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Same Switches Program Taste and Smell in Fruit Flies

Findings help explain how complex nervous systems arise from few genes.

The research is in PLOS Genetics. (full open access)

#genetics #olfactoryneurons
Findings help explain how complex nervous systems arise from few genes.A new study sheds light on how fruit flies get their keen sense of smell.Duke University biologist Pelin Volkan and colle
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Listening to Music While Reading Complex Sentences Affects Musical Experience

Reading and listening to music at the same time affects how you hear the music.

The research is in Royal Society Open Science. (full open access)

#music #psychology #language
Difficult grammar affects music experience.Reading and listening to music at the same time affects how you hear the music. Language scientists and neuroscientists from Radboud University and the M
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How the Brain Builds Place Memories

Tübingen neuroscientists have succeeded in activating dormant memory cells in rats. Using weak electrical impulses targeted at previously inactive cells in the hippocampus, the researchers induced the cells to recognize the exact place where the impulse had been first administered. In rodents as well as humans, the hippocampus is the brain area responsible for memory. The new study by researchers of the Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience (CIN) at the University of Tübingen offers insight into the question of how memories are formed within our brains.

The research is in Current Biology . (full access paywall)

#memory #neuroscience
Tübingen researchers activate previously dormant memory cells.Tübingen neuroscientists have succeeded in activating dormant memory cells in rats. Using weak electrical impulses targeted at prev
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Study Aims to Change Athletes' Perception and Reporting of Concussions

University of Georgia researchers are announcing a study addressing ways to reduce the stigma surrounding concussions, an injury so commonly associated with football.

#nfl #concussion #neurology
University of Georgia researchers are announcing a study addressing ways to reduce the stigma surrounding concussions, an injury so commonly associated with football.Funded by a three-year, $400,0
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Why are women allowed to box and punch each other?
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Characterizing Nerve Cells That Detect Motion by Light Changes

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried have now discovered that, in fruit flies, four classes of nerve cell are involved in calculating directionally selective signals. This is strikingly different from mathematical models of motion detection discussed in the literature so far.

The research is in Neuron. (full access paywall)

#neuroscience #motion
The ability to see the direction in which something is moving is vital for survival. Only in this way is it possible to avoid predators, capture prey or, as humans in a modern world, cross a road safe
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A Day in the Life of a Synapse

Study reveals new facets of the adult brain.

The research is in Neuron. (full access paywall)

#synapses #neuroscience
Study reveals new facets of the adult brain.A new study from the Picower Institute for Learning and Memory in the Feb. 4 online edition of Neuron sheds light on the innate plasticity of the adult
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Taser Shock Can Impair Memory and Ability to Process Information

New research from a first-of-its-kind human study by Drexel University and Arizona State University reveals that the burst of electricity from a stun gun can impair a person’s ability to remember and process information. In a randomized control trial, participants were subjected to Taser shocks and tested for cognitive impairment. Some showed short-term declines in cognitive functioning comparable to dementia, raising serious questions about the ability of police suspects to understand their rights at the point of arrest.

The research is in Criminology & Public Policy. (full access paywall)

#police #memory #cognition
More than two million citizens have been Tased by police as Taser stun guns have become one of the preferred less-lethal weapons by police departments across the United States during the past decade.
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A More Effective Speech Therapy Approach for Children with Down Syndrome

A new study indicates that children with Down syndrome who have motor speech deficits have been inadequately diagnosed, which could have a major impact on the interventions used by speech pathologists when treating patients.

The research is in International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. (full open access)

#downsyndrome
A new study indicates that children with Down syndrome who have motor speech deficits have been inadequately diagnosed, which could have a major impact on the interventions used by speech pathologists
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Aggression's Role in the Creation of New Nerve Cells

A group of neurobiologists have proven experimentally that aggression has an influence on the production of new nerve cells in the brain.

The research is in Frontiers in Neuroscience. (full open access)

#aggression #neurogenesis
A group of neurobiologists have proven experimentally that aggression has an influence on the production of new nerve cells in the brain.A group of neurobiologists from Russia and the USA, includi
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An Amazing Axon Adventure

How does the brain make connections, and how does it maintain them? Cambridge neuroscientists and mathematicians are using a variety of techniques to understand how the brain ‘wires up’, and what it might be able to tell us about degeneration in later life.

#axons #neuroscience
How does the brain make connections, and how does it maintain them? Cambridge neuroscientists and mathematicians are using a variety of techniques to understand how the brain ‘wires up’, and what
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This is awesome. One question though. If information travels to the brain via retina, can this observation help with filing memory particals and thus help dementia and ALS? Jw
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A Molecular Link Between Type 2 Diabetes and Some Psychiatric Disorders

New research suggests that prevalent protein found in schizophrenia also plays a direct role in the function of pancreatic beta cells, which produce insulin to maintain blood sugar levels.

The research is in The FASEB Journal. (full access paywall)

#genetics #psychology #diabetes
New research in The FASEB Journal suggests that prevalent protein found in schizophrenia also plays a direct role in the function of pancreatic beta cells, which produce insulin to maintain blood suga
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In the article published in the  FASEB Journal,in February 2016,(1), we can read that:
"Antagonizing  or inhibiting GSK3β can rescue the β-cell defects." (helping in the treatment of diabetes mellitus).

As we can see bellow (1), the Acetyl L Carnitine (ALCAR)in very small doses, is an effective  peroxinitrites scavenger,improves mitochondrial function,is a heavy metal chelator,improves brain energy, lowers tau and betamyloid accumulation in the brain,is a  GSK3β inhibitor , that can helps as a support therapy in the treatment of diabetes mellitus too.

1) FASEB Journal,in February 2016,with the title “Beyond the Brain: disrupted in Schizophrenia 1 Regulates Pancreatic β-cell Function Via Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3β” by Agata Jurczyk and colleagues ,

2) J Neurochem. 2011 - Acetyl-L-Carnitine Ameliorates Spatial Memory Deficits Induced by Inhibition of Phosphoinositol-3 Kinase and Protein Kinase C. Jiang X : "Feeding the rats with Acetyl-L-Carnitine (ALCAR, 50 mg/day•rat, per os) for 2 weeks rescued the WT/GFX-induced spatial memory retention impairment of the rats by antagonizing GSK-3β activation"
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Scientists Find Brain Plasticity Assorted in Functional Networks

The brain still has a lot to learn about itself. Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have made a key finding of the striking differences in how the brain's cells can change through experience.

The research is in PLOS ONE. (full open access)

#synapticplasticity #neuroscience
The brain still has a lot to learn about itself. Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have made a key finding of the striking differences in how the brain's cells can change thr
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Form following function?
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