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Guldjian Accident Injury Law APC
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Attorney Chris Guldjian discusses the dangers of using snapchat while driving. Whether you're checking up on your friends' stories or trying to snap something you see; using your mobile device to snap while driving puts everyone on the road at risk. The speed filter on snapchat is especially dangerous because some people like to show off high driving speeds to their friends. Do not snap and drive.

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If you are involved in a personal injury case, there is a possibility you will be asked to take part in a deposition. The thought of going through a deposition for the first time may seem overwhelming. However, a deposition is a completely normal part of many personal injury cases. To ease your anxiety about going through a deposition, our team at Guldjian Law has answered the most common questions that our clients have about depositions:

What is a deposition?

A deposition is a discovery tool used by attorneys to gain information on a case. During a deposition, you will meet with the opposing side’s attorney and provide answers to posed questions while under oath. Although depositions do not usually take place in a courtroom, it is important to note you are still under oath while answering the attorney’s questions. For this reason, it is imperative that your answers be completely truthful.

What can I expect at a deposition?

Firstly, it is important to identify who will be present at the deposition. These people include: the opposing side’s attorney, your attorney, and a court reporter to record everything that is said. In some cases, depositions might be videotaped, but such occasions are not common.

The first thing that will happen during a deposition is the court reporter swearing you in. If you do not want to swear to God, let your attorney or the court reporter know so they can ask you to “affirm” instead. Next, the opposing side’s attorney will usually ask you to follow the following rules: 1) don’t talk over the questions because the court reporter can’t get down two people talking at once, 2) if you don’t understand the question please ask for clarification, and 3) if you need a break, ask for one. Then the questions and answers session will begin. Once the deposition starts, you cannot talk to your attorney about your testimony. Your attorney is only there to protect you from improper questions. If your attorney objects, stop talking. Let the attorney get the objection out and then he will tell you whether to answer or not. Most of the time, objections are “for the record” only, because there is no judge present. So a lot of times, attorneys object to questions and then tell their clients to go ahead and answer. Don’t be surprised if that happens.

The opposing side’s attorney will generally ask questions that address:

General background information such as name, address, date of birth, family, education, work history, etc.
Information about your physical condition before the injury occurred.
Information about the accident – how did it happen? When did it happen? Who were the witnesses? Did you talk to anyone after the accident? What did they say?
Information about your medical treatment and physical condition after the injury occurred.
Information about the impact of the injuries on your life.
Why is a deposition important?

Once you file a lawsuit in a personal injury case, the other side has a right to find out what information you have about the accident and your injuries so they can be prepared for trial, if the case doesn’t settle. By conducting a deposition, your answers made under oath are placed on the record. With this information, the attorney can start crafting his questions for the trial, before the trial even begins.

During the deposition, there will be a lot of questions coming your way and it could easily get overwhelming. Just be aware that you have every right to answer, “I don’t remember” to any question posed to you. If you really don’t know or don’t remember, that’s quite alright. Don’t try to fill in the answer with what you guess is the right answer. This could end up hurting your case, and once you give an answer in a deposition, you can’t change it. Also, don’t be afraid to ask for a break if you need one during a deposition. Lastly, there is no reason the thought of a deposition should cause you crippling anxiety. We here at Guldjian Law are here to help you every step of the process and answer all of your questions and concerns.

If you or a loved one have any questions on depositions, call our experienced California personal injury attorneys today for a free consultation. We accept personal injury cases on a contingency fee basis. This means that there will be no cost to you, unless we recover. Let us help you and your loved ones get through this difficult time. Our personal injury attorneys at Guldjian Law will aggressively fight for you until justice is served, whether it is through a settlement or a trial. Our dedicated and caring team of injury attorneys will be available to you 24/7. Call us at 1-800-385-4838 for a free consultation.

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Distracted driving has been a major problem for many automobile users. Distracted driving has caused serious injuries like head trauma, broken bones, and deep tissue lacerations. And in some cases, even death. In 2014, 3,179 people were killed and 431,000 were injured in motor vehicles crashes involving distracted drivers.

The three main types of distractions when driving also known as the Triple Threat are visual, manual, and cognitive. The visual distraction is when one takes their eyes off the road to look at something else. In order to avoid this distraction one must keep their eyes on the road, pull over to read directions, and put their phone in “Do Not Disturb” mode. The manual distraction is when one takes their hands off the wheel. In order to avoid this distraction one must keep their phone out of reach; make all adjustments before driving, and to not reach for items while driving. The last distraction, cognitive, is when one takes their mind off of driving and is not 100% aware of their surroundings. In order to avoid this distraction one must avoid phone calls even if it is hands-free, stay focused on the road, and keep personal emotions in check.

Some of the most common distractions include,

Using a cell phone or smartphone
Eating or drinking
Talking to passengers
Reading, including maps
Using a navigation system
Watching a video
Adjusting a radio
On June 28, 2013 Officer Mitch Waller was hit from behind by a Toyota sedan on the 405 freeway and died. The driver involved in the crash pleaded to a distracted driving charge, but served no jail time. Sally, the wife of officer Mitch Waller stated that, “Using the phone and driving is a choice, the same way that drinking and driving is a choice […] When you drink and drive and you kill someone, the penalty is a lot higher than when you’re looking on your phone and you kill somebody or cause an accident. I think that needs to change.”

In order to prevent distracted driving, many states are enforcing laws. For example, banning texting or using your phone while driving. “According to the CDC, the Federal government has enforced new laws involving distracted driving. On September 30, 2009, President Obama issued an executive order prohibiting federal employees from texting while driving on government business or with government equipment.” After that many new laws were implemented in order to stop the number of distracted driving accidents from increasing. However, implementing laws is not enough. Sometimes people break the law without thinking about why the law was enacted or about the risk and consequences associated with the violation. Therefore, a better way to reduce distracted driving is by educating drivers about the dangers.

Many companies like AT&T tried to reduce the chances of their customers getting into an auto accident due to distracted driving. AT&T released their “No Texting and Driving Pledge” campaign: It Can Wait, a couple years ago. This pledge encouraged drivers to pledge that they will not text and drive. It also addressed some related issues such as texting and driving, changing one’s driving behavior, and teen driving education. It was a great way to spread awareness. To this day, there have been over 9 million pledges made.

With today’s advancements on technology, new distractions come underway. Since its release on July 2016, the Pokémon Go application for smart phones has already caused drivers to crash. Looking away from the road for even five seconds can cause a huge accident. All of these distractions fall under the Triple Threat distractions. They impair a driver from focusing on the road causing more damage than good. It is a big problem because in “2013, 3,154 people were killed in crashes involving a distracted driver compared to 3,328 in 2012. In 2013, 424,000 people were injured in motor vehicle crashes involving a distracted driver, an almost 10% increase since 2011”. Distracted driving is one of the main causes of automobile crashes along with driving under the influence. Do not become distracted, that text can wait.

If you or a loved one has been injured in an automobile accident as a result of another person’s fault, call our California motorcycle accident lawyers for a free consultation. We accept motorcycle accident cases on a contingency fee basis. This means that there will be no cost to you, unless we recover. Our accident attorneys at Guldjian Law will aggressively fight for you until justice is served, whether it is through a settlement or a trial. Let us help you and your loved ones get through this difficult time. Our dedicated and caring team of California personal injury attorneys will be available to you 24/7. Call us at 1-800-385-4838 for a free consultation.

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Personal Injury Attorney Chris Guldjian talks about the dangers of malfunctioning e-cigarettes that have resulted in significant injuries to their victims. Be aware of the safety procedures you can take to help reduce your risk of injury while using an e-cigarette.

Call us for a free consultation! 1-800-385-4838

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After getting injured in an auto accident, it is important to communicate with your medical provider about any and all pain and injuries so that they may better assist you in your recovery.

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Attorney Chris Guldjian discusses large truck accidents. A truck accident can be a traumatic event, but you don't have to deal with the associated stress and anxiety alone. Our Personal Injury Attorneys at Guldjian Law have worked on a wide variety of auto accident cases, resulting in various injuries. We can help you get a fair compensation while you focus on getting back to full health.

Call us for a free consultation! 1-800-385-4838

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California will become the first state in the country to officially legalize motorcycle lane-splitting, although the practice has been allowed for decades.

Assembly Bill 51, signed into law by Gov. Jerry Brown late Friday, legally defines lane-splitting for the first time, the practice of motorcyclists riding between lanes to move quickly through traffic.

The law, with specifics still to be hammered out by the California Highway Patrol, goes into effect on Jan. 1.

Also called lane-sharing, the practice often sparks tension between motorcyclists who say driving between vehicles keeps them out of danger and helps lessen congestion, and some motorists who say it is reckless and burdens them to be on guard.

“Our primary concern is safety,” said Fran Clader, a spokeswoman for the California Highway Patrol in Sacramento. “We want to do whatever we can to keep motorcyclists and motorists safe. The crux of all this is all motorists need to share the road.”

The CHP’s guidelines will likely cover the maximum speed motorcyclists can go when lane-spitting, and how much faster than the rest of bogged-down traffic they can travel.

“It will be a deliberative process,” Clader said, adding that Highway Patrol will work with the Department of Motor Vehicles, other state agencies and motorcycle-safety organizations.

State Assemblyman Bill Quirk (D-Hayward), who co-authored the bill, said on Monday that CHP officials want to have the guidelines ready within a year.

“They are anxious to get started,” Quirk said. “Driving dangerously is always against the law, but guidelines may give CHP a better idea of what is dangerous.”

Until Brown signed the bill on Friday, lane-splitting was neither explicitly allowed nor prohibited in the law — leading to confusion.

Law-enforcement agencies allow lane-splitting as long as motorcyclists do so safely — as determined by officers. They are not, however, allowed to cross double-yellow lines.

“I hope (the new law) makes things safer and makes drivers think about those around them,” said Christian Meza, 22, of Tustin who has a compact sports motorcycle. “It’ll get us out of their way faster.”

In 2013, the Highway Patrol posted guidelines on its website about the proper way to split lanes: When going between other vehicles, motorcyclists should not travel faster than 30 mph, or 10 mph faster than the rest of traffic.

Those rules were ultimately pulled from the website a year later when someone complained that the lack of lane-splitting legislation meant the CHP did not have the authority to create the guidelines.

“Having structure is really important,” said Marc Cook, editor-in-chief of Motorcyclist Magazine and a 44-year motorcyclist who rides from Long Beach to his Irvine office every day. “There was a perception that we were getting away with something.”

Guillermo Rojas, 53, isn’t keen on the practice.

“I drive a big, tall truck and there’s not a lot of room around it in the lanes,” the Santa Ana resident said, adding that even though he keeps an eye out for motorcyclists, sometimes it seems as if they come out of nowhere. “Now I’m afraid that I might really hit someone if there isn’t much room between us.”

An early version of Assembly Bill 51 had specific rules that would have prohibited lane-splitting above 50 mph and more than 15 mph faster than traffic.

Those initial guidelines aligned with a 2015 study out of UC Berkeley’s Safe Transportation Research and Education Center, which found that lane-splitting is relatively safe if using those speeds.

The study also found that those who lane-split are likely to be experienced and feel safer being in between cars.

“I’ve lost count of how many times I’ve almost been rear-ended by a car when not lane-splitting,” said Cook, the Motorcyclist Magazine editor. “I’m more at risk. For motorists, they get a nick on their car and their airbags go off. I’ll be dead.”

The rules in the early draft were eventually struck from the bill, because the CHP wanted to comprehensively study what would work best, Quirk said.

“This will help motorists know lane-splitting is legal and remind motorcyclists not to go too fast,” he said.

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Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of injury and death for young drivers in the US. Although there have been many efforts at the state level to reduce this; it continues to cause thousands of injuries and death every year. According to the most recent National Highway Traffic Safety Administration data, in 2014 there were over 32,000 traffic fatalities and an additional 2.3 million injured. Factors that have the largest effect on these numbers are drunk driving, speeding, and not wearing a seat belt. While these actions are taken by nearly every driver at some point, it is especially problematic for young drivers who lack experience and necessary skills to gauge the danger of situations around them.

According to the CDC, motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for teenagers. Per mile driven, teens are three times more likely to be involved in a fatal accident than someone over than 20. Because of their lack of experience, teen drivers have a low risk perception and are therefore more inclined to take risks. This results in them often speeding and not allowing low enough stopping distance. For both men and women teens, they have the highest average annual crash and traffic violation than any other age group. They also have the lowest seat belt usage compared to all other demographics. These combined with their lack of inexperience and recklessness explains why they are the age group most likely to be involved in an automobile accident and with the highest fatalities.

Lack of experience has a huge impact in an individual’s skill level and being able to recognize hazardous situations. Although drivers’ education and a driving permit is required to receive a license, often this is not enough to fully prepare young drivers before they get their license. Another widespread exacerbating factor is that teens often like to drive with other teens as passengers, such as their friends and classmates. Studies show this contributes even more to distracted driving, which is one of the main causes for driving accidents associated with teenagers 15-19. Other leading causes of teen crashes nighttime driving, not using seat belts, reckless driving, drowsy driving, and driving under the influence. All these causes boil down to the facts that often teens lack experience and the maturity to make responsible decisions in driving situations. This incorrectly asses how failing to take part in safety precautions such as wearing their seatbelt or obeying the speed limit can jeopardize them and their passengers.

The CDC recommends 3 key proven methods to help teens become safe drivers. First is to wear seat belts: of all teens that died in traffic accidents, over half we not wearing seat belts. Seat belts are an easy way to be safer when driving. Another way is to avoid drinking and driving. Enforcing the legal drinking age and zero blood alcohol tolerance is recommended. Not only is it illegal to not follow the minimum drinking age, but driving under the influence also affect one’s ability to drive and to navigate successfully, regardless of age. Finally a comprehensive graduated driver licensing program or GDL can contribute to greater safety because it helps the new driver build the skills they need to driver and better prepares them to recognize dangerous situations. This was introduced in 1996 and since then every state has adopted GDL laws. The CDC recommends adopting a more comprehensive program. As of now once the teen turns 18 they no longer are required to participate in the GDL program and can get their license right after passing the driving test, however, this often leaves many individuals with incomplete driving skills and even less experience because they are not required to fulfill minimum driving mile requirements.

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One person was hospitalized after a Ford pickup truck ended up on top of a Chevrolet Corvette following a crash in Costa Mesa Thursday evening.

Costa Mesa firefighters responded to the southbound 55 freeway at Victoria Street to a report of a crash with injuries about 5 p.m. Fire Capt. Christ Coates said the driver, a man in his 30s, was trapped inside the car while his passenger, a woman in her 30s, was able to get out of the car on her own.

Coates said the driver needed to be cut out of the Corvette, and that the 30-minute ordeal was a tricky process.

“It almost becomes like a game of Jenga when you try to remove the bottom pieces without trying to topple the top,” Coates said.

He was taken to Orange County Global Medical Center with serious but not life-threatening injuries.

It was not known how the large Ford F-150 pickup ended up on top of the red Corvette, but the incident backed up traffic, which was already congested because of the nearby Orange County Fair.

California Highway Patrol officers were called to the scene at 5:12 p.m. and reported that several cars were blocking lanes and issued a SigAlert for nearly two hours.

All lanes were reported clear at 6:50 p.m.

If you or a loved one has been injured in an automobile accident as a result of another person’s fault, call our Orange County car accident lawyers today for a free consultation. We accept car accident cases on a contingency fee basis. This means that there will be no cost to you, unless we recover. Our accident attorneys at Guldjian Law will aggressively fight for you until justice is served, whether it is through a settlement or a trial. Let us help you and your loved ones get through this difficult time. Our dedicated and caring team of Orange County personal injury attorneys will be available to you 24/7. Call us at 1-800-385-4838 for a free consultation.

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California has an inviting climate, gorgeous views, and challenging rides that account for the number of motorcycles on Southern California highways. One way for an easy commute to these destinations is by motorcycle. It is easier and faster to travel to places in California on a motorcycle because motorcycles can fit in most tight spaces and can maneuver faster than the average car. California law also allows motorcyclists to lane split and ride the carpool lane, causing less traffic and more accessibility to make it to their destinations. Due to the rising prices of gasoline and automobiles, more and more people in California are opting to purchase the less expensive motorcycles.

With the rise of motorcycle riding, there is also the rise of motorcycle accidents and death in California. Since motorcycles do not offer the same metal coverage to protect their riders like other cars, they cannot protect their rider as well as they should. Motorcycles are small and fast, which makes it hard for other drivers to see them. The overall risk of getting severely injured in a motorcycle accident is much higher than it is for a car accident. In 2014, 4,694 people were killed in motorcycle accidents and about 92,000 were injured in the United States.

Motorcycles are extremely popular in California for many reasons. One of the main reasons is the beautiful sunny weather that motorcyclists can enjoy while riding along the Pacific coast. With motorcycles, a person’s average commute becomes shorter and more enjoyable, especially in areas with heavy traffic for larger vehicles. For some people, riding a motorcycle boosts confidence and makes them feel “cool”. Motorcycles make up about 3% of all registered vehicles in the United States.

In 2012 there were about 8,454,939 motorcycles registered in the United States and there are nearly 800,000 registered in California. In 2014 over 8 million motorcycles were registered in the United States and about 813,771 are registered in California. California has had the highest amount of registered motorcycles in the country for several years.

Motorcycle Death Statistics in 2014

There were 537 motorcycle deaths in California. This is about 13% of all motor vehicle crash deaths for the state.
The percentage of Motorcyclist deaths of Males is 92%.
The percentage of Motorcyclist deaths of Females is 8%.
30% of fatally injured motorcycle drivers had over 0.08 BAC.
19% of fatally injured motorcycle drivers had over 0.15 BAC.
In 2014, California had 537 deaths by motorcycles which ranks it higher than the previous two years. In 2013 there were 480 deaths while in 2012 there were 466 deaths. Some of these accidents occur when riders are lane splitting, speeding, or driving while under the influence. When lane splitting, the cars do not anticipate that any vehicle or motorcycle will be passing them in slowed or stopped traffic. When a motorcyclist is speeding, they cannot anticipate or react fast enough for some obstacles in the road. Driving under the influence has been a problem for all motor-vehicles, but motorcycle drivers are no exception to this.

When riding a motorcycle, one should be extra cautious on the road in front of them because a helmet only provides limited protection. Unfortunately there is no perfect protection from injury or death and the safety gear puts the rider in better control of their bike. The risk of injury or death from a motorcycle accident can be reduced by follow these tips:

Avoid dangerous speeds
Let other drivers know of your plans to change lanes
Drive sober or get pulled over
NEVER drive in front of a car by surprise
ALWAYS wear a helmet
Most motorcycle deaths were caused by injuries to the head and brain. The drivers might not have been wearing a helmet, so there was nothing protecting their head from a great impact. Other common types of injuries are leg and foot injuries, and internal organ injuries. Leg and foot injuries often involve fractures or amputations. Head and brain injuries often involve drivers not wearing their helmets. Internal organ injuries include blood loss, bleeding into the abdomen, and/or lacerations. A traumatic impact can cause multiple types of injuries.

If you or a loved one has been injured in a motorcycle accident as a result of another person’s fault, call our California motorcycle accident lawyers for a free consultation. We accept motorcycle accident cases on a contingency fee basis. This means that there will be no cost to you, unless we recover. Our accident attorneys at Guldjian Law will aggressively fight for you until justice is served, whether it is through a settlement or a trial. Let us help you and your loved ones get through this difficult time. Our dedicated and caring team of California personal injury attorneys will be available to you 24/7. Call us at 1-800-385-4838 for a free consultation.
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