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Gary Williams
Attends Washington University in St. Louis
Lives in Saint Louis, MO
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Gary Williams

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Is Death Fundamentally a Biological Phenomenon?

James Bernat writes that it’s built into the “paradigm” of death that “death is fundamentally a biological phenomenon.” But suppose humans in the distant future are successful in building an artificial intelligence that has person-level properties such as…
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Xylem | growing venation

So splendid the gif below, obtained from an interesting video, seen by me on Vimeo.
► Watch that one>> http://vimeo.com/18068618

From Wikipedia:
"Xylem is one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants, phloem being the other. The word xylem is derived from the Greek word ξύλον (xylon), meaning "wood"; the best-known xylem tissue is wood, though it is found throughout the plant.

The basic function of xylem is to transport water, but it also transports some nutrients."

Read more>> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xylem

Gif source>>
https://38.media.tumblr.com/8f59918380582af347cbb1fe1243f71d/tumblr_mvp37oOE7c1rnbafjo1_400.gif

#xylem #plants #animated_gif #science 
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In a recent study, Naci et al. investigated how the brain responds to an 8 minute Alfred Hitchcock movie. In healthy subjects they found that frontal and parietal areas indicative of executive functioning were active during the most suspenseful parts of…
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Ludwig Wittgenstein is regarded by many, including myself, as the greatest philosopher of this century. His two great works, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921) and Philosophical Investigations (published posthumously in 1953) have done much to shape subsequent developments in philosophy, ...
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A blog post I write on the epistemology of diagnosing disorders of consciousness.
The "standard approach" in clinical neurology has been accused of suffering from an implicit "behaviorist epistemology" because disorders of consciousness are typically diagnosed on the basis of a ...
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+Gary Williams My heart just breaks for such patients.  So, this disconnection between the intact neocortical structures and their signaling abilities are blocked from "efferent" out moving signals to the muscles, etc, right?  So... well... I don't suppose "afferent" nerves would matter to the hearing and sight nerve channels inside the head, since they are above the brain stem.  Hence, that must be the way the paralyzed patient is conscious of noises and retina signals and such sensory data he can remember and report on later.  Is this basically the case?  Is the brain stem disconnection ever repairable?  I hope so.
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"So let me push back at the idea that the humanities are obscure, arcane and irrelevant. These three philosophers influence the way I think about politics, immigration, inequality; they even affect what I eat.

"It’s also worth pointing out that these three philosophers [Berlin, Singer, Rawls] are recent ones. To adapt to a changing world, we need new software for our cellphones; we also need new ideas. The same goes for literature, for architecture, languages and theology."
The humanities aren’t obscure, arcane or irrelevant. They awaken our souls, influence how we think about inequality, and help us adapt to a changing world.
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Out of the Loop?
Recently, I had an interesting online exchange with a famous philosopher who works in a top department (someone, incidentally, whose philosophical work I admire and who, according to sources I consider reliable, is a really nice person, so none of what foll...
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And then the laptop shrinks into a tablet and then a phone...
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Note: This is the introduction to the draft of my dissertation prospectus. Doctors diagnosing the vegetative state have always found themselves embroiled in scientific and ethical controversy. Over the last several decades, the diagnosis of the vegetative…
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Thanks James! That's very kind of you to say. 
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The deceased are making a comeback by helping to improve imaging technology
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Neil Levy debunks some recent neurobabble.

#neuroscience   #understandingscience   #pseudoscience  
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Reminds me of Hofstadter's dialogue from Goedel, Escher, Bach, "Ant Fugue".
 
A Thousand Kilobots Self-Assemble Into Complex Shapes

When Harvard roboticists first introduced their Kilobots in 2011, they'd only made 25 of them. When we next saw the robots in 2013, they'd made 100. Now the researchers have built one thousand of them. That's a whole kilo of Kilobots, and probably the most robots that have ever been in the same place at the same time, ever.

http://www.wired.com/2014/08/largest-robot-swarm-ever/
http://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/robotics-hardware/a-thousand-kilobots-self-assemble
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Work
Occupation
Graduate Student/Teaching Assistant/Adjunct Instructor
Skills
I can read stuff and then talk and/or write about it. I can also cook and play chess.
Employment
  • Graduate Student, present
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Map of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has lived
Currently
Saint Louis, MO
Story
Tagline
Fourth Year PhD Student at Wash U's Philosophy-Neuroscience-Psychology program
Introduction

In Fall 2014 I'll be a 4th year grad student in Wash U's Philosophy-Neuroscience-Psychology PhD program. I obtained my Masters in Philosophy at Louisiana State University and graduated with honors from the University of Central Florida with a BA in Interdisciplinary Studies that focused on philosophy and psychology, with a minor in cognitive science. 

My interests are far-reaching and interdisciplinary. That said, my current research is on the philosophical perplexities of disorders of consciousness such as the vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (VS/UWS).

Bragging rights
Married to an amazing woman.
Education
  • Washington University in St. Louis
    Philosophy neuroscience psychology-, 2011 - present
  • LSU
    Philosophy, 2009 - 2011
  • UCF
    Philosophy/Psychology, 2005 - 2009
    Minor in cognitive science.
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Gary Williams's +1's are the things they like, agree with, or want to recommend.
Wittgenstein’s forgotten lesson | Prospect Magazine
www.prospectmagazine.co.uk

Ludwig Wittgenstein is regarded by many, including myself, as the greatest philosopher of this century. His two great works, Tractatus Logic

Can the Clinical Diagnosis of Disorders of Consciousness Avoid Behaviorism?
philosophyandpsychology.wordpress.com

The "standard approach" in clinical neurology has been accused of suffering from an implicit "behaviorist epistemology" because disorders of

Academic Paydom
bogost.com

Tactical lessons from the Steven Salaita situation

WU Libraries: Proxy Server Login
iopscience.iop.org.libproxy.wustl.edu

University Libraries - Washington University in St. Louis

70,000 year-old African settlement unearthed
www.pasthorizonspr.com

During ongoing excavations in northern Sudan, Polish archaeologists have discovered the remains of a settlement estimated to 70,000 years ol

Back to the future: synaesthesia could be due to associative learning
journal.frontiersin.org

1 Introduction Over the last century, researchers and laypeople alike have been captivated by synaesthesia – a developmental condition prese

Dear Vegetable
thoughtfulveg.blogspot.com

I couldn't be reading this right. The first few sentences.... You read it. Dear Ms. Ronson: We are responding to your email to the National

The emergence of embedded structure: insights from Kafr Qasem Sign Language
journal.frontiersin.org

This paper introduces data from Kafr Qasem Sign Language, an as-yet undescribed sign language, and identifies the earliest indications of em

When Social Media Makes Something Go Viral In Real Life
www.huffingtonpost.com

One of the greatest challenges is helping your teens gain, and maintain, perspective. We all remember the intensity of feeling as a teen, an

Chimps Like Listening to Music with a Different Beat, Research Finds
www.apa.org

While preferring silence to music from the West, chimpanzees apparently like to listen to the different rhythms of music from Africa and Ind

The cultural evolution of mind reading
www.sciencemag.org

Structured Abstract Background We use “theory of mind” or “mind reading” to understand our own thoughts and feelings and those of other agen

Those with episodic amnesia are not 'stuck in time,' says philosopher Ca...
www.sciencecodex.com

In 1981, a motorcycle accident left Toronto native Kent Cochrane with severe brain damage and dramatically impaired episodic memory. Followi

When Patients Are Counting on Miracles
www.theatlantic.com

An estimated 60 percent of people think divine intervention can save patients who are in a vegetative state. A new study looks at what happe

Landmark French life support ruling delayed by European court
au.news.yahoo.com

Paris (AFP) - A top French court Tuesday gave the go-ahead to remove life support from a man in a vegetative state but hours later, a Europe

Replication Crisis in Psychology Research Turns Ugly and Odd
chronicle.com

The dispute, featuring accusations of bullying and a comparison with Rosa Parks, prompts the question: Is the fuss about ego or science?

Parallel processing in the brain’s visual form system: An fMRI study
journal.frontiersin.org

We here extend and complement our earlier time-based, magneto-encephalographic (MEG), study of the processing of forms by the visual brain (

Can’t speak after a stroke? Try singing.
www.washingtonpost.com

"We’re basically tapping into the undamaged side of the brain, which allows people to sing easier than they speak," a therapist says.

An interview with John Searle – CRASSH
www.crassh.cam.ac.uk

Established at the University of Cambridge in 2001, the Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities (CRASSH) works activ

The cruel and unusual phenomenology of solitary confinement
journal.frontiersin.org

What happens when subjects are deprived of intersubjective contact? This paper looks closely at the phenomenology and psychology of one exam