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Kresy-Siberia
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Dedicated to Poland's citizens' fight for freedom in the Eastern Borderlands and in exile during WW2
Dedicated to Poland's citizens' fight for freedom in the Eastern Borderlands and in exile during WW2

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A Message from the Association of Ukrainians in Poland (Translation by google) on the assault on the camp of the "Magurycz" association


On the night of April 29, in the village of Stara Huta (Narol Commune, Powiat Lubaczowski), there was an assault on the camp of the "Magurycz" Association. President Szymon Modrzejewski and dr Olga Solarz were attacked verbally. They came to Stara Huta to prepare and carry out renovation works at the closed Greek Catholic cemetery.

Five assailants who came by car to the cemetery area shouted in the direction of the camp's participants a slogan such as: "Wypjeć na Ukraę". They threatened to beat the participants of the camp and destroy the "Banderowieza graves". The camp's leadership called on the State Police officers who arrested the perpetrators of the assault.

On behalf of the Union of Ukrainians in Poland, we express the hope that the criminal activity of the perpetrators of the assault will be met with the right reaction of law enforcement and justice.

The camps organized by the "Magurycz" Association have great merits for the renovation of Ukrainian cemeteries in Poland and Polish ones in Ukraine and Georgia. Thanks to the Association's efforts, many individual chapels and tombstones were renovated. Information on this subject is generally available in public space.

In the face of these facts, we consider the attack on the camp of the "Magurycz" association in the village of Stara Huta as a consequence of the escalation of the extreme right of hostility and aggression towards everything Ukrainian. And also for the consequence of the lack of reaction of the state authorities of the Republic of Poland to similar cases that have taken place in Poland in recent years.

The most drastic omissions by the state authorities came about the destruction or desecration in 2015-2017 of several dozen commemorations and Ukrainian graves in the south-eastern voivodships. In no case were the perpetrators found, often due to the fact that they were not sought at all.

We would like to remind you that in particularly outrageous and dangerous for public order events occurred in 2016, when in May grave was desecrated at the Ukrainian Military Cemetery in Pikulice near Przemyśl, and on June 26 in Przemyśl alone, organized militias attacked the annual religious procession, whose destination was precisely Ukrainian Military Cemetery.

This year, the procession will be held on June 3 this year. In the light of events from two years ago, the attack on the camp of the "Magurycz" association The Association of Ukrainians in Poland considers it as an element of a specific preparation for taking further provocations and attacks against the Ukrainian minority in Poland. As well as actions aimed at inter-state Polish-Ukrainian relations.

On behalf of the Ukrainian community in Poland, we call on the Polish authorities to take decisive steps to counteract the implementation of a similar scenario. The forces and environments focused on combating everything Ukrainian and striving to torpedo the good-neighborly relations between Poland and Ukraine, act openly, without concealing their goals and ways of acting. The state apparatus should not have any problems to prevent them.

Warszawa, 30 April 2018.
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Adapted from an article written in 2015 by Dr Nichols Boston, by Wojciech Tobiasiewicz.

On 21 June 1948 when the MV Empire Windrush docked at Tilbury Harbour, as well as the Jamaicans, on board were 66 Polish nationals, the result of a UK government-sponsored scheme to gather Polish nationals scattered across the globe and reunite them with partners and families in the United Kingdom.

In the summer of 1943, some 1400 Poles, mostly women and children, amongst the thousands displaced from Poland by Soviet aggressions during World War II, were transported to Colonia Santa Rosa, a refugee village near the city of León, Mexico. Four governments – Polish, Mexican, British and American – had taken part in the negotiation of their safe haven. The group remained at Santa Maria beyond the end of the war, until, on the 27th of March, 1947, when the British Government passed the Polish Resettlement Act. This legislation granted Polish troops who had contributed to the Allied war effort permanent stay and assistance to integrate in Britain. Additionally, arrangements were made to bring their dependents in exile throughout the world to join them. Into Britain in the late 40’s and early 50’s ships brought in thousands of Poles who qualified.



The Empire Windrush, on its route through Kingston, Jamaica, docked in Mexico to collect 39 adult women, 26 children and one adult male of Polish nationality. Their names, travel details, and certain other particulars are preserved on the ship’s manifest beneath the heading ‘Alien Passengers’, as opposed to ‘British Passengers’, where the vast majority of the vessel’s other occupants were recorded. For example, Stefania Nowak was 28 years of age on 21 June 1948 when she disembarked the MV Empire Windrush at Tilbury Harbour. Her entry is the thousandth of a total 1027. It states her ‘country of last permanent residence’ as Mexico, her ‘country of intended permanent future residence’ as England, and her ‘proposed address in the United Kingdom’ as ‘Shobdon Camp, Near Kingsland, Hereford’. The Polish Resettlement Act 1947, which was Britain’s first mass-immigration legislation designed to enable, not restrict, foreigners’ entry. To absorb the newcomers, the Act provided for the maintenance of these residential camps across England, Scotland, and Wales, of which there were 289.

The addresses Polish passengers aboard the Windrush put down as their future domiciles in the UK read as a virtual index of these camps. Nowak was headed to Shobdon; Jadwiga Dubicka, 43, and her sons Czesław, 15, and Jozef, 11, were en route to Camp Blackshaw in Staffordshire; Anna Jucha, 39, and daughter Janina, 18, were bound for Lynn Park Camp in Aberdeen; Irena Procinska, 46, along with daughter Lucyna, 16, and son, Mieczysław, 17, would go to Roughan Camp, near Bury St. Edmunds; and on and on.

Perhaps the most crucial bit of information to be found on Nowak’s passenger list entry concerns gender. In the column for ‘profession, occupation or calling’ is the curious notation, ‘H.D.’. These initials stood for ‘Household Domestic’, a bureaucratic classification encompassing a variety of roles in the line of servitude, including, as pertained to Nowak, housewife. H.D. appears in the entries of all the Polish women on the manifest. While the Poles were not the only female (and a couple male) passengers aboard the Empire Windrush who were classified in this way, for most of the Poles it was this very designation that secured their admittance to Britain. They were likely the wives of Polish servicemen. In the UK, Nowak was reunited with her husband, 35 year-old Andrzej Nowak.

Most of the Windrush Poles put down roots in the UK and lived out their lives as British citizens. Lucyna Procinska, for example, made her home in Manchester, twice marrying Englishmen. Her brother, Mieczysław, went on to marry a resettled Pole like himself whose first name was the same as his sister’s, and resided in Northamptonshire. For almost as many of the ones who became British, there were others – at least twenty-seven, according to available records – who moved on to Canada or the United States. Amongst this batch was Stefania Nowak. The Nowaks departed Britain on 24 November 1948 for Canada aboard the Empress of France. Their entries on that ship’s passenger list give their ‘last address in the United Kingdom’ as simply ‘c/o War Office, London’. For Stefania’s occupation: ‘Housewife’. She died in Hamilton, Ontario, on 17 December 2012, age 92.

Locating Stefania Nowak and her fellow travellers as historical actors is not only insightful of the immigration measures, like the Polish Resettlement Act, that Britain designed to reconstitute itself after the Second World War. It shows how, owing to those measures, ethnic and racial groups one might not immediately imagine as belonging in the same historical frame – in this case, West Indians and Poles – were continually brought into contact in the immediate post-war years, such as aboard the Empire Windrush.

If you personally know any of the 66 Polish passengers on the Empire Windrush, please contact Nicholas.Boston@lehman.cuny.edu

Nicholas Boston teaches at Lehman College of the City University of New York. He holds a PhD in sociology from the University of Cambridge and is author of The Amorous Migrant: Race, Relationships and Resettlement, forthcoming from Temple University Press.



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we still can't work out why the English Subtitles aren't displaying but hopefully this will still be of interest
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1982-12-31 Zawieszono stan wojenny
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This is recognition:
"Honouring Survivors of WW2 Soviet Deportations with the Siberian Exiles Cross medal.
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Photo
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Presentation on Kresy-Siberia Virtual Museum www.Kresy-Siberia.org in Auckland NZ on 5 May 2012.
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Dear Kresy-Siberia Virtual Museum donors,

Thank you for your generous ongoing support of Kresy-Siberia. Here is our quarterly report on how your donations are being put to work in running and strengthening the Kresy-Siberia Virtual Museum www.Kresy-Siberia.org and our other efforts to research, remember and recognize Poland's citizens fighting for survival and freedom in eastern Poland’s “Kresy” and in forced exile during World War II.

Virtual Museum rebuild urgently required

We have determined that we can no longer delay a full up-grade to our Virtual Museum website to improve online visitor interactions and bring the computer programming up to date. Though this will require an estimate $40,000 or more in investment, it will improve our security against future hacking and ensure the preservation and ongoing health of the Virtual Museum into the future. Please stand by for further updates as our IT team prepares their estimates of the work and costs required.

World-wide discussion group still growing

Our Kresy-Siberia Group discussion group (now hosted on Facebook continues to grow, reaching 1,366 members in June. This friendly and supportive world-wide online community brings together Survivors, Descendants and others interested in learning and sharing these histories. Please refer your friends and family to join the Kresy-Siberia Group at https://www.facebook.com/groups/KresySiberiaGroup.

Student Intern joins us in Warsaw

We are pleased to welcome Katarzyna Podgórska, an Eastern Slavonics student at the University of Warsaw, as an intern for the summer in Warsaw. She will be working primarily on digitising lists of names for the Virtual Museum, including the Polish Navy and the "Iranian Archive 1942-1945" list of birth and baptism registries from 1942-1944, which we described in our last report. Thank you to our member Maciej Czarkowski in Warsaw for agreeing to supervise Kasia’s work.

Polish Airman’s diary translated

As you may recall, in 2015, Tim Bucknall’s tweets attracted an anonymous Swiss donor who agreed to donate £1800 towards the translation of Polish Air Force photographer Sergeant Oswald Krydner’s handwritten wartime diaries. All we had to do was find remaining money required. Thanks to a £500 grant from the Polonia Aid Foundation Trust, we have managed to secure funding to complete this project, and will be creating an online exhibition with the materials as soon as the website is back.

New Survivor Testimonies

Work continues to add to our 800 Survivor Testimony interviews recorded over the past few years. Over the past months we have recorded interviews with Czeszlaw Maryszczak in Cheltenham, Ludwik Kanski in Dorset, Maria Alicja Hartley (Goral) in Birmingham, and Walerian Jaworski in Melksham, Wilts.

If you know of any Surviving Sybiraks, residents of pre-WW2 eastern Poland or WW2 Veterans who can be film interviewed anywhere in the world, please let us know right away at foundation@kresy-siberia.org so that we can arrange to preserve their wartime testimonies while we still can.

2017 Conference planning underway

We are very pleased that an all-volunteer committee has come together to organize our Kresy-Siberia 2017 “Generations Remember” Conference in Warsaw on 15-17 September at the History Meeting House (Dom Spotkan z Historia). Thank you to our members Maciej Czarkowski (coordinator), Marta Czerwieniec, Iwona Krason, Adam Aksnowicz, Grace Nagiecka, Greg Krzeszowski, Dima Panto, Barbara Urbanowicz and our remarkable translator Anastazja Pindor for stepping forward.

The conference will be a great opportunity to meet other members as well as Survivors living in Poland, to hear interesting speakers, and to participate in memorial ceremonies on the September 17 Day of the Sybiraks, anniversary of the 1939 Soviet invasion. Please start making your plans now, and stand by for a detailed program and registration information shortly.

* * *

Thank you again for your generous donations of money, time and materials, which all contribute to the survival and strengthening of Kresy-Siberia’s special mission.

With gratitude and warm regards,
The Kresy-Siberia Foundation team
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Thank you to The Royal British Legion for your steadfast support over many years @PoppyLegion @WestMidsPoppy
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Thanks to @PLinManchester for Speaking at Our #Katyn Commemoration
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