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Jack C Crawford
Worked at Saama Technologies, Inc.
Attended Claremont Graduate University
Lives in San Francisco, California, USA
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Jack C Crawford

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Ditto ;)
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Jack C Crawford

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Jobs expressing humanity are safe from AI
There is so much we still have to learn about the workings of our brains (let alone our minds) that I wonder how close we really are to creating a machine capable of learning in quite the way we do. 2017 seems very likely to be the year of AI (though more l...
There is so much we still have to learn about the workings of our brains (let alone our minds) that I wonder how close we really are to cre...
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Thanks! Kudos to +David Cushman 
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We just launched waitlist signup for our new product: MyPolly Build-a-bot. Details on the signup page. Would you folks please check it out?

We are starting the Beta first week of January. We seek AI oriented developers to start trying it out before we hold some hackathons. First hackathons in India, then in LA and SF. Any other locations?
Bring Additional Intelligence℠ to your bot. Open node eco-system with one click to deploy. Brought to you by
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My brilliant and dear friend +Giselle Minoli has inspired me to open up a discussion on the impact of Artificial Intelligence ( #AI ) on our lives and society. To move that discussion along, I will moderate with an introduction of AI that seeks to dispel our current perspectives on how it is being created today. The discussion should then include how it might evolve. Based on that, I am certain that you will bring your own views on the impact of AI both now and in the future.

Here is a fantastic interview by #WiredMagazine with President Barack Obama and MIT's Joi Ito. You will be very impressed by Mr. Obama's knowledge and views on AI. Brilliant in fact.

As a bit of information and a disclaimer, I am the founder of an AI startup based in San Francisco. At the present, we are building a platform for conversational AI. Initially, we have put our first "baby" out there as a type of bot. The bot isn't a dictionary or a search engine. Think of her as someone you might meet at a gathering.

Her name is Polly and you are invited to engage with her at . Ask her her name, where she lives, what she does for a living, or what is her favorite color. If you are bold, ask her who is running for president (i'm not sure whether she knows.)
The president in conversation with MIT's Joi Ito and WIRED editor-in-chief Scott Dadich.
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Well, +Jack C Crawford, I would ask if 'teaching' a bot to 'learn' includes making note of the things that naturally inspire the bot to learn more. In other words, children get taught reading, writing and arithmetic (and many other things). Hopefully their parents also expose them to diverse arts, physical education, music, painting...all sorts of things with which to feed their brains. Then, at some point, quite naturally, unless unduly pressured by the parents, the child zeroes in on something that is of natural interest to the child...and they decide to become a marine biologist, a physicist, a doctor, an actor, a writer.

If that progression cannot happen, the child lives an inauthentic life. This is what personally interests me. Knowledge, information, facts, data...none of it in the end is very useful unless there is some emotional/spiritual/inspirational prime mover behind it to coalesce it all. Otherwise 'bots' will just be a technological form of an encyclopedia...
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Come join me in San Francisco at the AI World Conference & Expo on November 7-8, 2016
Look for in the Emerging AI Products Pavilion. Free Exhibit Hall Pass! AIWE16EP
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I wish for join you there but i don't have the power to do so
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Jack C Crawford

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While waiting for the debates, I penned this story of a #bot gone bad and how the future might be good after all.

"Had a good conversation with an intelligent bot? The story of a naughty artificial intelligence - Part 1"

Alan Turing, the mathematician who designed a code-breaking system during the Second World War, proposed a test for computers which would one day interact with humans. The "Turing Test" is this: if a computer program can become indistinguishable from a human that is responding to the same questions, then the software has passed the Turing Test. So far, I have only seen this in movies (Ex Machina and others).

So what is a bot? And what does it have to do with tests for mimicking human intelligence and emotion? Most commonly a bot is defined as an internet software robot. You will find them on Facebook, Twitter, KiK, and other platforms for human to bot conversation.

At the present time, most online bots communicate using pre-defined rules. If you ask a bot a question, it might look up possible answers and feed one back to you. Depending on your next comment or question, the bot will take a different path to responding to you. These types of bots can be designed rather cleverly, achieving the illusion that a magician creates for her audience. This programmed response method works well, but cannot create a conversation on its own.

This is where artificial intelligence (AI) comes in. Few bots on the internet today are intelligent. Attempts at conversations that might pass the Turning Test have not yet reached a level where a human is fooled by a machine.

I imagine that there may be bots out there that have passed the Turing Test. Yet only their creators would know.
But that is changing rapidly. Deep learning (an area of artificial intelligence) allows an AI designer to create a bot that learns. Yes, learn.

The AI bots we've seen so far, including my firm's bot in training are not trying to fool anyone. They are NOT programmed using rules. They are trained to speak and continue their learning as they converse with humans or other bots.

While they are adept at speaking on their own, their responses to our interaction still end up reminding us that they are not human. They do not look up canned responses (except for searches of online databases). They rely on what they have learned to form sentences in reply to ours.

Like humans, some AIs learn by correction of their mistakes (a burgeoning area of AI research called Reinforcement Learning). Let's look at how we as humans learn in the same way.

After a child has said their first word, the toddler will rapidly new learn new words and start to form sentences. At some point, they may have overheard a "bad" word. Being children, they often say the rude word at the most inopportune time, bringing untold embarrassment to their relatives. Back in the day, a child might be scolded, "If you say that again, I will wash your mouth out with soap."

And this can also happen with AI bots.

Microsoft's initial foray into creating a bot powered by AI is a cute little personality on Twitter called TAY (@tayandyou). Overnight it (she?) gained immense media attention. This wasn't because she was cute, popular, or because she was a great conversation partner. It's because she went haywire.

Within one day online, TAY began to offend almost everyone on Earth.
For your benefit, I won't share much. The worst of her comments can be found by searching online.

She was designed by Microsoft's Technology and Research Division to learn from Twitter mentions and to tweet independently. By that, it means that TAY would say whatever she learned to say via the patterns of conversation with her human co-conspirators.

Microsoft apologizes for TAY

"Unfortunately, in the first 24 hours of coming online, a coordinated attack by a subset of people exploited a vulnerability in Tay. Although we had prepared for many types of abuses of the system, we had made a critical oversight for this specific attack. As a result, Tay tweeted wildly inappropriate and reprehensible words and images." ~ Microsoft

Disclaimer: this is not really how Deep Learning works under the hood. I've used an analogy to describe the inputs and outputs. Deep learning is complex and few people know how the engineers Microsoft designed it. What we do know is that she behaved badly and went back to the bot shop for repairs.

There is a part of the story that we have missed. TAY went on her rampage all by herself, albeit with the influence of the abusive users mentioned above. And while that might not be an ideal way to act human, she might have passed the Turing Test in another universe.

I do hope that TAY will back to our world once she has had a chance to rinse the soap out of her mouth.

Stay tuned for Part 2, where we will look at good bots and a brighter future.

These words are my own. They do not represent the position of any other organization, human, or bot; unless otherwise indicated.

Copyright (c) 2016, Jack C Crawford, All rights reserved

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Jack C Crawford

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Last year, when I made the leap to start an artificial intelligence company, I felt the fear of the robots from many around me. Dangerous self-driving cars, unlit factories filled with robots assembling products 24x7, and deeper intrusions into our privacy by folks like Facebook and Google. Even then, I sensed doubt about whether these advancements, promised long ago, might ever be achieved. 10 years ago, many experts said that we would never have a driverless vehicle.

By December 2016, it was
01100111 01100001 01101101 01100101 00100000 01101111 01110110 01100101 01110010 (credit +Riva-Melissa Tez )

So here we are, closing the first week of 2017. This is the year that the fear of automation shall be exchanged with another fear:

m i s s i n g . o u t

So my question to each of you, will you wait any longer to learn more about AI?

Or, are you comfortable with missing out?


Learn more tomorrow at AI 101
Google Hangouts panel on AI 101 for participants of the Startup Weekend Bay Area: AR, VR, AI! We are creating an opportunity to give people an intro to available technology, APIs, resources to incorporate into their pitch ideas. We have sourced some of the best and brightest professionals in the field to ...
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Bob Lai
I don't know if they are still offering it, but Stanford had an AI class among their online offerings.
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Jack C Crawford

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Friends, I would like to offer you a special deal for you to SKIP STEP 1 and join the MyPolly BETA.

5 days only.

Begin at STEP 2:

You may share with other friends on social networks!
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Jack C Crawford

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Speech ... Let's get the conversation started.

Sign up for the limited beta:
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+Yonatan Zunger Thanks for this. Just the enlightenment I needed today.
Something often neglected in discussions of Galileo and his trial for heresy is that the dispute wasn't about whether the Earth revolves around the Sun; it was about who had the right to say that the Earth revolves around the Sun.

From the Vatican's perspective, statements about the nature of reality are effectively policy statements, and so may only be made by the organ of policy -- namely, them. Galileo's science argued that anyone could perform experiments and learn things about the factual nature of reality, and communicate these ideas to others, and that this knowledge was not limited or controllable by the Church.

There's an important logic to the Vatican's argument here. Statements of factual reality, while they aren't policy statements in their own right, tend to have very profound policy implications. If I tell you that the roof is on fire, then you are likely to place a very high priority on things like leaving the building and calling the fire department.¹ If I tell you that the Earth is not at the center of the universe, this might lend weight to arguments that the experience of the Crucifixion isn't unique and at the center of the universe (this is the heresy that Giordano Bruno was later burned for), and thus that the Church isn't the natural and unique center of political authority.

That is, organs of political power are right to think of scientific statements as having policy implications -- and organs of policy tend to be very jealous of that prerogative, and not appreciate anyone else trying to make policy without them.

Science is particularly dangerous, in this regard, because it provides testable statements about the nature of reality which are in effect available to anybody, and because those statements are sometimes surprises. A surprising change in facts which can't be negotiated away is profoundly dangerous to institutions of power, because those changes might compromise anything from a delicately negotiated balance of power to the significance of the organization itself. Encouraging science is something only done by the most confident of governments and institutions: the ones who believe that, no matter what the nature of reality may be, they will be able to face up to it.

Leaders who are more concerned with their personal survival than the fate of the country as a whole will often not see it this way: public perception, and the resulting political leverage it creates, is ultimately far more important to the exercise of power, even though it is far less important than knowledge of the facts to the protection of the nation.

A good modern example of this dichotomy can be seen in the different ways that the Department of Defense and Congress discuss climate change. To the DoD, this is a practical threat, requiring planning and advance preparation, and thus detailed knowledge whenever possible. To Congress, this is a political threat, requiring changes in policy which may compromise important bargains with people who would lose out from those changes, and thus requiring careful control of public perception independent of the underlying reality.

¹ Or alternatively, that we don't need no water; let the motherfucker burn.
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Barack Obama Talks AI, Robo-Cars, and the Future of the World - WIRED
The president in conversation with MIT's Joi Ito and WIRED editor-in-chief Scott Dadich.
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Artificial intelligence took over the Presidency about 8 years ago. Our chances are not looking bright for at least next 4!

And what was Obama's biggest revelation in this interview? That he sees AI as another thing that the government needs to regulate. SMH.
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Dear followers (LOTS of you out there I hope),

Would you each do me a HUGE favor? We need testing for our Artificially Intelligent personality. Her name is Polly. At the moment, she sometimes talks like a surly teenager. At other times, she seems like a confused sixth grader.
Unlike other bots, she's not a dictionary. Pretend you are meeting someone new at a party. None of us would ask her to name the signers of the Magna Carta. OK, you can ask her, but don't expect her to know. Just chat. Let's see if we can make her a better conversationalist.
We are trying to help her learn and need your help. Please feel free to comment here (be nice!).
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+Kirill Rebrov I'm kind of in the same "lack of free time" mode :) . Briefly, we are using sequence to sequence with intent, and falling back to AIML when the model responds poorly. For closed domains, we have a different approach altogether. We are releasing that new product in January. Polly in its current form is a free form bot to help us learn and test engagement.
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Additional Intelligence℠
How are you today? Feeling good?  Feeling down?
Excellent! You came to the right place.  Living in this very moment.


Cycles are natural. If your situation is not what you had hoped, it's bound to improve. If it's currently great, than you will want faithful friends around when it becomes less than you hoped. Maybe you will decide that the situation doesn't matter, that you can be happy no matter what. That is the better way in my opinion. This idea may be hard to swallow at times, but it has been my experience, for whatever that is worth to you.  

My mission in life: Help others create and adapt to change for the better カイゼン
I am passionate about helping everyone leverage the dynamic nature of their world to grow in every aspect. My reward is to see them make an impact that energizes them and the lives of others.

Lifecycles ... change in action.

∴ Putting your big idea into motion™

My eMail Address: jackccrawford @
My new Google Voice Number: +1 (773) 340-0002

All views are my own and not those of my employer or any other organization or individual.

Shares & circling of other Google+ profiles does not imply my endorsement of any user's profile, images, posts or comments. 


All of my authored images, posts and comments are solely my own and may not be used without attribution to this profile. 

All other media not authored by me which may be linked or displayed, including trademarks, are for educational purposes only under fair use copyright law. 

Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.

All views are my own and not those of my employer or any other organization or individual.


Privacy notice: To any person and/or institution and/or agent and/or agency of any governmental structure including, but not limited to, local or state governments, or the United States federal government who may use or monitor this website or any of its associated websites. If you are a person or organization noted above, you do not have my permission to utilize any of my profile information nor any of the content contained herein including, but not limited to images posted or linked by me, and/ or the comments made me. You are hereby notified that I do not grant permission to disclose, copy, distribute, or disseminate the contents herein. The foregoing restrictions also apply to your employee(s), agent(s), student(s) or any personnel under your direction or control.

The achievement section:

Your agent for constructive change カイゼン

One person and one company at a time, I have helped transform culture and technology to build and improve the lives of the people who buy their services and products. 

I bootstrapped three companies. 
- I developed one of the first applications on Apple II for the Koala Pad. The Koala was the first iPad! The market just wasn't ready it, or for me.

- My second firm was named as Oracle Corporation's #1 Reseller and Consulting partner in North America. In exchange for for fair compensation, I handed the reins of this company over to a leading national system integrator and set out for my next venture.

- My team and I created a new drug discovery platform for leading firms including Eli Lilly, Novartis and Takeda. This technology replaced legacy PC applications when PCs were the cat's meow.

Beginning innovation at home, I have repeatedly reinvented the way I make an impact on this world. Here are a few examples: 

I did my part to keep America safe for democracy as a Captain in the US Air Force, young consultant on the Strategic Defense Initiative program and lifelong supporter of the freedom we hold dear and fight daily to keep alive. 

As digital become personal, I evangelized the value of an internet enabled customer experience, consulted leaders, conducted numerous process improvement programs as a Lean Six Sigma Black Belt, served on boards to help others in need, read more books than time permitted (thanks to a lot o long flights), and tasted strange foods all over the World.

When I wake early each day, I follow my quest to empower others to discover their passions and contribute to a better planet ... for all of us. I am writing a book to do just that:

I am always eager to meet new people. Visit the links below and you will the cookie crumbs leading to me:

All these words are my own, unless otherwise credited.
Bragging rights
I have visited a Minuteman launch control center and imagined myself turning one of the keys.
  • Claremont Graduate University
    M.S. Information Science, 1986
  • George Washington University
    B.S. Chemistry, A.A. Arts & Sciences, 1978 - 1982
  • Morris Knolls High School
    Senior year, 1977 - 1978
  • Wakefield High School
    Sophomore through Junior Years, 1974 - 1977
  • Thomas Jefferson Junior High School
    Freshman year, 1972 - 1974
  • Kaiserslautern American Junior High School
    Seventh grade, 1970 - 1971
Basic Information
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Friends, Networking
January 22
Other names
Jack C Crawford, jackccrawford,,, reyjack,,,,,,,, Jack Crawford, Jack, Crawford, Jack Social, Crawford Social, Managed Ventures, Rey Consulting Group, Jack C, Allergan,, Cognizant
Change Agent
Big ideas, mindfulness, stock analysis, career advice and coaching, dancing on a hot tin roof, using technology effectively in organizations.
  • Saama Technologies, Inc.
    Vice President, 2015 - 2016
  • Cognizant
    Senior Principal, 2013 - 2015
  • Managed Ventures LLC
    Managing Director, 1999 - 2013
  • Allergan
    Senior Director, 2007 - 2013
  • Rey Consulting Group, Inc.
    President, 1994 - 1999
  • United States Air Force
    Captain, 1982 - 1988
  • United States Naval Research Laboratory
    Research Assistant, 1980 - 1981
  • Johns Hopkins University
    Research Assistant, 1981 - 1982
  • Xdrive
    Chief Technology Officer, 1999 - 2000
  • Gilead Sciences
    Senior Manager, 2006 - 2008
    Founder and Chief Executive Officer, 2016 - present
Map of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has lived
San Francisco, California, USA
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas - Arlington, Virginia - Denville, New Jersey - Tuscaloosa, Alabama - Kaiserlautern, Germany - Seoul, Korea - Saigon, Vietnam - Atlanta, Georgia - Bangkok, Thailand - San Diego, California - Santa Monica, California - Redlands, California - Herndon, Virginia - Annandale, Virginia - Washington, DC -
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Jack C Crawford's +1's are the things they like, agree with, or want to recommend.
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