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Omkar Parab
Works at JPMORGAN CHASE INDIA Ltd.
Attends Narsee Monjee Institute of Management and Higher Studies
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Omkar Parab

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+Shweta Taishete Parab+Nupur Parab
Guess I should buy a cat like this for Nupur. Those two would go crazy kissing each other.
 
Kissing Booth
Please See More Cats http://goo.gl/bKC1CY



Cat communication is the transfer of information by one or more cats that has an effect on the current or future behaviour of another animal, including humans. Cats use a range of communication modalities including visual, auditory, tactile, chemical and gustatory.

The communication modalities used by domestic cats have been affected by domestication.


Vocalizations

Cat vocalisations have been categorised according to a range of characteristics.

Schötz categorised vocalizations according to 3 mouth actions: (1) sounds produced with the mouth closed (murmurs), including the purr, the trill and the chirrup, (2) sounds produced with the mouth open and gradually closing, comprising a large variety of miaows with similar vowel patterns, and (3) sounds produced with the mouth held tensely open in the same position, often uttered in aggressive situations (growls, yowls, snarls, hisses, spits and shrieks).

Brown et al. categorised vocal responses of cats according to the behavioural context: (1) during separation of kittens from mother cats, (2) during food deprivation, (3) during pain, (4) prior to or during threat or attack behavior, as in disputes over territory or food, (5) during a painful or acutely stressful experience, as in routine prophylactic injections and (6) during kitten deprivation. Less commonly recorded calls from mature cats included purring, conspecific greeting calls or murmurs, extended vocal dialogues between cats in separate cages, “frustration” calls during training or extinction of conditioned responses.

Miller classified vocalisations into 5 categories according to the sound produced: the purr, chirr, call, meow and growl/snarl/hiss.


Purr

The purr is a continuous, soft, vibrating sound made in the throat by most species of felines. Domestic cat kittens can purr as early as two days of age. This tonal rumbling can characterize different personalities in domestic cats. Purring is often believed to indicate a positive emotional state, but cats sometimes purr when they are ill, tense, or experiencing traumatic or painful moments.

The mechanism of how cats purr is elusive. This is partly because cats do not have a unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the vocalization. One hypothesis, supported by electromyographic studies, is that cats produce the purring noise by using the vocal folds and/or the muscles of the larynx to alternately dilate and constrict the glottis rapidly, causing air vibrations during inhalation and exhalation. Combined with the steady inhalation and exhalation as the cat breathes, a purring noise is produced with strong harmonics. Purring is sometimes accompanied by other sounds, though this varies between individuals. Some may only purr, while other cats include low level outbursts sometimes described as "lurps" or "yowps".

Domestic cats purr at varying frequencies. One study reported that domestic cats purr at average frequencies of 21.98 Hz in the egressive phase and 23.24 Hz in the ingressive phase with an overall mean of 22.6 Hz. Further research on purring in four domestic cats found that the fundamental frequency varied between 20.94 and 27.21 Hz for the egressive phase and between 23.0 and 26.09 Hz for the ingressive phase. There was considerable variation between the four cats in the relative amplitude, duration and frequency between egressive and ingressive phases, although this variation generally occurred within the normal range.

One study on a single cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) showed it purred with an average frequency of 20.87 Hz (egressive phases) and 18.32 Hz (ingressive phases). A further study on four adult cheetahs found that mean frequencies were between 19.3 Hz and 20.5 Hz in ingressive phases, and between 21.9 Hz and 23.4 Hz in egressive phases. The egressive phases were longer than ingressive phases and moreover, the amplitude was greater in the egressive phases.

It was once believed that only the cats of the genus Felis could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tigers, lions, jaguars and leopards) also produce sounds similar to purring, but only when exhaling. The subdivision of the Felidae into ‘purring cats’ on the one hand and ‘roaring cats ’ (i.e. non-purring) on the other, originally goes back to Owen (1834/1835) and was definitely introduced by Pocock (1916), based on a difference in hyoid anatomy. The ‘roaring cats’ (lion, Panthera leo; tiger, P. tigris; jaguar, P. onca; leopard, P. pardus) have an incompletely ossified hyoid, which according to this theory, enables them to roar but not to purr. On the other hand, the snow leopard (Uncia uncia), as the fifth felid species with an incompletely ossified hyoid, purrs (Hemmer, 1972). All remaining species of the family Felidae (‘purring cats’) have a completely ossified hyoid which enables them to purr but not to roar. However, Weissengruber et al. (2002) argued that the ability of a cat species to purr is not affected by the anatomy of its hyoid, i.e. whether it is fully ossified or has a ligamentous epihyoid, and that, based on a technical acoustic definition of roaring, the presence of this vocalization type depends on specific characteristics of the vocal folds and an elongated vocal tract, the latter rendered possible by an incompletely ossified hyoid.





Meow

The meow is one of the most widely known vocalizations of domestic kittens. It is a call apparently used to solicit attention from the mother.

Adult cats commonly vocalise with a "meow" (or "miaow") sound, which is onomatopoeic. The meow can be assertive, plaintive, friendly, bold, welcoming, attention soliciting, demanding, or complaining. It can even be silent, where the cat opens its mouth but does not vocalize. Adult cats do not usually meow to each other and so meowing to human beings is likely to be an extension of the use by kittens.








Language differences

Different languages have correspondingly different words for the "meow" sound, including miau (Belarusian, Croatian, Hungarian, Dutch, Finnish, Lithuanian, Malay, German, Polish, Russian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish and Ukrainian), mnau (Czech), meong (Indonesian), niau (Ukrainian), niaou (?????, Greek), miaou (French), nya (??, Japanese), miao (?, Mandarin Chinese, Italian), miav/miao or mjav/mjau (Danish, Swedish and Norwegian), mjá (Icelandic), ya-ong (??, Korean), ????? / Miya?un_ (Urdu) and meo-meo (Vietnamese). In some languages (such as Chinese ?, mao), the vocalization became the name of the animal itself.

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Omkar Parab

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On the start of this wonderful year, I wish to share my innermost thoughts. On 16th March 2013, Krsna blessed me with +Nupur Parab . And it has been many months of ups and downs, missed sleeps, burps, potties, etc. etc. and most wonderful after-dinner walks, cuddly and sweet kisses, cute and beautiful dresses.

And one of the realizations that has occurred to me is that Krsna gave me the best gift and the most sacred responsibility. I am supposed to lead her in her baby steps, teach her sanskaar, and what not. I have seen her flip onto her tummy, start taking her first steps, start eating solid food, spilling it more than eating it :). Taking her down for after dinner walks, putting her to sleep, reading her baby stories. 

And then it hit me. It is not me who leads her. It is +Nupur Parab that leads me. First and most importantly, teaching me the meaning of patience. I cannot force her to do anything which she does not wish to do, I have to feed her at her pace, I have to play her games, she has the attention span of a few minutes and she fleets across from activity to activity, before you can say Noodles.

She taught me the way I want the world to treat me. Complete freedom. She wants me to do anything she wants. Just be around and keep her from breaking stuff. Don't hold her back, let her rampage unchecked through shopping malls, run around laughing loudly, enjoying her time with no cares for the world. Wow, that is how I would wish to be. लहानपण देगा देवा. 

I love to see how she learns things. Repetition, associating actions with words, putting two and two together. It is such a beautiful practical into neural networks. And then I think of God, how much He would enjoy just looking down into each one of us, seeing how we learn things. I am the father of just one kid and He is the father of all. Wow, bliss for sure.

And man, does she make me feel motivated. I want to give her everything in the whole damn world. Let her experiment with a Raspberry Pi, build things with a 3D printer, do all those things that I could never, either out of unavailability of resources, money, etc or hindering circumstances.

And lastly, I want to go through the same experience all over again. Hell I would just do it just to be able to cuddle her in her sleep. But this time I want to adopt a kid, son or daughter no matter. 

+Nupur Parab you are the reason for me to have a paradigm shift in my approach towards life. Thanks for everything.
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Watching "The Dark Knight Rises" again.
Worthy to be the fantastic finale of the fabulous Batman trilogy.

www.thedarkknightrises.com/
Own the Dark Knight Rises on Blu-ray Combo Pack and Digital Download December 4.
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The wind blowing my hair,
The shine in my eyes,
The halo due to the sun,
The teeth peeking through,
The pink highlighting me fair,
The cute chubby smile.
+Nupur Parab​
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With an unofficial CyanogenMod alpha 12 running on my Samsung Galaxy Note, there are two things that I would find useful for my kid +Nupur Parab​.

1. An guest account for her to use.
2. Pinnable MXPlayer so that she can no longer move out into any other application, as hard as she may try. ;)

Couldn't help but put across a poll for the most interesting / useful feature of Android Lollipop. Vote and let me know what has gotten you excited for Android Lollipop, except of course the android ported flappy bird.
1 vote  -  votes visible to Public
Guest User
0%
Pinnable Apps
0%
Notification Panel
0%
Multitasking
0%
Animations
100%
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And just like that I feel spiritual again. However, in the most deepest of desperation and yet in the most deepest of confidence.
Welcome to Radhanath Swami's beautiful Offering - Radha Gopinath Temple, A spiritual sanctuary at Mumbai.
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Have him in circles
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Omkar Parab

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Gotta get some cute cats like these for my daughter +Nupur Parab
 
beautiful kitten nestling between pillows
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I am Karsa Orlong. Witness...

- The Malayan Book of the Dead
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I have a Samsung Galaxy Note GT-N7000. Till August, I was running pacman ROM with latest nightly builds. But now I see that it is no longer supported. I am ready to take up maintenance of the same, but am not sure whom to reach out to take ownership. Please can anyone point me to the right person?
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As usual, have thrashed my Galaxy Note GT-N7000. This time trying to up the /system size. Anyways, for the time being, am running the show on an old Nokia C3-00. 

Love the physical keypad, but can't stop myself from trying to touch the screen. And battery life is awesome, something which we have always associated with Nokia phones. Have been running whatsapp and facebook on the same with internet on 24*7 and at the end of the day, I am still running at 75% power, God that's awesome. 

Wish had similar battery life on my Samsung Galaxy Note GT-N7000, precisely the same thing which I have been trying to accomplish and unwittingly crashing / thrashing my phone. The best part, recovery is just a few minutes away.
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Kettle spoke from the side chamber's arched doorway. 'Why don't any of you like each other? I like all of you. Even Wither.' 'It's all right,' Udinaas said, 'we're all just tortured by who we are, Kettle.
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People
In his circles
2,691 people
Have him in circles
422 people
Mahavishnu Perumal's profile photo
Ray “slecht” Molinaro's profile photo
Sidhu Da's profile photo
Swetal Gajjar's profile photo
Ashish Singh's profile photo
Samya Bhattacharya's profile photo
fernando cândido's profile photo
Faz M's profile photo
Bernat Bestard's profile photo
Education
  • Narsee Monjee Institute of Management and Higher Studies
    MBA - Finance, 2010 - present
  • St. Francis Institute of Technology
    BE - INFT, 2001 - 2005
  • Sathaye College
    HSC, 1999 - 2001
  • St. Francis D'Assissi High School
    SSC, 1989 - 1999
Story
Tagline
Me, me, me...
Work
Employment
  • JPMORGAN CHASE INDIA Ltd.
    Associate, 2014 - present
  • Cognizant
    Senior Associate, 2013 - 2014
  • Oracle Corporation
    Senior Applications Engineer, 2010 - 2013
  • Nomura Group
    Senior Engineer, 2010 - 2010
  • Tata Consultancy Services
    Assistant Systems Engineer, 2006 - 2010
Basic Information
Gender
Male
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