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Title : #Biosafety and #Biosecurity Issues in #Biotechnology Research
Content:
Biotechnology is broadly defined as the application of scientific and engineering principles to produce valuable substances by deploying biological agents. Here, the biological agents are not only limited to microorganisms but animals and plants are also being used for the purpose. The substances referred here are renewable materials produced by the biological agents for food, feed, beverages, pharmaceuticals and industrial uses. Today, scientists can isolate any gene of interest from any organism or part thereof and incorporate it into a small self-replicating extrachromosomal genetic element for multiplication as well as expression of the gene. The recombinant DNA molecule thus produced can be introduced into host cells such as bacteria or yeast to grow large vats or fermenters full of the recombinant organism.

Citation: http://www.omicsgroup.org/journals/biosafety.php
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Title: Safety of #Probiotics and #Prebiotics

Description: #Fermentation by lactic acid bacteria, molds and yeasts is one of the oldest methods for a safe preservation of foods. Many probiotics are a natural part of the beneficial gut microbiota and have a 'generally recognized as safe' (GRAS) status. Prebiotic carbohydrates such as inulin and fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are natural vegetable components and considered as GRAS.

Submit manuscript at: editor.jph@omicsonline.org

For more details visit: http://omicsonline.org/probiotics-health.php
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Title : #OceanAcidification may cause dramatic changes to #phytoplankton

Content:
Oceans have absorbed up to 30 percent of human-made carbon dioxide around the world, storing dissolved carbon for hundreds of years. As the uptake of carbon dioxide has increased in the last century, so has the acidity of oceans worldwide. Since pre-industrial times, the pH of the oceans has dropped from an average of 8.2 to 8.1 today. Projections of climate change estimate that by the year 2100, this number will drop further, to around 7.8 -- significantly lower than any levels seen in open ocean marine communities today.

Citation: http://www.esciencecentral.org/journals/oceanography.php
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Title: #Antimicrobial effects of Indonesian #MedicinalPlants Extracts

Description:Nowadays it is known that resistance to antibiotics is often caused by biofilm formation of the microbial pathogen. The aim of this study is to evaluate the activity of Indonesian medicinal plants extracts on planktonic growth and biofilm of two bacteria species. Fifty four (54) ethanol extracts were obtained from a variety of known Indonesian medicinal plants. The growth inhibitory concentration (MIC), effects on biofilm formation and biofilm breakdown, and biofilm architecture in the absence and presence of the extracts by confocal laser-scanning microscopy were performed with Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and Staphylococcus aureus Cowan I. The extracts showed an inhibitory effect on planktonic growth of these bacteria and also on their biofilm formation.
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Title: Removal of #AnionicDye in #Acid Solution by Self Crosslinked Insoluble Dendronized Chitosan

Description: Insoluble Dendronized Chitosan (DCTS) was prepared to improve the adsorption capacity of chitosan (CTS) as well as to lower its solubility at lower pH for efficient removal of acid dye, Acid Blue 9 (AB 9) from aqueous solutions.
Citation:Sarkar K, Banerjee SL, Kundu PP (2012) Removal of Anionic Dye in Acid Solution by Self Crosslinked Insoluble Dendronized Chitosan. Hydrol Current Res 3:133.

Read more at:
http://www.omicsonline.org/removal-of-anionic-dye-in-acid-solution-by-self-crosslinked-insoluble-dendronized-chitosan-2157-7587.1000133.php?aid=7491
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Title: #WaterRequirementModelling for Wheat under Arid Climatic Conditions

Description: Algeria is an #agriculture country where wheat is staple food of this region. Wheat is a winter crop and sown almost throughout the country. Winter season starts from October and normally ends in April. Water requirement of wheat followed variations in terms of location and time of the season.

Citation:Laaboudi A, Mouhouche B (2012) Water Requirement Modelling for Wheat under Arid Climatic Conditions. HydrolCurr Res 3:130.

For more details:
http://www.omicsonline.org/water-requirement-modelling-for-wheat-under-arid-climatic-conditions-2157-7587.1000130.php?aid=8587
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OMICS International

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Title: #Probiotics and prebiotics in #dermatology

Description: As immune modulators, probiotics and prebiotics have been used in inflammatory skin conditions, such as atopic dermatitis. Probiotics and prebiotics appear to be effective in reducing the incidence of atopic dermatitis in infants, but their role in atopic dermatitis treatment is controversial.Their role in acne, wound healing, and photoprotection is promising, but larger trials are needed.
Submit manuscript at editor.jph@omicsonline.org

For more details visit http://omicsonline.org/probiotics-health.php
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Title: #Prebiotics as immunostimulants in #aquaculture

Description:Prebiotics are indigestible fibers that increase beneficial gut commensal bacteria resulting in improvements of the host's health. The beneficial effects of prebiotics are due to the byproducts generated from their fermentation by gut commensal bacteria. Prebiotics, such as fructooligosaccharide, mannanoligosaccharide, inulin, or β-glucan, are called immunosaccharides.

Submit manuscript at: editor.jph@omicsgroup.org

For more details visit : http://omicsonline.org/probiotics-health.php
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Title :Scientists track monster waves below the #OceanSurface

Content: 
A scientific research team spent seven years tracking the movements of skyscraper-high waves in the South China Sea. University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science scientists were part of the collaborative international field study trying to understand how these waves, which rarely break the ocean surface, develop, move and dissipate underwater.These waves, known as internal waves, occur in all the oceans, as well as in lakes and fjords. In the Luzon Strait, between Taiwan and the Philippine island of Luzon, they can reach up to 170 meters (558 feet) tall and travel several hundred kilometers, making them some of the largest waves in the world.

Citation: http://www.esciencecentral.org/journals/oceanography.php
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#Pain in #Animals..!!
=====================================================
Most research using animals is for the direct or indirect benefit of society. Furthermore, most research on animals is funded, directly or indirectly, by the public. For both these reasons, the public has the right and responsibility to discuss how animal research is conducted. The public expects animal experimentation to be not only scientifically justifiable and valid but also humane, meaning that it results in minimal or no pain, stress, distress, or other negative impact on the welfare of the animals involved. When laboratory animals are subjected to conditions that do cause pain or distress, then ethically—at least from a utilitarian perspective—the benefits must outweigh the costs. This ethical justification depends on the challenging balance between the benefits (primarily to humans) and the costs to experimental animals in the form of pain, distress, and euthanasia.

You can submit articles in our peer reviewed Journal at:
http://scitechnol.com/submitmanuscript.php

Link: http://www.omicsonline.org/blog/2015/07/15/17103-Pain-in-Animals.html
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Title: #Biopesticides - Road to #AgriculturalRecovery

Description: The dawn of human civilization came with the need of producing and safe guarding food for sustaining current and future generation. The growth and development in living standards came with incessant changes in agriculture often based on novel introductions, ethical beliefs and the end users preferences.
Citation:Brar SK, Kaur S, Dhillon GS, Verma M (2012) Biopesticides - Road to Agricultural Recovery. J BiofertBiopest 3:e103.

For more details:
http://www.omicsonline.org/biopesticides-road-to-agricultural-recovery-2155-6202.1000e103.php?aid=7612
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Title: #PolyvinylAlcohol-Cellulose Acetate Composite Reverses Osmosis Membranes: I. Synthesis and Characterization

Description:To overcome the high salinity #waterResources problem, reverse osmosis (RO) process is considered one of the most required techniques due to its high portable water quality produced.
Citation:Muhammed A, Hashash E, Mekewi, Guirguis, Ramadan, et al. (2012) Polyvinyl Alcohol-Cellulose Acetate Composite Reverses Osmosis Membranes: I. Synthesis and Characterization. HydrolCurr Res 3:131.

For more details:
http://www.omicsonline.org/polyvinyl-alcohol-cellulose-acetate-composite-reverses-osmosis-membranes-i-synthesis-and-characterization-2157-%207587.1000131.php?aid=6677
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Introduction

The OMICS International promotes sharing of scientific literature under Open Access norms. The manuscripts submitted by authors are verified by authors from the respective OMICS editorial board members for acceptance and immediate publication.  The OMICS International removes restrictions on sharing of scientific literature through the Open Access journals. The journals can also be accessed in various formats including html and pdf. The OMICS International is ranked ninth according to the Index Copernicus ranking of publishers.