A brief history of the Internet, and what the future may hold
Yesterday marked the 44th anniversary of the first message sent on the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET), the progenitor to what we know as the Internet. At 10:30 pm on 29 October 1969, a student programmer at UCLA, where Computer Science Professor Leonard Kleinrock (http://goo.gl/oZJcZ
) had established a Network Measurement Center, used a SDS Sigma 7 (http://goo.gl/KNM8wu
) to send a message to the Stanford Research Institute's SDS 940.
From Wikipedia (http://goo.gl/9Z7CgU
):The message text was the word “login”; the “l” and the “o” letters were transmitted, but the system then crashed. Hence, the literal first message over the ARPANET was “lo”. About an hour later, having recovered from the crash, the SDS Sigma 7 computer effected a full “login”.
Initially consisting of only 4 Interface Message Processors (IMPs), the ARPANET grew to 13 by the end of 1970, and to 213 host computers 12 years later in 1981. As a graduate student at UCLA, Google’s Chief Internet Evangelist +vint cerf
contributed to a host-to-host communications protocol for the ARPANET, later co-developing the TCP/IP suite (http://goo.gl/GCj1F3
) with Robert Khan (http://goo.gl/atwQAM
) while at Stanford University in the mid 1970’s.
Today, Cerf continues to help shape the technology and impact of the Internet by identifying technologies that support the development of Internet-based products and services. On November 19th, Cerf will deliver the keynote at the Federal Trade Commission’s Internet of Things Workshop (http://goo.gl/LT0PrX
), a workshop focused on the “opportunities and challenges for consumers related to the growing number of Internet-connected devices that touch their lives”.
Free and open to the public, the workshop serves as a forum for academics, industry professionals, and consumer advocacy groups to explore issues surrounding the increasing prevalence of everyday devices that communicate with the internet, and each other.
The Internet has progressed enormously, from sending a single “login” message between two computers 44 years ago, to today’s system of interconnected networks that serves billions of people.
We are interested in hearing what your predictions are for the next
44 years of the Internet, in the comments below!