- Harvard Office for Scholarly CommunicationDirector, 2013 - present
- Harvard Open Access ProjectDirector, 2011 - present
- Director of the Harvard Office for Scholarly Communication
- Director of the Harvard Open Access Project
- Faculty Fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society
- Senior Researcher at the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC)
- Open Access Project Director at Public Knowledge
- Research Professor of Philosophy at Earlham College.
A nice argument from Patrick Dunleavy: "What is the essential purpose of academic referencing? ...A completely out of date answer dominates current practice — namely...[directing readers] to the same precise sources and pages that you yourself used in constructing an argument or a case....Referencing should instead be about directly connecting readers to the full text of your sources, ideally in a one-stop way....In other words, modern referencing is not about pointing to some source details for books that cost a small fortune and are buried away in some library where the reader is not present; still less about pointing to source details for an article in a pay-wall journal to which readers do not have access....With open access spreading now we can all do better, far better, if we follow one dominant principle. Referencing should connect readers as far as possible to open access sources, and scholars should in all cases and in every possible way treat the open access versions of texts as the primary source...."
#oa #openaccess #references #citations
Although the argument makes a claim about 'replicability,' what it really seems to be speaking to is the growing expectation of immediacy --- that is, the apparent moral praiseworthiness we can credit authors or publishers who make it possible to click a link to retrieve a full text document versus the apparent moral blameworthiness of not being able to do so (and instead, e.g., having to find information that is "buried in some library").
Personally, I do look forward to the day when most if not all scientific or scholarly material is freely available as open access, but until that time comes, it seems to me that there would be some serious [moral and practical] implications if researchers intentionally only read and cited literature that is available with a single click of a button and ignored all the rest (as if the tendency to favor reporting positive findings is the only kind of bias that can exist).
Rather, the search and retrieval of good information might best be served by the same kind of activity that P. W. Bridgman described in 1955, that Gerald Holton picked up on in 1994, and that Susan Haack continued in 2003/07 about the scientific method --- that "it is nothing more than doing one's damnedest [...], no holds barred" (Bridgman, p. 534; Holton, p. 78; Haack, p. 24).
The Second Lady of Nigeria, Matilda Amissah-Arthur, highlighted #OA yesterday at an international workshop for librarians. "Mrs Amissah-Arthur said...the services [of a library] had evolved from the days of closed stacks, through shelf browsing, card catalogues and OPACs to open access and institutional repositories...."
Over the weekend, the Open Access Tracking Project ( ) passed the milestones of 30,000 tagged resources in the project database and 20,000 tagged resources in the primary project feed.
The difference between the two is that the primary project feed is limited to items that were new at the time they were tagged, as part of the OATP alert service for those following the progress of OA. The project database overall includes OA-related resources tagged retroactively, as part of the OATP effort to classify OA developments with OATP tags and make them available through the OATP search engine.
If you're reading this in Google+, then circle to follow an abridged version of the OATP primary feed right here in G+.
For the reasons why the G+ version is abridged, and five ways to follow an unabridged version (RSS, Atom, JSON, Email, and HTML), see our post <goo.gl/vtTDrW> from February 2014.
#oa #openaccess #oatp #tagteam
"We’re delighted to award the fourth annual Zócalo Book Prize to for Rewire: Digital Cosmopolitans in the Age of Connection. In the view of our distinguished panel of judges, Zuckerman wrote 2013’s most illuminating and compelling nonfiction book about community and human connectedness...."
Good quote from Ethan in the subsequent interview: "It’s easier to write a book saying the Internet is stupid or the Internet is giving us superpowers than it is to write a book that says the Internet is complicated. I think there’s a case to be made that this is the best tool for international understanding. There’s also a case to be made that we’re really far from using the Internet in that way."
From the : "The Virginia Supreme Court on Thursday rejected a conservative group’s attempt to obtain the records of [ ,] a climate scientist and former professor at the University of Virginia...The case focused on whether the state’s open-records law exempted a range of documents deemed by the university to be proprietary....Justice Donald W. Lemons wrote that...'[the law protects universities from] harm to university-wide research efforts, damage to faculty recruitment and retention, undermining of faculty expectations of privacy and confidentiality, and impairment of free thought and expression.'..."
I applaud this decision. It may look like a defeat for openness, but it's merely a defeat for harassment and intimidation. It's entirely compatible with politically neutral calls for open access to research. For more, see my 2010 article on politically selective calls for open access, which discussed the first stirrings of this case.
#oa #openaccess #climate
Envisionation: Interview With Dr James Hansen & Michael Mann
"The Human Frontier Science Program (HFSP)...expects that...publications arising from HFSP funded projects are made freely available as soon as possible after publication and licensed in ways which allow others to build upon and re-use this content. Therefore HFSP funded scientists are encouraged to maximize the dissemination of their research output by opting to publish their research articles using the Creative Commons Attribution license CC-BY to guarantee unrestricted open access as early as possible after acceptance of a manuscript. Awardees are free to choose to make the article open-access by 1) publishing in an open-access journal, 2) posting to an online repository, or 3) paying an open access fee to a hybrid journal. In order to meet the above criteria, HFSP awardees...may pay these charges from the research portion of their HFSP funds...."
Online exposure ‘leads to higher research paper correction rate’
If you call it the sunlight principle, or the eyeballs principle, then it doesn't sound new or trendy. But that's good. Exposing work to criticism is not new or trendy. It lies at the heart of what we mean by science, at the heart of what we mean by the self-correction of science, and at the heart of the epistemological argument for open access (as opposed to the moral, pragmatic, and economic arguments). I say more in this 2008 article.
#oa #openaccess #peer_review
Or better yet read the original in PeerJ
Virginia Supreme Court Rules for UVa and Climate Scientist in Records Su...
Facts & Figures · Almanac of Higher Education 2013 · Foundation Support for Higher Education Shares Goals, Recipients · Executive Compensati
U.S. court: Companies can't litigate secretly to protect image
(Reuters) - In a victory for consumers, a federal appeals court on Wednesday directed that litigation about a product linked to the death of
CLIR Appoints John Unsworth Distinguished Presidential Fellow
Washington, DC (PRWEB) April 09, 2014 -- Brandeis University provost, librarian, and CIO will serve as mentor to CLIR Postdoctoral Fellows.
India suffers doubly due to lack of open access - University World News
Developing nations, especially India, increasingly face a challenge in prioritising their goals. One that has become increasingly relevant i
First Milestone Is Claimed on Long Road to Tracking Science’s Economic V...
In a report published on Thursday, researchers described progress in efforts to use rigorous science to gauge the effect of federal spending
ACSGate: Pandora opens the American Chemical Society’s box and her Unive...
Pandora is a researcher (won't say where, won't say when). I don't know her field – she may be a scientist or a librarian. She has been scan
ACSGate: Pandora opens the American Chemical Society’s box and her Unive...
Pandora is a researcher (won’t say where, won’t say when). I don’t know her field – she may be a scientist or a librarian. She has been scan
CD and DVD copying to be made legal from June 1st in the UK
Copying of CDs, DVDs and Blu-rays for personal use will become legal in the UK from June 1st. The UK Government has issued a guide to the ch
IMLS, Sloan Foundation Jointly Award SHARE $1 Million to Develop Notific...
The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) has been awarded a joint $1 million grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IML
Attacking academic values | Scholarly Communications @ Duke
A new thing started happening here at Duke this week; we began getting inquiries from some faculty authors about how to obtain a formal waiv
Arab strategy on research collaboration endorsed - SciDev.Net
Ministers back plan to turn more research into practical schemes that can boost the region’s development.
Jisc and Wellcome Library partnership to create comprehensive online res...
The Wellcome Library and Jisc have strengthened their successful working relationship by signing a new three-year agreement that will enable