Imagine if there was a way to know which watermelon is sweeter? When is that avocado going to ripen? How many calories, carbs or protein is in that shake? How your plants are doing? What's in those pills your taking? A new low-cost handheld sensor on the market promises all those answers and more, in real time (https://www.consumerphysics.com/myscio/scio). The technology is based on near infrared spectroscopy. How does it work?
Calorific Rays: We all know that a prism can separate ordinary light into the vibrant colors of the rainbow. Back in 1800, musician and astronomer William Herschel wanted to know the temperature of each color. By placing a thermometer with a blackened bulb along the spectrum, he discovered that the red end was warmer than the blue. To his surprise, a thermometer placed just beyond the visible red part of the spectrum was even warmer. He had discovered infrared rays, although he didn't realize it at the time. This is the same heat that you feel when you hold your hand near a fire.
Bond. Covalent Bond. Shaken and Stirred: Chemicals are arrangements of atoms, held together by bonds. You can think of these bonds as tiny springs in motion. They stretch, wiggle, rotate and twist. When they absorb energy, the natural vibrations of bonds increase. Because of quantum mechanical constraints, these increases occur only to discrete energy levels. Different bond types (C-O, or C-H) and different vibration modes result in a series of absorptions at different wavelengths. By looking at which wavelengths of light were absorbed by a compound, we can deduce what types of chemical bonds are in the sample. Absorbances in the near infrared region of the spectrum can be so complex that they give rise to unique fingerprints of different chemicals.
Citizen Science: Spectrometers built with near infrared technology used to be large, expensive and restricted to universities. That's changing! The handheld spectrometer transmits chemical signatures to a smartphone which checks the pattern against a huge library of compounds in the "cloud" and returns the analysis to you within seconds. When you use it, not only will you be learning more about the chemical world around you but you'll also be helping to build a database of knowledge of the stuff around us. Now that's citizen science!
REF: An introduction to near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. A.M.C. Davies. https://www.impublications.com/content/introduction-near-infrared-nir-spectroscopy
GIFS: All gifs are from Wikipedia and are in the public domain.
For the first time, then, we know that in private, British and US government agencies are taking seriously longstanding scientific data showing that a business-as-usual trajectory will likely lead to civilisational collapse within a few decades - generating multiple near-term global disruptions along the way.
The question that remains is: what we are going to do about it?
What's interesting here is an attempt to update the Limits to Growth models with current data and fine tuning the parameter set. LtoG was broadly correct but we can improve it.
With a US election cycle coming up that's likely to set US policy for 8 years, and with the Uk election cycle just started, the question is what are they going to do about this? How will it inform policy?
Some times it feels like the politicians approach is to build a defensible bunker for them and their friends. Maintain business as usual for as long as possible but put civil control mechanisms in place to try and contain the resulting chaos.
"We need to look ahead. Europe was founded on debt forgiveness and investment in the future. Not on the idea of endless penance."
In the context of historical political realignments, Bernie will be as much of a game changer as TR and FDR.
I think this meme puts Bernie Sanders’s platform and this entire movement in a perfect historical perspective. Like Teddy Roosevelt and Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Bernie is also a visionary leader who is daring to take on an entrenched system of greed and destruction that has gone too far. For more historical context, watch Ken Burns’ The Roosevelts: http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/the-roosevelts
TR's Square Deal https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Square_Deal had "the 3 C's": Conservation of natural resources, Control of corporations, and Consumer protection.
FDR's New Deal https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Deal had "the 3 R's": Relief, Recovery, and Reform. That is Relief for the unemployed and poor; Recovery of the economy to normal levels; and Reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression.
Bernie's Real Deal has The 3 E's: Economy, Equality, and Environment roughly based on his 3 central issues https://berniesanders.com/issues/ Income and Wealth Inequality, Getting Big Money Out of Politics, and Climate Change & Environment.
It is important that we understand how significant this is, and frame it properly before the corporate media and conservative propagandists try to define Bernie in a negative light. And you know those attacks will start to happen the moment they realize he is not just a dark horse candidate, but is actually going to win the Democratic nomination.
HT https://www.reddit.com/user/TimArthurScifiWriter for the image design at http://imgur.com/gallery/qEc5u3M/new
HT https://www.reddit.com/user/SockofBadKarma for the 3 E’s concept.
#Bernie2016 #FeelTheBern #TheRealDeal
- metawave mediaSimulation Innovation Strategist, present
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