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Frank Milton (GadgetsRforever)
Lives in Corona , CA
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I watched Avengers last night at local movie theater. I love Scarlett Witch!
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I always liked Hulk. But this was the least best "Hulk" film.
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Frank Milton (GadgetsRforever)

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"I Bot'n " ? Are you serious?
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That's good. 
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Frank Milton (GadgetsRforever)

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I'm going to see this!
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Cool,can you get me a ticket
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Smart
 
Cat talent


Cat communication is the transfer of information by one or more cats that has an effect on the current or future behaviour of another animal, including humans. Cats use a range of communication modalities including visual, auditory, tactile, chemical and gustatory.

The communication modalities used by domestic cats have been affected by domestication.


Vocalizations

Cat vocalisations have been categorised according to a range of characteristics.

Schötz categorised vocalizations according to 3 mouth actions: (1) sounds produced with the mouth closed (murmurs), including the purr, the trill and the chirrup, (2) sounds produced with the mouth open and gradually closing, comprising a large variety of miaows with similar vowel patterns, and (3) sounds produced with the mouth held tensely open in the same position, often uttered in aggressive situations (growls, yowls, snarls, hisses, spits and shrieks).

Brown et al. categorised vocal responses of cats according to the behavioural context: (1) during separation of kittens from mother cats, (2) during food deprivation, (3) during pain, (4) prior to or during threat or attack behavior, as in disputes over territory or food, (5) during a painful or acutely stressful experience, as in routine prophylactic injections and (6) during kitten deprivation. Less commonly recorded calls from mature cats included purring, conspecific greeting calls or murmurs, extended vocal dialogues between cats in separate cages, “frustration” calls during training or extinction of conditioned responses.

Miller classified vocalisations into 5 categories according to the sound produced: the purr, chirr, call, meow and growl/snarl/hiss.


Purr

The purr is a continuous, soft, vibrating sound made in the throat by most species of felines. Domestic cat kittens can purr as early as two days of age. This tonal rumbling can characterize different personalities in domestic cats. Purring is often believed to indicate a positive emotional state, but cats sometimes purr when they are ill, tense, or experiencing traumatic or painful moments.

The mechanism of how cats purr is elusive. This is partly because cats do not have a unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the vocalization. One hypothesis, supported by electromyographic studies, is that cats produce the purring noise by using the vocal folds and/or the muscles of the larynx to alternately dilate and constrict the glottis rapidly, causing air vibrations during inhalation and exhalation. Combined with the steady inhalation and exhalation as the cat breathes, a purring noise is produced with strong harmonics. Purring is sometimes accompanied by other sounds, though this varies between individuals. Some may only purr, while other cats include low level outbursts sometimes described as "lurps" or "yowps".

Domestic cats purr at varying frequencies. One study reported that domestic cats purr at average frequencies of 21.98 Hz in the egressive phase and 23.24 Hz in the ingressive phase with an overall mean of 22.6 Hz. Further research on purring in four domestic cats found that the fundamental frequency varied between 20.94 and 27.21 Hz for the egressive phase and between 23.0 and 26.09 Hz for the ingressive phase. There was considerable variation between the four cats in the relative amplitude, duration and frequency between egressive and ingressive phases, although this variation generally occurred within the normal range.

One study on a single cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) showed it purred with an average frequency of 20.87 Hz (egressive phases) and 18.32 Hz (ingressive phases). A further study on four adult cheetahs found that mean frequencies were between 19.3 Hz and 20.5 Hz in ingressive phases, and between 21.9 Hz and 23.4 Hz in egressive phases. The egressive phases were longer than ingressive phases and moreover, the amplitude was greater in the egressive phases.

It was once believed that only the cats of the genus Felis could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tigers, lions, jaguars and leopards) also produce sounds similar to purring, but only when exhaling. The subdivision of the Felidae into ‘purring cats’ on the one hand and ‘roaring cats ’ (i.e. non-purring) on the other, originally goes back to Owen (1834/1835) and was definitely introduced by Pocock (1916), based on a difference in hyoid anatomy. The ‘roaring cats’ (lion, Panthera leo; tiger, P. tigris; jaguar, P. onca; leopard, P. pardus) have an incompletely ossified hyoid, which according to this theory, enables them to roar but not to purr. On the other hand, the snow leopard (Uncia uncia), as the fifth felid species with an incompletely ossified hyoid, purrs (Hemmer, 1972). All remaining species of the family Felidae (‘purring cats’) have a completely ossified hyoid which enables them to purr but not to roar. However, Weissengruber et al. (2002) argued that the ability of a cat species to purr is not affected by the anatomy of its hyoid, i.e. whether it is fully ossified or has a ligamentous epihyoid, and that, based on a technical acoustic definition of roaring, the presence of this vocalization type depends on specific characteristics of the vocal folds and an elongated vocal tract, the latter rendered possible by an incompletely ossified hyoid.





Meow

The meow is one of the most widely known vocalizations of domestic kittens. It is a call apparently used to solicit attention from the mother.

Adult cats commonly vocalise with a "meow" (or "miaow") sound, which is onomatopoeic. The meow can be assertive, plaintive, friendly, bold, welcoming, attention soliciting, demanding, or complaining. It can even be silent, where the cat opens its mouth but does not vocalize. Adult cats do not usually meow to each other and so meowing to human beings is likely to be an extension of the use by kittens.








Language differences

Different languages have correspondingly different words for the "meow" sound, including miau (Belarusian, Croatian, Hungarian, Dutch, Finnish, Lithuanian, Malay, German, Polish, Russian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish and Ukrainian), mnau (Czech), meong (Indonesian), niau (Ukrainian), niaou (?????, Greek), miaou (French), nya (??, Japanese), miao (?, Mandarin Chinese, Italian), miav/miao or mjav/mjau (Danish, Swedish and Norwegian), mjá (Icelandic), ya-ong (??, Korean), ????? / Miya?un_ (Urdu) and meo-meo (Vietnamese). In some languages (such as Chinese ?, mao), the vocalization became the name of the animal itself.

Read more : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat_communication

#gif #cats #animals #caturday #caturdayeveryday #caturday2014 #catsrule #catsallovertheworld #catholic #catlovers #animallovers #animalphotography #catphotography #catphotos #catpictures #catpics #lol #funny #funnypics #funnypictures #funnyphotos #funnystuff #ANNIMATEDGIFS #trendingnow #lolcats 
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Ah, new all-4 tires is a great thing to have today. Just had these installed on my old vehicle.
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That's right +Trenton Gold . New tires really put the life back into this boring old suv!
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Android, by nature moved to on-board storage long ago. The only thing where micro sd cards are useful - pictures, music, and personal documents. Too many crash issues and data corruption from mounting between apps and card. If you don't agree , then why has Google finally done it with their Nexus Line ? Not for more profit - at least not 100% true. The reason is making it work right! Have you ever uploaded a professional resume to a job site only to view it messed up and all your hard work and formatting blown away? The same is for app behavior. If I have to pay more for the assurance that my phone will operate better, then that is worth the price of gold to me! Besides, how many of us really purchased a second battery? By the time my battery life ends, then it's time for an updated processor to go in a brand new phone. And if you have to carry a spare battery when traveling? They have phone case battery packs for that. Samsung is doing everything right here.
There's been a good deal of hand wringing from gadget fans lately about how Samsung sold out functionality in the name of form when it decided to not give the Galaxy S6 an easily replaceable batter...
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I do not get the article. Still remember all comercials and users making fun of the iphone in not having a SD card or a removable battery! Now S6 do not have it, and also is a pain in behind making service on that! I check the video and photos. Now is really a close system in the hardware. 
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Is bigger really better?
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I love iphones please send me one to sri lanka
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Frank Milton (GadgetsRforever)

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Funniest Video Ever!
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Thanks
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Have him in circles
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I picked up the large blue one at Bed Bath & Beyond.
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I passed by Marty McFly himself on I-15 in Corona California today!
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The Mad Max Edition?
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My girl cousin in New England shared this today.

New Law:
With the high rate of attacks on women in secluded parking lots, especially during evening hours, the Minneapolis City Council has established a 'Women Only' parking lot at the Mall of America. Even the parking lot attendants are exclusively female so that a comfortable and safe environment is created for patrons. 
Below is the first picture available of this world-first women-only parking lot in Minnesota .
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+Frank Milton I had to laugh when you stated "girl cousin" lol
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I have owned iPhone 6 Plus silver 64GB for over a month and this is my little review.
What I don't like - hardly any apps will rotate and look as good as they do in iPad Mini. Therefore, while I play Spotify and work in my apps, I have to be mindful of the single speaker and not cover it up.
The list is long for the things I do like. Excellent quality & quick camera and tons of great accessories can be purchased for this, just to name some. This is my latest home screen.
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I feel you my pal. Lol. .-)
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Have him in circles
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Basic Information
Gender
Male
Looking for
Friends, Networking
Story
Tagline
I am for real. Not a robot. Promise.
Introduction
My favorite topic is Technology & Gadgets. Second is cars. After that, a variety of things. I am quiet some days and memorably outgoing on other days. 

Bragging rights
I have been around the world, but that was a long time ago.
Places
Map of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has lived
Currently
Corona , CA
Previously
Leadville, CO - Spring, TX - Arlington, TX - Tucson, AZ - Kansas City, MO - Wichita, KS - Buford, GA - Long Beach, CA - Gilbert, AZ - Melbourne, Australia
Best Waba Grill I ever been in. Only been in 3, the other 2 were in Riverside and Apple Valley. The tables and floors were clean, sodas and condiments were stocked and best of all - food was delicious.
Public - a year ago
reviewed a year ago
Donuts are terrible - like burnt french fries! This is the nearest donut shop to my house. Wasted 5 dollars for 6 donuts.
Public - a year ago
reviewed a year ago
3 reviews
Map
Map
Map
This other reviewer (the one who drives from Claremont) said this was a 2 story store with underground parking and that is FALSE! This is a 1-story store for shoppers, which means no escalator! It was kind of old, a little dirty, but it had everything we needed. My son has to eat only organic. All the employees there were excellent. At the cash register, I forgot to get a bag of ice to keep my meats cold and the bagger immediatly ran off to get it for me. For that, this store gets 4 stars.
• • •
Public - a year ago
reviewed a year ago