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Jean-Baptiste Pichancourt
Works at CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, Australia
Attended University of Rennes (France)
Lives in Brisbane (QLD, Australia)
1,619 followers|402,053 views
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human/nature relationship: Can art inspire conservation? can conservation inspire art?

In 2009, a fantastic exhibition was presented at the Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego to help artists from around the globe answer these 2 key questions. Artists Responding to a Changing Planet was a pioneering artist residency and collaborative exhibition project that, for the first time on this scale, used contemporary art to investigate the changing nature of some of the most biodiverse regions on earth and the communities that inhabit those regions.

Through harnessing the power of art, the artists and organizers build global support for the protection of environmental biodiversity, and to create a new model promoting conservation worldwide. The project addressed many themes, including: the relationship between the natural environment and human culture; assumptions about the value of preserving biological and cultural diversity; and global exploration and exchange.
you can check the summary, photos of art-pieces and films by following the link below:

http://www.artistsrespond.org/about/

Hashtags:
#bioculturaldiversity  
#art  
#minchizu  
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Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions (FRLHT).  India has one of the richest and oldest, unbroken bio-cultural heritage related to medicinal plants. FRLHT is engaged in one of the most comprehensive efforts being implemented in India to 'conserve' medicinal plants with their associated historical and cultural heritage. Its work is supported through a bilateral aid agreement between the Government of India and DANIDA. FRLHT is concerned not only with the question of cultural diversity heritage, but also its associated biological diversity in natural habitats. The long term goal of the centre is to act as a vehicle to promote medicinal plant conservation and in turn help revive health care traditions. 

With the growing interest in this type of   #bioculturaldiversity  heritage across the globe, a facility located in the FRLHT campus in Bangalore has been constructed to help authenticate the identity of medicinal plants, especially in the form of a repository of the natural resources. This centre named "Biocultural herbarium" is a one-stop information related to plants and currently holds about 40,000 accessions pertaining to more than 3,200 medicinal plants collected from across various bio-geographic regions of India. A unique feature of this herbarium is its easy accessibility both to the scientific community and the layman which has been achieved through linking the cultural information pertaining to vernacular names, local uses and classical uses of plants to the herbarium database.

The centre also has a repository of raw drugs collected directly from the botanical source and samples. The herbarium and raw drug repository is supported with an image library that currently possesses over 20,000 images. Dr Noorunnisa Begum, curator of the Herbarium says “Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants and their utilisation is increasingly being realised and put to use by modern medicine”.

Location of the Biocultural Herbarium:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/112150304969445503247/about

References:
~ REF2: Link to FRLHT website http://envis.frlht.org/
~ REF2: Link to explanation of importance of the project on the UN university website: http://www.ias.unu.edu/sub_page.aspx?catID=9&ddlID=2026

#BCLS   #medicinalplants   #India   #Culture   #Conservation #Minchizu  
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How lucky are they as a culture?!
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Hey NGOs on BCLS: The last issue of #Langscape  is out!!!!  For new members here, Langscape is a periodic journal edited by +Terra Lingua, the largest NGO  specialised on the conservation of #BioculturalDiversity  and  headed by Dr.  +Luisa Maffi

For this issue #13, +kierin mackenzie is the guest editor and is developing ideas around how "biocultural heritages" can be utilized with science/innovation in order to ensure their and our continuing existence?

You can follow the link below to download the pdf for free, or to order a soft-print for US$25. 

Content description:
~ What is “Biocultural Heritage” and “Biocultural Innovation”? 
Krystyna Swiderska  .....13

~ Wisdom Hotspots
Palma Vizzoni challenges our world view on sustainabilty, and
enlightens us on the possibility that not knowing may be the key to
innovation .......... 20

~   A Global Support Network for Environmental Changemakers ............ 28
~ Aho: That Which Binds by Marques Hanalei Marzan ....42

~ Dancing Between the Worlds of Art, Culture and Innovation
by Mark Gauti .... 46

~ Keeping Tribal Culture Alive in the 21st Century: It’s Hard – And it’s Good, Interview with Julian Galarza, Sr. (Yokaia Boka), by Jeanine Pfeiffer .... 50

~ Created on the Columbia River, Interview with Ray Gardner, Chair of the Chinook Nation, by Alison M. Jones  .... 54

~ Sense of Place: Using New Media to Share Traditional Stories, by
Maeva Gauthier & Maria Acemah  .... 58

~ Old and New Traditions through the Collective Mujeres y Maiz Criollo in Chiapas, Mexico, by Hilary King .... 62

~ Teaching through Tradition, by Ajuawak Kapashesit .... 66

~ Ang Halaman Doon ay Sari-sari ‘The Plants There are Many Different Kinds’ , by Emerson Lopez Odango .... 68

~ Business Paradigms and Transitions: A Panel Discussion, by Palma Vizzoni, Donna Morton, Shaun Paul, Ortixia Dilts, Kierin Mackenzie ..... 72
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Thank you very much +Jean-Baptiste Pichancourt 
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Jean-Baptiste Pichancourt
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Scientific Literature  - 
 
Interesting post by +Aaron Woodruff on a book that describes the role of human species in conserving some species with particular functional traits, whose propagation depended on past mega-herbivores (killed by hominid species). Cultural preferences are now driving partly evolution and viability of these species.
#BCLSevolution  
 
Evolutionary anachronism: (in plants) attributes that evolved as an interaction with animals that are now extinct.

Avocados co-evolved with ground sloths and gomphotheres, the only animals in the region large enough to safely ingest and disperse their seeds. They continue to thrive mainly because we have been farming them for thousands of years.
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Wow congrats +Jean-Baptiste Pichancourt :-) Sounds like we have things to catch up. Maybe we could work together again too ! Cheers mate and merry xmas. Tom
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“That’s what opening day is for:” Biocultural dimensions of (not) fishing for salmon in Cook Inlet, Alaska (Loring & Harrison, 2013).
      Commercial fishing represents an important cultural and economic cornerstone in the lives and livelihoods of the people of the Cook Inlet/Kenai Peninsula region of Alaska. Here, the authors discuss one aspect of commercial salmon fishing that they have found to be of particular social and cultural significance: the opening day. On the opening day, salmon are not as abundant as they will be later in the year, and as such this first chance to put nets in the water provides an opportunity for fishers to test their gear, train their crew, and renew important social connections with other fishers. The opening day also acts as an important and symbolic rite of passage for many fishers who fish seasonally and, despite working for the rest of the year in a variety of trades nevertheless consider fishing to be their primary occupation and identity. However, such ‘human dimensions’ are often not well accounted for by fisheries management regimes, and Alaska’s management of commercial salmon fisheries, which is done primarily with directed openings and closures, provides a case-in-point. The authors discuss the possible cumulative impacts of repeatedly losing the opening day to the long-term sustainability of the fishery and fishing communities, including contributions to the ongoing “greying of the fleet” trend. Using a framework for social well-being they argue for a more holistic approach to management that improves both ecological and societal outcomes by incorporating these human dimensions into ecosystem-based fisheries management.

Reference (open Access)
Loring, P. A., & Harrison, H. L. (2013). “That’s what opening day is for:” social and cultural dimensions of (not) fishing for salmon in Cook Inlet, Alaska. Maritime Studies, 12(1), 12. http://www.maritimestudiesjournal.com/content/12/1/12/

Photography
Fishing Boat checking lines at Sunset - Ⓒ Greg Daniels / Accent Alaska - http://www.alaska-in-pictures.com/cook-inlet-fishing-boat-5745-pictures.html

Tags
#Minchizu  
#BioculturalDiversity  
#BCLSmarine  
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Handing back the past: a journey to Martu country with old ethno-ecological photos of animal and plants - 'Handing back the past' is a film that tells the story of CSIRO ethno-ecologist,  Fiona Walsh, returning to Martu country in remote Western Australia to repatriate old ethno-ecological photographs and records. Fiona Walsh, had worked with Martu in the 1980s and 90s to record this knowledge and this film tells the story of their return twenty years later. The project's purpose was to repatriate and revitalise old ethnoecological photos, records and a database which contain information on plant and animals species of importance to Martu people.

Martu plant knowledge is being revitalised by Martu rangers and the wider community in part through the use of touch pads, on-country trips, plant collecting exercises and inter-generational discussions. The video was produced in order to communicate the project in a more accessible way for Martu people. The Martu plants and animals photograph collection, which is now held by KJ, is the most comprehensive collection in desert Australia.

Location of Parnngurr in the Martu Land:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/117625820620858254348/about

Film featuring:
Jimmy Williams, Sonia Williams, Lindsay Robinson, Fiona Walsh, Kanyirninpa Jukurrpa rangers, About 90 Martu residents of Parnngurr and other Martu settlements

Film credits:
The firm was produced as part of a co-investment project between CSIRO, Rangelands NRM Western Australia, the Martu cultural and natural heritage organisation, Kanyirninpa Jukurrpa (KJ). Photographed and filmed on Martu country. The video complements a research report about the return and revival of archival materials, available on request from Fiona Walsh. It evolved from a student video production project and was made in collaboration with Martu. Photographer, writer, director, producer: Fiona Walsh. Editor and post production: David Nixon.
Published and distributed by Kanyirninpa Jukurrpa.
Duration: 40 mins. © 2012 Fiona Walsh 

Tags:
#Ethnoecology   #BioculturalDiversity   #BCLS   #Minchizu  
#Australia   #Aborigenes   #TraditionalEcologicalKnowlegde   #TEK  
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Bonsoir JB, well I guess it must be day time for you!! How are you? About your suggestion for the pic, what kind would you like? (Landscape, traditional activity, natural resource). I am afraid that I am not able to add the coordinates, so you would need to help me with this, as suggested. Thanks  JB, Bernadette
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The Inextricable links between Biodiversity, diversity of vector-borne diseases, diversity of Taboo species and diversity of Health issues - Very interesting seminar @ the +GundInstitute by Christopher Golden-PhD, MPH, Director-HEAL(Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages) Harvard School of Public Health. Christopher is presenting his current work on the relation between #biodiversity conservation and public #health across the world. One of the most striking result he found was in Madagascar IMO (video between 16:45 and 23:50). In this   Makira-Masoala watershed, he found that a higher biodiversity was negatively correlated with the presence of pathogens spread by animal vectors. He also found that many Malagasy groups have developed a traditional ecological knowledge #TEK  around a diversity of taboo species that are vectors for these pathogens. Furthermore, he shows that the prevalence of each taboo species across the Malagasy population seems to be proportional with the health risk spread by the taboo species. To wrap up this nice Malagasy case, The work by Christopher suggests that there "may be" causal #biocultural links (through positive and negative correlations): between biodiversity conservation, the spread of a diversity of diseases through animal vectors, the diversity of taboo species, and the diversity of diseases experienced by local people.
Christopher presents other nice examples in other countries. Definitely worth watching. Enjoy!

Location
https://plus.google.com/u/0/100998209743678785788/about

#Minchizu   #bioculturaldiversity       #Conservation   #BCLS   #BCLShealth   
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This is exactly what the article I'm writing right now is focused on!! Thanks for sharing. I will watch the video now :) 
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How can local knowledge be effectively incorporated into international assessments?

The importance of local, traditional and indigenous knowledge in decision-making processes on biodiversity and natural resources management is gaining momentum among the science-to-practice community. However, national and international assessments are not incorporating it systematically. For example the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA), the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) all focus almost exclusively on conventional scientific knowledge. The solution could be the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), an international forum determined to do better than its predecessors on incorporating different types of knowledge.

"We see clear benefits of incorporating local and traditional knowledge together with conventional scientific knowledge in decision-making processes, but in order to do so successfully we need to establish clear processes of how to include such knowledge," says centre researcher Maria Tengö during an interview at The Stockholm Resilience Centre.

In a paper recently published in the Conservation journal published by +Fauna & Flora International, centre phd-student Jamila Haider, +Jamila Haider  together with colleagues  (Sutherland et al.,2014), do precisely this and outline a way of recognizing and integrating local and scientific knowledge together for improving conservation decision-making .

Read more about this story directly on the website of the Stockholm Resilience Centre here: http://www.stockholmresilience.org/5.3186f824143d05551ad357.html

Request directly the paper to +Jamila Haider 

References:
William J. Sutherland, Toby A. Gardner, L. Jamila Haider, and Lynn V. Dicks (2014). How can local and traditional knowledge be effectively incorporated into international assessments? Oryx 48:1 doi:10.1017/S0030605313001543

Tags
#TraditionalEcologicalKnowledge  
#EcologicalAnthropology  
#BCLSanthropology  
#Biocultural  
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Got hold of the paper and shared. Wonderful work. Spot on for our needs. Thanks, all. 
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Positions: Environmental History, Nalanda Univ., rank open. Established by the Government of India in 2010, Nalanda University (NU) is an international post graduate, Liberal Arts and Social Science University based in Rajgir, Bihar, with the mandate to be a global center for academic excellence. It succeeds the ancient University established in the 5th CE with a large student population from China, Korea, Japan and India. NUs establishment has been welcomed and supported by the participating countries of the East Asia Summit.

The University will commence its academic programme in August 2014 at Rajgir, Bihar with the School of Ecology and Environment Studies and the School of Historical Studies. The University will have a student body from across the world that will represent the best in their field.

The focus areas for the School of Ecology and Environment Studies are: human ecology, hydrology/hydro ecology, disaster management, agriculture  and food, climate change and energy studies. The areas for the School of Historical Studies are: global history, Asian connections, archaeology, art history and economic history.

Specialization in the areas listed for both Schools will be desirable.

Nalanda University invites applications for its inaugural Faculty, in both Schools for the posts of Dean, Professor, Associate Professor and Assistant Professor.

The University seeks outstanding teacher-scholars who are committed to innovative teaching, curriculum development and superior research. Faculty members will also be required to mentor students and supervise theses at the Master, M.Phil and Doctoral level. Candidates for all positions must have a Ph.D. In the case of Assistant Professor submission is a prerequisite for being hired. All candidates should have a distinguished record of University level teaching, high quality research and publications in prestigious journals for appointment at the various levels in the Schools. They must also demonstrate their commitment to promote interdisciplinary teaching, undertake scholarly research and publication, and engage in service to the Schools and the University.

For information about the university and complete details of the positions please visit the website: http://www.nalandauniv.edu.in

Salary, benefits, and leave policies will be commensurate with qualifications and experience. Salary will be internationally competitive. The University is supportive of the needs of dual career couples.

Deadline: 25 January 2014.

Review of applications/nominations will begin from early January 2014 and will continue until the posts are filled. The University may invite applications from accomplished scholars.


Contact:
jobs@nalandauniv.in

Website: www.nalandauniv.edu.in
Primary Category: Environmental History / Studies

Secondary Categories: Social Sciences

Posting Date: 12/17/2013
Closing Date 03/17/2014

#BCLShistory  
#environmentalhistory  
#Job  
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A PhD position is currently available to work with us and other partners on a project examining carbon plantings in Australia in order to determine the best approaches for designing future environmental plantings for the cobenefits of Carbon sequestration…
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Hi +Jean-Baptiste Pichancourt, you're welcome post this to the Jobs tab on the LinkedIn Biodiversity Professionals LinkedIn group which has 11,000+ members. 
http://www.linkedin.com/groups?gid=3667510
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People
Have them in circles
1,619 people
Work
Occupation
Ecologist @ CSIRO
Skills
Rural and forest landscapes / Biodiversity / Functional Traits / Ecosystem Services / Livelihood / Governance / Decision Science / Mathematics
Employment
  • CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, Australia
    Research Scientist, 2013 - present
    CSIRO - Conservation Decisions Team (Brisbane, Australia) Land & Water Flagship
  • CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, Australia
    Postoctoral fellow, 2010 - 2013
    Dr Tara Martin - Conservation Decisions Team (Brisbane, Australia) Climate Adaptation Flagship
  • CSIRO Entomology
    Postdoctoral fellow, 2007 - 2010
    Dr Rieks van Klinken - Invasive Species Team (Brisbane, Australia)
  • CNRS UMR 6553
    Research associate, 2007 - 2007
    Dr Francoise Burel - Landscape Ecology Team (Rennes, France)
Places
Map of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has lived
Currently
Brisbane (QLD, Australia)
Previously
Perroz-Gireg (BZH, Europe)
Story
Tagline
Ecologist @ CSIRO working on ecological & biocultural aspects of Rural and Forest Landscapes
Introduction

I am an ecologist broadly interested in understanding how biodiversity and humans can receive mutual benefits from living with each other, in locations where there is no possible choice to be made between nature and human centred objectives. These specific locations are landscapes or seascapes for living, whose structure and functioning  depend on the way local people are managing the inextricable links between different life objectives, i.e., the sustaining of biodiversity, the production of a diversity of goods and services essential for people’s livelihoods, the creation of a diversity of institutional arrangements essential for governing these natural resources, and the adaptation of a diversity of local ecological knowledge, belief, practices and linguistic traits essential for fine tuning management of such complex ecosystems. The inextricable links between these different dimensions represent unique biocultural capitals for people living in these landscapes and seascapes, which must be understood and managed carefully across the planet. 'BioCultural Landscapes and Seascapes' (BCLS) clearly constitute a unique way in global landscape and seascape functioning and management that fascinates me. In this regard, I am interested in using my quantitative skills to inform rural and forest stakeholders how to best adapt themselves to get the most out of these multiple dimensions simultaneously.

Following  the UN-REDD+ direction, I am currently designing a decision support system to assist forest stakeholders adapting their level and diversity of planting, thinning and harvesting activities in forest landscapes, in order to increase simultaneously biodiversity, carbon sequestration and the provisioning of timber. I am also extending this work to inform stakeholders how to best adapt the mode of governing their forests in order to sustain triple bottom line objectives, in the face of climate change and growing demand in (non-)timber forest products.

My perspective is to further extend this work by incorporating closer linkages between components of biological diversity and of cultural diversity for BCLS having gradients of use operating at small spatial scales, e.g., from the core forest on the top of the mountain catchment down to the ocean (with sea farming/fishing activities), across semi-forested rural lands. 

Education
  • University of Rennes (France)
    PhD in Landscape Ecology, 2004 - 2007
    Dr. Francoise Burel (UMR CNRS 6553) & Dr. Pierre Auger ( IRD GEODES)
  • University of Grenoble-Alpes (France)
    Master in Mathematical Biology, 2003 - 2004
  • University of Rennes (France)
    Master in Ecology, 2002 - 2003
  • University of Rennes (France)
    Licence in Ecology / Evolution / Ethology, 1999 - 2002
  • University of Paris: René Descartes (France)
    Faculty of Medecine, 1997 - 1999
Contact Information
Work
Phone
+61 7 3833 5680
Email
Address
CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences. EcoSciences Precinct. 41 Boggo Road, Dutton Park QLD 4102 Australia
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