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Larry press
Works at CSUDH Internet applications, implications & technology, digital literacy, teaching, Internet in developing nations, IT history, old athletes, fitness nut.
Attended University of California, Los Angeles
Lived in Lund, Sweden
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Update to post on FCC recommendation to open the set-top box market -- the battle between industry and the public interest has a long history.
(Scroll to the end of the post(.

Years before the FCC became involved with set top boxes that connect to cable and satellite networks, they were involved with the connectioni of devices to the telephone network.

Until 1956, AT&T succeeded in prohibiting anyone to connect devices to their network -- claiming they might cause damage. That policy was challenged by the Hush-a-Phone, 

would not let users connect anything bu AT&T manufactured phones to their network.

The FCC sided with AT&T in baning the Hush-A-Phone, which users put over the phone so people nearby could not hear what was being said. They succeeded for some time, but were overruled by US Court of Appeals, in 1956.

The claim that a Hush-a-Phone could damage the phone network seemed ludicrous -- it did no more than would cupping one's hand around the phone while talking.

The next challenge was a little more reasonable. The Carterfone enabled one to connect a radio transmitter/receiver to the phone network. It let one patch a short wave radio call into a phone conversation. In 1968, the FCC ruled in favor of the Carterfone and other devices as long as they conformed to the specification of the network.

That opened the path for connecting computers to the phone network, and we soon had acoustic couplers, that cradled the telephone handset in a device that enabled one to connect computers to the network. 

The early terminals that connected to acoustic couplers transmitted and receive data at the rate of 10 characters per second. They gave way to modems that were connected electronically. The early telephone modems ran at 1,200 bits per second and improved over time until modem speeds reached 64kbps.

If the FCC and courts had succeeded in stopping the Hush-A-fone and Cartherphone companies, we might still be purchasing modems from monopoly phone companies and our choices limited to their products. The current disagreement over the open standard set-top box is the latest fight in the war between corporate profit and the public good.

I hope the FCC proposal succeeds, but that will not be the end of the story. The ISPs will try to raise their Internet connectivity charges in order to compensate for lost set-top box revenue. They will be able to do so as long as they remain local monopolies or small oligopolies.

http://cis471.blogspot.com/2014/08/is-fcc-chairman-tom-wheeler-sheep-in.html

#FCC   #ATT   #monopoly  
President Obama appointed Tom Wheeler, who had headed national organizations representing the interests of the cable and wireless telephone industries and lobbied on their behalf, as FCC Chairman. Cynics (and realists) saw that as a payoff for the ISP industry. Comedian John Oliver characterized ...
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Russian scientific paper site Sci-Hub defies an injunction and refuses to shut down.

I tried it out and it was inconsistent and clumnsy to use, but piracy may be the only alternative for poor researchers.
Sci-Hub is a Russian site that seeks to remove barriers to science by providing access to pirated copies of scientific papers. It was established in 2011 by Russian neuroscientist Alexandra Elbakyan, who could not afford papers she needed for her research. She was sued by Elsevier, ...
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Update to post on FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler's surprising support of the public interest. He has requested an open standard for set-top box competition.

Senators Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) and Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.) surveyed the top ten cable and satellite TV providers and found that approximately 99 percent of customers rent their set-top box directly from their pay-TV provider. The rents average $231 per year, which may total more than $19.5 billion annually.

FCC Chairman Wheeler has proposed a regulation requiring the cable and satellite providers to work with hardware and software companies to define a standard television set interface box that would combine the capabilities of their current set-top boxes and Internet interface devices from companies like Roku, Apple and Google.

The new set-top boxes would be capable of displaying video and would offer varying options for copy protection. There would also be a variety of user interfaces and capabilities for discovering video material.

I don't know what the current set-top boxes cost to manufacture, but renting them for $231 per year must be a very profitable enterprise. If this proposal is accepted and an open standard defined, competing vendors will offer a variety of designs at lower prices than we are paying today.

The FCC will vote on the proposal February 18 and, if it passes, there will be a period of public discussion followed by the final regulation followed by product development, so don't expect new, standard set-top boxes to become available over night.

While this scenario would lead to low cost integrated boxes with innovative user interfaces and content-discovery options, don't expect your overall bill to drop. The Internet/video service providers in the US are either local monopolists or near monopolists, and they will make up for lost revenue by increasing prices for content and connectivity. 

#FCC   #Internet   #video  
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Update to post on the role of networked citizen journalism before the Internet

I've added material on Tienanmen Square.

http://cis471.blogspot.com/2011/01/before-twitter-revolutions-there-was.html

#journalism   #internet    #citizenjournalism   #history  
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Update post on Cuban WiFi connectivity
(Scroll to the end of the post).

A second vendor, HablaCuba.com, is now is offering Nauta WiFi recharging online. I wonder how much revenue ETECSA earns from foreign purchase of telephone and WiFi access minutes.

http://laredcubana.blogspot.com/2015/08/cuba-wifi-for-short-run-portable.html

#Cuba   #ICT4D  
Let me start with a look at today's Cuban WiFi, then turn to the question of portable and mobile connectivity in the long run. Nick Miroff has published a Washington Post article on the activity at one of the 35 new WiFi hotspots in Cuba. Here are a few observations from that and other articles ...
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Update to post on roaming in Cuba -- experience getting online in Cuba for Americans and Europeans (Scroll to the end of the post).

Bloomberg editor David Rocks reports that Americans can use Verizon Wireless roaming at a cost of $2.99 per minute for phone calls and $2.05 per megabyte of data. Sprint roaming is $2.49 a minute and $1.99 per megabyte of data. AT&T or T-Mobile users are out of luck.

For people with European cell service, the situation is better. The author was able to use his Vodafone account, The author was able to use voice and data, making voice calls using WhatsApp. He was even able to use his phone as a mobile hotspot and stream YouTube video to his laptop, although most of the time it was too slow for streaming.

http://laredcubana.blogspot.com/2015/09/verizon-roaming-in-cuba-much-ado-about.html

#Cuba   #ICT4d   #Internet   #cellphone  
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Larry press

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Is GPS use erroding our ability to form cognitive maps?

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/05/opinion/sunday/is-gps-all-in-our-head.html

#neuroscience   #psychology   #gps   #memory   
Relying on GPS devices can erode our ability to develop mental maps.
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Update to post on Cuban Internet infrastructure
(Scroll to the end of the post).

I mentioned the assertion by The Foundation for Human Rights that experience with and an openness to surveillance and censorship gave Huawei a competitive advantage against US infrastructure providers to Doug Madory, but he disagreed, saying:

"No not really. There are plenty of companies that offer products that can be used for surveillance and censorship -- see the usage of Blue Coat of Canada in Syria. Huawei is both inexpensive and not western. Those are probably bigger reasons. 

At The Economist event (last December) I spoke with the country manager (of a US firm) for Cuba and he said he was in the room for one of the main presentations from Hauwei to ETECSA. He said Hauwei had brought a dozen engineers and had put a lot of work into their proposal for a telecom build-out. Hauwei wanted this deal very much."

http://laredcubana.blogspot.com/2015/06/a-leaked-etecsa-presentation-on-home.html

#Cuba   #huawei   #ICT4D   #china  
I don't criticize to knock the system down. On the contrary, I criticize to perfect the system. Carlos Alberto Pérez This post has taken several twists and turns. I started out to write a post commenting on an ETECSA PowerPoint presentation on their plan for home Internet connectivity.
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Update to post on home connectivity in Cuba
(Scroll to the end of the post).

The anti-Castro Internet advocacy group Foundation for Human Rights in Cuba has released a post suggesting that the choice of Huawei for the home-access pilot in Old Havana was motivated by Huawei's expertise in censorship and surveillance.

This Old Havana pilot deployment is quite limited, but Huawei is also the equipment vendor for forthcoming DSL home connectivity and the WiFi hotpots.

While the embargo was in effect, Huawei was a logical choice for Internet infrastructure in Cuba, but today, the embargo is not keeping the Cubans from considering offers from US and other competitors. Huawei's experience with and openness to censorship and surveillance may indeed offer them a competitive advantage in Cuba.

http://laredcubana.blogspot.com/2015/06/a-leaked-etecsa-presentation-on-home.html

#Cuba   #ICT4d   #internet   #Huuawei  
I don't criticize to knock the system down. On the contrary, I criticize to perfect the system. Carlos Alberto Pérez This post has taken several twists and turns. I started out to write a post commenting on an ETECSA PowerPoint presentation on their plan for home Internet connectivity.
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Is something better than nothing in this case?
 
India has banned free mobile programs that allow Internet access to only certain services, a strategy employed by Facebook with its Free Basics project that was called antithetical to net neutrality.
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Update to year end report of the ETECSA president -- another press conference 
(Scroll to the end of the post).

ETECSA officals held a press conference yesterday. Here is some of what they said. (My comments are in parenthesis).

At the end of the year there were 3.3 million mobile accounts. (Mobile Internet access is primarily used for personal communication and entertainment, not content creation or productivity applications).

They acknowledge and are working on peak load problems.

Rates have been reduced. (But they remain high enough to create a digital divide within Cuba).

They cautioned that the Old Havana pilot study was only a trial.

There are now agents selling telecommunication cards and recharge coupons (but not satellite access, which US operators are now allowed to provide).

They acknowledged that some of the public access hotspots were in inappropriate locations.

100 cellular base stations will be upgraded from 2G to 3G during the first half of 2016. (How many base stations are there alltogether, what percent of the population will have 3G coverage at their homes and offices and why 3G)?

They will establish 80 new public WiFi hotspots this year and offer a variety of handsets for sale. (Is ETECSA the sole vendor for handsets)?

http://laredcubana.blogspot.com/2016/01/year-end-interview-of-president-of.html

#Cuba   #ICT4D   #ETECSA  
Maya Arevich Marín has been president of ETECSA for four years. The following are a few points from a recent year-end interview. Interent access was improved through the rollout of Nauta rooms, WiFi hotpsots and improved connectivity at institutions that are important to the society.
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Have him in circles
5,336 people
Adegbuyi Oluwaseyi's profile photo
jefferson vega garcía's profile photo
Marcia Burnett's profile photo
John Hauer's profile photo
mohammd aloustaz's profile photo
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John Cowart's profile photo
Education
  • University of California, Los Angeles
    BS, 1957 - 1960
  • University of California, Los Angeles
    MBA, 1963 - 1964
  • University of California, Los Angeles
    PhD, 1964 - 1966
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Introduction
Larry Press, Professor of Information Systems at California State University, Dominguez Hills, has worked in both industry and academia. He has been on the faculties of the University of Lund, Sweden and the University of Southern California, and worked for IBM and the System Development Corporation. 

He has consulted to over 40 industrial, government and non-governmental organizations including IBM, Apple, Philips, Sony, Hyundai, RAND, the World Bank, ITU, UNDP, USAID and UNCTAD.

He has worked on data processing, multi-processor operating systems, simulation, decision table translation, simulation of concept acquisition, multivariate data analysis, pattern recognition (discriminant analysis), study of problem solving behavior in executives, computer and network applications in education, computer art, teleconferencing, the history of computing and networking, local area networks, expert systems, software import/export, the study of the global diffusion of the Internet, enterprise networking strategy and applications, wireless networking, municipal networking, telecommunication policy, and IT literacy. He is currently creating a modular electronic text and just finished a study of the Internet in Cuba.

Dr. Press has been studying the global diffusion of the Internet, with an emphasis on policy and technology in developing nations, for over twenty years. He and his colleagues developed a framework to characterize the state of the Internet in a nation, and they, and others, have used this framework in many national case studies and surveys.

He has done studies of the Internet in Russia, Cuba, Chile, Nepal, Bangladesh, India, Singapore, and Vietnam. He is currently working on a project in support of Cuban NGOs. This work has been supported by Rand, The International Telecommunication Union, SAIC, UNDP, UNCTAD, and the US State Department as well as governments in studied nations. Dr. Press was also an organizer and instructor in the World Bank/Internet Society workshops, which trained over 2,500 networking leaders from nearly every developing nation.

Dr. Press has been active in ACM and the Internet Society, published over 240 articles and reports (54 in ACM publications), written two books, edited two book series, and been an editor or contributing editor for several magazines, trade publications and academic journals. He is an active electronic publisher with several blogs, a Twitter stream and a Web site with over 45,000 files. 

He has received the CSUDH Outstanding Professor, Distinguished Teacher and Hyundai Outstanding Professor awards, his MBA and PhD in information processing are from UCLA, and he is a fitness nut who does an occasional triathlon and is a better free throw shooter than Shaquille O'neal.
Bragging rights
Maybe the only person who was *really good* at wiring unit record machine boards and has an AWS server account.
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  • CSUDH Internet applications, implications & technology, digital literacy, teaching, Internet in developing nations, IT history, old athletes, fitness nut.
    Professor, 1986 - present
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Lund, Sweden - Los Angeles, california, USA - Pasadena, california, USA - Altadena, california, USA - Prairie Village, Kansas, USA
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Larry press's +1's are the things they like, agree with, or want to recommend.
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