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Guillaume Dumas
cognitive science, complex systems, open science, digital art
cognitive science, complex systems, open science, digital art
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Design en Recherche et Hack Your PhD co-organisent le mercredi 25 février à La Paillasse une masterclass sur le design des formes de la recherche avec Émeline Brulé (doctorante en design, Telecom Paris Tech), Anthony Masure (docteur en esthétique, spécialité design, Université Paris I) et Robin de Mourat (doctorant en design, Université Rennes II).

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New paper out ► My first collaboration with a researcher in #education. We try to discuss the debate about collaborative learning with results brought by the interactive turn of social neuroscience.

Here is the abstract: Many of the instructional practices that have been advanced as intrinsically motivating are inherent in socio-constructivist learning environments. There is now emerging scientific evidence to explain why interactive learning environments promote the intrinsic motivation to learn. The “two-body” and “second person” approaches have begun to explore the “dark matter” of #social #neuroscience: the intra- and inter-individual brain dynamics during social interaction. Moreover, studies indicate that when young learners are given expanded opportunities to actively and equitably participate in collaborative learning activities they experienced feelings of well-being, contentment, or even excitement. Neuroscience starts demonstrating how this naturally rewarding aspect is strongly associated with the implication of the mesolimbic dopaminergic pathway during social #interaction. The production of dopamine reinforces the desire to continue the interaction, and heightens feelings of anticipation for future peer-learning activities. Here we review how cooperative #learning and problem-solving interactions can bring about the “intrinsic” motivation to learn. Overall, the reported theoretical arguments and neuroscientific results have clear implications for school and organization approaches and support social #constructivist perspectives.

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Here is the final version of the United Nation report about the impact of #Advertising and #Marketing on Cultural #HumanRights. So happy to be part of this work!

Summary:
"In the present report, the Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights considers the impact commercial advertising and marketing practices have on the enjoyment of cultural rights, with a particular focus on freedom of thought, opinion and expression, cultural diversity and ways of life, the rights of children with respect to education and leisure, academic and artistic freedom and the right to participate in cultural life and to enjoy the arts.
Examining new trends in advertising and marketing strategies, the Special Rapporteur is concerned by the increasingly blurred line between commercial advertising and other content, especially in the areas of culture and education. An overall concern relates to the disproportionate presence of commercial advertising and marketing in public spaces, the myriad advertisements and marketing messages people receive daily, the dissemination of such communications using a large variety of media in a systematic and integrated way and the resort to techniques aimed at circumventing individual rational decision-making.
The report concludes that States should protect people from undue levels of commercial advertising and marketing while increasing the space for not-for-profit expressions. Within the framework of article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and based on the view that commercial messaging may be granted less protection than other forms of speech, the Special Rapporteur recommends that States regulate the area more effectively. Of particular note is the recommendation to ban all commercial advertising and marketing in public and private schools."

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New paper out ► The human dynamic clamp (HDC) is proposed as a general paradigm for studies of elementary forms of social behavior in complex biological systems. HDC enables parametric control of real-time bidirectional interaction between humans and empirically grounded theoretical models of coordination dynamics. It thus provides necessary experimental access for laboratory investigations, while preserving the reciprocity and open boundary conditions inherent in daily life social interactions. As proof of concept, different implementations are illustrated, ranging from coordination of rhythmic and discrete movements to adaptive and directed behaviors. The HDC may be a powerful tool for blending theory and experiment at different levels of description, from neuronal populations to cognition and social behavior.

#OpenAccess   #humanmachineinterface   #artificialintelligence   #social   #neuroscience   #Turing  

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Certains en ont surement entendu parler. Un journaliste de Science a récemment fait un buzz avec une étude dénonçant un problème de #peer-review dans les journaux #OpenAccess. Mais derrière ce buzz, un gros manque de rigueur méthodologique cache en fait quelques conflicts d'intérêts... voici donc un debunk complet de l'affaire Bohannon par Célya Gruson-Daniel sur le blog HackYourPhD.org.

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Nice post about the last week  #OpenScience  meetup in LA.
You can follow +Célya Gruson-Daniel for the HackYourPhd US summer tour on http://hackyourphd.org/USA
⊕⊎ What about Open Science? ⊎⊕

Yesterday, a group of undergraduate & graduate students, scientists, professors and concerned citizens came together at USC's Hedco Neuroscience Building's conference room to discuss the global need for open science. Among the attendees were myself and +Liz Krane, who not only support the initiative, but wanted to better understand the needs and opportunities for the Open Science movement.

The meeting was coordinated by +Célya Gruson-Daniel, the co-creator of Hack Your PhD out of Paris, France. She created a successful crowd-funding campaign to travel from France to the United States, bringing together students, researchers, engaged scientists, hacktivists, tinkerers, entrepreneurs and anybody else who are interested in the production and sharing of knowledge in a wider sense. Hack Your PhD was created in response to current ways of performing research frequently generating frustrations, conflicts and isolation, seeing a need to find a new and more efficient way to not only do science, but make sure that all results are available to other scientists and laypersons so that everyone can be better informed as to what science has already been done, what still needs to be done, and which ways it can be done better.

⊕ What is Open Science?

The term "Open Science" is something that has been around for a few centuries, but is now able to be even more powerful with the amazing infrastructure available to exchange knowledge and data quickly. It's a movement to make scientific research, data and dissemination accessible to all levels of an inquiring society, amateur or professional. This is not only limited to the publication process, which is already under a lot of scrutiny for not allowing everyone to access research articles unless paying a premium. Open Science also includes the need for all data to be available to those inquiring, so that more efficient methodologies can be created, duplicate research is not being performed needlessly, as well as enabling a more comprehensive database of relevant information to build off of. 

The two-hour meeting went long, but for good reason. A lot of conversation was being generated from people across many backgrounds. Tenured professors were engaging and discussing problems and their solutions with undergraduate students, with both sides providing amazing insights into the topics. Gathering together such a diverse group of people from a variety of technical and cultural backgrounds really allowed for creative and productive discourse to ensure as many angles of the issues were being discussed and laid the foundation for forward progress. 

Célya is heading up to San Francisco and then on to Seattle, continuing her journey to interact and engage with people from across the USA about Open Science. This is a great reminder that though we all have the ability to discuss these issues in the online forum, we also have a powerful way of tackling issues by getting together in person, meeting face to face, and creating solutions in a collaborative way (perhaps while having a nice meal and a glass of wine or two). I'm really looking forward to the next meeting here in Los Angeles which will happen in a few months, while also hoping to gather more people to come together from the area. 

Is Open Science something you've even heard of? And if so, what reaction do you have to it? 

If you want more information about Hack Your PhD, please head over to http://hackyourphd.org/en 

#OpenScience   #science2dot0   #HackYourPhD   #HYPHDUS   #LosAngeles  
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Fresh new post on my blog: after #Collective #Consciousness & #Networks , this time it's question of the many faces of ‪#Bitcoin‬, from its initial crypto currency aspect to the opportunity it provides for doing some open science applied to #Economics . What an ideal occasion to start a first project on the Open Science Framework created by the +Center for Open Science! The aim here would be to read the #Bitcoin   block chain structure and compare it with the traditional financial system (and also the brain ;)). Feel free to join!

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Here is my TEDx talk "Collective Consciousness in the Age of Networks" The sound is synced with the talk (if you want, the video is here: http://lnkd.in/xrRQnA ).
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