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Janice Temple
Worked at American Eagle Airlines
Attended Loyola University Chicago
Lived in Paris
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Africa Diaspora History  - 
 
On This Day...
...in 1854, Anthony Burns, a fugitive slave from Virginia, was arrested in Boston. His capture enraged black and white abolitionists. Two days after the arrest, a number of them attacked the federal courthouse with a battering ram, hoping to free Burns. Their attempt failed. Burns's defense lawyers were no more successful. After a brief trial, he was ordered returned to slavery. On June 2nd, thousands of people lined the streets of Boston. They hissed and shouted, "Shame! Shame!" as federal authorities escorted Anthony Burns to a ship waiting in the harbor. It took approximately 2,000 troops and cost $40,000 to maintain order and return the black man to bondage. No fugitive slave was ever captured in Massachusetts again.
Background

Anthony Burns was not the first fugitive slave arrested in Boston and returned to his "owner." But he was the last. More than any other city in the North, Boston was considered a haven for runaways; its black community was especially strong and well organized and it was a city where black and white abolitionists were willing to act on their convictions. All this came into play in May of 1854.

In an attempt to find a compromise that would save the Union, Congress had passed the Fugitive Slave Act in September of 1850. The new law gave slave owners or their agents the right to seize runaway slaves merely by presenting sworn testimony proving ownership. Law-enforcement officials throughout the North were required to arrest suspected fugitives and help return them to their masters. Anyone who aided an escaped slave or interfered with his or her arrest was subject to fine and imprisonment. The law significantly increased anti-slavery sentiment among Northerners. Vigilance Committees were formed to aid fugitive slaves, and some of the more militant abolitionists turned to civil disobedience.

In the early spring of 1854, Anthony Burns escaped from his owner in Alexandria, Virginia, by hiding on a ship bound for the North. He arrived in Boston at the end of March; before long, his owner learned of his whereabouts and came to reclaim him. Marshalls arrested Burns and confined him to the federal courthouse.

Word of the arrest spread quickly. Handbills announcing "The Kidnappers Are Here!" appeared all over the city. Slavery opponents hastily dispatched letters seeking support from abolitionists in other towns. The pioneering black lawyer Robert Morris and the white lawyer Richard Henry Dana, both active members of Boston's Vigilance Committee, volunteered to defend Burns.

Two days after the arrest, close to 5,000 abolitionists, most of them white, gathered at Fanueil Hall. A smaller group, mostly black men and women, met at the Tremont Temple. While the Fanueil Hall group debated strategy, those meeting at the church decided to act: they would march to the courthouse and free Burns.

A small group of blacks and the white minister Thomas Wentworth Higginson used a huge beam to create an opening in a door of the courthouse. A shot rang out. Half a dozen sheriff's deputies beat back two men who attempted to enter the building. Meanwhile, those meeting at Fanueil Hall had learned of the rescue-in-progress, and several hundred headed to the courthouse. Police later reported that protesters threw bricks, fired pistols, and attacked another door with axes.

It was all in vain. After the successful rescue of Shadrach Minkins in 1851, federal authorities were better prepared. Order was restored but only after one deputy was shot dead, several men wounded, and 13 arrested. Burns remained in custody.

A week of court hearings followed. Believing that resistance was "of no use" and that "I shall fare worse if I do [resist]," Burns sealed his own fate by identifying Charles Stuttle as his owner. The simple statement was all it took for Stuttle to meet the criteria of the Fugitive Slave Act. The defense lawyers pressed the presiding judge to declare the law unconstitutional, but he refused. His decision returned Anthony Burns to slavery.

The week's events were widely covered in the northern and southern press. Some in the South recognized that "victories" such as this one would prove short-lived. Northerners' resolve increased when they saw that if slaveholders' power could reach Boston, it could reach anywhere. Determined that federal law be upheld, President Franklin Pierce ordered troops to maintain order and insisted that a U.S. Navy ship transport Burns back to Virginia.

On the day of Burns's departure, an estimated 50,000 people filled the streets between the federal courthouse and Long Wharf. To keep them from interfering with the "vile procession," as Richard Henry Dana called it, took 1,500 Massachusetts militiamen, the entire Boston police force, 145 federal troops with cannon, and 100 special deputies. Black crepe covered store and office windows and American flags hung upside down. Protesters suspended a coffin across State Street, with the word "Liberty" painted on its side.

Within nine months, the Reverend Leonard Grimes, minister of one of Boston's black Baptist churches, traveled south and purchased Burns's freedom with $1,300 raised by the church. Burns's supporters published a book about the case and used the proceeds to help pay his expenses for two years study at Oberlin College. He served first as pastor of a black Baptist Church in Indianapolis and then moved across the border to a small settlement in Canada, where he was pastor of another Baptist Church. In poor health since his days of enslavement, Anthony Burns died there on July 17, 1862 at the age of 28.

Sources

Black Bostonians: Family Life & Community Struggle in the Antebellum North, by James Oliver Horton and Lois Horton (Holmes & Meier Publishers, 1979).

Boston Riots: Three Centuries of Social Violence, by Jack Tager (Northeastern University Press, 2000).

The Trial of Anthony Burns, by Albert J. von Frank (Harvard University Press, 1998).
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Excellent read thanks
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Hi

Can anyone suggest a great seafood restaurant in Boston or the North Shore?
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Summer Shack gas pretty good seafood.
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HAPPY MOTHER'S DAY!
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...in 1853, Sarah Parker Remond and two other African Americans entered a Boston theater intending to enjoy a Mozart opera. When the manager discovered they were people of color, he directed them to the segregated balcony. Remond and her companions refused to sit there. When they were asked to leave, an argument ensued, and the police were summoned. One of the officers handled Sarah roughly. Refusing to be intimidated, she sued and won $500 in damages. The Remond family challenged discrimination on all fronts. Sarah's brother Charles was the first black man to testify before the Massachusetts House when he protested being forced to sit in segregated railway cars, another example of the racism Massachusetts blacks faced in their home state.
Background

Sarah Parker Remond was in her late twenties when she committed her first act of civil disobedience, but she was a young girl when she first encountered racial prejudice.

Her mother Nancy was the Newton-born daughter of a man who fought in the Continental Army; her father John was a free black who arrived from the Dutch island of Curacao as a ten-year-old boy in 1798. The Remonds settled in Salem, where they built successful catering, provisioning, and hairdressing businesses.

Although they were prosperous free citizens of Massachusetts and protective parents, they could not shield their eight children from racial discrimination. The family set great store by education, and in 1835, Sarah and her sister passed the examination to enter Salem High School. Within a week, a segregationist school committee forced them to leave the school. Outraged, the Remonds moved to Newport, RI, where Sarah attended a private school for blacks. John Remond helped mount a campaign to desegregate the Salem schools. The campaign succeeded, and in 1841 the family returned home. Now too old for the classroom, Sarah continued her education by reading widely and attending concerts and lectures.

Salem in the l840s was a center of anti-slavery activity. The Remonds played host to many of the movement's leaders, both black and white, and to more than one fugitive slave. When Robert Forten, Philadelphia's leading black abolitionist, wanted to send his daughter Charlotte north to school, he chose to have her live with them.

Sarah Remond's father was a life member of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society. Her older brother Charles Lenox Remond was the American Anti-Slavery Society's first black lecturer and the nation's leading black abolitionist until Frederick Douglass appeared on the scene. Charles's testimony in 1842 helped secure passage of a state law prohibiting separate rail cars (although it was only in 1865 that the Massachusetts legislature acted to forbid "unjust discrimination on account of color or race" in "any place of public amusement, public conveyance, or public meeting.")

Along with her mother and sisters, Sarah was an active member of the state and county female antislavery societies. Although her sisters followed their parents' trade and became caterers, bakers, and hairdressers, Sarah made a different — and highly unusual — choice. With the moral and material support of her family, she became an anti-slavery lecturer.

In 1856 at the age of 30, she began her career as a public speaker, touring New York with other agents of the American Anti-Slavery Society that included her brother Charles and another courageous Massachusetts woman, Abby Kelley Foster. Abby Foster's example and encouragement were critical in Sarah Remond's decision to take the step of becoming a public speaker. "I feel almost sure," Sarah wrote to Abby, "I never should have made the attempt but for the words of encouragement I received from you. Although my heart was in the work, I felt that I was in need of a good English education.. . . When I consider that the only reason why I did not obtain what I so much desired was because I was the possessor of an unpopular complexion, it adds to my discomfort."

Although she was inexperienced, Sarah Remond proved to be a natural on the stump. William Lloyd Garrison praised her "calm, dignified manner, her winning personal appearance and her earnest appeals to the conscience and the heart." Over time, she became one of the Society's most persuasive and powerful lecturers. She addressed crowded anti-slavery meetings in Massachusetts, New York, Ohio, Michigan, and Pennsylvania.

Sarah Parker Remond proved to be such a good speaker and fundraiser that abolitionists in Great Britain invited her to help promote the cause on their side of the Atlantic, as her brother had done ten years before. When she sailed in September 1858, she told Abby Kelley Foster, she feared not "the wind nor the waves, but I know that no matter how I go, the spirit of prejudice will meet me."

In fact, she met with acceptance in Britain. "I have been received here as a sister by white women for the first time in my life," she wrote; "I have received a sympathy I never was offered before." She spoke out against both slavery and racial discrimination, and stressed the sexual exploitation of black women under slavery. She played an important role in drawing British abolitionists' attention to the discrimination suffered by free black people throughout the United States. In a short autobiography, written in 1861, she stressed that "prejudice against colour has always been the one thing, above all others, which has cast its gigantic shadow over my whole life."

A clear and forceful speaker, Sarah Remond lectured to enthusiastic crowds in cities throughout England, Scotland, and Ireland, and raised large sums of money for the anti-slavery cause. Once the Civil War began, she worked to build support in Britain for the Union blockade of the Confederacy and did much to influence public opinion in Britain in support of the North. At the end of the war, she lectured on behalf of the freedmen, soliciting funds and clothing for the ex-slaves.

During her years in Britain, she combined lecturing with studying at the Bedford College for Ladies (now part of the University of London). In 1866 she left England for Florence, Italy, and at the age of 42, entered medical school. She became a doctor, married an Italian man, and apparently never returned to the United States. She preferred her self-imposed exile to life under "the gigantic shadow" of racism.

Sources

Black Women in Nineteenth Century American Life: Their Words, Their Thoughts, Their Feelings, ed. by Bert J. Loewenberg and Ruth Bogin (Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977).

Journals of Charlotte Forten, ed. by Brenda Stevenson (Oxford University Press, 1988).

"The Remonds of Salem, Massachusetts: A Nineteenth-Century Family Revisited," by Dorothy Burnett Porter in Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, Vol. 95. 1985.

"Sarah Parker Remond: Black Abolitionist from Salem," by Ruth Bogin in Essex Institute Historical Collections, April 1974.

We Are Your Sisters: Black Women in the Nineteenth Century, ed. by Dorothy Sterling, W.W. Norton, 1997).
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Sedgewick and Hull letter to Rush

Sir. I percieve by an advertisement of yours in [...], Register that the pensioners of the U.S. claiming under the Law of 1828 can (if allowed) have their money transmitted to them at the place of their residence. I am reluctant to impose any unnecessary burden upon your department, but am induced by the wish to serve one of the most respectable survivors of the Rev.army, a colored man to avail myself of the privilege there offered to request that his money may be transmitted to him at Stockbridge by mail (an order if convenient on some Bank in Boston or N.York) -- I enclose his discharge and take the liberty to request that it may be returned -- and also to mention as an interesting fact in regard to this man that I have obtained his permission to send it with great difficulty. He declaims that he had rather forego the pension than lose the discharge. --
Lenox June 12. 1828.
I am Sir, with great respect
Yours [...]
Cha. Sedgewick

...

Hon. W. Rush, [...] is agreeable to the rules of your department I should esteem it a favor if the amt of my pension (provided it be obtained) could be remitted to me now and trhereafter as it may fallow at Stockbride thro the T. office -- and by means of a draft on Boston or N.York.
I have the honor to be with great respect
Yr [...]
Agrippa Hull

Lenox
June 12. 1828

National Archives
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The latest research shows audiences watch more & engage more when you’re live on Periscope & Facebook!
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Check out this Black History Collection
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Education
  • Loyola University Chicago
    French Language & Culture
  • Mundelein College
  • Luther South High School
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skychi, skychi travels, The Skychi Travel Guide, skychitravels
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Janice Temple Social Media Consutling
Introduction

Janice Temple "SkychiTravels" is a social media addict who begin learning to use social

 media tools as a travel blogger.

Janice Temple "Skychitravels" new Social Media Consulting and Services can found here.

Social Media Scoper Lifestyle at Janice Temple Periscope

Periscope is a livestreaming video cell phone app that allows users to create digital content 

for their own TV channel. Periscope is about being authentic and transparent. Periscope 

viewers want to see and relate to your humanity. Periscope voyeurs desire to see scopers in

 everyday life cooking, eating, shopping, etc. Periscope is a lifestyle social media platform

 that translates into a monetization tool.


Watch videos on my livestreaming channel about my Grandnanny lifestyle, Exploring

 Boston area sites and restaurants, plus Periscope and Katch Tutorials. 


Watch Live Periscope broadcasts at http://www.periscope.tv/JaniceTemple 


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Please contact Janice Temple by email . 


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SkyChi is my alter ego when I fly. SkyChi is an international traveler who is a linguist. Skychi has lived in France, Belgium, Venezuela, Argentina, and Turkey. SkyChi speaks French, Spanish, and some Turkish. Skychi has the unique ability to communicate and understand people of other cultures.

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Bragging rights
I have lived in France, Belgium, Argentina, Venezuela, and Turkey.
Work
Occupation
Founder & CEO World Black History on Periscope
Skills
Vlogger, Blogger, Social Media, photography, videography
Employment
  • American Eagle Airlines
    Flight Attendant, 2014
  • AARCO Travel & Tours
    Travel Agent, 2014
    AARCO Travel & Tours (Black-owned Travel Agency) 2226 East 71st Street Chicago, IL 60649 Specializing in Africa Travel for over 20 years Booking groups , churches, family reunions, cruises, hotels,airfare, care rentals
Places
Map of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has lived
Previously
Paris - Istanbul - Cumana - Brussels - Willebroek - Bahia Blanca
Links
Janice Temple's +1's are the things they like, agree with, or want to recommend.
Black Media Company Releases First Animated Series That Teaches Children...
www.blacknews.com

EdAnime Productions produces Meltrek and creates worldwide buzz with this educational animated series which foster self-esteem, self-awarene

Boycott General Motors and Nestle Ice Mountain Water Profit From Flint W...
www.worldblackhistoryonperiscope.com

Sign Michael Moore's Petition to President Obama and Attorney General Lynch Regarding the Flint Michigan Water Tragedy 10 Things They Won't

Bay Area's Martin Luther King Jr. Freedom Train makes final historic run |
abc7news.com

A Los Gatos couple is accused of sexually abusing their adopted son. The I-Team found out the sheriff failed to pursue the case years ago.

African American Travel Stats
www.blackchickontour.com

I created this infographic from a study that was conducted by Mandala Research in 2011 to break down the basic statistics for African Americ

Travel Content Takes Off on YouTube – Think with Google
www.thinkwithgoogle.com

According to a recent study Google conducted with Ipsos MediaCT, two out of three U.S. consumers watch online travel videos when they’re thi

The Olive Room Baltimore Dinner and Wine
momsguidetotravel.com

The Olive Room Baltimore sits atop the Inn at the Black Olive, a small boutique hotel, serving biodynamic wines, Greek food, and relaxed amb

American Jazz Museum - Google+
plus.google.com

Located in the Historic 18th an Vine Jazz District, the American Jazz Museum showcases the sights and sounds of a uniquely American art form

Services
skychitravelssocialmedia.blogspot.com

Janice Temple, Flight Attendant Travel Blogger has experience working with hotels, tourism, convention and visitor bureaus promoting busines

Hit the road with President Obama in the first-ever Presidential Hangout...
googleblog.blogspot.com

Next Tuesday, at 9pm EST, President Obama will deliver his annual State of the Union address to Congress. Later that week, you'll have the c

It is a nice lunch place.. I ate the Chicken Chemoula. My first time trying this sandwich. It was pretty good. It is a toasted baguette with chicken breast chunks tomato relish and like a green sauce. Great buffet eat.
Public - in the last week
reviewed in the last week
I have dined here twice and loved it both times. There is a steam table for you to view the menu items. I have eaten the Curried Goat and Curried Chicken with red beans and rice, cabbage and plantain. It is so delicious.
Public - 2 weeks ago
reviewed 2 weeks ago
I love the view of the Atlantic Ocean. It is a family friendly park with lots of history. Frederick Douglass stayed at the cottage with Hutchinson Family Singers. This place should be a landmark.
Public - a month ago
reviewed a month ago
We were well received by Jay at the Medford Historical Society. He eagerly shared the history of the town. It is a small house museum filled with old treasures.
Public - a month ago
reviewed a month ago
213 reviews
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Map
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A very moving tribute to the forgotten Enslaved Africans. I am so happy the community came together to create this memorial. This is part of Black Heritage Trail
Public - a month ago
reviewed a month ago
The history the John Cabot home is amazing. I enjoyed learning about the Black history of Beverly residents. I took the tour of the museum. It has a residence, bank, maritime and Revolutionary war exhibits. The staff is very friendly.
Public - a month ago
reviewed a month ago
I love museums and this is so charming. The staff is very welcoming and friendly. It is a great family place. I have visited several times and I always learning something new.
Public - a month ago
reviewed a month ago