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Giuliana Lonigro
239 followers -
Communications, marketing and social media strategy | Blog writer/editor at geeloblog | Former Co-editor for @nywici Aloud blog | Passionate about organic skin care
Communications, marketing and social media strategy | Blog writer/editor at geeloblog | Former Co-editor for @nywici Aloud blog | Passionate about organic skin care

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"Women pioneered computer programming. Then men took their industry over." via +TIME +Monica Lonigro

"When the war was over, Bartik and her six-woman team of “ENIAC Girls” went to work with the UNIVAC, one of the first commercial computers. There they met Navy Reservist Grace Hopper.
Hopper was looking for a way to make it easier to program computers with instructions. Entering reams of numbers was complicated and not very intuitive. She discovered a method of programming a computer with words instead of numbers, and in 1959 created a programming language that basically allowed operators to give the computer commands in English. It was called COBOL.
COBOL is still widely used today, especially by banks and governments. It runs on virtually any platform and is very adept with numbers. As such, it’s used in almost all business transactions. Every time you swipe a credit card or sell an investment security, COBOL is involved.
Between 30 and 50 percent of programmers were women in the 1950s, and it was seen as a natural career for them, as evidenced by a 1967 Cosmopolitan feature about “Computer Girls.”
“It’s just like planning a dinner…You have to plan ahead and schedule everything so that it’s ready when you need it,” Dr. Hopper told the magazine. “Women are ‘naturals’ at computer programming.”
But things were already changing. Programming was being recognized as intellectually strenuous, and salaries were rising significantly. More men became interested in it and sought to increase their own prestige, according to historian Nathan Ensmenger. They formed professional organizations, sought stricter requirements to enter the field, and discouraged the hiring of women."

https://timeline.com/women-pioneered-computer-programming-then-men-took-their-industry-over-c2959b822523

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"…the Latinate invasion did leave genuine peculiarities in our language. For instance, it was here that the idea that ‘big words’ are more sophisticated got started. In most languages of the world, there is less of a sense that longer words are ‘higher’ or more specific. In Swahili, Tumtazame mbwa atakavyofanya simply means ‘Let’s see what the dog will do.’ If formal concepts required even longer words, then speaking Swahili would require superhuman feats of breath control. The English notion that big words are fancier is due to the fact that French and especially Latin words tend to be longer than Old English ones – end versus conclusion, walk versus ambulate.

The multiple influxes of foreign vocabulary also partly explain the striking fact that English words can trace to so many different sources – often several within the same sentence. The very idea of etymology being a polyglot smorgasbord, each word a fascinating story of migration and exchange, seems everyday to us. But the roots of a great many languages are much duller. The typical word comes from, well, an earlier version of that same word and there it is. The study of etymology holds little interest for, say, Arabic speakers."

https://aeon.co/essays/why-is-english-so-weirdly-different-from-other-languages

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"If we want to create an equitable society, one in which everyone can thrive, we need to also give boys more choices. As Gloria Steinem says, “I’m glad we’ve begun to raise our daughters more like our sons, but it will never work until we raise our sons more like our daughters.”

That’s because women’s roles can’t expand if men’s don’t, too. But it’s not just about women. Men are falling behind in school and work because we are not raising boys to succeed in the new, pink economy. Skills like cooperation, empathy and diligence — often considered to be feminine — are increasingly valued in modern-day work and school, and jobs that require these skills are the fastest-growing. "

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/02/upshot/how-to-raise-a-feminist-son.html?hp&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&clickSource=thumb&module=second-column-region&region=top-news&WT.nav=top-news&_r=0

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"As I examined my background and core values, I discovered that having a perpetually apologetic stance didn’t necessarily represent true humility. I found that I could offer an honest self-portrait without being arrogant, so others would see how I could make a difference. This was a style of confidence that felt congruent and authentic to me. The process of self-examination gave me a framework that has allowed me to go outside my comfort zone and to work in an increasingly diverse workplace.

Throughout my career, I’ve met many other professionals who have struggled to find their worth on the job. Women and members of minority groups, especially, are often raised with one set of values and expectations, and then suddenly need to excel in a new environment where the path to success is much different. My journey has allowed me to help such professionals understand and voice their worth to others while remaining true to themselves."

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"There is evidence to suggest that mentally going back and forth between different languages on a daily basis confers advantages on the ability to learn and multi-task, and even long-term benefits for mental well-being."

http://www.unilad.co.uk/science/people-who-speak-two-languages-actually-experience-time-differently/

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"…This is not to say that one must always be positive to be healthy and happy. Clearly, there are times and situations that naturally result in negative feelings in the most upbeat of individuals. Worry, sadness, anger and other such “downers” have their place in any normal life. But chronically viewing the glass as half-empty is detrimental both mentally and physically and inhibits one’s ability to bounce back from life’s inevitable stresses.

…Dr. Fredrickson’s team found that six weeks of training in a form of meditation focused on compassion and kindness resulted in an increase in positive emotions and social connectedness and improved function of one of the main nerves that helps to control heart rate. The result is a more variable heart rate that, she said in an interview, is associated with objective health benefits like better control of blood glucose, less inflammation and faster recovery from a heart attack.

…Dr. Davidson’s team showed that as little as two weeks’ training in compassion and kindness meditation generated changes in brain circuitry linked to an increase in positive social behaviors like generosity.

“The results suggest that taking time to learn the skills to self-generate positive emotions can help us become healthier, more social, more resilient versions of ourselves,” Dr. Fredrickson reported in the National Institutes of Health monthly newsletter in 2015.

In other words, Dr. Davidson said, “well-being can be considered a life skill. If you practice, you can actually get better at it.” By learning and regularly practicing skills that promote positive emotions, you can become a happier and healthier person." #meditation #health #wellbeing

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“sustained aerobic exercise might be most beneficial for brain health also in humans.” 

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"If Ms. Fleming has a model besides Leontyne Price, it’s surely Beverly Sills. Her popularity, at its peak even greater than Ms. Fleming’s, was based on the same formula — humble roots, hard work, unaffected approachability, the kind of voice you didn’t need to know a thing about opera to love — and after her retirement from the stage, she went on to become a hugely influential arts administrator and cultural ambassador. As comfortable sitting on panels as standing onstage, Ms. Fleming has lobbied for arts education in schools and is collaborating with the National Institutes of Health on a project to study the effects of music on the brains of people with autism, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and post-traumatic stress disorder."

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"Now, a new museum in France seeks to shift focus back to Claudel’s influence as an artist, Claudia Barbieri Childs reports for The Art Newspaper. The Musée Camille Claudel is devoted to the artist’s drawings, casts and sculptures—the ones that she did not destroy when her relationship with Rodin soured."

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