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Gazing Skyward TV
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“Aviation Lifestyle and Legacy” - Stories and information for ALL who want to experience the excitement of aviation!
“Aviation Lifestyle and Legacy” - Stories and information for ALL who want to experience the excitement of aviation!

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This Day in Aviation History
December 17th, 1903
Orville Wright takes the controls of the Wright Flyer I for its first flight.

In camp at Kill Devil Hills, they endured weeks of delays caused by broken propeller shafts during engine tests. After the shafts were replaced (requiring two trips back to Dayton), Wilbur won a coin toss and made a three-second flight attempt on December 14, 1903, stalling after takeoff and causing minor damage to the Flyer. (Because December 13, 1903, was a Sunday, the brothers did not make any attempts that day, even though the weather was good.) In a message to their family, Wilbur referred to the trial as having "only partial success", stating "the power is ample, and but for a trifling error due to lack of experience with this machine and this method of starting, the machine would undoubtedly have flown beautifully."[68] Following repairs, the Wrights finally took to the air on December 17, 1903, making two flights each from level ground into a freezing headwind gusting to 27 miles per hour (43 km/h). The first flight, by Orville at 10:35 am, of 120 feet (37 m) in 12 seconds, at a speed of only 6.8 miles per hour (10.9 km/h) over the ground, was recorded in a famous photograph.[38] The next two flights covered approximately 175 and 200 feet (53 and 61 m), by Wilbur and Orville respectively. Their altitude was about 10 feet (3.0 m) above the ground.....

Source:
Wikipedia, Wright brothers: http://gstv.us/1Z5qYUB

YouTube, THE WRIGHT BROTHERS' FLYING MACHINE - NOVA - Discovery History Science Aviation (full documentary): http://gstv.us/2CJ5RSY

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#avgeek #First #Flight #OrvilleWright #WrightFlyer #USA #aviation #history #fb
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This Day in Aviation History
December 16th, 1946
First flight of the Westland Wyvern.

The Westland Wyvern was a British single-seat carrier-based multi-role strike aircraft built by Westland Aircraft that served in the 1950s, seeing active service in the 1956 Suez Crisis. Production Wyverns were powered by a turboprop engine driving large and distinctive contra-rotating propellers, and could carry aerial torpedoes....

Source:
Wikipedia, Westland Wyvern: http://gstv.us/1Qk3qtm

YouTube, Britain's Aircraft Parade (1952): http://gstv.us/1Qk3uJR

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#avgeek #Westland #Wyvern #military #British #aviation #history #fb
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This Day in Aviation History
December 15th, 1948
First flight of the Northrop X-4 Bantam.

The Northrop X-4 Bantam was a prototype small twin-jet aircraft manufactured by Northrop Corporation in 1948. It had no horizontal tail surfaces, depending instead on combined elevator and aileron control surfaces (called elevons) for control in pitch and roll attitudes, almost exactly in the manner of the similar-format, rocket-powered Messerschmitt Me 163 of Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe. Some aerodynamicists had proposed that eliminating the horizontal tail would also do away with stability problems at fast speeds (called shock stall) resulting from the interaction of supersonic shock waves from the wings and the horizontal stabilizers. The idea had merit, but the flight control systems of that time prevented the X-4 from any success.....

Source:
Wikipedia, Northrop X-4 Bantam: http://gstv.us/1IM1J5m

YouTube, X-4 Bantam Flight: http://gstv.us/1IM1Jm8

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#avgeek #Northrop #X4 #Bantam #military #NACA #NASA #USA #aviation #history #fb
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This Day in Aviation History
December 14th, 1984
First flight of the Grumman X-29.

The Grumman X-29 was an American experimental aircraft that tested a forward-swept wing, canard control surfaces, and other novel aircraft technologies. The X-29 was developed by Grumman, and the two built were flown by NASA and the United States Air Force. The aerodynamic instability of the X-29's airframe required the use of computerized fly-by-wire control. Composite materials were used to control the aeroelastic divergent twisting experienced by forward-swept wings, and to reduce weight. The X-29 first flew in 1984; two X-29s were flight tested over the next decade....

Source:
Wikipedia, Grumman X-29: http://gstv.us/1Z5ncdE

YouTube, Grumman X-29A First Flight: http://gstv.us/1Z5ndhL

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#avgeek #Grumman #X29 #XPlane #military #NASA #USA #aviation #history #fb
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This Day in Aviation History
December 13th, 1972
The third moonwalk, the last of the Apollo program, began at 5:26 pm EST on December 13.

During this excursion, the crew collected 66 kilograms (146 lb) of lunar samples and took nine gravimeter measurements. They drove the rover to the north and east of the landing site and explored the base of the North Massif, the Sculptured Hills, and the unusual crater Van Serg. Before ending the moonwalk, the crew collected a rock, a breccia, and dedicated it to several different nations which were represented in Mission Control Center in Houston, Texas, at the time. A plaque located on the Lunar Module, commemorating the achievements made during the Apollo program, was then unveiled. Before reentering the LM for the final time, Gene Cernan expressed his thoughts:

...I'm on the surface; and, as I take man's last step from the surface, back home for some time to come - but we believe not too long into the future - I'd like to just [say] what I believe history will record. That America's challenge of today has forged man's destiny of tomorrow. And, as we leave the Moon at Taurus-Littrow, we leave as we came and, God willing, as we shall return, with peace and hope for all mankind. "Godspeed the crew of Apollo 17."

Cernan then followed Schmitt into the Lunar Module after spending approximately seven hours and 15 minutes outside during the mission's final lunar excursion....

Source:
Wikipedia, Apollo 17: http://gstv.us/1Z5lDfL

YouTube, Apollo 17 mission (1972), Eugene Cernan: The last Man on the Moon, ( 2008 ) HD http://gstv.us/2yjxhvk

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#avgeek #Last #Apollo #Moonwalk #aviation #history #fb
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This Day in Aviation History
December 12th, 1951
First flight of the de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter.

The de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter is a single-engined, high-wing, propeller-driven, short take-off and landing (STOL) aircraft developed by de Havilland Canada. It was conceived to be capable of performing the same roles as the earlier and highly successful Beaver, but is overall a larger aircraft....

Source:
Wikipedia, de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter: http://gstv.us/1TGvipD

YouTube, Excellent Adventures DHC-3 C-FBEO departure from Lac Seul, Ontario, Canada: http://gstv.us/1TGvjtC

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#avgeek #dehavilland #DHC3 #Otter #Canada #aviation #history #fb
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This Day in Aviation History
December 11th, 1986
First flight of the McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle, which was derived from the F-15 Eagle.

The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F-15E Strike Eagle is an American all-weather multirole strike fighter, derived from the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle. The F-15E was designed in the 1980s for long-range, high speed interdiction without relying on escort or electronic-warfare aircraft. United States Air Force (USAF) F-15E Strike Eagles can be distinguished from other U.S. Eagle variants by darker aircraft camouflage and conformal fuel tanks mounted along the engine intake ramps.

The Strike Eagle has been deployed for military operations in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya, among others. During these operations the F-15E has carried out deep strikes against high-value targets, combat air patrols, and provided close air support for coalition troops. It has also been exported to several countries.....

Source:
Wikipedia, McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle: http://gstv.us/1OSbXAt

YouTube, Boeing F-15E Strike Eagle Video Documentary: http://gstv.us/2iIWAFr

YouTube. Jeremy Clarkson In An F 15E: http://gstv.us/1OSfn6x

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#avgeek #McDonnellDouglas #F15 #StrikeEagle #military #USA #aviation #history #fb
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This Day in Aviation History
December 10th, 1955
First horizontal flight of the Ryan X-13 Vertijet.

The Ryan X-13 Vertijet (company designation Model 69) was an experimental vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft flown in the United States in the 1950s. The main objective of the project was to demonstrate the ability of a pure jet to vertically takeoff, hover, transition to horizontal forward flight, and vertically land.

Just after World War II, Ryan engineers wondered whether the Ryan/U.S. Navy FR-1 Fireball, which had a thrust-to-weight ratio of 1 at low fuel quantities, would take off vertically. The United States Navy's Bureau of Aeronautics in 1947 awarded Ryan a contract, originally under the designation F3R, to investigate the development of a vertically launched jet fighter. This was part of a program to evaluate the feasibility of submarine-based aircraft. Ryan conducted remote controlled VTOL tethered rig tests from 1947 to 1950 and a flying rig in 1951. Ryan was awarded an Air Force contract in 1953 to develop an actual flying jet-powered VTOL aircraft, which was given the designation X-13. Two prototypes were built....

Source:
Wikipedia, Ryan X-13 Vertijet: http://gstv.us/1NU6OLp

YouTube, Ryan X-13A-RY Vertijet: http://gstv.us/1NU6T1v

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#avgeek #Ryan #X13 #Vertijet #experimental #xplane #military #USA #aviation #history #fb
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This Day in Aviation History
December 9th, 1988
First flight of the Saab JAS 39 Gripen.

The Saab JAS 39 Gripen (English: "griffin") is a light single-engine multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by the Swedish aerospace company Saab. It was designed to replace the Saab 35 Draken and 37 Viggen in the Swedish Air Force (Flygvapnet). The Gripen has a delta wing and canard configuration with relaxed stability design and fly-by-wire flight controls. It is powered by the Volvo RM12, and has a top speed of Mach 2. Later aircraft are modified for NATO interoperability standards and to undertake in-flight refuelling.

In 1979, the Swedish government began development studies for an aircraft capable of fighter, attack and reconnaissance missions to replace the Saab 35 Draken and 37 Viggen. A new design from Saab was selected and developed as the JAS 39, first flying in 1988. Following two crashes during flight development and subsequent alterations to the aircraft's flight control software, the Gripen entered service with the Swedish Air Force in 1997. Upgraded variants, featuring more advanced avionics and adaptations for longer mission times, began entering service in 2003....

Source:
Wikipedia, Saab JAS 39 Gripen: http://gstv.us/1NU5HeG

YouTube, Gripen Pilot - Blokkies Joubert - SAAF Saab JAS-39: http://gstv.us/1NU5HLD

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#avgeek #Saab #JAS39 #Gripen #military #Sweden #aviation #history #fb
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V Bombers - Vulcan, Victor & Valiant - The Last British Bombers

There are many more articles and videos like this on +The Flying Cloud
www.theflyingcloud.aero

#avgeek #FlyingCloudNews
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