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Autosomal analysis of Yamna, Corded Ware and Bell Beaker samples from Haak et al 2015. See how Bronze Age Indo-Europeans from the Pontic-Caspian Steppe contributed a sizeable portion of the genome of modern Western Europeans.

http://www.eupedia.com/forum/threads/30940-Autosomal-analysis-of-Yamna-Corded-Ware-and-Bell-Beaker-samples

#haplogroups   #genetics    #prehistory   #history  
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Autosomal analysis of Yamna, Corded Ware and Bell Beaker samples from Haak

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New map of Y-haplogroup R1a-Z93, the main paternal lineage of the Bronze Age Indo-Iranian and Indo-Aryan people. 

http://www.eupedia.com/europe/maps_Y-DNA_haplogroups.shtml#R1a-Z93

#history #genetics #R1a #haplogroups
Distribution maps of Y-chromosomal haplogroups in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.
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New map of Ancient Eurasian (ANE) admixture. 

This map compares the genes of modern people to the DNA of a Central Siberian mammoth hunter (known as MA-1), who lived 24,000 years ago and belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup R* and mtDNA haplogroup U*. The Paleolithic sample was tested by Raghavan et al. (2014). This admixture was absent from Mesolithic European samples, except in Scandinavia and Eastern Europe, and was completely absent from all Neolithic European samples tested to date. It is thought to have been spread across Europe and the Middle East by the Proto-Indo-Europeans (Y-haplogroups R1a and R1b) from the Pontic-Caspian Steppe, and to a lower extent also by Uralic people (Finns, Estonians, Magyars) and Turkic people (Avars, Bulgars, Khazars, Kurds, Turks). The ANE admixture is particularly common today among North Caucasian and Volga-Ural ethnicities, who live in regions strongly associated with the development of Proto-Indo-European cultures in the Early Bronze Age. Within Europe, the highest percentages of ANE admixture are observed among the Lezgins (26.5%), Chechens (26%), North Ossetians (23.5%) Kumyks (23.5%), and Adyghei (22.5%). Frequencies of over 20% of R1b have been found among the Lezgins, Kumyks and North Ossetians.

The Sardinians have the lowest percentage of ANE (4%), which is in agreement with the fact that the island was bypassed by the Indo-European migrations and that Sardinians still spoke a non-Indo-European language until the Roman conquest some 2,000 years ago. Sardinians also have the lowest incidence of fair hair in Europe (along with Sicilians). The 18% of R1b in Sardinia was probably brought mostly by the Romans and subsequent immigrations from mainland Italy, and to a lower extent by the Vandals and the Goths. This explains the non-null percentage of ANE, which is only 1/5 of the R1b percentage.

http://www.eupedia.com/europe/autosomal_maps_dodecad.shtml#Ancient_North_Eurasians

#history #genetics #indoeuropeans #haplogroups #maps #europe
Distribution maps of autosomal DNA (Dodecad Project) in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.
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New page dedicated to haplogroup U6 (mtDNA), a very old Maghreban and southwest European maternal lineage.

http://www.eupedia.com/europe/Haplogroup_U6_mtDNA.shtml

#mtdna   #haplogroups   #genetics   #history  
History and description of Haplogroup U6 (mitochondrial DNA).
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New map of Slavic haplogroup R1a-M458, associated with the expansion of the Corded Ware culture during the Bronze Age.

http://www.eupedia.com/forum/threads/30729-New-map-of-haplogroup-R1a-M458-%28Y-DNA%29

#genetics #R1a #ydna #haplogroups #Slavic
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Genetic history of the Spaniards and the Portuguese.

Phoenicians, Celts, Greeks, Jews, Romans, Goths, Suebi, Franks, Arabs and Berbers... All have left their genetic print on the populations of the Iberian Peninsula. Find out how to identify them thanks to genetic genealogy.

http://www.eupedia.com/genetics/spain_portugal_dna.shtml

#genetics   #dna   #spain   #portugal   #history  
Genetic history of the Iberian peninsula and the various ethnic groups that have contributed to the modern Spanish and Portuguese gene pool.
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The E1b1b history and phylogenetic tree have been updated.

http://www.eupedia.com/europe/Haplogroup_E1b1b_Y-DNA.shtml



#history #genetics #haplogroups #DNA
History and description of Haplogroup E1b1b (Y-chromosomal DNA).
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Genetic history of Britain and Ireland

A long standing traditional cultural division exists between the Irish, the Welsh and the Highland Scots on one side, who are of Celtic heritage, and the English on the other side, who are of mixed Germanic, French, Celtic and even Roman ancestry. Until recently, no historian could really agree on on much influence the Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Vikings and Normans had had on the British and Irish gene pools, let alone agree on where the Celts came from before that. Were the Celts descended from Bronze or Iron Age invaders from the Continent ? Were they the direct descendants of the Neolithic farmers who built Stonehenge, or even of the Mesolithic hunter-gatherers who recolonised northern Europe at the end of the last glaciation 10,000 years ago ? Before the age of historical population genetics these questions were left to anyone's guess and speculations. The fast paced progress in genetic sequencing have shed a new light on our prehistory and it is now possible to answer all those questions with a great degree of certainty. This page attempts to retrace the origins of the British and Irish people through the analyses of their genetic markers using Y-chromosomal (Y-DNA) haplogroups, which are passed on nearly unaltered from father to son, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is inherited only from one's mother, and complete genomic studies looking at all the chromosomes.

http://www.eupedia.com/genetics/britain_ireland_dna.shtml

#genetics   #haplogroups   #history   #britain   #ireland    #britishhistory   #irishhistory  
Genetic history of the British Isles and the various ethnic groups that have contributed to the modern British and Irish gene pool.
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Indulge in the finest French cuisine in Paris for the New Year. Check the list of recommendations.

http://www.eupedia.com/france/paris_restaurants.shtml

#paris   #france   #parisrestaurant  
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What are the best places to eat in the European capital during the holidays ?

http://www.eupedia.com/belgium/best_restaurants_brussels.shtml

#brussels #belgium 
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New page dedicated to Haplogroup U2 (mtDNA), one of the oldest lineages to colonise Europe, Central Asia and South Asia.

http://www.eupedia.com/europe/Haplogroup_U2_mtDNA.shtml

#mtdna #haplogroups #history #genetics
History and description of Haplogroup U2 (mitochondrial DNA).
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In their circles
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Have them in circles
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‫أبو القاسم النجدي‬‎'s profile photo
Nat S's profile photo
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Europe, travel, trivia, history, linguistics, population genetics, maps, photography
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Guide to European travel, culture, history, linguistics and population genetics. Includes trivia, maps, a discussion forum, and a travel photo gallery.