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Peter Suber
Works at Harvard Office for Scholarly Communication
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References should connect readers to full texts, and therefore favor OA editions.

A nice argument from Patrick Dunleavy: "What is the essential purpose of academic referencing? ...A completely out of date answer dominates current practice  — namely...[directing readers] to the same precise sources and pages that you yourself used in constructing an argument or a case....Referencing should instead be about directly connecting readers to the full text of your sources, ideally in a one-stop way....In other words, modern referencing is not about pointing to some source details for books that cost a small fortune and are buried away in some library where the reader is not present; still less about pointing to source details for an article in a pay-wall journal to which readers do not have access....With open access spreading now we can all do better, far better, if we follow one dominant principle. Referencing should connect readers as far as possible to open access sources, and scholars should in all cases and in every possible way treat the open access versions of texts as the primary source...."

#oa #openaccess #references   #citations  
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Aside from that person's argument about overhauling the reference systems that we use (surely necessary), that "one-click" priority preference is somewhat problematic. It assumes that all information is equal. It does not take into consideration (or dismisses the notion) that information that has not been digitized or that is behind a pay wall may be better or as important information.

Although the argument makes a claim about 'replicability,' what it really seems to be speaking to is the growing expectation of immediacy --- that is, the apparent moral praiseworthiness we can credit authors or publishers who make it possible to click a link to retrieve a full text document versus the apparent moral blameworthiness of not being able to do so (and instead, e.g., having to find information that is "buried in some library").

Personally, I do look forward to the day when most if not all scientific or scholarly material is freely available as open access, but until that time comes, it seems to me that there would be some serious [moral and practical] implications if researchers intentionally only read and cited literature that is available with a single click of a button and ignored all the rest (as if the tendency to favor reporting positive findings is the only kind of bias that can exist).

Rather, the search and retrieval of good information might best be served by the same kind of activity that P. W. Bridgman described in 1955, that Gerald Holton picked up on in 1994, and that Susan Haack continued in 2003/07 about the scientific method --- that "it is nothing more than doing one's damnedest [...], no holds barred" (Bridgman, p. 534; Holton, p. 78; Haack, p. 24).

Bridgman: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/920431
Holton: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/30624193
Haack: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/475499229
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Peter Suber

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Thank you Matilda Amissah-Arthur.

The Second Lady of Nigeria, Matilda Amissah-Arthur, highlighted #OA yesterday at an international workshop for librarians. "Mrs Amissah-Arthur said...the services [of a library] had evolved from the days of closed stacks, through shelf browsing, card catalogues and OPACs to open access and institutional repositories...."

http://graphic.com.gh/news/general-news/21353-second-lady-urges-librarians-to-sharpen-skills.html

#oa #openaccess 
Second Lady Mrs Matilda Amissah-Arthur yesterday opened a three-day international workshop for librarians, with a call on the participants to sharpen their skil...
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Peter Suber

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Two milestones for the Open Access Tracking Project.

Over the weekend, the Open Access Tracking Project (+OATP) passed the milestones of 30,000 tagged resources in the project database and 20,000 tagged resources in the primary project feed.

The difference between the two is that the primary project feed is limited to items that were new at the time they were tagged, as part of the OATP alert service for those following the progress of OA. The project database overall includes OA-related resources tagged retroactively, as part of the OATP effort to classify OA developments with OATP tags and make them available through the OATP search engine.

If you're reading this in Google+, then circle +OATP to follow an abridged version of the OATP primary feed right here in G+.

For the reasons why the G+ version is abridged, and five ways to follow an unabridged version (RSS, Atom, JSON, Email, and HTML), see our post <goo.gl/vtTDrW> from February 2014.

#oa #openaccess #oatp #tagteam
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Peter Suber

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"Higher priced titles do have higher Impact Factors and Eigenfactors, but the increase in the metrics is small when compared to the increase in costs, since the average price ($5,188) for the most expensive journals was 30 times higher than the average price ($158) for the least expensive journals. The increase in prices for the lower cost titles was lower than for the more expensive titles. Article Influence Score did not show a strong correlation between higher scores and prices...."
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Sridhar Gutam's profile photoMarcus Hanwell's profile photoSylvia Kuenne's profile photoRichard Poynder's profile photo
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Wow, thanks Peter.
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Peter Suber

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Congratulations to Ethan Zuckerman.

"We’re delighted to award the fourth annual Zócalo Book Prize to +Ethan Zuckerman for Rewire: Digital Cosmopolitans in the Age of Connection. In the view of our distinguished panel of judges, Zuckerman wrote 2013’s most illuminating and compelling nonfiction book about community and human connectedness...."

Good quote from Ethan in the subsequent interview: "It’s easier to write a book saying the Internet is stupid or the Internet is giving us superpowers than it is to write a book that says the Internet is complicated. I think there’s a case to be made that this is the best tool for international understanding. There’s also a case to be made that we’re really far from using the Internet in that way."
We’re delighted to award the fourth annual Zócalo Book Prize to Ethan Zuckerman for Rewire: Digital Cosmopolitans in the Age of Connection. In
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Have him in circles
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Rejecting demands for openness used for harassment and intimidation.

From the +Chronicle of Higher Education:  "The Virginia Supreme Court on Thursday rejected a conservative group’s attempt to obtain the records of [+Michael Mann,] a climate scientist and former professor at the University of Virginia...The case focused on whether the state’s open-records law exempted a range of documents deemed by the university to be proprietary....Justice Donald W. Lemons wrote that...'[the law protects universities from] harm to university-wide research efforts, damage to faculty recruitment and retention, undermining of faculty expectations of privacy and confidentiality, and impairment of free thought and expression.'..."
http://chronicle.com/blogs/ticker/virginia-supreme-court-rules-for-uva-and-climate-scientist-in-records-suit/76171

I applaud this decision. It may look like a defeat for openness, but it's merely a defeat for harassment and intimidation. It's entirely compatible with politically neutral calls for open access to research. For more, see my 2010 article on politically selective calls for open access, which discussed the first stirrings of this case.
http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4738862

#oa #openaccess #climate
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A bit of a ridiculous case. Wasting time dealing with #climate  change deniers and vested interests. Michael Mann couldn't have more integrity! 
Envisionation: Interview With Dr James Hansen & Michael Mann
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Peter Suber

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And thank you readers and downloaders of Harvard authors!

#oa #openaccess 
 
The OSC celebrates the milestone of having surpassed 3 million downloads from DASH! 
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You know that open data has made it into the pantheon of obviously good things when people fight over who deserves credit for it.

#oa #openaccess #opendata
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Peter Suber

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Kudos to the Human Frontier Science Program.

"The Human Frontier Science Program (HFSP)...expects that...publications arising from HFSP funded projects are made freely available as soon as possible after publication and licensed in ways which allow others to build upon and re-use this content. Therefore HFSP funded scientists are encouraged to maximize the dissemination of their research output by opting to publish their research articles using the Creative Commons Attribution license CC-BY to guarantee unrestricted open access as early as possible after acceptance of a manuscript. Awardees are free to choose to make the article open-access by 1) publishing in an open-access journal, 2) posting to an online repository, or 3) paying an open access fee to a hybrid journal. In order to meet the above criteria, HFSP awardees...may pay these charges from the research portion of their HFSP funds...."

#oa #openaccess 
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This isn't the whole of post-publication peer review, but it's a piece. At the same time, it's a piece of evidence that the basic idea works:

Online exposure ‘leads to higher research paper correction rate’
http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/news/online-exposure-leads-to-higher-research-paper-correction-rate/2012415.article

If you call it the sunlight principle, or the eyeballs principle, then it doesn't sound new or trendy. But that's good. Exposing work to criticism is not new or trendy. It lies at the heart of what we mean by science, at the heart of what we mean by the self-correction of science, and at the heart of the epistemological argument for open access (as opposed to the moral, pragmatic, and economic arguments). I say more in this 2008 article.
http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4391168

#oa #openaccess #peer_review
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This is another summary, I think a little better job.

http://www.nature.com/news/publicly-questioned-papers-more-likely-to-be-retracted-1.14979

Or better yet read the original in PeerJ

https://peerj.com/articles/313/


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Story
Introduction
I work for the free circulation of science and scholarship in every field and language. In practice that means research, writing, organizing, and pro bono consulting for open access to research. I wear several hats:
I'm the founder of the Open Access Tracking Project, co-founder of the Open Access Directory, and co-developer of TagTeam.

My latest book is Open Access (MIT Press, 2012). The book itself is OA, and I've created a book home page for linking to OA editions, reviews, and translations, and for posting updates, supplements, and other notes. Also see my other writings on open access, the backfile of my newsletter (the SPARC Open Access Newsletter), and my publications on deposit in the Harvard institutional repository.

For more detail, see my home page.

Here's an RSS feed of my G+ posts. I pipe this feed to my Twitter account, and rarely post to Twitter manually. I don't use FB or LinkedIn at all. For now, I'm on what Mike Elgan calls a Google+ diet

Most of my G+ posts are about open access (OA), but most of what I want to share about OA doesn't yet make it to G+. I tag new OA developments for the Open Access Tracking Project (OATP). You can follow complete versions of the OATP feed on the web or by RSS, Atom, JSONP, or email. There are also Twitter and G+ versions of the feed, but unfortunately they are both abridged (details here and here respectively). 
Basic Information
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Peter Suber's +1's are the things they like, agree with, or want to recommend.
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