“There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved.”
The Sage of Down House
Born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, on this date in 1809, English naturalist Charles Robert Darwin.
Historically the most recognized proponent of evolution, his world-changing "On the Origin of Species"
is only one of a number of publications, some of which detailed his research on emotions, coral reefs, orchids, and, yes, earthworms.
Darwin’s ‘theory’ is in reality five separate laws:
Evolution as such. ...
Common descent. ...
Multiplication of species. ...
Numerous critics have not only accused Darwin of inventing and promoting a godless idea, but also of having plagiarized the work of others. Darwin never claimed to have ‘discovered’ evolution, and he was meticulous about citing references and resources. His genius was the result of close observation, intense scrutiny, the many experiments he conducted, and his ability to bring together the pieces of a puzzle found not just by himself but by his contemporaries and those who preceded him.
It is generally believed that Darwin was an atheist, but, for much of his life, he professed deism, and had, in his youth, studied for the clergy. In later years, he was a self-described agnostic.
Darwin is buried in Westminster Cathedral.
Should you be at all interested in knowing what Darwin, not his critics or proponents, said, I suggest linking to: http://www.literature.org/authors/darwin-charles/the-origin-of-species/index.html
where you may easily access and peruse any chapter of the third edition of On the Origin of Species.
All of Darwin's publications and manuscripts, along with biographical information, may be found at -
The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online:http://darwin-online.org.uk/