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MindReflector's Tullio DeSantis' image, entitled "Brain and Mind" is the cover illustration for the current issue of Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging Volume 1, Issue 1
http://www.biologicalpsychiatrycnni.org/issue/S2451-9022(15)X0002-4 
ToC Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/24519022/1/1
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Neurofeedback uses real-time scans to teach patients to try to change how they think
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More on the Field Effect and the brain.
 
Can Brain Waves Be Spread by Weak Electrical Field?

Researchers at Case Western Reserve University may have found a new way information is communicated throughout the brain.

Their discovery could lead to identifying possible new targets to investigate brain waves associated with memory and epilepsy and better understand healthy physiology.

They recorded neural spikes traveling at a speed too slow for known mechanisms to circulate throughout the brain. The only explanation, the scientists say, is the wave is spread by a mild electrical field they could detect. Computer modeling and in-vitro testing support their theory.

"Others have been working on such phenomena for decades, but no one has ever made these connections," said Steven J. Schiff, director of the Center for Neural Engineering at Penn State University, who was not involved in the study. 
"The implications are that such directed fields can be used to modulate both pathological activities, such as seizures, and to interact with cognitive rhythms that help regulate a variety of processes in the brain."
Scientists Dominique Durand, Elmer Lincoln Lindseth Professor in Biomedical Engineering at Case School of Engineering and leader of the research, former graduate student Chen Sui and current PhD students Rajat Shivacharan and Mingming Zhang, report their findings in The Journal of Neuroscience.

"Researchers have thought that the brain's endogenous electrical fields are too weak to propagate wave transmission," Durand said. "But it appears the brain may be using the fields to communicate without synaptic transmissions, gap junctions or diffusion."

Read the whole news>>
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-01-brain-weak-electrical-field.html

► The paper Can Neural Activity Propagate by Endogenous Electrical Field? is online in the Journal of Neuroscience>>
http://www.jneurosci.org/content/35/48/15800

► Animation via www.dailymail.co.uk

#neuroscience, #brain , #brain_waves , #WeakElectricalField
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Most biology students will be able to tell you that neural signals are sent via mechanisms such as synaptic transmission , gap junctions , and diffusion processes, but a new study suggests there's another way that our brains transmit information...
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Dogs can recognize emotions in humans by combining information from different senses -- an ability that has never previously been observed outside of humans, a new study published today reveals.
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Virtually Real  
Thanks +Amy Robinson !
 
+Fast Company 's profile on my work in VR and beyond at +EyeWire 
Amy Robinson, executive director at the startup EyeWire, is making neuroscience into a playground for the hot tech du jour.
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Using electrodes implanted in the temporal lobes of awake patients, scientists have decoded brain signals at nearly the speed of perception. Further, analysis of patients' neural responses to two categories of visual stimuli - images of faces and houses - enabled the scientists to subsequently predict which images the patients were viewing, and when, with better than 95 percent accuracy.
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Big Memory
 
Memory Capacity of Brain Is 10 Times More Than Previously Thought

Data from the Salk Institute shows brain’s memory capacity is in the petabyte range, as much as entire Web

Salk researchers and collaborators have achieved critical insight into the size of neural connections, putting the memory capacity of the brain far higher than common estimates. The new work also answers a longstanding question as to how the brain is so energy efficient and could help engineers build computers that are incredibly powerful but also conserve energy.

“This is a real bombshell in the field of neuroscience,” says Terry Sejnowski, Salk professor and co-senior author of the paper, which was published in_* eLife*. _“We discovered the key to unlocking the design principle for how hippocampal neurons function with low energy but high computation power. Our new measurements of the brain’s memory capacity increase conservative estimates by a factor of 10 to at least a petabyte, in the same ballpark as the World Wide Web.”

Our memories and thoughts are the result of patterns of electrical and chemical activity in the brain. A key part of the activity happens when branches of neurons, much like electrical wire, interact at certain junctions, known as synapses. An output ‘wire’ (an axon) from one neuron connects to an input ‘wire’ (a dendrite) of a second neuron. Signals travel across the synapse as chemicals called neurotransmitters to tell the receiving neuron whether to convey an electrical signal to other neurons. Each neuron can have thousands of these synapses with thousands of other neurons.

Read the full story>>
http://www.salk.edu/news-release/memory-capacity-of-brain-is-10-times-more-than-previously-thought/

► The paper in eLIFE: Nanoconnectomic upper bound on the variability of synaptic plasticity>>
http://elifesciences.org/content/4/e10778/abstract-1

Image: In a computational reconstruction of brain tissue in the hippocampus, Salk scientists and UT-Austin scientists found the unusual occurrence of two synapses from the axon of one neuron (translucent black strip) forming onto two spines on the same dendrite of a second neuron (yellow). Separate terminals from one neuron’s axon are shown in synaptic contact with two spines (arrows) on the same dendrite of a second neuron in the hippocampus. The spine head volumes, synaptic contact areas (red), neck diameters (gray) and number of presynaptic vesicles (white spheres) of these two synapses are almost identical.
Credit: Salk Institute

#neuroscience, #brain, #memory, #neural_connections, #research
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In a few seconds our brains can play out events that would take hours or days at real time.
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Intelligence. Machine.
 
Numenta What is Machine Intelligence vs. Machine Learning vs. Deep Learning vs. Artificial Intelligence (AI)? New Era of Machine Intelligence
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Human brain connectome (credit: NIH Human Connectome Project) Ever wonder how your brain creates your thoughts, based on everything that's happening around
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Springer Neuroscience's profile photo
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- a new generation of brain-computer technology - low-cost, easy-to-use neurofeedback systems -
Introduction
MindReflector Technologies, LLC, creates EEG brainwave neurofeedback applications, which support positive personal growth and change.

Dr. Thomas Fink (Ph.D) and Tullio DeSantis (MFA) created MindReflector Technologies, LLC in 2011 to develop new brain-computer interface tools to explore and advance human consciousness and to help make the world a better place.

Dr. Thomas E. Fink is a Pennsylvania-licensed psychologist with over 40 years of experience working in the mental health field. 

Tullio DeSantis is an American contemporary artist, writer, and teacher. His work is informed by ancient and contemporary philosophy, science, and the relationship between art and life.