprints.
+Mark C. Wilson That would likely be the case, yes. Although, journals have turned out to be quite flexible in similar cases; it's not unlikely that the publisher agrees to make EU-funded research papers open access.

Of course EU fundees can continue to publish in OUP (or any other) journals! They deposit their postprint immediately in any case. Many will make the postprint OA immediately too. And my prediction is that as these immediate-deposit mandates globalize, embargoes will be increasingly ignored and will go belly-up even before their final expiration date has been reached. In any case the EU will be wise to focus its mandate compliance-monitoring efforts on ensuring immediate-deposit: That done, the OA date will take care of itself: Unlike commercial 3rd-party service-providers like, ResearchGate and Mendeley, individual EU authors need not worry that publishers will be suicidal enough to try sending them all take-down notices! (Please try to be realistic, because the absurdly slow progress of OA has been due largely to authors' phobias about fantasized catastrophic consequences: study the actual case of physicists, who have been self-archiving both preprints and postprints with impunity since the advent of the web: No publisher would dare attack either them or Arxiv [despite the fact that it's a 3rd-party service-provide, to boot!])
Sorry, I still don't get this. If the journal is a ROMEO yellow (as OUP journals seem to be), where postprint cannot be legally posted anywhere other than the publisher website, how can it be deposited in a repository? Surely the trick of depositing it before signing the publisher copyright agreement can't work once the publishers get serious about enforcing the law. I realize that many publishers allow postprint deposit, and also that options exist which are strictly speaking illegal but are tolerated. But the questions concerns the strict legality of immediate postprint deposit when the publisher copyright transfer explicitly doesn't allow it.
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