Sir Joseph Paxton, #bornonthisday
in 1803 was the pioneering designer of the Crystal Palace https://goo.gl/eh4v5O
. Built in #HydePark
, London for the 1851 World's Universal Exhibition, the Crystal Palace was one of the most talked about buildings of its day.
It's designer was actually not an architect, but a gardener. Joseph Paxton understood how an expansive, light-filled structure - like a greenhouse - would better showcase the exposition displays without requiring artificial lights. The building - nearly 1900 feet in length - would have the extra advantage of accommodating huge crowds. The timing was perfect since an efficient manufacturing process for plate-glass sheets had just been developed.
In collaboration with the engineer #ThomasCubitt
, Paxton built a modular structure of plate-glass sheets to create a transparent skin over the supporting iron skeleton. That the building components could be packed, transported, and then assembled on site, also made the Crystal Palace the world's first pre-fabricated building. Besides pioneering new materials and technologies, Paxton's Crystal Palace created a sensation. It was unlike anything the public had ever seen during the #Victorian
era, and over six million spectators visited the Exposition's five-month run.
Sadly, it was destroyed by a massive fire in 1936. However, it continued to influence architects from Le Corbusier to I.M. Pei. #architecture +Getty Museum #britishhistory #CrystalPalace