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Osvaldo Doederlein
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Attended École des Mines de Nantes, FR
Lives in Nutley, NJ
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Osvaldo Doederlein

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Essa proposta do novo currículo de História é a coisa mais filha da puta que já ouvi. E olha que me criei com professors de História comunistas militantes (curiosamente, a regra em pelo menos alguns dos melhores colégios particulares de Curitiba em fins dos anos 80). Mas até esses professores me ensinaram o que tinham que ensinar.

Eu sempre gostei de História e li/estudei muito por conta, e na minha idade adulta senti falta de ter uma base maior das culturas orientais, acho por exemplo absurdo não se aprender nada sobre história antiga da Índia e China: grandes civilizações com tradição milenar. Mas OK, o tempo e recursos são limitados, prioridades devem ser escolhidas; mesmo a minha educação privilegiada teve lacunas importantes até mesmo na parte "eurocêntrica" da História.

E os politicamente corretos me desculpem, mas que importância têm vários povos primitivos que tiveram impacto histórico mínimo, por exemplo nossos Tupis e Jês, ou mesmo os Incas? Seu estudo sequer pode ser classificado como "História" pois o termo presume uma tradição escrita; podemos estudá-los em antropologia / arqueologia, mas isso não faz parte do ensino de 1o/2o graus. Os povos indígenas Brasileiros devem ser estudados no contexto da nossa história colonial, e só; esses povos estavam ainda no Neolítico (alguns ainda no Paleolítico). Não me levem a mal, eu também assisti o Kuarup... bonito... mas mil anos de cultura Xingu têm valor equivalente ao de 5 minutos da Renascença europeia.
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MY TECH PREDICTIONS FOR 2016!!!

5. The SETI project contacts a vast federation of alien worlds.  This immediately destroys our own civilization, once Unicode adds 14 billion code points and fonts clog up all computer memories. 

4. The iPhone 7 innovates with a moisture sensor; new APIs allow controlling apps by spitting, licking or sweating on the screen. Millions review their hygiene standards to adapt to the new gadgets.

3. HTML/JS/CSS/Flash browsers are replaced by LaTeX/Lisp browsers, better designed and bug-free. But web malware disappears mostly because no one remembers how to write that stuff.

2. P=NP? is proven to be false, sending thousands of optimist dilettantes back to their research in perpetual-motion machines.

1. GNU Hurd 1.0 is released. A full Hurd-based distro includes Perl 6 and Duke Nukem Forever, so you can ignore all these comically-late softwares together.
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STAR WARS SPOILERS AHEAD, SKIP IF NOT WACHED YET.

Below: my long commentary of The Force Awakens.

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I loved The Force Awakens, despite the fact that the plot scores pretty low in originality.  It's not a normal sequel, it's a remake/reboot of sorts: a more honest title would be Empire Strikes Back Again. Themes from the original trilogy are copied so often, and so blatantly, it's obviously purposeful and not just a poor job of screenwriting.

And I for one, am perfectly fine with that! Look, A New Hope will be 40 years old soon. I call Star Wars a story "from my time", but the first movie I actually watched in the theater was ROTJ, I was too young when the others were released. I recently watched the whole trilogy again and enjoyed it massively; can repeat that experience every 5 years forever and it's always the same thrill.  (I also re-watched all 3 prequels again, but for the first time since their release... TPM still sucks, they other two are actually OK, better than my memories, but still a step below any of the original trilogy.)  Keeping a franchise like this alive for so long is very difficult, and the need for a fresh start is necessary at some point.  Now, the classic way to get that fresh start is with a conventional reboot – filming the same story again, or at least the same characters and general setting. But that works well for old movies that didn't age well or were mostly forgotten; not so much for classics that were executed amazingly, stood very well to the passing of time, and are still loved by millions. 

The Force Awakens is a smarter kind of reboot. The story starts decades after the end of ROTJ. The defeat of the Empire in the end of ROTJ was not complete; it retreats but later regroups and grows, with another name but very similar form, including leadership of a super-villain who masters the Dark Side. And everything old is new again, the rest of the story is mostly a big patchwork of the original trilogy... here we go again with Jedi dinasties, disciples turning dark, the Millenium Falcon running on bubblegum and duct tape, Death Star III destroying planets until an easy weak point is exploited, Han Solo running from his customers, and on and on. Even an exquisite alien bar is there.

(*) At least to my surprise, not having read/watched anything other than Episodes I-VI. 

Several characters, actors, and even ships and robots from the classic trilogy make significant cameos, remarkably Han Solo; and that's awesome, but it's also great that he dies in the end.  I'm OK with the appeal to the old guard, but we also need to say goodbye, allowing new heroes to grow.  Luke will be the obvious exception: this entire movie was a big teaser for Mark Hamill's character – and only delivers more teasing in the end, with promise of a much bigger role in the next movie (New Return of the Jedi?...).  But in that case I'll be happy to extend the veteran's cameo; Star Wars always needs the "old Jedi master" role, and Luke will be perfect to replace Obi-Wan and Yoda. Mark's now the perfect age for this, old enough to be the legendary wise master / tutor but young enough for some lightsaber-kicking. And we already love Mark! He will have none of the difficulty other "new" actors / characters had in the prequels, to win the hearts of the Star War fans.

All that said, TFA also brings important innovations. I love the main hero now being a woman, not just for modernity's sake but just as one important and interesting change to keep Star Wars fresh. I love having a Storm Trooper defector joining the good guys, which never happened before: it was always good people falling to the dark side, depressing!! and too much standard morality from classic myths/religions (one starts good, is tempted by evil and falls for it; after inner struggle repents, but can only get salvation through sacrifice). Finn is a very welcome alternative to that: one is conditioned to evil by his environment, but finds the strength to escape that fate, no need for expiation. (Too bad he didn't actually commit any important evil act before desertion; but hey, it's still a Disney movie so I'll take what I can get.)

Kylo Ren is fifty-fifty between a Darth Vader rehash and new ideas. He's infinitely more interesting as a character than the zero-dimensional Darth Maul. The way he reveals his face early, instead of hiding behind the mask for an entire trilogy, is a very nice touch already. The climactic resolution of his struggle to embrace the dark side is really great, even if predictable (hey, it's not like the original trilogy was some Agatha Christie story with real surprises...). I'm less sure I like his ending (for now): defeated and badly wounded but not killed, will be "fixed" by evil boss with artificial parts next time we see him. But this repetition of story makes sense since Ren had the obsession to become a heir of his grandpa, so what better way to do that than going through the same ordeal. That's another common mythological theme, the Faustian bargain for power that requires sacrificing both soul and body. I only hope the repetition ends here and the next movies evolve the character in novel ways; for one thing, at least he isn't Rey's dad. For one thing, it would be great if Ren succeeds where Vader failed, dethroning the Supreme Leader quickly instead of playing his minion for an entire trilogy. Indeed, this can be a great main plot for the next movie: Snoke turns him in a Vader-like cyborg, and completes his training like announced; but then Ren grows stronger than anticipated, betrays his master and kills him in the great climax of the episode; in the next part he starts as the top ruler, evolving the First Order into a fully-restored Galactic Empire. (I'm happy to provide a full plot, after Disney sends a big check.)

Speaking of Rey again, she starts pretty much like Luke (and Anakin...) but becomes her own role quicker. I'd even say, already a more original character than Luke Skywalker (because, really, Luke is just a perfect Hero's Journey stereotype with virtually no new ideas -- the single exception is the tragedy of being the villain's son). Her involvement with the Rebels and initiation in the Force are a departure from Luke already, let's see what the writers can innovate in her training and forward.

In a final note, this coming from Disney, I was pleasantly surprised by the movie's darker nature. It's PG-13 just like the previous Star Wars movies, and there's no gore but still the violence is more realistic... and then, there's that strong parricide scene. (ROTJ doesn't really compare to that: good defeats evil not the opposite; Luke fights Vader but doesn't kill him; and the whole thing ends in redemption for dad.)  I'm happy that I only took my 9.5-yo boy to the theater, not my almost-7yo daughter whom I had allowed to see the other six movies; even for my son, the movie was only borderline appropriate, and only because I know him to be particularly mature for this material.
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+Daniele Segato With more time after my watching of the movie, I agree it could have been a little more original even with the "reboot" logic. I suppose for lots of kids today, the original trilogy is something ancient, which they don't treasure as much as I do and maybe didn't even watch (at least not ten times...). I'm not cool with rebooting after short periods of time (e.g. every ten years it seems we need a reboot of Spiderman or Batman, starting with their origins etc.). But ANH is ~40yo :)

It's a good point that Disney/JJ should be scared of disappointing the fans, after the prequels.

The exile, the whole thing with the wise guru living in his cave / mountain / whatever, is a big cliché of this kind of legend, it's hard to avoid. :)

We never see Leia showing any command of the Force in the other movies, even though Vader (IIRC) mentions she has it. It seems she is only a carrier to the next generation. I wouldn't be surprised if the next episode shows Leia using the Force in some surprising way, maybe she just decided to keep it more private instead of going through the traditional Jedi training thing. I also predict Leia dies in the next movie, but not by Ren's direct action. I'd bet in some kind of self-sacrifice, like Spock in Wrath of Khan, but involving the Force. (Once again, Disney must send me a check... ;-)

Finn resisting to Ren for anything beyond five seconds was indeed the weakest part of the entire movie. (They could be smarter and make Ren do that purposefully, like a cat torturing a mouse.) I have no problem with Rey doing that though; her debut with the Force is very different from Luke, she has a different personality, Luke is this whiny insecure faith-lacking guy for a long time while Rey seems to "awake" to the Force in a very instinctive, decisive way, so that compensates her lacking experience / training. The gender stereotyping seems obvious here but it's actually not bad because in one hand the Force is instinctive (traditionally associated with women), in the other hand it requires clarity of mind and strong control of one's emotions (definitely not a female stereotype). Again this seems to be a big quality of the new Star Wars, which I hope they keep developing in an intelligent way in the next movies as Rey goes through her training, will inevitably be tempted by the dark side etc.
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Omg, I try to not be a Google fanboy myself and prop our own stuff here, but this #GoogleDoodle is beautiful.
Help Beethoven arrange his masterpieces in today’s #GoogleDoodle
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Well it seems I did the right thing by not proceeding to a PhD. :)
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So I started to watch this series just to make company to my kids, who found S1 on Netflix, and.... hooked. Now we're all watching the whole thing together. This series is Just. So. Good. With an emphasis on the "series" part, the long story arc. The "value mix" is actually perfect for a family show: the episodic stories are attractive enough to my 6/9-yo kids, but adults with some patience will quickly find depth, amazing storytelling, character development. In particular, Tom Cavanagh's character (Dr Wells) is brilliant, he alone makes this worth watching.

I also love how awesome is the "Cartoonish Sci-Fi" in this production: the series is not just about heroes with superpowers, it's got tons of science fiction, which is not the hardcore SF of serious books/movies but also not the junk SF from popular action-SciFi movies: it's something different and very specific, the only way to describe it precisely is saying that it's exactly the same kind of science fiction you find in super-hero comics from Marvel/DC (when well done). You will understand if you've spent too much of your childhood's time (and allowance...) reading that stuff.
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I didn't want to see the new Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. I'm not religious against remakes, some are very good and a few even beat previous versions. (Anybody remembers the original Scarface? No, not Al Pacino's, that's a remake.). But some movies are perfect, sacred, and there's no reason to film the same story again ever. And I'm a big fan of Johnny Depp and a huge fan of Tim Burton, so deciding to not see this movie was not a decision taken lightly!

When I originally commented that (can't seem to find where now), someone replied that it wasn't just a copy of Gene Wilder's classic, it was original enough that I should check it out. And I remembered that when my kids wanted to see this movie yesterday, so I said to myself, OK let's give this a chance and joined the children.

Boy, was I always right. The new movie is hugely derivative. I know, both are based on a classic book so I'm OK with the plot and characters being generally the same, still the new movie is a desert of new ideas; it's not just a new adaptation of the same book, it's an uninspired rehash of the old movie. Some new stuff around the Willy Wonka character only (and yes Depp is awesome), but not enough. And even ignoring the matter of originality, Wilder's movie is clearly superior in every aspect. Including Wonka (sorry Johnny! and yeah, nobody remembers the name of the classic movie's director, there's a reason why we say "_Gene Wilder's_ Chocolate Factory"). Including even all the fantastic stuff, despite dramatic difference of special effect technology. And don't get me started on the musical scenes with the Oompa Loompas... the musicals in the original movies are memorable, even if less varied musically. I have already forgotten the new songs after a single day; I remember the classic's decades after watching it for the last time.

Hell, just watch the short scene below. Everything is better. For one thing, it feels real; in the new movie the Oompa Loompas are tiny and all identical, and Violet morphs into a huge "blueberry", all in the name of "because we can" – yeah, computer graphics allow you to do all sorts of exaggeration that makes the new movie look completely artificial. Heck, even the scenes with the elevator were better; the new stuff made me remember the flyby over the "planet factory floor" in The Hitchhiker's Guide To The Galaxy.
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No spoilers on this one, promise. And I'm loving it... but let's nitpick on the sci-fi fails anyway :)  Which is usually a pointless exercise, but not in this case because The Expanse is notable by its realism: it's a "hard-SF" story that doesn't depend on big suspension of disbelief; there's no FTL travel, no aliens, novel physics, or any major technology way beyond what we can envision or even have today. Human kind has colonized the solar system the hard way, with slow ships and lots of time and toil.

Anyway, one central idea in the story (no spoiler: you learn this in the beginning of the first episode) is that water is a very scarce resource in some places, so miners have to cut large pieces of icy asteroids and ferry them to Ceres or wherever water is needed.

Have this people 200 years in the future forgotten how to recycle water? Recycling must be good enough to build ships that endure months-long travels to other planets, and once you have major colonies in places without water you only need to replace the losses from imperfect reclamation. Even today, we have technology to do a better job than they apparently do in The Expanse. But that's actually a minor point!

I am more disappointed with the insistence in space sci-fi (too many movies to count) of using the traditional model of transportation of raw materials in the space age. Why having huge freighters, OMG?? You need to send a chunk of asteroid (or any raw material that needs no protection from outer space), you just push it and let the damn thing move by itself! Even better, attach small propellers to that ice boulder, so it can have acceleration that's small enough to not break, but continuous, and also enables some remote maneuvering. The asteroid is its own ship, and even its own source of fuel! When it gets close to the destination, another ship will intercept and process it. We don't need crews losing their time in long travels between planets. Even if security is a problem (which wouldn't happen in the first stages of colonization but might appear later), you solve that with patrolling ships and long-distance monitoring. Yeah, the Solar System is a really small place even for our current instruments; it doesn't take the USS Enterprise's sensor array tech to detect other ships within a few Astronomical Units.
In this noir thriller set two hundred years in the future, the case of a missing young woman leads a...
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Note for video content pubs: Starting Jan 1 2016, these are the minimum requirements for the custom video player you have in your own site or app if you want me to watch stuff there (instead of hunting for the upload someone probably did in YouTube, which may result in inferior monetization or engagement for you):

1) Time-shifting with pitch preserving. Seriously, I just have no time to watch anything at 1.0X speed. (Even YouTube lacks this in mobile, but hopefully not for long–can do it already in the web player.)

2) "Background mode" for mobile. Because the video part of most interviews, tech talks etc. are not essential and I want to listen the stuff while walking the dog or buying groceries.

3) Full downloads for offline playback in mobile.

BTW I'm not yet a cable-cutter, so the items above are also relevant for cable operators. I want my DVR to allow time-shifting, and to make recorded content available for transferring to a mobile device. I am a customer of a top cable/internet operator in the US but my DVR is an old piece of junk which is not even supported anymore, and wouldn't be able to implement any of these features. (It's also big, ugly, noisy, hot; has limited HD capacity, crude OSD...) Now that's a stupid way to resist the Internet, folks–for the monthly bill I get in my triple-play plan, I should get a new box with state of the art features every couple years. TV shows that publish proper podcasts like TRMS, or full video for YouTube or other good mobile players, I already consume almost exclusively in mobile devices. Shows not doing that, I'm watching less and less every year. I have no problem paying for content either via ads or subscriptions, but I will not "pay" with lots of time or inconvenience, sorry.
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Well put, my friend .
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Outro dia topei com uma versão bilíngue de Casinha Pequenina, que conheço da minha infância, na interpretação do Carlos Galhardo que era um dos artistas favoritos do finado avô de quem herdei o nome e também meu gosto por esse tipo de música "antiga". Grandes poetas que escreviam letras populares com destreza erudita na nossa língua, e tremendas vozes da era do rádio. Saudades de um tempo que não vivi. Essa é pra você, vô Osvaldo.
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Once upon a time, there was a great country that had become very rich.  On the other hand, wealth distribution was poor and it started to become even worse as more wealth was produced, reaching a point where 1% of the population owned half of that country's amazing riches. This elite 1% used their money to corrupt the government (even legalizing bribery), enforcing a laissez-faire capitalism with small-government policies that quickly result in rampant speculation and frequent crashes and depressions, and social problems that were the international embarrassment of such an advanced, rich country.

But people finally had enough, and a so-called "Progressive Era" started passing legislation to regulate and prevent abuses from big business, banks and corrupt government; also to protect consumers, labor rights, minorities and the poor. In time these policies were also complemented by liberal economic policies including heavier financial system reforms, large-scale public works designed to improve infrastructure and reduce unemployment, and even a repeal of a disastrous conservative "war" on substances of abuse. These changes not only didn't bankrupt the country and didn't stiffen its entrepreneurial spirit, they actually resulted in a combination of wealth and equality beyond the dreams of former generations.

Now if you know some History, it's obvious that I'm not just daydreaming about what we should do in present-day America; I'm describing American history from the last couple decades of the XIX century to the mid-XX century. But we apparently need to make the same mistakes and learn the same lessons over and over again.
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+Massimo Heitor I agree with much of what you say of political parties; except I'm less cynical about politicians, and the ones who have firm positions about several key issues will almost always join a specific party. I'm not a big fan of the Dems, but there's still no choice, considering the balance of all issues I care about there's easily 10X more to hate in the other side IMO.

The accusations I make to conservatives need clarification – I'm not attacking the traditional conservative ideology (if there's anything left of it today), but the current "establishment" subject to control from the likes of the Kochs, Adelson, the Christian Right, conservative media like Fox News and talk radio, NRA, etc. In short the people and organizations that have the GOP absolutely under their boots today. (No doubt many interest groups have big influence over the Dems too, but it's way less monolithic and less organized.)

I used to have respect for Rand Paul, at least for his integrity in what he believes. But learning more about the guy and his ideas was a never-ending disappointment for me. On Libertarianism, I agree with some principles but the whole lot of it is economic quackery. On top of that, he mixes in some "party line" positions e.g. opposed to reproductive rights and radically opposed to gun safety, odious stuff in my book.

I have to disagree on corporate welfare, since that's openly supported by Republicans, they just don't admit it – their fiscal policy actions & proposals are the very definition of corporate welfare. Democrats have their share of guilt in this area, but at least they now recant it (Clinton's repeal of Glass-Steagall and a few other acts on commodities and housing). While conservatives are every day more radically for less regulation of everything, even less taxes for corporations and fat cats, etc.

On the tech writing, thanks for your comments! :) I used to have two jobs (was a contributor and editor to a Brazilian magazine in parallel with my day job in engineering), but that's a previous life. Now I'm more focused for both professional and family reasons, but I still try to find time for some longer comments here. I still put some time catching up with things like upcoming JDK releases, but frankly, besides having less time, I've drifted away from my former Java-centered experience.  Tring to find some time to write about this too.
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What's wrong with this trailer? (No spoilers, only corrections for dishonest marketing.)

1) There are no "trials", nothing remotely similar to the first Maze Runner movie. No maze or anything in the same spirit. Even the "scorch" in the title is insignificant; a small part of the story happens in the scenery featured by the trailer. No maze, no scorch and no trials: that's a new low in a deceptive title. (OK, there's running.)

2) There are tons of zombies. This is largely a shitty zombie movie. I had to re-watch the trailer in slow motion to notice a single scene where zombies appear, in the dark and in a split-second. Yeah it's based on a book, but I haven't read the fucking book.
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    MSc Object Oriented Software Engineering, 1999 - 2000
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    BSc Computer Science, 1992 - 1995
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Software engineer at Google. Husband, Father. Stereotypical geek who loves sci-fi, etc. Powerlifter without much power, can bench-press eight TAOCP collections!
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I am a Googler but this is a personal account, the opinions expressed here represent my own and not necessarily those of my employer, past or present.
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Software Engineer, Google Ad Exchange
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    Software Engineer, 2012 - present
    Making RTB easy!
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    Consultant at Citi, NYSE, 2010 - 2011
    First gigs in the US, financial services.
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    Software Architect, 1997 - 2010
    Tons of stuff... thanks for all the fish.
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At least at night (when I guess all staff is temps), drive-through service is awful, they get something wrong in my order some 1/3 of the time. Living in the region for 5 years and this is constant, it's a management problem.
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I've taken my car to D&L for inspection last month, failed because I had had a recent battery discharge that wiped the OBD. But since they only found that by the end of the work, I had to pay for the full service. So after putting some miles in the car I took the car again for inspection, now it passed with flying colors and for my surprise the re-inspection was courtesy, I was only billed for the sticker. Fast and courteous service too.
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