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Jill Studholme
Attended University of Manchester
Lived in Manchester
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Jill Studholme

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Beautiful artwork 
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Jill Studholme

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Interesting article by Ken Thompson in the Telegraph touching the evolution of seaweeds. Brown seaweeds "kidnapped" a red alga and its chloroplasts, then used them to build a big photosynthetic organism.

Animals and plants are eukaryotes (organisms whose cells contain nuclei, unlike bacteria, which don’t). Eukaryotes themselves never evolved the ability to photosynthesise – they simply “borrowed” the ability by engulfing a photosynthetic bacterium, which eventually became a chloroplast. This crucial event happened only once in the entire history of life, somewhere around a billion years ago. The direct line of descent from this event branched a very long time ago. One branch became the green plants, while the other became the red seaweeds, so there’s a very good argument for calling red seaweeds plants; not only are they large and photosynthetic, they’re even related (distantly) to green plants.

In another part of the evolutionary forest altogether, unrelated to green plants, animals and fungi, in fact unrelated to anything you’ve ever heard of, another group of organisms acquired chloroplasts “second hand” by kidnapping a red alga, and then used them to build a big photosynthetic organism. These are the brown seaweeds

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/gardening/problem-solving/ken-thompson-what-makes-a-plant-a-plant/
In an episode of the Radio 4 science/comedy chat show The Infinite Monkey Cage, Brian Cox asked plant biologist Professor Jane Langdale “
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Lovely colors!!!
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Jill Studholme

General Discussion  - 
 
Scientists urge divers to remove lionfish in the Mediterranean Sea

Lionfish have begun invading the Med - they have already colonised the south coast of Cyprus.

Lionfish spawn every four days, year-round, producing around two million floating eggs a year. These travel with water currents for about a month before they settle. They can spread very quickly and prompt action by divers and fishermen is all that will prevent them from spreading further.

The fish have very few predators, although large grouper will sometimes eat them.

When out of their own Red Sea environment, lionfish become a serious threat to the diversity of their foreign home. Research in the Bahamas showed that lionfish caused reductions of up to 80% in the recruitment of native fishes on experimental reefs.

Photo credit: Tim Nicholson
More at http://news.scubatravel.co.uk/lionfish-invasion-mediterranean-sea-cyprus-colonised.html
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+Per-Erik Einerth They are beautiful in their own Red Sea environment.They cause lots of damage where they are not native though because they eat so many fish, have practically no predators in their new areas and are very successful at reproducing. They have reduced the population of of small native reef fishes by up to 95% at some invaded sites.
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More fish in Indonesia shark sanctuary
Good news for Indonesia’s shark sanctuary: sharks and other fish are more abundant within zones with fishing restrictions according to a new study. Bad news for the people who fish for a living – they sometimes turned to crime to make ends meet.

Vanessa Jaiteh examined the impact of no-take zones on both sharks and people inside a recently established shark sanctuary along the coastal area of Raja Ampat, Indonesia. Working with local scientists from The Nature Conservancy, she measured the abundance of sharks and other fishes within two no-take zones (where fishing was prohibited) and one open access zone where fishing for sharks and other species continued unabated. The no-take zones were established by Misool Eco Resort in partnership with local communities with traditional land and sea rights to the area. Predictably, abundance levels for all fishes – mackerels, tunas, snappers, groupers and sharks – were much higher in the no-take zones when compared to the open access area.

The second phase of the study – an examination of perceptions and behavioral changes in people from coastal communities – revealed that most people living outside Raja Ampat, but travelling to fish in this regency, were unsure of why sharks were being protected. In interviews conducted with people simultaneously with field surveys on sharks and fish, respondents felt that government agencies were not considering their dependence on fishing for existence. Also, participants in the survey indicated that fishing closures not only forced them to shift their activities to unprotected areas, but also prompted some to engage in illicit activities such as the trafficking of illegal petrol.

“In some areas, ecotourism centered on sharks and coral reefs actually provides a livelihood alternative to fishing,” said Jaiteh. “However, we now realize that it also may be shifting fishing pressure to other areas and promoting illegal activity. Only a multi-dimensional effort focused on both protection of sharks and livelihood security will achieve sustainable results, with benefits to both overharvested marine life and coastal fishing communities.”
http://news.scubatravel.co.uk/shark-sanctuary-indonesia.html
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+DiverTrek Good idea
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I really like these underwater paintings by +Linda E. Ryan. She demonstrates how she creates them by pouring paint at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNeztQBoMcI
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+Jill Studholme Yes I did. Very impressive results. It seems easy, as it looks for anyone who masters their art or sport, but I could never do it :-) Have a good day.
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Love the free courses you can get from Universities around the world now. This looks like being a good one Sharks! Global Biodiversity, Biology and Conservation. From Cornell and the University of Queensland.
http://news.scubatravel.co.uk/free-online-shark-course.html
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Wow 👍👌👏
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Jill Studholme
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Underwater Photos and Videos  - 
 
Anyone entering the Ocean Art 2016 Underwater Photography Contest? http://news.scubatravel.co.uk/underwater-art-photography-contest-2016-now-open.html
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Latest issue of SCUBA News (ISSN 1476-8011) now up
http://www.scubatravel.co.uk/scuba-news195.html
In this issue: interview with the author of Careers in Scuba Diving, the two sides of diving the Dominican Republic, the successful lionfish, where to dive in the Maldives and the roundup of the most interesting underwater news and research.
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The travelling nudibranchs
 
If they had sailing skills like these, Nemo and Dory wouldn’t keep losing each other...
Unlike most other nudibranchs, which are restricted to the sea floor, Fiona pinnata travels the oceans by hitching a ride on anything that passes
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Lionfish begin invasion into Mediterranean Sea: Cyprus already colonised
According to evidence from scuba divers and fishermen, lionfish have recently increased in abundance and within just one year have penetrated almost the entire south eastern coast of Cyprus.

The authors of a new report into the Mediterranean lionfish, published in Marine Biodiversity Records, are urging divers and fishermen to remove the lionfish when they see them.

Lionfish feed on a variety of fish and crustaceans, with large individuals preying almost exclusively on fish. They can live for 15 years.

Lionfish spawn every four days, year-round, producing around two million floating eggs a year. These travel with water currents for about a month before they settle.

When out of their own Red Sea environment, lionfish become a serious threat to the diversity of their foreign home. Research in the Bahamas showed that lionfish caused reductions of up to 80% in the recruitment of native fishes on experimental reefs.

More at
http://news.scubatravel.co.uk/lionfish-invasion-mediterranean-sea-cyprus-colonised.html

Original research at
A lionfish (Pterois miles) invasion has begun in the Mediterranean Sea, Demetris KletouEmail author, Jason M. Hall-Spencer and Periklis Kleitou. Marine Biodiversity Records 2016 9:46
http://mbr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s41200-016-0065-y
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they are so pretty though
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Jill Studholme
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Marine Life  - 
 
Nearly 100 of the world's 500 shark species are found around Cuba

The Cuban government is currently developing new measures to both protect the most vulnerable species and guard against overfishing of all shark species in Cuban waters.

More on diving Cuba: http://www.scubatravel.co.uk/americas/cuba-diving.html
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'Zombie corals' pose new threat to world's reefs writes Damian Carrington in today's Guardian newspaper.

Zombie corals, which look healthy but cannot reproduce, have been discovered by researchers, dashing hopes that such reefs could repopulate areas destroyed by bleaching.

Part of the problem is aerosol sunscreen,

The places with the heaviest tourism had the most severe damage to coral reproductive capability.

Oxybenzone, a common UV-filtering compound in sunscreen, kills coral but also causes DNA damage in adult coral and deforms the larval stage, making normal development unlikely.

The research also showed the toxic effects to coral, sea urchin embryos, shrimp larvae, and fish larvae exposed to preservatives, UV absorbers and microbeads from personal care products.

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/jun/22/zombie-corals-pose-new-threat-to-worlds-reefs
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wow beautiful nature
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Jill's Collections
Story
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Writing on the marine environment and scuba diving
Introduction
Some days writing on scuba diving and the marine environment, others on data acquisition & control.

Edits SCUBA News (ISSN 1476-8011) which launched in May 2000. SCUBA News contains articles on diving destinations; features a marine "creature of the month" and brings news on events and research in the diving, marine life and other underwater fields. Tweets as @SCUBANews and contributes to the SCUBA Travel Facebook page. Also editor of the SCUBA Travel web site.


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Previously
Manchester - Ashbourne
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  • University of Manchester
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Jill Studholme's +1's are the things they like, agree with, or want to recommend.
Jean-Marc Luna (juancaramel)
www.circlecount.com

The CircleRank of Jean-Marc Luna (juancaramel) is 8679! In France the CircleRank is even 34! Jean-Marc Luna (juancaramel) says 'Geek de camp

Timing+
timing.minimali.se

Easily see the best time for you to post on Google+ for the greatest impact.

Retail Sensing
plus.google.com

Leading the way in video capture people counting around the world

Why Count People? What are the benefits for Bars, Shops...? | Video Turn...
videoturnstile.com

People Counting Systems » Who Counts People? Who Counts People and Why? Video Turnstile People Counter. Many companies benefit from counting

Beautiful Close-Up Underwater Photos of Luminous Sea Creatures - PetaPixel
petapixel.com

Photographer Joshua Lambus has put together a beautiful series of photographs showing luminous creatures of the deep glowing with light agai

Amazing Sea Butterflies Are the Ocean’s Canary in the Coal Mine
blogs.smithsonianmag.com

These delicate and stunning creatures are offering Smithsonian scientists a warning sign for the world's waters turning more acidic

Making Google Plus Work for You | A Culinary Journey With Chef Dennis
www.askchefdennis.com

If you want to know why Google Plus doesn't seem to work for you, I'll give you 12 good reasons.

GISCafe -
www10.giscafe.com

April 19, 2013 -- Windmill Software is pleased to announce new software for easy data logging and control with Excel. Called Windmill Real T

Google+ Platform — Google Developers
developers.google.com

Access public Google+ social graph info, build Hangout apps, and more.

Manatees - Photo GalleryPhotogallery - National Geographic Magazine
ngm.nationalgeographic.com

We swim with it when legal, tune to its radio station, ponder its fate.

SCUBA Travel
plus.google.com

Everything Scuba Diving from the SCUBA Travel dive guide

9 marketing strategies you must stop using -- now - iMediaConnection.com
www.imediaconnection.com

Antonio, thank you for clarifying. I was referring to Blue Martini & Broadvision platforms in my article, as examples of overly complicated

Wireless Devices Track Movements of Ocean-Going Creatures
www.azosensors.com

For most people, the sea is a deep, dark mystery. That is changing, though, as scientists find innovative ways to track the movements of oce

Kidnapped Brits Freed, according to Egyptian TV - SCUBA News
news.scubatravel.co.uk

According to reports on Egyptian State TV, police have just announced that the two Britons who were kidnapped in Egypt have been freed.

Bedouin Kidnap 2 Tourists on route to Sharm El-Sheikh - SCUBA News
news.scubatravel.co.uk

Tribesmen have kidnapped two British tourists on route from Cairo to Egypt's diving resort of Sharm el-Sheikh. The kidnappers are reported t

Island Safari 1
www.scubatravel.co.uk

The crew was great and I would definitely dive with them again.

Harlequin Shrimp eats Starfish Alive
news.scubatravel.co.uk

Exquisitely patterned Harlequin Shrimp eats starfish alive: starfish takes days to die.

SCUBA News (ISSN 1476-8011): Issue 153, February 2013 | SCUBA Travel
www.scubatravel.co.uk

In this issue: Comparing diving qualifications: PADI, BSAC, NAUI, etc; diving East Timor, Sardinia and Jordan; article by Samantha Craven, c