The point where Japan is closer to Russia
The Kuril Islands dispute, also known as the Northern Territories dispute (Japanese: 北方領土問題 ; Russian: Спор о принадлежности Курильских островов), is a dispute between Japan and Russia and also some individuals of the Ainu people over sovereignty of the South Kuril Islands. The disputed islands, which were annexed by Soviet forces during the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation at the end of World War II, are currently under the Russian administration as South Kuril District of the Sakhalin Oblast (Сахалинская область), but are claimed by Japan, which refers to them as the Northern Territories (北方領土) or Southern Chishima (南千島), arguably being part of the Nemuro Subprefecture of Hokkaidō Prefecture.
The San Francisco Peace Treaty with Japan from 1951 states that Japan must give up all claims to the Kuril islands, but it also does not recognize the Soviet Union's sovereignty over the Kuril Islands. Furthermore, Japan currently claims that at least some of the disputed islands are not a part of the Kuril Islands, and thus are not covered by the treaty. Russia maintains that the Soviet Union's sovereignty over the islands was recognized following agreements at the end of the Second World War. However, Japan has disputed this claim. The disputed islands are:
Iturup or Etorofu (Russian: Итуруп ; Japanese: 択捉島)
Kunashir or Kunashiri (Russian: Кунашир; Japanese: 国後島)
Shikotan (Russian: Шикотан; Japanese: 色丹島)
Habomai (Russian: Oстрова Хабомаи; Japanese: 歯舞諸島)
Blog: http://pillandia.blogspot.it/2015/02/2009-jp-ru-jaapan-venemaa-giappone.html

#kuril   #hokkaido   #hokkaido_photo   #hokkaido_photography   #russia   #kunashir   #japan   #dispute   #border  
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