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How Young Brains Form Lifelong Memories

Members of neuroscientist Cori Bargmann's lab spend quite a bit of their time watching worms move around. These tiny creatures, Caenorhabditis elegans, feed on soil bacteria, and their very lives depend on their ability to distinguish toxic microbes from nutritious ones. In a recent study, Bargmann and her colleagues have shown that worms in their first larval stage can learn what harmful bacterial strains smell like, and form aversions to those smells that last into adulthood.

The research is in Cell. (full access paywall)

#memory
Members of neuroscientist Cori Bargmann's lab spend quite a bit of their time watching worms move around. These tiny creatures, Caenorhabditis elegans, feed on soil bacteria, and their very lives depe
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Threat of Cytomegalovirus Far Outweighs Zika Risk

As the Zika virus continues to spread across the globe, and gain worldwide attention for its’ potential birth defects, an NAU researcher is calling for greater public awareness of cytomegalovirus, the most common viral cause of birth defects in the United States.

The researchers will present their findings at the American Occupational Therapy Association’s annual conference 2016 in Chicago during the week of April 7 - 10.

#cytomegalovirus #cmv #zikavirus #zika #neurology
As the Zika virus continues to spread across the globe, and gain worldwide attention for its potential birth defects, an NAU researcher is calling for greater public awareness of cytomegalovirus, the
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Why It's Easier to Learn Words That Sound Like Their Meaning

What makes some words easier to learn than others? Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics and Radboud University taught Japanese words to Dutch students and found that ideophones — words that sound like what they mean — are easier to learn than regular words. This suggests that some of our associations between sound and meaning may be universal.

The research is in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. (full access paywall)

#language #learning #psychology
What makes some words easier to learn than others? Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics and Radboud University taught Japanese words to Dutch students and found that ideophone
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Soo
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Novel Neuroprotective Therapy Found to Enhance Memory

Tel Aviv University researcher's novel peptide, developed to treat neuroprotective protein deficiencies, reveals significant gender differences.

The research is in Molecular Psychiatry. (full access paywall)

#neuroscience #memory
Tel Aviv University researcher's novel peptide, developed to treat neuroprotective protein deficiencies, reveals significant gender differences.Activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP), e
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Nobody up there is interested in average folks enhancing their memories.
The opposite, I would say ;)
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Memory Suppressor That May Play a Role in Autism Identified

Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), working in collaboration with scientists from the University of California, Irvine, show that one specific microRNA has strong links to a number of neuropsychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorder.

The research is in Cell Reports. (full open access)

#genetics #autism
Discovered only in the 1990s, microRNAs are short molecules that work within virtually all cells. Typically, each one functions as a "dimmer switch" for the expression of one or more genes, regulating
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Dementia Risk Varies Significantly Among Racial and Ethnic Groups

In the largest and longest study thus far of ethnic disparities in dementia risk, researchers compared six ethnic and racial groups within the same geographic population and found significant variation in dementia incidence among them.

The research is in Alzheimer’s & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer’s Association. (full access paywall)

#alzheimers #neurology #epidemiology
In the largest and longest study thus far of ethnic disparities in dementia risk, researchers compared six ethnic and racial groups within the same geographic population and found significant variatio
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Race doesn't actually exist.
Puts a large hole in the study.


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Memory Replay Prioritizes High Reward Memories

Why do we remember some events, places and things, but not others? Our brains prioritize rewarding memories over others, and reinforce them by replaying them when we are at rest, according to new research.

The research is in Neuron. (full access paywall)

#memory #neuroscience
Why do we remember some events, places and things, but not others? Our brains prioritize rewarding memories over others, and reinforce them by replaying them when we are at rest, according to new rese
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Transparent Roundworm Brings Scientists a Step Closer to Understanding Nerve Degeneration

University of Queensland researchers have discovered the worm contains two proteins that play a role in the degeneration of axons in nerve cells.

The research is in Cell Reports. (full open access)

#neuroscience
Tiny worm opens big discovery on nerve degeneration.University of Queensland researchers have discovered the worm contains two proteins that play a role in the degeneration of axons in nerve cells
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Breakable Genes May Promote Disease and Brain Cell Diversity

Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) researchers have identified 27 genes in brain stem cells that are prone to a type of DNA damage. The fragility of those genes could explain why they are often mutated or deleted in cancers and neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia. But their tendency to break could also benefit the brain by providing a way to produce a greater diversity of neurons.

The research is in Cell. (full access paywall)

#genetics
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) researchers have identified 27 genes in brain stem cells that are prone to a type of DNA damage. The fragility of those genes could explain why they are often mu
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Origins of "Rage" Identified in Brain

Study in mice may lead to better understanding of aggression in other animals, including humans.

The research is in Current Biology. (full access paywall)

#violence #rage #neuroscience
Study in mice may lead to better understanding of aggression in other animals, including humans.Violent, unprovoked outbursts in male mice have been linked to changes in a brain structure tied to
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Chronic Pain Relieved by Blocking Stress Protein in Mice

A group of drugs being developed to treat mood disorders could also relieve chronic pain, finds new UCL research funded by the Medical Research Council.

The research is in Science Translational Medicine. (full access paywall)

#pain #neurology
A group of drugs being developed to treat mood disorders could also relieve chronic pain, finds new UCL research funded by the Medical Research Council.The study, published in Science Translationa
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This has been the case in treating/managing pain associated w/ neuro-muscular dystrophy. The doctors that are 'keeping current' have seen the benefit of #prescribing meds used for depression/anxiety and that they actually serve a 'dual purpose.' Part of the clue in managing pain is found in the brain. How nice it would be if we could get our "primary care doctor's" on board with this important connection! 
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Incidences of New Dementia Cases May be in Decline

Despite the concern of an explosion of dementia cases in an aging population over the next few decades, a new study, based on data from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS), suggests that the rate of new cases of dementia actually may be decreasing.

The research is in New England Journal of Medicine. (full access paywall)

#alzheimers #neurology
Despite the concern of an explosion of dementia cases in an aging population over the next few decades, a new study, based on data from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS), suggests that the rate of new
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