Perched high on a top stands the previous and majestic city of CORTONA, which may be clearly seen all told its splendour even from afar: a rare attribute for a Tuscan city.
The ancient hamlets area unit in reality placed high on a hill from wherever the encompassing lands will be surveyed for miles around. it absolutely was for this reason that Italian villages were sometimes hid from read behind fortress-like walls.
Cortona has been designed in a very fan-shape on consecutive levels thus as to not be hidden by its encompassing walls. in reality simply the alternative is true: the walls appear to draw the amount along and push them upwards, providing guests AN unforgettable initial look. This actually makes the city appear a really engaging place to go to, however before commencing on your tour it's wise to urge to understand a minimum of a number of the most aspects of Cortona's past that characterise its lush culture and art. Cortona boasts very previous Osco-Umbrian and Italian Lucomonia origins (dating back to round the sixth century B.C.).
It was defeated at the hands of the Romans (who known as it Corito) and was then invaded by the Goths throughout the fifth century. Within the thirteenth century it declared itself a free-governing municipality and within the fourteenth century recognised the rule of the cluster of hamlets, which exercised its domination over the neighbour cities.
Cortona's historical centre contains Palazzo Comunale (1241) with its flight of steps leading up to the doorway and an embattled tower, Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo (1250) and Palazzo Pretorio (1268). Within the immediate neck of the woods of the city centre area unit 3 spiritual buildings of note. The eleventh century cathedral of SS.
Maria Assunta, the thirteenth century church of S. Agostino and also the thirteenth century church of S. Francesco, with its spectacular Gothic portal.
All around this district steep roads and streets branch off and promise sudden views on the manner. The sights perpetually modification looking on what building you happen to come back across, whether or not it's from the first Medieval Ages, the thirteenth century or the Renaissance.
A local curiosity area unit the "porte del morto" (the doors of death) which may be found next to the entrances of a number of the medieval palaces.
Narrow in structure and slightly raised off the bottom they were wont to carry coffins in and out of the palaces. AN absolute should throughout your keep may be a visit to the Museo dell'Accademia Etrusca (the Italian Museum) that homes several Italian artefacts from the fifth century B.C. Objects embrace the renowned bronze "lampadario" (chandelier) with the top of Gorgon in its centre and fantastical animal elaborations (satyrs and sirens) and also the very stunning "Musa Polimma", an attractive fresco of Polymnia, the muse of song, believed to be from the Roman amount.
The Museo Diocesano is created from 2 churches designed by Jesuits at the top of the sixteenth century. the foremost renowned work of art housed here is L'Annunciazione" (The Annunciation) by Beato Angelico. At the terribly prime of the city stand 2 spectacular monuments.
The first is that the fourteenth century Santuario di S. Margherita prosecuting officer Cortona (the sanctuary of S. Margherita from Cortona) containing the Gothic spot of the saint herself. The second is that the Fortezza Medicea (or Fortezza del Girifalco), inbuilt 1556 on a rock, from wherever views over the Val di Chiana and Lake battle of Trasimeno will be appreciated. Settled on the outskirts of the city area unit the Italian tombs, called "Tanella di Pitagora" (2nd century B.C.) within the district of Cannaia. There are Italian tombs ad hypogeum from the sixth and seventh centuries B.C. within the neighbourhood of Sodo and also the stunning sixteenth century temple of S. Maria delle Grazie at Calcinaio.
The native culinary art in Cortona is created from straightforward however real dishes. Of specific note area unit the panzanella (summer dish of tomatoes, basil, cucumber, onion and bread), crostini neri, galletto ai carboni (cockerel hard-baked over charcoals) and pici al sugo di ocio.