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Eliza Taye
The city awaits...dive into the underwater city.
The city awaits...dive into the underwater city.


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My newest novel, Allie’s Return, the sequel to Oceania: The Underwater City is now out on Kindle and in Print! You can get them now via Kindle at

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Zebra Sharks Stegostoma fasciatum get their name from the stripes that juveniles have along their bodies. But as these animals grow older, they lose their stripes, and are commonly referred to as Leopard sharks instead for the spotted patterns they develop.

Zebra sharks are found around near-shore reefs of the western Pacific Ocean (Japan to Australia), the Indian Ocean, and the Red Sea. They feed mainly on reef mollusks and crustaceans as well as small fish. This shark’s flexible body allows it to squirm into narrow crevices and reef channels in search of food. And its long tail allows it to be more agile in the water.

With the exception of some other large sharks (Tiger Sharks), few predators could tackle an adult zebra shark. Humans are the biggest threat. Zebra shark meat collected by inshore fisheries is sold both fresh and salt-dried, and is used in fishmeal. The livers are processed for vitamins, and the fins are dried for the shark-fin trade. These sharks are currently listed as Endangered by the IUCN Red List.

Learn more about the incredible marine life in our world's oceans by visiting us at:

Photo: Makolga3113/WIkimedia Commons (CC BY 3.0)

#OceanLife #SeaHope #VitaminSea #MarineBio #Conservation #Endangered #Nature #CleanSeas #Sharks #ZebraShark

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Whales and dolphins have rich human-like cultures and societies

Whales and dolphins (Cetaceans) live in tightly-knit social groups, have complex relationships, talk to each other and even have regional dialects – much like human societies, according to researchers from Manchester Uheniversity.

The study has linked the complexity of Cetacean culture and behaviour to the size of their brains.

The long list of behavioural similarities includes:
►talking to each other
►using names
►looking after youngsters that aren’t their own
►social play
►teaching how to hunt and using tools
►working together for mutual benefit
►cooperative hunting
►working with different species

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Pygmy Seahorses are so well camouflaged to their environment, that scientists have only just recently (since the year 2000) discovered the 8 known species. Some species of Pygmy Seahorse rely on a specific type of fan coral to blend into, and they will spend their entire lives attached to that single structure, perfectly hidden in their environment. Other species will find home in soft corals, or can be free ranging in seagrass beds.

These seahorses are found in Southeast Asia in the Coral Triangle area. They are some of the smallest seahorse species in the world, typically measuring less than 2 centimetres.

Very little is known about the ecology of these species, and for this reason their conservation status is unknown in the wild.

Learn more about the incredible life in our world's oceans by visiting us at:

Photo: Caparbio/Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0)

#oceanlife #seahorse #pygmyseahorse #ocean #newspecies #camouflage #savethesea #marinescience #seahope #seachange #seafuture

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Oval Squid Sepioteuthis lessoniana are characterized by their large oval fin that extends throughout the margins of their mantle, giving them a similar look to cuttlefish. Like some cephalopods, these squids are capable of metachrosis – rapidly changing body colouration and patterns through voluntary control of chromatophores. Oval squids have actually been found to use their color changing abilities as a method of communicating with potential mates during reproduction.

These small squids live in temperate and tropical regions of the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean, and feed mostly on small fish and crustaceans. They're a commercially important species of loliginid squid as well throughout the region. They currently have not been assessed by the IUCN Red List.

Learn more about the incredible marine life in our world's oceans by visiting us at:

Photo: George Berninger Jr./Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0)

#marinelife #ovalsquid #squid #cephalopod #marinespecies #waterislife #VitaminSea #marineconservation #TerraMar #naturealwayswins #seahope #seachange #seafuture

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Atlantic Spotted Dolphins Stenella frontalis are acrobatic animals that enjoy riding the bow waves of boats and leaping out of the water. Underneath all this playfulness they are highly intelligent and social animals with complex relationships and behaviours. They will school with spinner dolphins and hunt fish and squid with bottlenose dolphins.

The young are born spotless, acquiring the characteristic patterning during weaning. Thereafter the number of spots increases with age. Some individuals are so completely covered with spots they appear white. These dolphins inhabit the warm and tropical latitudes of the Atlantic and are best seen in the crystal clear water off the Bahamas.

These animals don't currently face significant threats from humans, however some are known to be caught as by-catch in gill net fisheries. They are currently listed as Data Deficient by the IUCN Red List, with more research needed to determine the Atlantic Spotted Dolphin's conservation status.

Learn more about the incredible marine life in our world's oceans by visiting us at:

Photo: Tim Ellis/Flickr (CC BY-NC 2.0)

#marinemammal #dolphins #seahope #seachange #VitaminSea #MarineBio #MarineScience #Conservation #oceanlife

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My newest novel, Allie’s Return, the sequel to Oceania: The Underwater City is coming out on Kindle and in Print on September 22nd! You can get the Kindle now as a preorder via .


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Happy #FlatSharkFriday! Cownose Rays Rhinoptera bonasus get their name from the unique shape of their pectoral fins that separate into two lobes in front of their high-domed heads. A crease in the lobes and a notched head create a cow-nose likeness that gives these rays their name. These rays can be found i the Western Atlantic from southern New England to northern Florida and throughout the Gulf of Mexico, migrating to Trinidad, Venezuela and Brazil. Large groups of Cownose Rays can be commonly seen migrating from their wintering grounds in groups as large as 10,000 individuals!

These rays spend their time foraging for clams, snails, lobsters, oysters, and crabs along the ocean floor. The rays have large, flat tooth plates on both jaws that they use to crush these hard-shelled prey. When they detect an animal buried beneath the sand, they will flap their wings and suck up sand through their mouth to uncover the hiding animal.

Fishermen worry about the damage that Cownose rays can do to shellfish populations, and often support culls on these animals. Cownose Rays are currently listed as a 'Near-Threatened' species by the IUCN Red List. Their tendency to school in large groups and mature slowly puts these animals at risk of population decline, and by-catch in commercial fisheries has been a driving force in population drops.

Learn more about the incredible marine life in our world's oceans by visiting us at:

Photo: Doc Lucio/Wikimedia Commons (CC BY 2.0)

#ray #elasmobranch #saveourocean #seahope #conservation #ocean #oceanlife #marinescience

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The Great Hammerhead Shark Sphyrna mokarran is the largest species of hammerhead in the world. Unfortunately, these animals are highly valued for their fins, and are commonly caught as by-catch in many fisheries around the world. Since they only reproduce once every two years, Great Hammerheads are listed as an 'Endangered' species by the IUCN Red List.

These sharks are widespread through the world's tropical seas, where they spend time hunting and cruising in the relatively shallow seas of the continental shelf. To protect these animals from extinction, collaborative measures need to be taken between nations to protect these animals throughout their range. No such measures currently exist, and since these animals are solitary, and migrate long distances, it's crucial for nations to begin to better understand where these animals travel so that they can work together to protect them.

Learn more about the incredible marine life in our world's ocean by visiting us at:

Photo: Albert kok/Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)

#sharkweek #marinelife #oceanlife #saveourocean #seahope #conservation #sharkfinning #sharks #elasmobranchs

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Sea Otters Enhydra lutris are best known for their cute demeanor and their tendencies to sleep together on beds of kelp. But it's most important to note that these sea weasels are a keystone species in the North Pacific Ocean. A keystone species is an animal that has a significant impact on its ecosystem, where if they were to be removed, the whole system would change dramatically. The reason sea otters are so important is because they keep sea urchins in check. Sea urchins feed on the base of kelp forests, which form the key habitat that all creatures in these ecosystems rely on. Without the otters, sea urchins run rampant and cut down vast expanses of kelp forest.

Sea Otters are one of the few animals in the world that have mastered the use of tools to help them hunt. They are often seen with a clam or mussel and a rock that has been deftly snared from the ocean floor. Otters will place the rock on their chests, and repeatedly smash the shellfish against it until it breaks open to reveal the tasty meal inside.

Sea otters were once hunted for their fur to the point of near extinction. Early in the 20th century only 1,000 to 2,000 animals remained. Today, sea otters are protected by law, but are still considered to be endangered by the IUCN Red List.

Learn more about the incredible marine life in our world's oceans by visiting us at:

Photo: Mike Baird/Wikimedia Commons (CC BY 2.0)

#seaotter #seahope #marinemammal #conservation #cleanseas #California #VitaminSea #oceanlife #sealife #marinebio
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