Today is the 13th anniversary of the original BOAI public statement <http://goo.gl/hm869> and the 3d anniversary of its 10th anniversary update <http://goo.gl/7fqDYT>. I'm proud of my association with both.
As we put it in the 10th anniversary statement, the BOAI "didn't invent the idea of OA. On the contrary, it deliberately drew together existing projects to explore how they might 'work together to achieve broader, deeper, and faster success.' But the BOAI was the first initiative to use the term 'open access' for this purpose, the first to articulate a public definition, the first to propose complementary strategies for realizing OA, the first to generalize the call for OA to all disciplines and countries, and the first to be accompanied by significant funding."
Happy Valentines Day to all who are working for OA worldwide!
#oa #openaccess #boai
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) just became the second US federal agency to adopt an OA mandate under the Obama White House directive of February 2013.
The first such OA mandate came from the Department of Energy (DOE). For the reasons why I found it deeply flawed, see my blog post from August 2014.
On the plus side, the AHRQ avoids one of the biggest mistakes of the DOE policy. AHRQ will use OA repositories independent of publishers. As much as it can, the DOE will use publisher-hosted OA. AHRQ will disregard CHORUS, while DOE will depend on CHORUS.
On the minus side, the AHRQ shares one of the biggest mistakes of the DOE policy. It is silent on open licensing and reuse, even though the White House guidelines explicitly require agency policies to "maximize the potential for...creative reuse." (To be more precise, the AHRQ wants reuse for data, but is silent on reuse for articles.)
We know that the White House approved the DOE policy. I can't tell yet whether it has approved the AHRQ policy. If it has, that will confirm the conclusion that will not enforce its own guidelines. If it hasn't yet approved the new policy, and is still deliberating, then there's hope that public comments can persuade it to send agency policies back to the drawing board to comply with the reuse requirement.
Here's my quick take on the AHRQ policy strengths and weaknesses:
* The AHRQ policy does not rely on CHORUS or publisher-hosted OA. For articles, it will use PubMed Central. For data, it will outsource to a still-unnamed commercial repository.
* It covers data as well as articles.
* It wants data to be freely available at time of publication, without embargo.
* It adopts the NIH mechanism to enforce the deposit requirement, including the potential withholding of funds to non-compliant grantees.
* It's silent on the timing of the deposit of articles. For example, it doesn't require deposit at the time of acceptance or before the time of publication.
* It's silent on open licensing and reuse.
The AHRQ permits embargoes up to 12 months. That's a weakness, but unfortunately it's one allowed, even encouraged, by the White House guidelines.
For background, see the Obama White House directive itself from February 2013.
Also see my March 2013 article on the Obama directive and FASTR.
Also see the AHRQ home page.
#oa #openaccess #ahrq
These stories volunteered by the users of our open-access repository are the best evidence that OA serves real people with real needs, that OA meets unmet demand, that the demand unmet by conventional journals includes academic and non-academic readers, and that for scholars who publish in conventional journals, deposit in an OA repository is not a superfluous extra step but a social and academic gift, even a responsibility, for which uncounted readers will be deeply grateful.
For scholars who publish in conventional journals and want to reach everyone who could benefit from their work, or everyone wishing to read, cite, apply, extend, or build on it, these stories are the best incentive to deposit that work in an OA repository.
"The Harvard Library Office for Scholarly Communication is very pleased to launch Your Story Matters, a new site featuring stories and anecdotes from users of DASH (Digital Access to Scholarship at Harvard), Harvard's open-access repository. With nearly 1,000 user stories from 83 countries, "Your Story Matters" offers moving evidence that DASH readers are deeply grateful for barrier-free access to Harvard research. Since DASH launched in 2009, users have downloaded its articles 4.6 million times, from every country on Earth. Even the subset of users who volunteered stories to DASH includes a remarkable variety of people <http://goo.gl/UE1bVl>, from faculty and students at institutions unable to afford the high prices of scholarly journals, to non-academics such as physicians, nurses, clergy, writers, journalists, public officials, social workers, political activists, retirees, and ordinary citizens in countries that try to limit what people may read. The visual interface of "Your Story Matters," and the easy way it supports rapid scrolling through stories from different countries, make vivid who is using DASH, from where, and with what impact...."
Many have said this, but it can't be repeated often enough. There's a baby in this bathwater.
From and in BMJ: "Unfortunately, predatory publishing is often confused with open access publishing....Legitimate open access publishing — which has widely benefited scientific communication — uses all the professional and ethical practices associated with the best science publishing...."
Not all of Nature's journals are OA, but all its OA journals will now use CC-BY as their default license. This is a good move.
From the : "We’re pleased to start 2015 with an announcement that we’re now using Creative Commons Attribution license CC BY 4.0 as default. This will apply to all of the 18 fully open access journals Nature Publishing Group owns, and will also apply to any future titles we launch. Two society- owned titles have introduced CC BY as default today and we expect to expand this in the coming months....Some authors will always prefer CC BY-NC-SA or CC BY-NC-ND, for a myriad of different reasons, and we support their choice to do so – but CC BY is widely considered to be the gold standard for open access, as it allows for maximum re-use and discovery. It is also preferred by many funders, and we continue to be compliant with all open access funder mandates. As a result we will be introducing CC BY as default across all of the fully open access journals we own (plus two owned by our academic and society partners) from today, at a flat APC rate...."
#oa #openaccess #libre #cc -by
From the "Follow-up of the report of the Consultative Expert Working Group on Research and Development: Financing and Coordination" by the Director-General of the , December 19, 2014:
"The focus of the fund would be the development of effective and affordable health technologies related to type III and type II diseases and the specific research and development needs of developing countries in relation to type I diseases, taking into account the principles formulated by the Consultative Expert Working Group on Research and Development: Financing and Coordination, namely delinkage of the delivery price from research and development costs, the use of open knowledge innovation, and licensing for access."
For the definitions of type I, II, and III diseases, see this WHO doc from 2012:
"Type I diseases: are incident in both rich and poor countries, with large numbers of vulnerable populations in each. Type II diseases: are incident in both rich and poor countries, but with a substantial proportion of the cases in poor countries. Type III diseases: are those that are overwhelmingly or exclusively incident in developing countries."
Now if only we could see some definitions of "open knowledge innovation" and "licensing for access". Does this mean open access under CC-BY or CC0? If so, it would help to say so. If not, it would help to spell out the restrictions on life-saving research that WHO is willing to accept.
Here's a WHO gloss on "open knowledge innovation" from another 2012 doc:
"[O]pen knowledge innovation: precompetitive research and development platforms, open source and open access schemes, and the utilization of prizes, in particular milestone prizes."
#oa #openaccess #ebola #who #south
and , two of the four authors of the original Cluetrain Manifesto, just published 121 New Clues.
Of course the new work is OA. In fact, it's in the public domain under CC0.
Every section is beautifully done, especially (IMHO) "The Net is not a medium" (clues 19-24), "Marketing still makes it harder to talk" (52-67), "Kumbiyah sounds surprisingly good in an echo chamber" (94-103).
Doc and David remind us why we love the internet, and why we resent threats to what we love. Thank you Doc and David.
From Paul Jump in the : "Dutch universities have vowed not to soften their groundbreaking demands for publishers to permit all papers published by their academics to be made open access for no extra charge....Gerard Meijer, president of Radboud University and one of the lead negotiators for the Dutch universities, said that in addition to preserving access to their subscription journals, the universities wanted publishers to permit all future articles whose corresponding author has a Dutch affiliation to be published on an open access basis for no extra charge. He said universities were also unwilling to tolerate any more above-inflation price rises...."
- Harvard Office for Scholarly CommunicationDirector, 2013 - present
- Harvard Open Access ProjectDirector, 2011 - present
- Director of the Harvard Office for Scholarly Communication
- Director of the Harvard Open Access Project
- Faculty Fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society
- Senior Researcher at the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC)
- Open Access Project Director at Public Knowledge
- Research Professor of Philosophy at Earlham College.
A weird Gmail bug has tons of people sending emails to the wrong contacts
Double-check the "To" field in the next email...
Fair Use: The Foundation Of Jon Stewart's Success | Techdirt
Jon Stewart's announcement on February 10 that he will be retiring from The Daily Show later this year has been met with tributes to his com
How the Internet Can Build Just and Open Societies
The Open Society Foundations along with the Ford, Knight, MacArthur, and Mozilla Foundations publicly commit to ensuring the internet is bui
Susan Crawford appointed clinical professor of law at Harvard Law | Harv...
Susan Crawford has been appointed clinical professor of law at Harvard Law School. She had been the John A. Reilly Visiting Professor in Int
Research Data Alliance/US and CENDI Federal Information Managers Group A...
Washington DC – Last week in Washington DC, the Research Data Alliance/United States (RDA/US) and CENDI Federal Information Managers Group a
Summer Internship Program 2015 - Now Accepting Applications! | Berkman C...
Time Commitment | Payment | Commitment to Diversity | Eligibility | Select Expected Summer 2015 Opportunities | Selectivity / Opportunity |
House Passes Bill that Prohibits Expert Scientific Advice to the EPA
The GOP-dominated House passed a bill Tuesday that effectively prevents scientists who are peer-reviewed experts in their field from advisin
An Orangutan Has (Some) Human Rights, Argentine Court Rules | WIRED
An orangutan named Sandra has become the first non-human animal recognized as a person in a court of law. An Argentine appeals court declare