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Office Holidays
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All about Public Holidays across the World.
All about Public Holidays across the World.

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Jul 18, Uruguay: Constitution Day

Brazil had gained its independence from Portugal in 1822. The region now known as Uruguay lay on the Eastern bank of the River Plate, and had passed through English, Spanish, Portuguese and Brazilian control in a short period at the start of the nineteenth century.

In August 1825, Uruguay declared its independence from Brazil, instigating the Argentina- Brazil War. The conflict lasted until August 1828, when a British negotiated a resolution to the war that led to Brazil recognising Uruguay's independence.

The constitution for the nation was drawn up by the General Constituent and Legislative Assembly of the State , the predecessor of the Uruguayan Parliament. Influenced by the French and American revolutions, it divided the government among the executive, legislative, and judicial powers. It established a republican unitary state; the official religion was Roman Catholic. It was promulgated on 18 July 1830.

Read more at https://www.officeholidays.com/countries/uruguay/constitution_day.php
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Jul 16, Chile: Our Lady of Mount Carmel

The Feast of Our Lady of Carmel is given in lieu of the Corpus Christi holiday. The change to use this feast day happened in 2007.

Our Lady of Carmel is Mary, mother of Jesus. Carmel is a mountain in Northern Israel, where the Carmelite order was founded in the Twelfth century. How Our Lady of Carmel came to be the the Patron Saint of Chile is related to Chile's struggle for independence.

In December 1811 General Carrera and General O'Higgins asked the Vicar of Santiago to give a mass for success in the struggle for independence against Spain. In the cathedral was a statue of Our lady of Carmel.

General Jo de San Martin placed his baton in the right hand of the statue, and named her patron saint of the Army of the Andes. On the eve of the battle of Chabuco, General O'Higgins proclaimed the Virgin of Carmel patroness and general of the Chilean armed forces.

In 1818, with the Spanish army advancing on Santiago, Chileans crowded into the cathedral to place their prayers and trust at Our Lady's feet, promising to raise a church in her honour at the site where Chile's declaration of independence was signed if they were successful in defeating the Spanish. By the end of the year the prayers had been answered and work on the church had begun.

Read more at https://www.officeholidays.com/countries/chile/our_lady_of_carmel.php
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Jul 16, Botswana: President's Day

President's Day is a day to commemorate the role of President in Botswana and honour the current President. The third Monday in July and the following Tuesday are public holidays.

Following independence from Britain in 1966, Seretse Khama became the first President of Botswana.

In April 2018, Mokgweetsi Masisi became the 5th President of Botswana, succeeding Ian Khama, who had been President for the previous ten years.

Read more at https://www.officeholidays.com/holidays/botswana/botswana-presidents-day
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Jul 16, 🇯🇵 Japan: Marine Day

Marine Day is a public holiday in Japan on the third Monday in July.

It is a day for the island nation of Japan to show appreciation for the seas and oceans. Maybe the most evocative image of Japan and its link to the sea is the woodblock print 'Behind the Great Wave at Kanagawa' by Hokusai

Also known as Ocean Day, Sea Day or 'Umi no hi', Marine Day only became a nationally recognized holiday in Japan in 1996.

Read more at https://www.officeholidays.com/countries/japan/marine.php
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Jul 14, 🇫🇷 France: Bastille Day

Vive la France! Bastille Day is celebrated on 14 July and marks the birth of the French Republic. It is the National Day of France.

In France, it is referred to as la Fête Nationale ("National Holiday"), le quatorze juillet (The Fourteenth of July) or la fête du 14-Juillet (14th July Holiday).

Technically the holiday marks the Fête de la Fédération of the 14 July 1790, which was a huge feast and event to celebrate the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in France.

However the holiday is usually seen as a celebration of the storming of the Bastille. After years of misrule by the Monarchy with increasing taxes and higher food prices, the French people had finally united in a popular uprising in an effort to take control of their own country.

On 14 July 1789 the people of Paris banded together to march on the Bastille. The Bastille was 14th century medieval fortress that became a state prison. It was used by the King to imprison his opponents, often without trial and was seen as representing the despotism of the regime of Louis the 16th.

Did you know? Over one hundred people died in the storming of the Bastille, but only seven prisoners were actually being held in the Bastille at the time. This included four forgers and two lunatics.

Read more at https://www.officeholidays.com/countries/france/bastille-day.php
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Jul 14, India (Odisha): Ratha Yatra

The English word 'Juggernaut' comes from this festival in which three Hindu gods are honoured by drawing massive chariots through the streets.

In late June or early July, during the rainy season in Odisha, three large chariots are pulled through the streets to commemorate the annual journey of Lord Jagannath, his brother Lord Balabhadra, and their sister Subhadra to their aunt's temple, the Gundicha Temple, in Puri, Odisha.

The idols of Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are usually worshipped in the sanctum of the Jagannath temple, but once a year during the month of Ashadha, they are brought out to travel three kilometers to the Gundicha Temple, in three huge chariots, drawn by hundreds of people.

Read more at https://www.officeholidays.com/holidays/india/odisha/ratha-yatra
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Jul 14, Iraq: Republic Day

Until the end of the First World war, Iraq had been part of the Ottoman Empire. Following the collapse of Ottoman rule, Britain took control of Iraq, naming it the 'State of Iraq' and installing the Hashemite King, Faisal I.

In 1932, Iraq became independent from Britain, with King Faisal as its monarch. King Faisal died a year later in 1933 with his son, King Ghazi taking power. On the death of King Ghazi in July 1939, his son, King Faisal II became King.

On 14 July 1958, a coup d'état overthrew the Hashemite monarchy with the King and members of the royal family killed during the uprising. The coup and formation of the republic brought Abd al-Karim Qasim to power as Prime Minister.

Read more at https://www.officeholidays.com/holidays/iraq/iraq-republic-day
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Jul 14, Mongolia: Naadam Festival. 4th day of this five day festival of Mongolian heritage through sports.

The third sport is horseback riding. Mastery of horse-riding was key to the Mongol domination of the steppe. The nomadic life of the Mongols made them expert hunters with the horse and bow, which made term formidable opponents. They developed stirrups, which enabled their horsemen to ride without reins, leaving the hands free for combat.

Did you know? Mongolian native horses are called takhi, which means "spirit." They have 66 chromosomes in their genes, which is two more than other horses.

Read more at https://www.officeholidays.com/holidays/mongolia/naadam
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Jul 13, Montenegro: Sovereignty Day of Montenegro

Montenegro Sovereignty Day, also known as Statehood Day (Montenegrin: Dan državnosti) is a public holiday celebrated on 13 July.

Sovereignty Day commemorates the day in 1878 when the Berlin Congress recognised Montenegro as an independent state.

In the 16th century, Montenegro emerged as a semi-autonomous region within the Ottoman Empire. A series of rebellions against Turkish control resulted in Montenegro gaining its independence on 13 July 1878 under the Treaty of Berlin.

Montenegro thus became the 27th independent state in the world, and a principality ruled by Nicholas I. It became a kingdom in 1910, before unifying with Serbia in 1918. It subsequently formed part of Yugoslavia and only regained full independence in 2006.

Read more at https://www.officeholidays.com/holidays/montenegro/sovereignty-day-of-montenegro
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Jul 13, Mongolia: Naadam Festival

Third day of this five day festival of Mongolian heritage celebrated through three sports.

The second sport is Archery. From the time of Ghengis Khan, Mongolian archers were famed for their skill and precision with a bow. At its time, the recurved Mongol bow was a weapon without compare on the Eurasian battlefields of the steppe and deep into Western Europe.

Read more at https://www.officeholidays.com/holidays/mongolia/naadam
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