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This is a version of a document I sent to my moderators that explains my current moderation policy for the space community. Keep in mind that what we need in the Space community (an emphasis on quality control) might not be relevant for your own personal Communities.

Space Community Moderation Policy

Hey guys, I just wanted to give you the low down on how I think moderation should go in the Space community. In general, you want to imagine the Space community is actually an online magazine, and you are editors deciding what's good enough for publication.  

The biggest priority here is to avoid your burnout. This is a tough job, and as soon as you learn to move quickly and efficiently, judging and judging, you'll be able to keep this all in context.

1. Obviously, ban spammers and remove their posts. Ban them first, then remove all their posts, so they can't come back. Spammers include anyone posting off-topic stuff, invitations to other unrelated Communities, religious zealotry, pseudoscience, UFOs, links to other websites, etc.

2. Remove low quality posts. Don't ban these people, just remove their posts. You don't need to explain your actions, just move quickly. If you've got a lot of time, and really feel like softening the blow, go ahead and make a comment on their post first, explaining your decision, and then remove the post.

- if a person posts several times in a row, remove them all, or just leave one.
- obvious Facebook-style memes that have been orbiting the internet. 
- dumps of press releases or articles that could be accessed with a link
- old photos from the Hubble, NASA, etc which look pretty but aren't new
- random old YouTube videos
- short comments, introductions, questions which are easily Googled, etc

In general, use your judgement. If you feel any sense of wonder or enthusiasm about something somebody posted, keep it if you think it's best.

3. Encourage high-quality posters. A few times a day you'll see people who want to make a great contribution, but they don't understand the technology yet. Take the time (if you can spare it), to help them out. Teach them to create larger images in posts, embed videos properly and to present their astrophotography in a format that will get them a better response. If we can encourage a few hundred fantastic people, this Community will become amazing.

Anyone who is creating original material and posting it directly into the Community is the highest value people we could possibly have, and these folks should be welcomed with a red carpet. Astrophotographers posting their pictures and videos from last night's observing session, or journalists reporting on a unique story that nobody else noticed. Even new participants who join and ask really thoughtful and intriguing questions.

These are the people you should spend the vast majority of your emotional energy. 
Ray Sanders's profile photoGideon Rosenblatt's profile photoCiro Villa's profile photoFraser Cain's profile photo
A solid plan, Fraser. Plenty of room for judgment calls, which probably pisses off some. But those people were probably trying to use the community for personal gains before adding value to the community, so who gives a crap? 

Cultivating for the highest possible value seems a smart way to build the kinds of communities I'me interested in joining.
Knowing that you'll be removing low quality posts such as "I really like space" is great, and I'll be more likely to scroll down more when it says 99+ activity in the group.  (I've caught posts before moderation several times, it seems.)  I'd like if more communities implemented a stricter moderation policy, such as you have +Fraser Cain. 
Thanks +Fraser Cain we are still trying to figure out what to do with the #ScienceSunday  community. I know you are a big fan of communites, probably because you were part of the beta testers. We weren't given a heads up so we were/are struggling to figure out how to best leverage the success of #ScienceSunday  hashtage and Page with the new community.
+Chad Haney I didn't have any advance notice. I was able to make the community moments before the release. Like... a day before.
I wasn't part of the beta testers, and I'm getting great value out of communities. +Chad Haney. I'm pretty proud of the digital publishing community we're cultivating, and I credit much of the success to the philosophy that Fraser shared here.

Finding balance e between personal posts, page posts and community posts takes some doing. Adding content on the hashtag adds a layer of complexity, to be sure. Best of luck as you slog through it!
#ScienceSunday  is trending right now. Not to boast, but it trends almost every weekend. We've spent enormous effort around the hashtag and the Page. The community isn't linked to either so it seems to be diluting our efforts. 
I love seeing #sciencesunday and have contributed myself on occasion. That said, I'm not sure a community makes sense for a hashtag. It might, but the request to 'share anything science' seems off, at least to my understanding of what makes G+ communities great. And that is conversation. I'm actively killing link-litter from my community because they don't foster conversation. So YMMV, but I'd work on how something similar works for your efforts. If at all 
I'm missing the hashtag Science Sunday in my stream, because I'm trying to keep up with the Commmunity? That answers my question.
+Fraser Cain - Lots of great tips for moderators.  Your moderation style is similar to how I run the astronomy forum over at reddit. Thanks for sharing! 
These are great tips, +Fraser Cain. Thanks for sharing them here. The point about it being a shared editorial process makes it easier to rationalize taking down low quality posts. Tks. 
Moderating a community as large as the Space one, can be a challenge for us mods, so having an owner taking leadership and delineate clear guidelines to his/her moderator's base, certainly helps a lot for a more robust moderation effort.  I think that an approach similar to +Fraser Cain's on the part of other communities owners, would  probably help assist in putting their moderator base more at ease.
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