Today in History: World Wide Web Was Conceived
On March 12, 1989 — 26 years ago today — Tim Berners-Lee distributed a proposal to improve information flows at CERN (Center for European Nuclear Research), where he worked, and this proposal eventually led to the development and promulgation of “The World Wide Web.” Even though the project did not involve high level physics (the focus of CERN), Tim's boss, Mike Sendall, allowed Tim to work on his proposed software project — developing a universal linked information system, which Tim initially called “The Mesh.” So Tim spent time developing his proposal and wrote the first Internet browser and editor in 1990. By October of 1990, Tim had identified 3 fundamental technologies that remain the foundation of today's web:
(1) HTML - Hypertext Markup Language: the publishing language that formats text and structure and allows linking to documents and resources.
(2) URI - Uniform Resource Identifier: an address that is unique for each Web resource.
(3) HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol: a communications protocol that allows for the retrieval of linked resources across the Web.
By 1993, CERN declared that the “The World Wide Web” technology would be made available to everyone on Earth for free, forever.
•Tim Berners-Lee talk about how “the World Wide Web just happened.” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yF5-6AcohQw
• Weaving the Web: The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web
by Tim Berners-Lee. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/006251587X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=006251587X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=AHHD5GUG7M3SFQBJ
•Left: Diagram of “The Mesh” proposed for CERN, forerunner of “The World Wide Web” as designed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989. http://www.w3.org/History/1989/proposal.html
•Right: Time Berners-Lee, 1989. http://www.webpronews.com/%E2%80%9Cfather-of-the-web%E2%80%9D-tim-berners-lee-comes-out-against-sopa-pipa-2012-01