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LegalCrystal

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Wishing you a happy year filled with health, prosperity, love and loads of fun! Happy New Year 2015 
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LegalCrystal

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Supreme Court (Oct 15, 2014) - DNA test the most legitimate and scientifically perfect means for husband to establish his assertion of infidelity - Para 11. The question that has to be answered in this case, is in respect of the alleged infidelity of the appellant-wife. The respondent-husband has made clear and categorical assertions in the petition filed by him under Section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act, alleging infidelity. He has gone to the extent of naming the person, who was the father of the male child born to the appellant-wife. It is in the process of substantiating his allegation of infidelity, that the respondent-husband had made an application before the Family Court for conducting a DNA test, which would establish whether or not, he had fathered the male child born to the appellant-wife. The respondent feels that it is only possible for him to substantiate the allegations levelled by him (of the appellant-wife's infidelity) through a DNA test. We agree with him. In our view, but for the DNA test, it would be impossible for the respondent-husband to establish and confirm the assertions made in the pleadings. We are therefore satisfied, that the direction issued by the High Court, as has been extracted hereinabove, was fully justified. DNA testing is the most legitimate and scientifically perfect means, which the husband could use, to establish his assertion of infidelity. This should simultaneously be taken as the most authentic, rightful and correct means also with the wife, for her to rebut the assertions made by the respondent-husband, and to establish that she had not been unfaithful, adulterous or disloyal. If the appellant-wife is right, she shall be proved to be so.
LegalCrystal Citation : legalcrystal.com/1165663. Court : Supreme Court of India. Judge : JAGDISH SINGH KHEHAR and R.K. AGRAWAL. Decided On : Oct-15-2014. Appellant : Dipanwita Roy. Respondent : Ronobroto Roy. Judgment: “REPORTABLE” IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION ...
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Supreme Court Judgement - National Tax Tribunal Act - entire enactment is declared unconstitutional - Para 91. (i) The Parliament has the power to enact legislation, and to vest adjudicatory functions, earlier vested in the High Court, with an alternative court/tribunal. Exercise of such power by the Parliament would not per se violate the “basic structure” of the Constitution. (ii) Recognized constitutional conventions pertaining to the Westminster model, do not debar the legislating authority from enacting legislation to vest adjudicatory functions, earlier vested in a superior court, with an alternative court/tribunal. Exercise of such power by the Parliament would per se not violate any constitutional convention. (iii) The “basic structure” of the Constitution will stand violated, if while enacting legislation pertaining to transfer of judicial power, Parliament does not ensure, that the newly created court/tribunal, conforms with the salient characteristics and standards, of the court sought to be substituted. (iv) Constitutional conventions, pertaining to constitutions styled on the Westminster model, will also stand breached, if while enacting legislation, pertaining to transfer of judicial power, conventions and salient characteristics of the court sought to be replaced, are not incorporated in the court/tribunal sought to be created. (v) The prayer made in Writ Petition (C) No.621 of 2007 is declined. Company Secretaries are held ineligible, for representing a party to an appeal before the NTT. (vi) Examined on the touchstone of conclusions (iii) and (iv) above, Sections 5, 6, 7, 8 and 13 of the NTT Act (to the extent indicated hereinabove), are held to be unconstitutional. Since the aforesaid provisions, constitute the edifice of the NTT Act, and without these provisions the remaining provisions are rendered ineffective and inconsequential, the entire enactment is declared unconstitutional. ………………………………...CJI. (R.M. LODHA) ……………………………….......J.
(JAGDISH SINGH KHEHAR) ……………………………….......J. 
LegalCrystal Citation : legalcrystal.com/1164851. Court : Supreme Court of India. Judge : CHIEF JUSTICE and JAGDISH SINGH KHEHAR and J. CHELAMESWAR and A.K. SIKRI and ROHINTON FALI NARIMAN. Decided On : Sep-25-2014. Appellant : Madras Bar Association. Respondent : Union of India & Anr. Judgment: ...
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LegalCrystal now supports Supreme Court of the United States cases. Select Court Filter to narrow down search to 'US' 
White v. Woodall NOTE:?Where it is feasible, a syllabus (headnote) will be released, as is being done in connection with this case, at the time the opinion is issued.The syllabus constitutes no part of the opinion of the Court but has been prepared by the Reporter of Decisions for the convenience of the reader.See United States v. Detroit Timber & Lumber Co.,200 U.S. 321. SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES Syllabus WHITE, WARDEN v. WOODALL certi...
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Supreme Court [November 13, 2014] - Dishonour of cheque - Accused acquitted - complainant had no source of income to lend money to the accused - In the present case the complainant and the accused were working as Lecturers in a Government college at the relevant time and the alleged loan of Rs.14 lakhs is claimed to have been paid by cash and it is disputed. Both of them were governed by the Government Servants’ Conduct Rules which prescribes the mode of lending and borrowing. There is nothing on record to show that the prescribed mode was followed. The source claimed by the complainant is savings from his salary and an amount of Rs.5 lakhs derived by him from sale of site No.45 belonging to him. Neither in the complaint nor in the chief-examination of the complainant, there is any averment with regard to the sale price of site No.45. The concerned sale deed was also not produced. Though the complainant was an income-tax assessee he had admitted in his evidence that he had not shown the sale of site No.45 in his income-tax return. On the contrary the complainant has admitted in his evidence that in the year 1997 he had obtained a loan of Rs.1,49,205/- from L.I.C. It is pertinent to note that the alleged loan of Rs.14 lakhs is claimed to have been disbursed in the year 1997 to the accused. Further the complainant did not produce bank statement to substantiate his claim. The trial court took into account the testimony of the wife of the complaint in another criminal case arising under Section 138 of the N.I. Act in which she has stated that the present appellant/accused had not taken any loan from her husband. On a consideration of entire oral and documentary evidence the trial court came to the conclusion that the complainant had no source of income to lend a sum of Rs.14 lakhs to the accused and he failed to prove that there is legally recoverable debt payable by the accused to him. In our view the said conclusion of the trial court has been arrived at on proper appreciation of material evidence on record. The impugned judgment of remand made by the High Court in this case is unsustainable and liable to be set aside. In the result this appeal is allowed and the impugned judgment insofar as the appellant is concerned is set aside and the judgment of acquittal passed by the trial court is restored http://www.legalcrystal.com/caselaw/1170207/supreme-court-of-india-k-subramani
LegalCrystal Citation : legalcrystal.com/1170207. Court : Supreme Court of India. Judge : V. GOPALA GOWDA and C. NAGAPPAN. Decided On : Nov-13-2014. Appellant : K Subramani. Respondent : K Damodara Naidu. Judgment: REPORTABLE IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CRIMINAL ...
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Supreme Court - Not allowing a spouse to have sexual intercourse by his or her partner amounts mental cruelty  - Para 12. Undoubtedly, not allowing a spouse for a long time, to have sexual intercourse by his or her partner, without sufficient reason, itself amounts mental cruelty to such spouse. A Bench of Three Judges of this Court in Samar Ghosh vs. Jaya Ghosh (2007) 4 SCC511has enumerated some of the illustrations of mental cruelty. Paragraph 101 of the said case is being reproduced below...
LegalCrystal Citation : legalcrystal.com/1164490. Court : Supreme Court of India. Judge : SUDHANSU JYOTI MUKHOPADHAYA and PRAFULLA CHANDRA PANT. Decided On : Sep-22-2014. Appellant : Vidhya Viswanathan. Respondent : Kartik Balakrishnan. Judgment: REPORTABLE IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL ...
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Supreme Court (Sep-23-2014) - Wrongful conviction of an innocent person - Cautions against wrongful convictions - Para 27 - It is no doubt true that wrongful acquittals are undesirable and shake the confidence of the people in the judicial system, much worse, however, is the wrongful conviction of an innocent person. The consequences of the conviction of an innocent person are far more serious and its reverberations cannot but be felt in a civilised society. Suppose an innocent person is convicted of the offence of murder and is hanged, nothing further can undo the mischief for the wrong resulting from the unmerited conviction is irretrievable. To take another instance, if an innocent person is sent to jail and undergoes the sentence, the scars left by the miscarriage of justice cannot be erased by any subsequent act of expiation. Not many persons undergoing the pangs of wrongful conviction are fortunate like Dreyfus to have an Emile Zola to champion their cause and succeed in getting the verdict of guilt annulled. All this highlights the importance of ensuring, as far as possible, that there should be no wrongful conviction of an innocent person. Some risk of the conviction of the innocent, of course, is always there in any system of the administration of criminal justice. Such a risk can be minimised but not ruled out altogether. It may in this connection be apposite to refer to the following observations of Sir Carleton Alien quoted on p. 157 of The Proof of Guilt by Glanville Williams, 2nd Edn.:
“I dare say some sentimentalists would assent to the proposition that it is better that a thousand or even a million guilty persons should escape than that one innocent person should suffer; but no responsible and practical person would accept such a view. For it is obvious that if our ratio is extended indefinitely, there comes a point when the whole system of justice has broken down and society is in a state of chaos.” 
LegalCrystal Citation : legalcrystal.com/1164673. Court : Supreme Court of India. Judge : M.Y. EQBAL and PINAKI CHANDRA GHOSE. Decided On : Sep-23-2014. Appellant : Prem Kumar Gulati. Respondent : State of Haryana & Anr. Judgment: IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION ...
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The author tries to make sense of the enigmatic phrases Indian judges have used in their rulings.
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